Experimental Design for the Life Sciences

Author: Graeme Ruxton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199569120
Release Date: 2010-11-04
Genre: Education

Experimental Design for the Life Sciences teaches the reader how to effectively design experiments to ensure today's students are equipped with the skills they need to be the researchers of tomorrow. With a refreshingly approachable and articulate style, the book explains the essential elements of experimental design in clear, practical terms, so the reader can grasp and apply even the most challenging concepts, including power analysis andpseudoreplication. The inter-relatedness of experimental design, statistics, and ethical considerations is emphasised throughout the book and, above all, Experimental Design for the Life Sciencesdemonstrates how good experimental design relies on clear thinking and biological understanding, not mathematical or statistical complexity - putting it at the heart of any biosciences student's education.

Statistics for the Life Sciences

Author: Myra L. Samuels
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 0321652800
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Mathematics

Statistics for the Life Sciences, Fourth Edition, covers the key concepts of statistics as applied to the life sciences, while incorporating the tools and themes of modern data analysis. This text uses an abundance of real data in the exercises and examples, and minimizes computation, so that readers can focus on the statistical concepts and issues, not the mathematics. Basic algebra is assumed as a prerequisite.

Mathematical and Statistical Applications in Life Sciences and Engineering

Author: Avishek Adhikari
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811053702
Release Date: 2017-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

The book includes articles from eminent international scientists discussing a wide spectrum of topics of current importance in mathematics and statistics and their applications. It presents state-of-the-art material along with a clear and detailed review of the relevant topics and issues concerned. The topics discussed include message transmission, colouring problem, control of stochastic structures and information dynamics, image denoising, life testing and reliability, survival and frailty models, analysis of drought periods, prediction of genomic profiles, competing risks, environmental applications and chronic disease control. It is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in the relevant areas of mathematics and statistics.

Simultaneous Statistical Inference

Author: Thorsten Dickhaus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642451829
Release Date: 2014-01-23
Genre: Science

This monograph will provide an in-depth mathematical treatment of modern multiple test procedures controlling the false discovery rate (FDR) and related error measures, particularly addressing applications to fields such as genetics, proteomics, neuroscience and general biology. The book will also include a detailed description how to implement these methods in practice. Moreover new developments focusing on non-standard assumptions are also included, especially multiple tests for discrete data. The book primarily addresses researchers and practitioners but will also be beneficial for graduate students.

Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Rand Wilcox
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439834565
Release Date: 2011-08-05
Genre: Mathematics

In addition to learning how to apply classic statistical methods, students need to understand when these methods perform well, and when and why they can be highly unsatisfactory. Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences illustrates how to use R to apply both standard and modern methods to correct known problems with classic techniques. Numerous illustrations provide a conceptual basis for understanding why practical problems with classic methods were missed for so many years, and why modern techniques have practical value. Designed for a two-semester, introductory course for graduate students in the social sciences, this text introduces three major advances in the field: Early studies seemed to suggest that normality can be assumed with relatively small sample sizes due to the central limit theorem. However, crucial issues were missed. Vastly improved methods are now available for dealing with non-normality. The impact of outliers and heavy-tailed distributions on power and our ability to obtain an accurate assessment of how groups differ and variables are related is a practical concern when using standard techniques, regardless of how large the sample size might be. Methods for dealing with this insight are described. The deleterious effects of heteroscedasticity on conventional ANOVA and regression methods are much more serious than once thought. Effective techniques for dealing heteroscedasticity are described and illustrated. Requiring no prior training in statistics, Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides a graduate-level introduction to basic, routinely used statistical techniques relevant to the social and behavioral sciences. It describes and illustrates methods developed during the last half century that deal with known problems associated with classic techniques. Espousing the view that no single method is always best, it imparts a general understanding of the relative merits of various techniques so that the choice of method can be made in an informed manner.

Statistics for the Life Sciences Pearson New International Edition

Author: Myra L. Samuels
Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed
ISBN: 9781292037073
Release Date: 2013-08-29
Genre: Mathematics

Statistics for the Life Sciences, Fourth Edition, is the perfect book for introductory statistics classes, covering the key concepts of statistics as applied to the life sciences, while incorporating the tools and themes of modern data analysis. This text uses an abundance of real data in the exercises and examples to minimize computation, so that students can focus on the statistical concepts and issues, not the mathematics. Basic algebra is assumed as a prerequisite. ¿ This latest edition is also available as an enhanced Pearson eText. This exciting new version features an embedded version of StatCrunch, allowing students to analyze data sets while reading the book. ¿ For graduate or undergraduate courses in biology, agronomy, medical and health sciences, nutrition, pharmacy, animal science, physical education, forestry, and other life sciences.

Statistik Workshop f r Programmierer

Author: Allen B. Downey
Publisher: O'Reilly Germany
ISBN: 9783868993431
Release Date: 2012-05-31
Genre: Computers

Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

Die Politik der gro en Zahlen

Author: Alain Desrosières
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783540270119
Release Date: 2005-12-14
Genre: Mathematics

Statistik ("Staatenkunde"), Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und die Philosophie der Wahrscheinlichkeit sind auch als "siamesische Drillinge" bekannt. Das Buch analysiert den Werdegang der Statistik und zeigt Verbindungen zwischen der internalistischen Geschichte der Formalismen und Werkzeuge sowie der externalistisch orientierten Geschichte der Institutionen auf. Der Spannungsbogen erstreckt sich vom Vorabend der Französischen Revolution bis hin zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs, wobei Frankreich, Deutschland, England und die USA ausführlich behandelt werden. Was haben Richter und Astronomen gemeinsam? Wer waren die "politischen Arithmetiker"? Was ist ein "Durchschnittsmensch"? Wie ändert sich im Laufe der Zeit das, was man "Realismus" nennt? Kann man vom Teil auf das Ganze schließen? Und wenn ja, warum? Welche Rolle spielt der Franziskanerorden? Wir begegnen Adolphe Quetelet, Karl Pearson, Egon Pearson, Francis Galton, Emile Durkheim und vielen anderen. Glücksspiele, Zufall, Bayesscher Ansatz, das St. Petersburger Paradoxon, der Choleravibrio, Erblichkeit, das Galtonsche Brett, Taxonomie, Wahlprognosen, Arbeitslosigkeit und Ungleichheit, die Entstehung der Arten, die Ordnung der Dinge und die Dinge des Lebens – das sind die Themen des Buches.

Introductory R A Beginner s Guide to Data Visualisation Statistical Analysis and Programming in R

Author: Robert Knell
Publisher: Robert Knell
ISBN: 9780957597112
Release Date: 2014-05-14
Genre:

R is now the most widely used statistical software in academic science and it is rapidly expanding into other fields such as finance. R is almost limitlessly flexible and powerful, hence its appeal, but can be very difficult for the novice user. There are no easy pull-down menus, error messages are often cryptic and simple tasks like importing your data or exporting a graph can be difficult and frustrating. Introductory R is written for the novice user who knows a little about statistics but who hasn't yet got to grips with the ways of R. This new edition is completely revised and greatly expanded with new chapters on the basics of descriptive statistics and statistical testing, considerably more information on statistics and six new chapters on programming in R. Topics covered include: A walkthrough of the basics of R's command line interface Data structures including vectors, matrices and data frames R functions and how to use them Expanding your analysis and plotting capacities with add-in R packages A set of simple rules to follow to make sure you import your data properly An introduction to the script editor and advice on workflow A detailed introduction to drawing publication-standard graphs in R How to understand the help files and how to deal with some of the most common errors that you might encounter. Basic descriptive statistics The theory behind statistical testing and how to interpret the output of statistical tests Thorough coverage of the basics of data analysis in R with chapters on using chi-squared tests, t-tests, correlation analysis, regression, ANOVA and general linear models What the assumptions behind the analyses mean and how to test them using diagnostic plots Explanations of the summary tables produced for statistical analyses such as regression and ANOVA Writing your own functions in R Using table operations to manipulate matrices and data frames Using conditional statements and loops in R programmes. Writing longer R programmes. The techniques of statistical analysis in R are illustrated by a series of chapters where experimental and survey data are analysed. There is a strong emphasis on using real data from real scientific research, with all the problems and uncertainty that implies, rather than well-behaved made-up data that give ideal and easy to analyse results.

Statistics for the Life Sciences Access Kit Pearson EText

Author: Myra L. Samuels
Publisher: Addison Wesley Longman
ISBN: 032173050X
Release Date: 2011-04-25
Genre: Mathematics

Statistics for the Life Sciences, Fourth Edition is the perfect book for introductory statistics classes, covering the key concepts of statistics as applied to the life sciences, while incorporating the tools and themes of modern data analysis. This text uses an abundance of real data in the exercises and examples to minimize computation, so that students can focus on the statistical concepts and issues, not the mathematics. Basic algebra is assumed as a prerequisite. The StatCrunch eBook offers Statistics for the Life Sciences, Fourth Edition as an enhanced Pearson eText. This exciting new version features an embedded version of StatCrunch, allowing students to analyze data sets while reading the book.

Einf hrung in Statistik und Messwertanalyse f r Physiker

Author: G. Bohm
Publisher:
ISBN: 3540257594
Release Date: 2006
Genre:

Die Einf]hrung in die Statistik und Messwertanalyse f]r Physiker richtet sich weniger an mathematischen \berlegungen aus, sondern stellt die praktische Anwendung in den Vordergrund und schdrft die Intuition experimentelle Ergebnisse richtig einzuschdtzen. Zahlreiche ausf]hrlich betrachtete Beispiele dienen dazu, hdufig bei der Datenanalyse gemachte Fehler zu vermeiden (unsinnige Anwendung des Chi-Quadrattests, Funktionenanpassung bei falscher Parametrisierung, Entfaltung mit willk]rlicher Regularisierung). Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird auf den Vergleich von Daten mit Monte-Carlo-Simulationen gelenkt. Moderne Experimente kommen nicht ohne Simulation aus. Deshalb ist es wichtig zu wissen, wie Parameteranpassungen und Entfaltungen in diesem Fall durchgef]rt werden. Au_erdem werden den Studierenden moderne Entwicklungen der Statistik nahegebracht, die in dlteren Lehrb]chern nicht behandelt werden.

Mathematics for Sustainability

Author: John Roe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319766607
Release Date: 2018-04-26
Genre: Mathematics

Designed for the 21st century classroom, this textbook poses, refines, and analyzes questions of sustainability in a quantitative environment. Building mathematical knowledge in the context of issues relevant to every global citizen today, this text takes an approach that empowers students of all disciplines to understand and reason with quantitative information. Whatever conclusions may be reached on a given topic, this book will prepare the reader to think critically about their own and other people’s arguments and to support them with careful, mathematical reasoning. Topics are grouped in themes of measurement, flow, connectivity, change, risk, and decision-making. Mathematical thinking is at the fore throughout, as students learn to model sustainability on local, regional, and global scales. Exercises emphasize concepts, while projects build and challenge communication skills. With no prerequisites beyond high school algebra, instructors will find this book a rich resource for engaging all majors in the mathematics classroom. From the Foreword No longer will you be just a spectator when people give you quantitative information—you will become an active participant who can engage and contribute new insights to any discussion.[...] There are many math books that will feed you knowledge, but it is rare to see a book like this one that will help you cultivate wisdom.[...] As the authors illustrate, mathematics that pays attention to human considerations can help you look at the world with a new lens, help you frame important questions, and help you make wise decisions. Francis Edward Su, Harvey Mudd College

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641104986
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Genre: History

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.