Networks Work and Inequality

Author: Steve McDonald
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781781905395
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Social Science

The importance of social relationships at work has long been recognized in the social sciences. Interest in this topic has been renewed through scholarly and popular discussions of social capital as well as recent innovations in network data collection and analysis. These developments have allowed researchers to ask a variety of new questions about the role of networks in the world of work and a multitude of approaches to answering those questions. While several monographs have been written on issues related to networks and work, none has simultaneously brought together the range of approaches used to explore this topic. Furthermore, this volume is the first to merge this focus on networks and work with a sociological perspective on inequality. Specifically, the chapters illuminate the processes by which social networks in work organizations can effectively generate, sustain and ameliorate social inequalities across individuals, firms, and occupational fields. In doing so, this volume offers valuable insights that inform researchers and policy makers alike regarding issues of workplace discrimination, diversity and innovation.

Religion Work and Inequality

Author: Lisa Keister
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781780523477
Release Date: 2002-04-17
Genre: Business & Economics

Work behaviours and inequality in work-based rewards are essential to financial security and general well-being. Although the benefits of receiving work-based rewards, such as income, benefits and retirement packages, are significant, they are not enjoyed uniformly. This title articulates an agenda for better understanding these social processes.

Sozialkapital

Author: Axel Franzen
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531150693
Release Date: 2007-12-12
Genre: Social Science

Seit Beginn der 1990er Jahre stimuliert die Idee des Sozialkapitals eine lebhafte Diskussion in den Sozialwissenschaften über den Wert sozialer Beziehungen. Nicht nur in der Soziologie, sondern auch in der Politologie und den Wirtschaftswissenschaften beschäftigt sich eine zunehmende Anzahl von Arbeiten mit den Fragen, was unter Sozialkapital zu verstehen ist, wie es entsteht, wie es in Gesellschaften verteilt ist und welche Konsequenzen mit einer mehr oder weniger guten Sozialkapitalausstattung von Individuen und Gesellschaften verbunden sind. Dieser Band gibt einen Einblick in den aktuellen Stand der Forschung. Neben einleitenden Beiträgen zur Theorie und zur Messung von Sozialkapital beschäftigen sich die Studien im zweiten Teil des Sonderhefts mit den politischen, sozioökonomischen und kulturellen Entstehungsbedingungen von Sozialkapital. Die Beiträge im dritten Teil analysieren die Auswirkungen von Sozialkapital auf Arbeits- und Gütermärkten, auf Unternehmensgründungen und wirtschaftliches Wachstum, bei Migrations- und Fertilitätsentscheidungen, auf die Stadtentwicklung, den Bildungserwerb und das politische Engagement.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN: STANFORD:36105114637544
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Sociology

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

The Sociology of Work

Author: Steven Peter Vallas
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195381726
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Social Science

Understanding the world of work is often difficult for students--particularly undergraduates--to grasp. The Sociology of Work: Structures and Inequalities answers the need for a clear, engaging--and affordable--introduction to the basic concepts used by sociologists of work. Throughout, the text links the most up-to-date research and scholarship on work and occupations with their underlying sociological principles. Beginning with a thorough discussion of these core concepts, it goes on to show the historical developments of labor processes, thus allowing students to draw modern, real-world connections. The book also examines the contemporary work scene (both domestic and global), its concurrent occupational structures, and, all too often, its resultant inequalities. While remarkably accessible, The Sociology of Work does not shy away from challenging students with weightier sociological concepts, theories, and methodological issues, as well as less commonly discussed topics like Luddism, the role of gender in the industrial revolution, and the rise and decline of the workers' movement. Comprehensive and versatile, The Sociology of Work: Structures and Inequalities is ideal for courses in the sociology of work and occupations, and the sociology of organizations and corporations, as well as labor studies and human resource management. Features * Incorporates issues of gender and race throughout * Also includes separate and unique chapters on gender (Chapter 11), diversity (Chapter 12), immigration (Chapter 13), and globalization (Chapter 16) * Emphasizes the continuing importance of social theory, both classical and contemporary * Devotes an entire chapter to research methods and data sources

Crash Course Medical Ethics and Sociology E Book

Author: Andrew Papanikitas
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780723437864
Release Date: 2013-05-14
Genre: Medical

Medical ethics, sociology and epidemiology rarely arouse one's passion and can, as minor subjects within a busy curriculum, find themselves ignored by vast swathes of students. However, recent times have seen not only a greater general understanding of these subjects but also a greater appreciation of their role within modern medical practice. In addition, these subjects are increasingly appearing in exams and, more importantly, they will crop up in every field and at every level of future working lives. In writing this book, the authors hope to provide a springboard from which students can develop a reasoned ethical approach to dilemmas as and when they present, both within their practice of medicine and in the exam situation. The sociology and public health sections aim to provide key information on the theories and studies that have helped to shape the practice of these disciplines - topics that are all too often unacknowledged by medical students and doctors alike. In doing so, the authors hope to provide the essential facts on these subjects without leaving readers to wade through irrelevant material. It is hoped that all students might begin to enjoy evidence (as well as experience)-based medicine and appreciate its importance regardless of the medical or surgical careers that they pursue. More than 80 line artworks, tables and boxes present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow manner Friendly and accessible approach to the subject makes learning especially easy Written by junior doctors for students - authors who understand exam pressures Contains ‘Hints and Tips’ boxes, and other useful aide-mémoires Succinct coverage of the subject enables ‘sharp focus’ and efficient use of time during exam preparation Contains a fully updated self-assessment section - ideal for honing exam skills and self-testing Self-assessment section fully updated to reflect current exam requirements Contains ‘common exam pitfalls’ as advised by faculty Crash Courses also available electronically! Online self-assessment bank also available - content edited by Dan Horton-Szar!

American Sociological Review

Author: Frank Hamilton Hankins
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39076002537566
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Sociology

Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."

The Gender Factory

Author: S.F. Berk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461323938
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Psychology

tion addressed by this analysis centers on the reciprocal relation between 1 household domestic and market work efforts. It should be obvious by now that this chapter is not concerned ex plicitly with the contributions of individual members to household or mar ket activity, nor does it examine the mechanisms by which work tasks or time is apportioned among them. To reiterate, households per se are the unit of analysis; the division of labor within, with respect to either household or market activities, is ignored. In this chapter, one must pre tend that the social relations within the household productive unit, which critically shape both the nature of work and its allocation, are hidden from view. To return to the earlier metaphor, households establish a to tal household "pie," made up of all the market and domestic chores that they will undertake and the time required for them. Only after that "pie" is created can it be sliced and the pieces doled out to individual members. 2 The household and market pie defined and described here can be roughly conceptualized as the total productive capacity of the household, or as the result of a pooling of individual talents and resources. Indeed, were a measure of the time available for leisure incorporated into the measure of the pie, the household's full income (budget) constraint (i. e. , the total productive potential of the household) could be described.

Work and Family in the New Economy

Author: Samantha K. Ammons
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781784416294
Release Date: 2015-02-25
Genre: Social Science

This volume will focus on innovative research examining how the nature of paid work intersects with family and personal life today. This collection of cutting-edge research will be instrumental in shaping the next wave of work-family scholarship.

Coming Clean

Author: Robert Granfield
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814715818
Release Date: 1999-11-01
Genre: Psychology

Despite the widely accepted view that formal treatment and twelve-step groups are essential for overcoming dependencies on alcohol and drugs, each year large numbers of former addicts quietly recover on their own, without any formal treatment or participation in self-help groups at all. Coming Clean explores the untold stories of untreated addicts who have recovered from a lifestyle of excessive and compulsive substance use without professional assistance. Based on 46 in-depth interviews with formerly addicted individuals, this controversial volume examines their reasons for avoiding treatment, the strategies they employed to break away from their dependencies, the circumstances that facilitated untreated recovery, and the implications of recovery without treatment for treatment professionals as well as for prevention and drug policy. Because of the pervasive belief that addiction is a disease requiring formal intervention, few training programs for physicians, social workers, psychologists, and other health professionals explore the phenomenon of natural recovery from addiction. Coming Clean offers insights for treatment professionals of how recovery without treatment can work and how candidates for this approach can be identified. A detailed appendix outlines specific strategies which will be of interest to addicted individuals themselves who wish to attempt the process of recovery without treatment.

The Digital Divide

Author: Massimo Ragnedda
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135088361
Release Date: 2013-06-19
Genre: Computers

This book provides an in-depth comparative analysis of inequality and the stratification of the digital sphere. Grounded in classical sociological theories of inequality, as well as empirical evidence, this book defines ‘the digital divide’ as the unequal access and utility of internet communications technologies and explores how it has the potential to replicate existing social inequalities, as well as create new forms of stratification. The Digital Divide examines how various demographic and socio-economic factors including income, education, age and gender, as well as infrastructure, products and services affect how the internet is used and accessed. Comprised of six parts, the first section examines theories of the digital divide, and then looks in turn at: Highly developed nations and regions (including the USA, the EU and Japan); Emerging large powers (Brazil, China, India, Russia); Eastern European countries (Estonia, Romania, Serbia); Arab and Middle Eastern nations (Egypt, Iran, Israel); Under-studied areas (East and Central Asia, Latin America, and sub-Saharan Africa). Providing an interwoven analysis of the international inequalities in internet usage and access, this important work offers a comprehensive approach to studying the digital divide around the globe. It is an important resource for academic and students in sociology, social policy, communication studies, media studies and all those interested in the questions and issues around social inequality.

The Handbook of Community Practice

Author: Marie Weil
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781452289977
Release Date: 2012-08-29
Genre: Social Science

The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.

Australian Sociology

Author: K. Harley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137379757
Release Date: 2014-07-22
Genre: Social Science

Battered and bruised by injuries (often self-inflicted) sustained in the first half of the twentieth century since 1950 sociology in Australia has fought its way back into the academic mainstream. This has not been easy; its fortunes seem forever mixed – good in some places and dismal in others. But it has proved itself resilient, it is a survivor.