Multicultural Odysseys

Author: Will Kymlicka
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191623363
Release Date: 2009-02-05
Genre: Political Science

We are currently witnessing the global diffusion of multiculturalism, both as a political discourse and as a set of international legal norms. States today are under increasing international scrutiny regarding their treatment of ethnocultural groups, and are expected to meet evolving international standards regarding the rights of indigenous peoples, national minorities, and immigrants. This phenomenon represents a veritable revolution in international relations, yet has received little public or scholarly attention. In this book, Kymlicka examines the factors underlying this change, and the challenges it raises. Against those critics who argue that multiculturalism is a threat to universal human rights, Kymlicka shows that the sort of multiculturalism that is being globalized is inspired and constrained by the human rights revolution, and embedded in a framework of liberal-democratic values. However, the formulation and implementation of these international norms has generated a number of dilemmas. The policies adopted by international organizations to deal with ethnic diversity are driven by conflicting impulses. Pessimism about the destabilizing consequences of ethnic politics alternates with optimism about the prospects for a peaceful and democratic form of multicultural politics. The result is often an unstable mix of paralyzing fear and naïve hope, rooted in conflicting imperatives of security and justice. Moreover, given the enormous differences in the characteristics of minorities (eg., their size, territorial concentration, cultural markers, historic relationship to the state), it is difficult to formulate standards that apply to all groups. Yet attempts to formulate more targeted norms that apply only to specific categories of minorities (eg., "indigenous peoples" or "national minorities") have proven controversial and unstable. Kymlicka examines these dilemmas as they have played out in both the theory and practice of international minority rights protection, including recent developments regarding the rights of national minorities in Europe, the rights of indigenous peoples in the Americas, as well as emerging debates on multiculturalism in Asia and Africa.

Zoopolis

Author: Sue Donaldson
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518734322
Release Date: 2013-10-21
Genre: Nature

Massentierhaltung, Fleischskandale, Tierversuche – unser Umgang mit Tieren ist längst kein Nischenthema mehr, für das sich lediglich Aktivisten oder Ethiker interessieren, sondern steht im Fokus breiter öffentlicher Debatten. Allerdings konzentrieren sich die Diskussionen zumeist auf Fragen der Moral, darauf, welche moralischen Rechte und Interessen wir Tieren aufgrund ihrer Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten – zum Beispiel Schmerzen zu empfinden – zuschreiben müssen und welche moralischen Pflichten sich daraus für uns ergeben. Sue Donaldson und Will Kymlicka gehen weit darüber hinaus und behaupten, dass Tiere auch politische Rechte haben. Im Rückgriff auf avancierte Theorien der Staatsbürgerschaft argumentieren sie dafür, ihnen neben unverletzlichen Grundrechten einen je gruppenspezifischen politischen Status zuzusprechen. Das heißt konkret: Bürgerrechte für domestizierte Tiere, Souveränität für Gemeinschaften von Wildtieren sowie ein »Stammgastrecht« für jene, die zwar nicht domestiziert sind, aber in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft zu uns leben. »Zoopolis« macht auf so kluge wie eindringliche Weise ernst mit der Tatsache, dass wir mit den Tieren untrennbar verbunden sind. Elegant und keineswegs nur für Spezialisten geschrieben, entwirft es eine neue, folgenreiche Agenda für das künftige Zusammenleben mit diesen Geschöpfen, denen wir mehr schulden als unser Mitleid. Das Tier, so sagt dieses Buch, ist ein genuin politisches Wesen. Wir schulden ihm auch Gerechtigkeit.

Migration und Integration wissenschaftliche Perspektiven aus sterreich

Author: Julia Dahlvik
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
ISBN: 9783847101871
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Social Science

Biographical note: Prof. Dr. Christoph Reinprecht lehrt am Institut für Soziologie der Universität Wien.; Biographical note: Prof. Dr. Christoph Reinprecht teaches at the Department of Sociology at University of Vienna.

Kulturelle Vielfalt als Legitimit tselement der internationalen Gemeinschaft

Author: Carla Thies
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161518837
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Law

Carla Thies untersucht die Funktion und Bedeutung des Begriffs der Legitimitat im Bereich des Volkerrechts am Beispiel der Thematik kultureller Vielfalt. Mit dem Begriff der Legitimitat wird rechtstheoretisch die Vorstellung verknupft, dass das positive Volkerrecht von bestimmten, von ihm bereits vorausgesetzten Interessen und Grundprinzipien abhangig ist. Sie dienen aus der Legitimitatsperspektive als normative Grundlage der Staatengemeinschaft. Die Autorin klart dabei die Frage, inwieweit sich mit der rechtlichen Instrumentierung kultureller Vielfalt auch der Topos kultureller Vielfalt auf der Grundlage von drei volkerrechtlichen Saulen, dem Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Volker, den kulturellen Rechten und dem Recht auf Entwicklung zu einem selbstandigen, volkerrechtlich inkorporierten Legitimitatselement entwickelt hat.

Vielfalt und Zusammenhalt

Author: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie. Kongress
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593500829
Release Date: 2014-10-02
Genre: Social Science

Die Frage nach dem sozialen Zusammenhalt unter Bedingungen der Vielfalt ist in der Soziologie seit Bestehen des Faches zentral. In einer urbanisierten, modernen Gesellschaft erfordert sie immer neue Antworten. Der 36. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie (DGS) bot Raum für lebhafte Debatten über die wachsende Vielfalt von Orientierungsangeboten, Selbstund Fremdzuschreibungen, soziale Lagen, Arbeitsweisen und Lebensstilen sowie über Bedingungen und Formen des Zusammenhalts. Die Bände dokumentieren die Kongressbeiträge und bieten damit einen umfassenden Überblick über die Aspekte des Themas sowie den gegenwärtigen wissenschaftlichen Kenntnisstand.

Canadian Politics Sixth Edition

Author: James Bickerton
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442607057
Release Date: 2014-03-31
Genre: Political Science

The sixth edition of Canadian Politics offers a comprehensive introduction to Canadian government and politics by a highly respected group of political scientists. For this edition, the editors have organized the book into six parts. Part I examines Canadian citizenship and political identities, while Parts II and III deal with Canadian political institutions, including Aboriginal governments, and contain new chapters on the public service and Quebec. Parts IV and V shift the focus to the political process, discussing issues pertaining to culture and values, parties and elections, media, groups, movements, gender, and diversity. The chapters on Parliament, bureaucracy, political culture, political communications, social movements, and media are new to this edition. Finally, three chapters in the last section of the book analyze components of Canadian politics that have been gaining prominence during the last decade: the effects of globalization, the shifting ground of Canadian-American relations, and the place of Canada in the changing world order. Of the 21 chapters in this edition, 9 are new and the remainder have been thoroughly revised and updated.

Contemporary Political Theorists in Context

Author: Anthony M. Clohesy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134248124
Release Date: 2009-03-25
Genre: Political Science

This exciting new textbook presents a clear framework for students to understand how themes and issues in political thought have emerged and developed throughout the 20th Century. Charting the progression from the preoccupation with the boundaries of the modern state, through to the current debates on rights, identity and justice; the three sections of the book enable the ideas of significant political thinkers to unfold through a telling of the key political events that gave a social context for their thought: Section I: The Inter-War Debate: Weber, Gramsci and Schmitt Section II: Post-War Debates: Arendt, Oakeshott, De Beauvoir and Adorno Section III: Contemporary Debates: Rawls, Nozick, Kymlicka and Foucault Written in an accessible and concise format, features include: 'rewind' and 'fast-forward' indicators to easily guide students around the text discussion points, revision notes and further reading in each chapter informative text boxes to highlight key concepts, people and events. By exploring an often ignored relationship in political thought, the influence of thought upon historical change and the influence of historical change upon theory, this text delivers new and exciting angles from which to approach politics today. Contemporary Political Theorists in Context is essential reading for all students of social and political theory.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781483364759
Release Date: 2014-05-19
Genre: Education

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Lessons from Latin America

Author: Kirk Bowman
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442605510
Release Date: 2014-08-20
Genre: Political Science

Since the early 1980s, Latin American countries have been innovative in a range of policy and cultural experiences, including health care, voting, pensions, and multiculturalism. And yet, their policy innovations are rarely found in textbooks. This book addresses that gap, providing a fascinating and wide-ranging exploration of both the history of "looking down" at Latin America and the political, economic, and cultural "lessons" (including successes, failures, and unintended consequences) that should inform important policy discussions around the world.

The World is My Classroom

Author: Joanne Benham Rennick
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442669086
Release Date: 2013-12-06
Genre: Education

International education and learn-abroad programs have received heightened interest in the knowledge economy, and universities are keen to create successful programs for students. The World Is My Classroom presents diverse perspectives on these experiential learning programs and ways of globalizing Canadian classrooms. Examining themes such as global education, global citizenship, and service learning, it sheds light on current debates that are of concern for faculty members, administrators, international partners, and students alike. The World Is My Classroom is the first book to examine pedagogical questions about the internationalization and globalization of higher education from an explicitly Canadian perspective. It features original reflections from students on their experiences in learn-abroad programs, as well a foreword by Craig and Marc Kielburger, founders of Free the Children and Me to We, on the benefits of international learning experiences. Universities considering developing, enhancing, and refining their learning abroad programs, as well as students considering these programs and experiences, will find this an insightful and useful book.

Memory and Migration

Author: Julia Creet
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442620483
Release Date: 2014-02-24
Genre: Social Science

Memory plays an integral part in how individuals and societies construct their identity. While memory is usually considered in the context of a stable, unchanging environment, this collection of essays explores the effects of immigration, forced expulsions, exile, banishment, and war on individual and collective memory. The ways in which memory affects cultural representation and historical understanding across generations is examined through case studies and theoretical approaches that underscore its mutability. Memory and Migration is a truly interdisciplinary book featuring the work of leading scholars from a variety of fields across the globe. The essays are collaborative, successfully responding to the central theme and expanding upon the findings of individual authors. A groundbreaking contribution to an emerging field of study, Memory and Migration provides valuable insight into the connections between memory, place, and displacement.

Criminal Law and Cultural Diversity

Author: Will Kymlicka
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 9780199676590
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Law

What place, if any, ought cultural considerations have when we blame and punish in the criminal law? In general, to hold someone criminally responsible is to hold them blameworthy and deserving of their punishment. Background cultural factors seem to threaten this: for example, a person may be ignorant of the way things are done

Tolerating Intolerance

Author: Professor Amos N. Guiora
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199331840
Release Date: 2013-12-13
Genre: Law

Over the years, numerous tragic events serve as a reminder of the extraordinary power of extremism, both on a religious and secular level. As extremism confronts society on a daily basis, it is essential to analyze, comprehend, and define it. It is also essential to define extremism narrowly in order to avoid the danger of recklessly castigating for mere thoughts alone. Tolerating Intolerance provides readers with a focused definition of extremism, and articulates the tensions faced in casting an arbitrary, capricious net in an effort to protect society, while offering mechanisms to resolve its seemingly intractable conundrum. Professor Guiora examines extremism in six different countries: Germany, Israel, the Netherlands, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States through interviews with a wide range of individuals including academics, policy makers, faith leaders, public commentators, national security and law enforcement officials. This enables both an in-depth discussion of extremism in each country, and facilitates a comparative analysis regarding both religious and secular extremism.

Beyond a Border

Author: Peter Kivisto
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781452235875
Release Date: 2009-12-08
Genre: Social Science

The most up-to-date analysis of today's immigration issues As the authors state in Chapter 1, "the movement of people across national borders represents one of the most vivid dramas of social reality in the contemporary world." This comparative text examines contemporary immigration across the globe, focusing on 20 major nations. Noted scholars Peter Kivisto and Thomas Faist introduce students to important topics of inquiry at the heart of the field, including Movement: Explores the theories of migration using a historical perspective of the modern world. Settlement: Provides clarity concerning the controversial matter of immigrant incorporation and refers to the varied ways immigrants come to be a part of a new society. Control: Focuses on the politics of immigration and examines the role of states in shaping how people choose to migrate. Key Features Provides comprehensive coverage of topics not covered in other texts, such as state and immigration control, focusing on policies created to control migratory flow and evolving views of citizenship Offers a global portrait of contemporary immigration, including a demographic overview of today's cross-border movers Offers critical assessments of the achievements of the field to date Encourages students to rethink traditional views about the distinction between citizen and alien in this global age Suggests paths for future research and new theoretical developments

Courts and Consociations

Author: Christopher McCrudden
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191665387
Release Date: 2013-02-21
Genre: Law

Consociations are power-sharing arrangements, increasingly used to manage ethno-nationalist, ethno-linguistic, and ethno-religious conflicts. Current examples include Belgium, Bosnia, Northern Ireland, Burundi, and Iraq. Despite their growing popularity, they have begun to be challenged before human rights courts as being incompatible with human rights norms, particularly equality and non-discrimination. Courts and Consociations examines the use of power-sharing agreements, their legitimacy, and their compatibility with human rights law. Key questions include to what extent, if any, consociations conflict with the liberal individualist preferences of international human rights institutions, and to what extent consociational power-sharing may be justified to preserve peace and the integrity of political settlements. In three critical cases, the European Court of Human Rights has considered equality challenges to important consociational practices, twice in Belgium and then in Sejdic and Finci v Bosnia regarding the constitution established for Bosnia Herzegovina under the Dayton Agreement. The Court's decision in Sejdic and Finci has significantly altered the approach it previously took to judicial review of consociational arrangements in Belgium. This book accounts for this change and assess its implications. The problematic aspects of the current state of law are demonstrated. Future negotiators in places riven by potential or actual bloody ethnic conflicts may now have less flexibility in reaching a workable settlement, which may unintentionally contribute to sustaining such conflicts and make it more likely that negotiators will consider excluding regional and international courts from reviewing these political settlements. Providing a clear, accessible introduction to both the political use of power-sharing settlements and the human rights law on the issue, this book is an invaluable guide to all academics, students, and professionals engaged with transitional justice, peace agreements, and contemporary human rights law.