Mountains represent one of the most inspiring and attractive natural features on the surface of the earth. Visually, they dominate the landscape. However, the increasing realization of the fragility of mountain areas because of changes in land use, management and climate, combined with an understanding of their importance for water and other natural resources, has resulted in a growing interest in mountain environments in recent years. Hence, Mountain Geomorphology represents a timely and unique contribution to the literature. Written by a team of international experts, this book is divided into three sections, which consider historical, functional and applied mountain geomorphology from both global and local perspectives. Historical mountain geomorphology focuses on the evolution of landforms. Functional mountain geomorphology emphasises the interaction between processes and landforms, while applied mountain geomorphology concerns the interrelationships between geomorphological processes and society. Mountain Geomorphology is a valuable source of information for students studying mountain geomorphology, and also for academics and research scientists interested in mountain environments.
Author: John Gerrard
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date: 1990
Using examples chosen from a variety of geographical settings and scales, A. J. Gerrard presents a novel approach to the study of mountain environments. He provides a framework in which mountains as special environments can be studied and shows how, no matter what their location or origin all mountain regions share common characteristics and undergo similar shaping processes. Gerrard's integrated approach combines ecological, climatological, hydrological, volcanic, and environmental management concerns in a systematic treatment of mountain geomorphology. He begins by examining the special nature of mountains, including a new classification of mountain types. He discusses mountain ecosystems, stressing the interaction between biota, soil, climate, relief, and geology, examines the high-energy systems of weathering and mass movement, and analyzes the role of rivers and hydrology and the processes of slope evolution. Two chapters are devoted to the particular characteristics of glaciation and vulcanism in mountain formation. The book concludes with a discussion of the special problems that human use of mountain regions create, including engineering, natural hazards, soil erosion, and the concept of integrated development.
Soil and Sediment Remediation discusses in detail a whole set of remediative technologies currently available to minimise their impact. Technologies for the treatment of soils and sediments in situ (landfarming, bioscreens, bioventing, nutrient injection, phytoremediation) and ex situ (landfarming, bio-heap treatment, soil suspension reactor) will be discussed. The microbiological, process technological and socio-economical aspects of these technologies will be addressed. Special attention will be given to novel biotechnological processes that utilise sulfur cycle conversions, e.g. sulfur and heavy metal removal from soils. Also the potential of phytoremediation will be highlighted. In addition, treatment schemes for the clean-up of polluted megasites, e.g. harbours and Manufactured Gaswork Plants (MGP), will be elaborated. The aim of Soil and Sediment Remediation is to introduce the reader in: the biogeochemical characteristics of soil and sediments- new techniques to study soil/sediment processes (molecular probes, microelectrodes, NMR) clean up technologies for soils polluted with organic (PAH, NAPL, solvents) or inorganic (heavy metals) pollutants- preventative and remediative strategies and technologies available in environmental engineering novel process applications and bioreactor designs for bioremediation the impact of soil pollution on society and its economic importance.
Author: Bernd Westrich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-10-11
This is the first interdisciplinary book on the mobilization of nutrients and pollutants in the water phase due to hydrodynamic processes. Coverage includes the formation of aggregates in turbulent water; flocks and biofilms from organic reactions; and the formation of new surfaces for re-adsorption of dissolved pollutants. The book gathers papers resulting from an International Symposium on Sediment Dynamics and Pollutant Mobility in River Basins in Hamburg, Germany, March, 2006.
Author: P. G. Fookes
Publisher: Whittles Publishing
Release Date: 2005
Geomorphological landforms and processes exert a strong influence on surface engineering works, yet comparatively little information on geomorphology is available to engineers. Thoroughly revised and with an improved format, this book presents a broad view of geomorphology, examining near-surface engineering problems associated with various landscapes. Self-contained chapters contributed by leading authorities first address the major factors that control the materials, form, and processes on the Earth's surface. The second section deals with the geomorphological processes that help shape land surfaces and influence their engineering characteristics, and the final section explore environments and landscapes.
This report deals with the surficial deposits and landforms in glaciated terrain typical of the Canadian prairies and presents information on the nature, distribution and origin of the unconsolidated materials forming the land surface. This information is intended as a basis for more specialized studies directed towards maximizing the economic and aesthetic potential of the land and has direct applications to land use studies, agronomy, forestry, groundwater investigations and engineering construction.
Author: Frank O. Ahnert
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release Date: 1998
This book is an introduction to geomorphology. It presents and explains the forms of the earth's land surface-valleys, mountains, slopes and plains-their origins and further development through the work of movements of the earth's crust, volcanism, weathering and erosion by streams, glacier ice, winds and coastal waves and currents.