A fiery proponent of the independence of women, Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1880-1932) was denied formal education, but emerged as a leading thinker and writer of her time and founded a school for girls. Set against the backdrop of surging nationalism and reform in the twentieth-century Bengal, this selection of writings by Rokeya captures the true spirit of a South Asian proto-feminist who is every bit as radical as her contemporaries-Virginia Woolf and Charlotte Perkins Gilman. From "Sultana's Dream", a canonical work of Rokeya, to writings on women's status in a patriarchal set-up, her comments on "feeble" Bengali society, purdah [veil] system, religion, and the idea of a perfect housewife among others, this work will open up a factual, fictional, and fantastical-utopian world, which remained largely unknown and unheard outside Bengal.
Author: Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain
Publisher: The Feminist Press at CUNY
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Sultana’s Dream, first published in 1905 in a Madras English newspaper, is a witty feminist utopia—a tale of reverse purdah that posits a world in which men are confined indoors and women have taken over the public sphere, ending a war nonviolently and restoring health and beauty to the world. "The Secluded Ones" is a selection of short sketches, first published in Bengali newspapers, illuminating the cruel and comic realities of life in purdah.
Author: Mohammad Quayum
Release Date: 2013-08-22
Genre: Social Science
In The Essential Rokeya, Mohammad A. Quayum collates Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain’s best work in English, as well as Quayum’s own translation of her works from Bengali into English, which encapsulate the author’s imagination as a foremother of South Asian feminism.
Author: Rokeẏā (Begama)
Publisher: Penguin Books India
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Social Science
Widely regarded as Bengal's earliest and boldest feminist writer, Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain (1880-1932) was a pioneering and creative educationist and social activist, and the school she founded in Kolkata, the Sakhawat Memorial School for Girls, still thrives. Sultana's Dream, written in English (1905), is a delightful satirical work set in Ladyland, where the men are in purdah and the women go out and work. An extraordinary novella with generous dashes of melodrama and romance, disasters and coincidences, Padmarag, written in Bengali (1924) and translated here for the first time, describes a female-founded and female-administered community set in contemporary Bengal, where women from diverse regions and ethnicities, with unhappy histories of patriarchal oppression, better their lot by concrete social action. Both Sultana's Dream and Padmarag discuss in playful, fascinating, and intelligent ways the question of women's education.
Sultana's Dream and Padmarag are boldly provocative works, particularly in the context of the era that spawned them. Written in English in 1905, Sultana's Dream is a delightful satirical work set in Ladyland, where men are in purdah and women firmly in charge of home and government. Published in 1924 and translated here for the first time, Padmarag complements Sultana's Dream in its espousal of women's personal journeys towards emancipation. Resonant with autobiographical undertones, the novella is both a powerful indictment of male oppression and a celebration of Rokeya's faith in a universalist society where women, regardless of race, class, creed and religion, reject the diktat of a tyrannical patriarchal society in favour of a life devoted to improving their lot.
Author: Sultan Bahu
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 1998-04
These 115 poems introduce readers in English to Sultan Bahu (d. 1691), a Sufi mystical poet who continues to be one of the most beloved writers in Punjabi. Bahu, whose name translates as "With God," remains highly popular in Pakistan and India today—even illiterate Punjabis can recite his poetry by heart.
Author: Mike Ashley
Publisher: Peter Owen Publishers
Release Date: 2011-05-01
Rare jewels of Victorian fiction highlight the fantastic contributions made by women writers in the early development of science fictionA selection of early science fiction short stories by women are collected here, along with an introduction exploring the contributions women made in the early development of the field—in particular the different perspectives they cast on the wonders or fears that technological and scientific advances may bring. The contributions of women to the history of science fiction and to the genre's development has been sorely overlooked. Frankenstein, generally reckoned as the first true work of science fiction, was by Mary Shelley, and one of the first utopian works written in America was also by a woman, Mary Griffith. A companion volume to his acclaimed The Darker Sex, Mike Ashley's latest collection is more essential reading by such female writers as Mary Shelley, Clare Winger Harris, Adeline Knapp, and many others.
Author: Osie Turner
Publisher: The Forlorn Press
Release Date: 2013-11-05
Genre: Social Science
Few realize that women played a pivotal role in the development of science fiction. Even fewer know that feminist science fiction became popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This collection contains a broad spectrum of this genre, many of which have been all but forgotten. Ten novels and short stories and two appendices round out this volume. Table of Contents: Herland By Charlotte Perkins Stetson Gilman Sultana’s Dream By Rokheya Shekhawat Hossein Mizora: A Prophecy By Mary E. Bradley Man's Rights By Annie Denton Cridge Friend Island By Francis Stevens Three Hundred Years Hence By Mary Griffith A Wife Manufactured to Order By Alice W. Fuller Unveiling a Parallel By Alice Ilgenfriz Jones and Ella Merchant A Dream of the Twenty-First Century By Winnifred Harper Cooley The Republic of the Future By Anna Bowman Dodd Appendix 1: Biographical Sketches of the Authors Appendix 2: Other Notable Female Science Fiction Authors
Author: Sita Anantha Raman
Release Date: 2009-06-08
Genre: Social Science
Are Indian women powerful mother goddesses, or domestic handmaidens trailing behind men in literacy, wages, opportunities, and rights? Have they been agents of their own destinies, or voiceless victims of patriarchy? Behind these colorful over-simplifications lies the reality of many feminine personas belonging to various classes, ethnicities, religions, and castes. This two-volume set looks at Indian history from ancient to modern times, revealing precisely why ideas of gender rights were not static across eras or regions. Raman's work is a reflection on the various ways in which women in a non-Western culture have developed and expressed their own feminist agenda. Are Indian women powerful mother goddesses, or domestic handmaidens trailing behind men in literacy, wages, opportunities, and rights? Have they been agents of their own destinies, or voiceless victims of patriarchy? Behind these coloful over-simplifications lies the reality of many feminine personas belonging to various classes, ethnicities, religions, and castes. This two-volume set looks at Indian history from ancient to modern times, revealing precisely why ideas of gender rights were not static across eras or regions. Raman's work is a reflection on the various ways in which women in a non-western culture have developed and expressed their own feminist agenda. Individual chapters highlight the enduring legacies of many important male and female figures, illustrating how each played a key role in modifying the substance of women's lives. Political movements are examined as well, such as the nationalist reform movement of 1947 in which the ideal of Indian womanhood became central to the nation and the push for independence. Also included is a survey of women in contemporary India and the role they played in the resurgence of militant Hindu nationalism. Aside from being an engaging and readable narrative of Indian history, this set integrates women's issues, roles, and achievements into the general study of the times, providing a clear presentation of the social, cultural, religious, political, and economic realities that have helped shape the identity of Indian women.
Author: Thomas More
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2008-11-13
A unique edition of three early modern utopian texts, using a contemporary translation of More's Utopia and examining the Renaissance world view as shown by these writers. The edition includes the illustrative material that accompanied early editions of Utopia, full chronologies of the authors, notes, and glossary.
Author: Ashraf ʻAlī Thānvī
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 1992
Challenging conventional notions about the place of women in Muslim societies, the Bihishti Zewar (Heavenly Ornaments) gives life to the themes of religious and social reform that have too often been treated in the abstract. This instructional guidebook, used by the world's largest population of Muslims, is a vital source for those interested in modern Indian social and intellectual history, in Islamic reform, and in conceptions of gender and women's roles. The Bihishti Zewar was written in northern India in the early 1900s by a revered Muslim scholar and spiritual guide, Maulana Ashraf 'Ali Thanawi (1864-1943), to instruct Muslim girls and women in religious teachings, proper behavior, and prudent conduct of their everyday lives. In so doing, it sets out the core of a reformist version of Islam that has become increasingly prominent across Muslim societies during the past hundred years. Throughout the work, nothing is more striking than the extent to which the book takes women and men as essentially the same, in contrast to European works directed toward women at this time. Its rich descriptions of the everyday life of the relatively privileged classes in turn-of-the-century north India provide information on issues of personality formation as well as on family life, social relations, household management, and encounters with new institutions and inventions. Barbara Metcalf has carefully selected those sections of the Bihishti Zewar that best illustrate the themes of reformist thought about God, the person, society, and gender. She provides a substantial introduction to the text and to each section, as well as detailed annotations.
Author: John G. Stackhouse Jr.
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
Release Date: 2015-11-08
The Bible says that women should keep silent in church and that they should pray and prophesy. It calls wives the weaker partner and says that men and women are equal. When it comes to understanding what Scripture says about men and women, those on both sides of the debate can and do marshal strong evidence from the Bible. Why are they able to do this? John Stackhouse boldly contends it is because Scripture in fact says both things. Does the Bible contradict itself then? Not so. Rather, in this revised and expanded edition of Finally Feminist, Stackhouse describes the single approach in Scripture that guides us with clear direction on these important matters of relationships in the church and the family. Are you looking for an approach that takes the whole Bible into account and not just bits and pieces of it? While treating Scripture with utmost seriousness, Stackhouse moves us all beyond the impasse in this important debate.