Nicaea and Its Legacy

Author: Lewis Ayres
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198755067
Release Date: 2004-10-28
Genre: Religion

The first part of Nicaea and its Legacy offers a narrative of the fourth-century trinitarian controversy. It does not assume that the controversy begins with Arius, but with tensions among existing theological strategies. Lewis Ayres argues that, just as we cannot speak of one `Arian' theology, so we cannot speak of one `Nicene' theology either, in 325 or in 381. The second part of the book offers an account of the theological practices and assumptions within whichpro-Nicene theologians assumed their short formulae and creeds were to be understood. Ayres also argues that there is no fundamental division between eastern and western trinitarian theologies at the end of the fourth century. The last section of the book challenges modern post-Hegelian trinitarian theology toengage with Nicaea more deeply.

Meletius von Antiochien

Author: Thomas R. Karmann
Publisher: Peter Lang
ISBN: 3631562845
Release Date: 2009
Genre: History

Meletius von Antiochien (+ 381) war eine der umstrittensten Gestalten des trinitatstheologischen Streits, was v. a. an seinen -zweifelhaften Anfangen- lag. Diese Anfangsphase seines Episkopats in der syrischen Hauptstadt wahrend der Herrschaft Konstantius' II., Julians und Jovians steht im Mittelpunkt dieser Studie. Anhand der Analyse von Dokumenten aus dieser Zeit wird eine kirchenpolitische und theologische Einordnung des antiochenischen Bischofs unternommen und gleichzeitig der Frage nach den Anfangen des sogenannten Neunizanismus, mit denen Meletius in der Forschung immer wieder verbunden wird, nachgegangen."

Basil of Caesarea s Anti Eunomian Theory of Names

Author: Mark DelCogliano
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004189102
Release Date: 2010-07-12
Genre: Religion

This book offers a revisionist interpretation of the fourth-century debate between the theologians Basil of Caesarea and Eunomius of Cyzicus by situating their rival theories of names in their proper historical, philosophical, and theological context.

Rethinking Trinitarian Theology

Author: Giulio Maspero
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 9780567560926
Release Date: 2012-03-01
Genre: Religion

The book aims at showing the most important topics and paradigms in modern Trinitarian theology. It is supposed to be a comprehensive guide to the many traces of development of Trinitarian faith. As such it is thought to systematize the variety of contemporary approaches to the field of Trinitarian theology in the present philosophical-cultural context. The main goal of the publication is not only a description of what happened to Trinitarian theology in the modern age. It is rather to indicate the typically modern specificity of the Trinitarian debate and - first of all - to encourage development in the main areas and issues of this subject.

Justinian and the Making of the Syrian Orthodox Church

Author: Volker L. Menze
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191560095
Release Date: 2008-07-10
Genre: Religion

The Council of Chalcedon in 451 divided eastern Christianity, with those who were later called Syrian Orthodox among the Christians in the near eastern provinces who refused to accept the decisions of the council. These non-Chalcedonians (still better known under the misleading term Monophysites) separated from the church of the empire after Justin I attempted to enforce Chalcedon in the East in 518. Volker L. Menze historicizes the formation of the Syrian Orthodox Church in the first half of the sixth century. This volume covers the period from the accession of Justin to the second Council of Constantinople in 553. Menze begins with an exploration of imperial and papal policy from a non-Chalcedonian, eastern perspective, then discusses monks, monasteries and the complex issues surrounding non-Chalcedonian church life and sacraments. The volume concludes with a close look at the working of "collective memory" among the non-Chalcedonians and the construction of a Syrian Orthodox identity. This study is a histoire évènementielle of actual religious practice, especially concerning the Eucharist and the diptychs, and of ecclesiastical and imperial policy which modifies the traditional view of how emperors (and in the case of Theodora: empresses) ruled the late Roman/early Byzantine empire. By combining this detailed analysis of secular and ecclesiastical politics with a study of long-term strategies of memorialization, the book also focuses on deep structures of collective memory on which the tradition of the present Syrian Orthodox Church is founded.

Jesus and the Father

Author: Kevin N. Giles
Publisher: Zondervan
ISBN: 9780310866381
Release Date: 2009-08-30
Genre: Religion

The doctrine of the Trinity is one of the cornerstones of Christianity. In Jesus and the Father, Kevin Giles wrestles with questions about the Trinity that are dividing the evangelical community: What is the error called “subordinationism”? Is the Son eternally subordinated to the Father in function? Are the Father and the Son divided or undivided in power and authority? Is the Father-Son-Spirit relationship ordered hierarchical or horizontal? How should the Father and the Son be differentiated to avoid the errors of modalism and subordinationism? What is the relationship between the so-called economic Trinity and the immanent Trinity? Does the Father-Son relationship in the Trinity prescribe male-female relationships in the home and the church? "Kevin Giles points out serious problems in the teaching that the Son is eternally subordinated to the Father and argues effectively for the full eternal equality within the Trinity. This book should be read by all who wrestle with the complex but crucial doctrine of the Trinity."—Millard Erickson, author, Christian Theology “By showing that subordinationism is a revival of a heresy that was systematically rejected by the non-Arian Church, the author reinstates the classical orthodox doctrine of the Trinity in all its scriptural majesty and grandeur.”—Gilbert Bilezikian, professor emeritus, Wheaton College “Giles skillfully places before us the stark choice which each generation of theologians must face: will we allow the Bible to speak its message about the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit to us, or will we use the Bible to advance our own agenda? This important book deserves to be widely read and carefully considered.”—Paul D. Molnar, professor of systematic theology, St. John’s University

Calvin Classical Trinitarianism and the Aseity of the Son

Author: Brannon Ellis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199652402
Release Date: 2012-06-28
Genre: Religion

For much of his career as a Reformer John Calvin was involved in controversy over the doctrine of the Trinity. Not only did these controversies span his career, but his opponents ranged across the spectrum of trinitarian approaches-from staunch traditionalists to radical antitrinitarians. Remarkably, the heart of Calvin's argument, and the heart of others' criticism, remained the same throughout: Calvin claimed that the only-begotten Son of the Father is also, asthe one true God, 'of himself'. Brannon Ellis investigates the varied response to Calvin's affirmation of the Son's aseity (or essential self-existence), a significant episode in the history of theology that is often ignored or misunderstood. Ellis's aim is to explain the historical significance andexplore the theological implications of Calvin's uniquely classical approach to thinking and speaking of the Triune God.

Anti Judaism and Christian Orthodoxy

Author: Christine Shepardson
Publisher: CUA Press
ISBN: 9780813215365
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Religion

This book investigates the complex anti-Jewish and anti-Judaizing rhetoric of Ephrem, a fourth-century poet, deacon, and theologian from eastern Roman Syria whose Syriac-language writings remain unfamiliar and linguistically inaccessible to centuries of scholars who study the well-known Greek and Latin writings of his contemporaries.

Pro Ecclesia Vol 15 N1

Author: Pro Ecclesia
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781442229037
Release Date: 2006-01-19
Genre: Religion

Pro Ecclesia is a quarterly journal of theology published by the Center for Catholic and Evangelical Theology. It seeks to give contemporary expression to the one apostolic faith and its classic traditions, working for and manifesting the church's unity by research, theological construction, and free exchange of opinion. Members of its advisory council represent communities committed to the authority of Holy Scripture, ecumenical dogmatic teaching and the structural continuity of the church, and are themselves dedicated to maintaining and invigorating these commitments. The journal publishes biblical, liturgical, historical and doctrinal articles that promote or illumine its purposes. Ways to subscribe: Call toll-free: 800-273-2223 Email: [email protected] For back-issues, please contact [email protected] Editorial inquiries: Joseph Mangina, [email protected] Submissions should be sent by email attachment in Microsoft Word, double-spaced, with identifying marks removed for the purposes of blind peer review. Book review inquiries: Chad Pecknold, [email protected] Advertising inquiries: Charles Roth, Jr., [email protected] Subscription inquiries: [email protected] ISSN: 1063-8512

Rethinking Constantine

Author: Edward L. Smither
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 9781630873851
Release Date: 2014-02-14
Genre: Religion

What happens to the church when the emperor becomes a Christian? Seventeen hundred years after Constantine's victory at Milvian Bridge, scholars and students of history continue to debate the life and impact of the Roman emperor who converted to faith in the Christian God and gave peace to the church. This book joins that conversation and examines afresh the historical sources that inform our picture of Constantine, the theological developments that occurred in the wake of his rise to power, and aspects of Constantine's legacy that have shaped church history.

The Eternal Generation of the Son

Author: Kevin Giles
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
ISBN: 9780830839650
Release Date: 2012-05-07
Genre: Religion

Theologian Kevin Giles defends the historically orthodox doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son of God. He argues on biblical, historical and theological bases that, given its fundamental meaning, this doctrinal formulation is indispensable, irreplaceable and faithful to Christian revelation.

Know the Heretics

Author: Justin S. Holcomb
Publisher: Zondervan
ISBN: 9780310515081
Release Date: 2014-04-29
Genre: Religion

There is a lot of talk about heresy these days. The frequency and volume of accusations suggest that some Christians have lost a sense of the gravity of the word. On the other hand, many believers have little to no familiarity with orthodox doctrine or the historic distortions of it. What’s needed is a strong dose of humility and restraint, and also a clear and informed definition of orthodoxy and heresy. Know the Heretics provides an accessible “travel guide” to the most significant heresies throughout Christian history. As a part of the KNOW series, it is designed for personal study or classroom use, but also for small groups and Sunday schools wanting to more deeply understand the foundations of the faith. Each chapter covers a key statement of faith and includes a discussion of its historical context; a simple explanation of the unorthodox teaching, the orthodox response and a key defender; reflections of contemporary relevance; and discussion questions.

In Search of the Triune God

Author: Eugene Webb
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 9780826273079
Release Date: 2014-03-11
Genre: Religion

Under the broad umbrella of the Christian religion, there exists a great divide between two fundamentally different ways of thinking about key aspects of the Christian faith. Eugene Webb explores the sources of that divide, looking at how the Eastern and Western Christian worlds drifted apart due both to the different ways they interpreted their symbols and to the different roles political power played in their histories. Previous studies have focused on historical events or on the history of theological ideas. In Search of the Triune God delves deeper by exploring how the Christian East and the Christian West have conceived the relation between symbol and experience. Webb demonstrates that whereas for Western Christianity discussion of the doctrine of the Trinity has tended toward speculation about the internal structure of the Godhead, in the Eastern tradition the symbolism of the Triune God has always been closely connected to religious experience. In their approaches to theology, Western Christianity has tended toward a speculative theology, and Eastern Christianity toward a mystical theology. This difference of focus has led to a large range of fundamental differences in many areas not only of theology but also of religious life. Webb traces the history of the pertinent symbols (God as Father, Son of God, Spirit of God, Messiah, King, etc.) from the Hebrew Bible and New Testament through patristic thinkers and the councils that eventually defined orthodoxy. In addition, he shows how the symbols, interpreted through the different cultural lenses of the East and the West, gradually took on meanings that became the material of very different worldviews, especially as the respective histories of the Eastern and Western Christian worlds led them into different kinds of entanglement with ambition and power. Through this incisive exploration, Webb offers a dramatic and provocative new picture of the history of Christianity.

Arianism Roman Heresy and Barbarian Creed

Author: Dr Guido M Berndt
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781409446590
Release Date: 2014-09-28
Genre: History

This is the first volume to attempt a comprehensive introduction to and overview of the evolution of the 'Arian' churches in the Roman world of Late Antiquity and their political importance in the late Roman kingdoms of the 5th-6th centuries, ruled by barbarian warrior elites. Bringing together researchers from the disciplines of theology, history and archaeology, and providing an extensive bibliography, it constitutes a breakthrough in a field largely neglected in historical studies.