Nanostructures and Nanotechnology

Author: Douglas Natelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521877008
Release Date: 2015-06-18
Genre: Science

A carefully developed textbook focusing on the fundamental principles of nanoscale science and nanotechnology.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Author: Guozhong Cao
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813100770
Release Date: 2011-01-03
Genre: Science

This is the 2nd edition of the original “Nanostructures and Nanomaterials” written by Guozhong Cao and published by Imperial College Press in 2004. This important book focuses not only on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructures and nanomaterials, but also includes properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials. Both chemical processing and lithographic techniques are presented in a systematic and coherent manner for the synthesis and fabrication of 0-D, 1-D, and 2-D nanostructures, as well as special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and ordered mesoporous oxides. The book will serve as a general introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology for teaching and self-study purposes.

Nanotechnology Research

Author: Xiaohua J. Huang
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 1600219020
Release Date: 2008-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Nanotechnology is used in precision engineering, materials development as well as in electronics; electromechanical systems as well as mainstream biomedical applications in areas such as gene therapy, drug delivery and drug discovery techniques. This book presents breakthroughs in the field from around the world.

Dna Nanotechnology For Bioanalysis From Hybrid Dna Nanostructures To Functional Devices

Author: Arrabito Giuseppe Domenico
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9781786343819
Release Date: 2017-09-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is intended for non-specialists and students, presenting a unique introduction to the field of DNA nanotechnology. The primary focus is on the extraordinary advantages of specificity and sensitivity obtained by integrating DNA nanostructures in bioanalytical devices. DNA Nanotechnology for Bioanalysis provides a concise and rigorous description for the fabrication of various types of functional nanostructures by optimized software-aided high-yield synthesis. Following this is the explanation of methods to decorate these nanostructures with molecules such as proteins, metal nanoparticles or bioorganic moieties covalently bonded onto DNA via self-assemblage processes. Also provided is a concise review on non-canonical DNA structures (such as G-quadruplexes) and their targeting by small molecules for applications in pharmacology. Finally, it describes the exciting applications of DNA nanostructures in life sciences and nanomedicine, including ultraspecific molecular delivery, control of cell behavior, analysis of cell lysate and DNA-based nano-tools for super-resolution sub-cellular imaging. Contents: Nanotechnology and the Unique Role of DNA (Elisa-C Schöneweiβ, Andreas Jaekel and Barbara Saccà)DNA as Building Material at the Nanoscale: From Concepts to Software-aided Design (Wolfgang Pfeifer, Georg Homa, Giuseppe Arrabito and Barbara Saccà)DNA Sensors for the Detection of Biomolecules and Biochemical Conditions (Birgitta R Knudsen, Anni H Andersen, Magnus Stougaard, Giuseppe Arrabito, Raffaella Suriano and Yi-Ping Ho)DNA Nanostructures in Cell Biology and Medicine (Liqian Wang and Giuseppe Arrabito)Targeting G-quadruplex DNA as Potential Anti-cancer Therapy (Riccardo Bonsignore, Elisa Trippodo and Giampaolo Barone)DNA-aided Super-resolution Bioimaging (JiaJun Li, Giuseppe Arrabito and ZhaoShuai Gao) Readership: Non-specialists, undergraduate students and researchers who are interested in learning the basics of DNA nanotechnology. Keywords: DNA Nanotechnology;Nanostructures;Non-Canonical DNA Structures;G Quadruplexes;Nano-Tools;DNA Origami;DNA Aptamers;Biosensors;Drug DeliveryReview: Key Features: Constitutes a clear introduction to the field of DNA NanotechnologyWritten in an easy and catchy styleContains information of the most recent findings in the world of DNA Nanotechnology (up to 2016), optimal for researchers who want to keep updated with the latest breakthroughs in the field

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine

Author: Ecaterina Andronescu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323477215
Release Date: 2017-04-11
Genre: Medical

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine presents an up-to-date examination of the applications and effects of nanostructured materials in oral medicine, with each chapter addressing recent developments, specific applications, and uses of nanostructures in the oral administration of therapeutic agents in dentistry. The book also includes coverage of the biocompatibility of nanobiomaterials and their remarkable potential in improving human health and in reducing environmental pollution. Emerging advances, such as Dr. Franklin Tay's concept of a new nanotechnology process of growing extremely small, mineral-rich crystals and guiding them into the demineralized gaps between collagen fibers to prevent the aging and degradation of resin-dentin bonding is also discussed. This work will be of great value to those who work in oral medicine, providing them with a resource to gain a greater understanding of how nanotechnology can help them create more efficient, cost-effective products. In addition, it will be of great interest to those who work in materials science who wish to gain a greater appreciation of how nanostructured materials are applied in this field. Outlines the major uses of nanostructured materials for oral medicine, including the properties of each material discussed and how it should best be applied Explores how nanostructured materials enable the creation of more effective drug delivery systems in oral medicine Discusses how novel uses of nanostructured materials may be applied in oral medicine to create more effective devices

Nanostructures for Drug Delivery

Author: Ecaterina Andronescu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323461498
Release Date: 2017-03-24
Genre: Medical

Nanostructures for Drug Delivery extensively covers the various nanostructured products that have been tested as carriers in target drug delivery systems. In addition, the book analyses the advantages of, and issues related to, using nanostructured materials in drug delivery systems, also detailing various nanocarrier preparation techniques. As delivering the drug to the target site is a major problem in providing effective treatment for many diseases, this book covers the latest advancements in numerous nanotechnological products that are being used in disease detection, controlled drug delivery, as biosensors, and in tissue engineering that have been developed for more efficient patient healthcare. Due to the versatility of nanostructured materials, it is now possible to deliver a drug at its target site in a more accurate and efficient way. This volume is an up-to-date, state-of-the-art work that highlights the principal mechanistic aspects related to the delivery of active nanoscale therapeutic agents (natural or synthetic) and their release profile in different environmental media. It highlights nanoscale encapsulation strategies and discusses both organic and inorganic nanomaterials as carriers and delivery platforms. Demonstrates how nanostructures are successfully employed in drug delivery stems and as drug delivery agents, allowing biomaterials scientists and biochemists to create more effective drug delivery systems Offers an overview of recent research into the use of nanostructures in drug delivery techniques in a cogent, synthesized way, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this area Includes examples of how the application of nanostructures have improved the efficiency of drug delivery systems, showing medical scientists how they are beneficial

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers

Author: Yaser Dahman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323524667
Release Date: 2017-01-13
Genre: Science

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers focuses on key essentials and examples across the spectrum of nanomaterials as applied by engineers, including nanosensors, smart nanomaterials, nanopolymers, and nanotubes. Chapters cover their synthesis and characteristics, production methods, and applications, with specific sections exploring nanoelectronics and electro-optic nanotechnology, nanostructures, and nanodevices. This book is a valuable resource for interdisciplinary researchers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are used in different types of engineering, including electrical, chemical, and biomedical. Offers in-depth information on a variety of nanomaterials and how they are used for different engineering applications Provides an overview of current research and suggests how this will impact future applications Explores how the unique properties of different nanomaterials make them particularly suitable for specific applications

Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology

Author: Chunli Bai
Publisher:
ISBN: 178326926X
Release Date: 2016
Genre: Molecular structure

In recent years, several advances have been made in the control of molecular assembly, generating new and strategically important applications of the resultant nanotechnology. This book exemplifies the significant progress made in the understanding of the formation and nature of molecular assemblies, and the consequent construction of functional nanostructures. Expanding on discussions of the characteristics of the various molecular assemblies presented in the Theme Issue of Philosophical Transactions A, a the Royal Society journal, Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology reflects the diverse nature of the interactions between the various building blocks. This versatility leads to a wide variety of molecular nanomaterials which have a broad range of technological applications, and they are explored in this book. Chapters from leading researchers provide overviews of the principles and development of molecular assembly and the current topics in molecular nanostructure and related nanotechnology. Academics across the physical, chemical, material and biological sciences will find this a valuable addition to the research literature in nanochemistry.

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy

Author: Anton Ficai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323461511
Release Date: 2017-05-29
Genre: Medical

Nanostructures for Antimicrobial Therapy discusses the pros and cons of the use of nanostructured materials in the prevention and eradication of infections, highlighting the efficient microbicidal effect of nanoparticles against antibiotic-resistant pathogens and biofilms. Conventional antibiotics are becoming ineffective towards microorganisms due to their widespread and often inappropriate use. As a result, the development of antibiotic resistance in microorganisms is increasingly being reported. New approaches are needed to confront the rising issues related to infectious diseases. The merging of biomaterials, such as chitosan, carrageenan, gelatin, poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) with nanotechnology provides a promising platform for antimicrobial therapy as it provides a controlled way to target cells and induce the desired response without the adverse effects common to many traditional treatments. Nanoparticles represent one of the most promising therapeutic treatments to the problem caused by infectious micro-organisms resistant to traditional therapies. This volume discusses this promise in detail, and also discusses what challenges the greater use of nanoparticles might pose to medical professionals. The unique physiochemical properties of nanoparticles, combined with their growth inhibitory capacity against microbes has led to the upsurge in the research on nanoparticles as antimicrobials. The importance of bactericidal nanobiomaterials study will likely increase as development of resistant strains of bacteria against most potent antibiotics continues. Shows how nanoantibiotics can be used to more effectively treat disease Discusses the advantages and issues of a variety of different nanoantibiotics, enabling medics to select which best meets their needs Provides a cogent summary of recent developments in this field, allowing readers to quickly familiarize themselves with this topic area

Novel Approaches of Nanotechnology in Food

Author: Alexandru Grumezescu
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128043790
Release Date: 2016-05-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Novel Approaches of Nanotechnology in Food, a volume in the Nanotechnology in the Agri-Food Industry series, represents a summary of the most recent advances made in the field of nanostructured materials that have significant impact on the agri-food industry. Because the current food market needs innovation, nanotechnology coupled with novel interdisciplinary approaches and processing methods has enabled important advances that have the potential to revolutionize agri-food sector. Nanotechnology can serve to resolve challenges faced by the food and bioprocessing industries for developing and implementing systems that can produce qualitative and quantitative foods that are safe, sustainable, and ecofriendly. This book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, and engineers in food science and biotechnology fields, as well as students who want information on cutting-edge technologies. Provides worldwide research applications of nanomaterials and nanotechnology useful in food research Presents analytical methods for enzyme immobilization onto magnetic nanoparticles Includes strategies of behavior and structure function to increase application enhancement and control Discusses nanomaterial regulations and for consumer protection awareness

Nanotechnology and Photovoltaic Devices

Author: Jan Valenta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814463645
Release Date: 2015-06-01
Genre: Science

Silicon is an abundant element and is produced in large quantities for the electronic industry. The falling price of this commodity also feeds the growth of solar photovoltaics (PV). However, solar cells (SCs) based on bulk semiconductors have quite limited maximum attainable performance. Therefore, new principles and materials are being investigated to build the third generation of SCs with improved conversion efficiency achieved by the optimized harvesting of the solar spectrum, improved carrier generation, better light management, etc. The unique properties of semiconductor nanostructures (tuning of optoelectronic properties by the quantum confinement effect, stronger interaction with light, etc.) can be exploited to fabricate novel types of high-efficiency solar cells. Here, again, silicon along with carbon and germanium (group IV elements) is about to play a major role. In view of the increasing research effort devoted to nanostructures’ applications in PV, this book aims to provide a background to students and newcomer researchers as well as to point out some open questions and promising directions for future development. It presents a useful overview of group IV nanostructures for PV, which includes the theoretical background, presentation of main solar cell principles, technological aspects, and nanostructure characterization techniques, and finishes with the design and testing of prototype devices. It is not intended to be just a review of the most up-to-date literature, but the authors aim to provide an educative background of the field. All authors are renowned researchers and experienced teachers in the field of semiconductor nanostructures and photovoltaics.

Design of Nanostructures for Theranostics Applications

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 9780128136706
Release Date: 2018-01-15
Genre: Science

Design of Nanostructures for Theranostics Applications focuses on the theranostics applications of nanostructures. In particular, multifunctional nanoparticles for diagnostics and treatment of different diseases, including those relating to the blood-brain barrier, are discussed in detail. Chapters explore different type of nanostructures, covering design, fabrication, functionalization and optimization, helping readers obtain the desired properties. Written by a diverse range of international academics, this book is a valuable reference resource for those working in both nanoscience and the pharmaceutical industry. Explores how the design of a range of nanomaterials make them effective theranostic agents, including multifunctional core-shell nanostructures, mesoporous silica nanoparticles, and quantum dots Shows how nanomaterials are used effectively for a range of diseases, including breast cancer, prostate cancer and neurological disorders Assesses the pros and cons of using different nanomaterials for different types of treatment

Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells Tissues and Organs

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 9780128136669
Release Date: 2018-02-14
Genre: Science

Nanostructures for the Engineering of Cells: Tissues and Organs showcases recent advances in pharmaceutical nanotechnology, with particular emphasis on tissue engineering, organ and cell applications. The book provides an up-to-date overview of organ targeting and cell targeting using nanotechnology. In addition, tissue engineering applications, such as skin regeneration are also discussed. Written by a diverse range of international academics, this book is a valuable research resource for researchers working in the biomaterials, medical and pharmaceutical industries. Explains how nanomaterials regulate different cell behavior and function as a carrier for different biomolecules Shows how nanobiomaterials and nanobiodevices are used in a range of treatment areas, such as skin tissue, wound healing and bone regeneration Discusses nanomaterial preparation strategies for pharmaceutical application and regenerative medicine

Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices

Author: Seung H Ko
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9781849737500
Release Date: 2014-10-29
Genre: Science

Surface area has a directly relationship with the efficiency of energy devices. Hierarchical nanostructuring has the potential to greatly increase surface area, and their electrical properties are favourable, not only to energy generation and storage, but also energy-consuming electronic circuits. This book provides systematic coverage of how nanostructured materials can be applied to energy devices, with an emphasis on the process of generation to storage and consumption. The fundamentals (including properties, characterisation and synthesis) are clearly presented across the first chapters of the book, providing readers new to the field with a clear overview of this expanding topic. The detailed discussion of applications will be an inspiration to those already well-versed in the field. The editors have more than a decade of experience in working on all aspects of energy generation and storage - in academia, national laboratories and industry. The book presents a balanced view from all sectors and is presented in a format accessible by postgraduate students and professional researchers alike.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Author: Guozhong Cao
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814322508
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Science

This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.