Nanostructures and Nanotechnology

Author: Douglas Natelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521877008
Release Date: 2015-06-18
Genre: Science

A carefully developed textbook focusing on the fundamental principles of nanoscale science and nanotechnology.

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Author: Guozhong Cao
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813100770
Release Date: 2011-01-03
Genre: Science

This is the 2nd edition of the original “Nanostructures and Nanomaterials” written by Guozhong Cao and published by Imperial College Press in 2004. This important book focuses not only on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructures and nanomaterials, but also includes properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides balanced and comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials. Both chemical processing and lithographic techniques are presented in a systematic and coherent manner for the synthesis and fabrication of 0-D, 1-D, and 2-D nanostructures, as well as special nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes and ordered mesoporous oxides. The book will serve as a general introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology for teaching and self-study purposes.

Nanostructures Synthesis Functional Properties and Application

Author: Thomas Tsakalakos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400710191
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The Advanced Study Institute on Synthesis, Functional Properties and Applications of Nanostructures, held at the Knossos Royal Village, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, July 26, 2002 - August 4, 2002, successfully reviewed the state-of-the-art of nanostructures and nanotechnology. It was concluded that Nanotechnology is widely agreed to be the research focus that will lead to the next generation of breakthroughs in science and engineering. There are three cornerstones to the expectation that Nanotechnology will yield revolutionary advances in understanding and application: • Breakthroughs in properties that arise from materials fabricated from the nanoscale. • Synergistic behavior that arise from the combination of disparate types of materials (soft vs. hard, organic vs. inorganic, chemical vs. biological vs. solid state) at the nanoscale. • Exploitation of natural (e.g. chemical and biological) assembly mechanisms that can accomplish structural control at the nanoscale. It is expected that this will lead to paradigms for assembling bio-inspired functional systems that accomplish desirable properties that are either unavailable or prohibitively expensive using top-down approaches.

Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology

Author: Chunli Bai
Publisher:
ISBN: 178326926X
Release Date: 2016-03-18
Genre: Molecular structure

In recent years, several advances have been made in the control of molecular assembly, generating new and strategically important applications of the resultant nanotechnology. This book exemplifies the significant progress made in the understanding of the formation and nature of molecular assemblies, and the consequent construction of functional nanostructures.Expanding on discussions of the characteristics of the various molecular assemblies presented in the Theme Issue of Philosophical Transactions A, a the Royal Society journal, Molecular Nanostructure and Nanotechnology reflects the diverse nature of the interactions between the various building blocks. This versatility leads to a wide variety of molecular nanomaterials which have a broad range of technological applications, and they are explored in this book. Chapters from leading researchers provide overviews of the principles and development of molecular assembly and the current topics in molecular nanostructure and related nanotechnology.Academics across the physical, chemical, material and biological sciences will find this a valuable addition to the research literature in nanochemistry.

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers

Author: Yaser Dahman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323524667
Release Date: 2017-01-13
Genre: Science

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers focuses on key essentials and examples across the spectrum of nanomaterials as applied by engineers, including nanosensors, smart nanomaterials, nanopolymers, and nanotubes. Chapters cover their synthesis and characteristics, production methods, and applications, with specific sections exploring nanoelectronics and electro-optic nanotechnology, nanostructures, and nanodevices. This book is a valuable resource for interdisciplinary researchers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are used in different types of engineering, including electrical, chemical, and biomedical. Offers in-depth information on a variety of nanomaterials and how they are used for different engineering applications Provides an overview of current research and suggests how this will impact future applications Explores how the unique properties of different nanomaterials make them particularly suitable for specific applications

Nanotechnology

Author: Lifeng Chi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527317394
Release Date: 2010-09-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This front line reference investigates nanostructured surfaces, invisible to the naked eye. Machinery and processes explained in a logical fashion. Students and professionals will benefit from the knowledge imparted by the prominent authors.

Nanotechnology Research

Author: Xiaohua J. Huang
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 1600219020
Release Date: 2008-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Nanotechnology is used in precision engineering, materials development as well as in electronics; electromechanical systems as well as mainstream biomedical applications in areas such as gene therapy, drug delivery and drug discovery techniques. This book presents breakthroughs in the field from around the world.

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine

Author: Ecaterina Andronescu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323477215
Release Date: 2017-04-11
Genre: Medical

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine presents an up-to-date examination of the applications and effects of nanostructured materials in oral medicine, with each chapter addressing recent developments, specific applications, and uses of nanostructures in the oral administration of therapeutic agents in dentistry. The book also includes coverage of the biocompatibility of nanobiomaterials and their remarkable potential in improving human health and in reducing environmental pollution. Emerging advances, such as Dr. Franklin Tay's concept of a new nanotechnology process of growing extremely small, mineral-rich crystals and guiding them into the demineralized gaps between collagen fibers to prevent the aging and degradation of resin-dentin bonding is also discussed. This work will be of great value to those who work in oral medicine, providing them with a resource to gain a greater understanding of how nanotechnology can help them create more efficient, cost-effective products. In addition, it will be of great interest to those who work in materials science who wish to gain a greater appreciation of how nanostructured materials are applied in this field. Outlines the major uses of nanostructured materials for oral medicine, including the properties of each material discussed and how it should best be applied Explores how nanostructured materials enable the creation of more effective drug delivery systems in oral medicine Discusses how novel uses of nanostructured materials may be applied in oral medicine to create more effective devices

Hierarchical Nanostructures for Energy Devices

Author: Seung H Ko
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9781849737500
Release Date: 2014-10-29
Genre: Science

Surface area has a directly relationship with the efficiency of energy devices. Hierarchical nanostructuring has the potential to greatly increase surface area, and their electrical properties are favourable, not only to energy generation and storage, but also energy-consuming electronic circuits. This book provides systematic coverage of how nanostructured materials can be applied to energy devices, with an emphasis on the process of generation to storage and consumption. The fundamentals (including properties, characterisation and synthesis) are clearly presented across the first chapters of the book, providing readers new to the field with a clear overview of this expanding topic. The detailed discussion of applications will be an inspiration to those already well-versed in the field. The editors have more than a decade of experience in working on all aspects of energy generation and storage - in academia, national laboratories and industry. The book presents a balanced view from all sectors and is presented in a format accessible by postgraduate students and professional researchers alike.

Nanotechnology and Photovoltaic Devices

Author: Jan Valenta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814463645
Release Date: 2015-06-01
Genre: Science

Silicon is an abundant element and is produced in large quantities for the electronic industry. The falling price of this commodity also feeds the growth of solar photovoltaics (PV). However, solar cells (SCs) based on bulk semiconductors have quite limited maximum attainable performance. Therefore, new principles and materials are being investigated to build the third generation of SCs with improved conversion efficiency achieved by the optimized harvesting of the solar spectrum, improved carrier generation, better light management, etc. The unique properties of semiconductor nanostructures (tuning of optoelectronic properties by the quantum confinement effect, stronger interaction with light, etc.) can be exploited to fabricate novel types of high-efficiency solar cells. Here, again, silicon along with carbon and germanium (group IV elements) is about to play a major role. In view of the increasing research effort devoted to nanostructures’ applications in PV, this book aims to provide a background to students and newcomer researchers as well as to point out some open questions and promising directions for future development. It presents a useful overview of group IV nanostructures for PV, which includes the theoretical background, presentation of main solar cell principles, technological aspects, and nanostructure characterization techniques, and finishes with the design and testing of prototype devices. It is not intended to be just a review of the most up-to-date literature, but the authors aim to provide an educative background of the field. All authors are renowned researchers and experienced teachers in the field of semiconductor nanostructures and photovoltaics.

Biomedical Nanostructures

Author: Kenneth Gonsalves
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470185827
Release Date: 2007-11-09
Genre: Science

Learn to Use Nanoscale Materials to Design Novel Biomedical Devices and Applications Discover how to take full advantage of nanoscale materials in the design and fabrication of leading-edge biomedical devices. The authors introduce you to a variety of possible clinical applications such as drug delivery, diagnostics, and cancer therapy. In addition, the authors explore the interface between micron and nanoscale materials for the development of applications such as tissue engineering. Finally, they examine the mechanisms of cell interactions with material surfaces through the use of nanotechnology-based material processing and characterization methods. The text's three sections highlight its interdisciplinary approach: * Part One: Nanostructure Fabrication * Part Two: Bio-Nano Interfaces * Part Three: Clinical Applications of Nanostructures Among the key topics covered are nanotechnology in tissue regeneration; biomolecular engineering; receptor-ligand interactions; cell-biomaterial interactions; nanomaterials in diagnostics, drug delivery, and cancer therapy; and nano- and micron-level engineering and fabrication. Throughout the text, clear examples guide you through the chemistry and the processing involved in designing and developing nanoscale materials for biomedical devices. Each chapter begins with an introduction and ends with a conclusion highlighting the key points. In addition, references at the end of the chapter help you expand your research on any individual topic. In summary, this book helps biomedical researchers and engineers understand the physical phenomena that occur at the nanoscale in order to design novel cell-based constructs for a wide range of applications.

Nanotechnology

Author: Sunipa Roy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781138032743
Release Date: 2017-09-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Nano particles have created a high interest in recent years by virtue of their unusual mechanical, electrical, optical and magnetic properties and find wide applications in all fields of engineering. This edited volume aims to present the latest trends and updates in nanogenerators, thin film solar cells and green synthesis of metallic nanoparticles with a focus on nanostructured semiconductor devices. Exclusive chapter on electrical transport of nanostructure explains device physics for material properties for reduced dimensions. Additionally, the text describes the functionality of metallic nanoparticles and their application in molecular imaging and optical metamaterials. Piezoelectric nanogenerators has been touched upon from the energy perspective as well. Key Features: • Organized contents on Nanogenerators, VOC sensing, nanoelectronics, and NEMS. • Discusses eco-friendly green synthesis methods for metallic nanoparticles. • Touches upon low power nano devices (e.g. nanogenerators) for energy harvesting with quantum mechanical study. • Thin film/heterojunction based high efficiency solar cell addressed aimed at reducing global energy consumption.

Nanotechnology in Agriculture and Food Science

Author: Monique A. V. Axelos
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527697731
Release Date: 2017-03-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

A comprehensive overview of the current state of this highly relevant topic. An interdisciplinary team of researchers reports on the opportunities and challenges of nanotechnology in the agriculture and food sector, highlighting the scientific, technical, regulatory, safety, and societal impacts. They also discuss the perspectives for the future, and provide insights into ways of assuring safety so as to obtain confidence for the consumer, as well as an overview of the innovations and applications. Essential reading for materials and agricultural scientists, food chemists and technologists, as well as toxicologists and ecotoxicologists.

Dna Nanotechnology For Bioanalysis From Hybrid Dna Nanostructures To Functional Devices

Author: Arrabito Giuseppe Domenico
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9781786343819
Release Date: 2017-09-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is intended for non-specialists and students, presenting a unique introduction to the field of DNA nanotechnology. The primary focus is on the extraordinary advantages of specificity and sensitivity obtained by integrating DNA nanostructures in bioanalytical devices. DNA Nanotechnology for Bioanalysis provides a concise and rigorous description for the fabrication of various types of functional nanostructures by optimized software-aided high-yield synthesis. Following this is the explanation of methods to decorate these nanostructures with molecules such as proteins, metal nanoparticles or bioorganic moieties covalently bonded onto DNA via self-assemblage processes. Also provided is a concise review on non-canonical DNA structures (such as G-quadruplexes) and their targeting by small molecules for applications in pharmacology. Finally, it describes the exciting applications of DNA nanostructures in life sciences and nanomedicine, including ultraspecific molecular delivery, control of cell behavior, analysis of cell lysate and DNA-based nano-tools for super-resolution sub-cellular imaging. Contents: Nanotechnology and the Unique Role of DNA (Elisa-C Schöneweiβ, Andreas Jaekel and Barbara Saccà)DNA as Building Material at the Nanoscale: From Concepts to Software-aided Design (Wolfgang Pfeifer, Georg Homa, Giuseppe Arrabito and Barbara Saccà)DNA Sensors for the Detection of Biomolecules and Biochemical Conditions (Birgitta R Knudsen, Anni H Andersen, Magnus Stougaard, Giuseppe Arrabito, Raffaella Suriano and Yi-Ping Ho)DNA Nanostructures in Cell Biology and Medicine (Liqian Wang and Giuseppe Arrabito)Targeting G-quadruplex DNA as Potential Anti-cancer Therapy (Riccardo Bonsignore, Elisa Trippodo and Giampaolo Barone)DNA-aided Super-resolution Bioimaging (JiaJun Li, Giuseppe Arrabito and ZhaoShuai Gao) Readership: Non-specialists, undergraduate students and researchers who are interested in learning the basics of DNA nanotechnology. Keywords: DNA Nanotechnology;Nanostructures;Non-Canonical DNA Structures;G Quadruplexes;Nano-Tools;DNA Origami;DNA Aptamers;Biosensors;Drug DeliveryReview: Key Features: Constitutes a clear introduction to the field of DNA NanotechnologyWritten in an easy and catchy styleContains information of the most recent findings in the world of DNA Nanotechnology (up to 2016), optimal for researchers who want to keep updated with the latest breakthroughs in the field

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Author: Guozhong Cao
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814322508
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Science

This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.