Author: Monroe N. Work
Release Date: 2015-07-14
Excerpt from Negro Year Book: An Annual Encyclopedia of the Negro, 1937-1938 If one took into account only what has happened to Negroes in the recent depression years, he could easily present facts to indicate, at least from an economic standpoint, that the group had not made progress, but had lost much of its gains of previous years. In order to get a more accurate measure of the progress of the Negro group in America it is necessary to take a long time view. It is for this reason that the seventy years, 1866 to 1936, is taken. This is the period that has elapsed since slavery was abolished in the United States, and under freedom Negroes have had opportunity, in spite of handicaps and restrictions, to demonstrate their capabilities. The depression caused a marked decrease in property owning by Negroes of both farm lands and city property. As an example, the Negroes of Georgia in 1928 made tax returns on 1,444,294 acres of land assessed at $13,491,117. In 1934, they made tax returns on 1,331,418 acres of land assessed at $9,543,452, a decrease in the acreage for the six years of 112,876, and in assessed valuation of $3,947,665. The Negroes of Virginia in 1928 made tax return on 1,981,258 acres of land assessed at $29,663,190. In 1935, they made tax returns on 1,864,080 acres of land assessed at $30,847,370, a decrease in the acreage for the seven years of 117,178 acres, but an increase in assessed valuation of $1,184,180. The assessed valuation of city property for the Negroes of Georgia in 1928 was $24,726,311, and in 1935 was $20,184,142, a decrease in valuation for the six years of $4,542,169. The assessed valuation of city property for the Negroes of Virginia in 1928 was $29,452,629, and in 1935 it was $26,683,639, a decrease in the valuation for the seven years of $2,768,990. It is estimated on the basis of tax returns that in spite of the depression, Negroes in the United States, in 1936, own some 20,000,000 acres of land, or 31,000 square miles. This is an area about equal to the five New England states, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Author: Neil Lanctot
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Release Date: 2011-01-01
Genre: Sports & Recreation
The story of black professional baseball provides a remarkable perspective on several major themes in modern African American history: the initial black response to segregation, the subsequent struggle to establish successful separate enterprises, and the later movement toward integration. Baseball functioned as a critical component in the separate economy catering to black consumers in the urban centers of the North and South. While most black businesses struggled to survive from year to year, professional baseball teams and leagues operated for decades, representing a major achievement in black enterprise and institution building. Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution presents the extraordinary history of a great African American achievement, from its lowest ebb during the Depression, through its golden age and World War II, until its gradual disappearance during the early years of the civil rights era. Faced with only a limited amount of correspondence and documents, Lanctot consulted virtually every sports page of every black newspaper located in a league city. He then conducted interviews with former players and scrutinized existing financial, court, and federal records. Through his efforts, Lanctot has painstakingly reconstructed the institutional history of black professional baseball, locating the players, teams, owners, and fans in the wider context of the league's administration. In addition, he provides valuable insight into the changing attitudes of African Americans toward the need for separate institutions.