Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: Peter E. Kloeden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662126165
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Mathematics

The numerical analysis of stochastic differential equations (SDEs) differs significantly from that of ordinary differential equations. This book provides an easily accessible introduction to SDEs, their applications and the numerical methods to solve such equations. From the reviews: "The authors draw upon their own research and experiences in obviously many disciplines... considerable time has obviously been spent writing this in the simplest language possible." --ZAMP

Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations with Jumps in Finance

Author: Eckhard Platen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642136948
Release Date: 2010-07-23
Genre: Mathematics

In financial and actuarial modeling and other areas of application, stochastic differential equations with jumps have been employed to describe the dynamics of various state variables. The numerical solution of such equations is more complex than that of those only driven by Wiener processes, described in Kloeden & Platen: Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations (1992). The present monograph builds on the above-mentioned work and provides an introduction to stochastic differential equations with jumps, in both theory and application, emphasizing the numerical methods needed to solve such equations. It presents many new results on higher-order methods for scenario and Monte Carlo simulation, including implicit, predictor corrector, extrapolation, Markov chain and variance reduction methods, stressing the importance of their numerical stability. Furthermore, it includes chapters on exact simulation, estimation and filtering. Besides serving as a basic text on quantitative methods, it offers ready access to a large number of potential research problems in an area that is widely applicable and rapidly expanding. Finance is chosen as the area of application because much of the recent research on stochastic numerical methods has been driven by challenges in quantitative finance. Moreover, the volume introduces readers to the modern benchmark approach that provides a general framework for modeling in finance and insurance beyond the standard risk-neutral approach. It requires undergraduate background in mathematical or quantitative methods, is accessible to a broad readership, including those who are only seeking numerical recipes, and includes exercises that help the reader develop a deeper understanding of the underlying mathematics.

Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und Stochastische Prozesse

Author: Michael Mürmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642381607
Release Date: 2013-11-22
Genre: Mathematics

Dieses Lehrbuch beschäftigt sich mit den zentralen Gebieten einer maßtheoretisch orientierten Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie im Umfang einer zweisemestrigen Vorlesung. Nach den Grundlagen werden Grenzwertsätze und schwache Konvergenz behandelt. Es folgt die Darstellung und Betrachtung der stochastischen Abhängigkeit durch die bedingte Erwartung, die mit der Radon-Nikodym-Ableitung realisiert wird. Sie wird angewandt auf die Theorie der stochastischen Prozesse, die nach der allgemeinen Konstruktion aus der Untersuchung von Martingalen und Markov-Prozessen besteht. Neu in einem Lehrbuch über allgemeine Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie ist eine Einführung in die stochastische Analysis von Semimartingalen auf der Grundlage einer geeigneten Stetigkeitsbedingung mit Anwendungen auf die Theorie der Finanzmärkte. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungen, teilweise mit Lösungen. Neben der Theorie vertiefen Anmerkungen, besonders zu mathematischen Modellen für Phänomene der Realität, das Verständnis.​

An Introduction to Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: Lawrence C. Evans
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470410544
Release Date: 2012-12-11
Genre: Mathematics

These notes provide a concise introduction to stochastic differential equations and their application to the study of financial markets and as a basis for modeling diverse physical phenomena. They are accessible to non-specialists and make a valuable addition to the collection of texts on the topic. --Srinivasa Varadhan, New York University This is a handy and very useful text for studying stochastic differential equations. There is enough mathematical detail so that the reader can benefit from this introduction with only a basic background in mathematical analysis and probability. --George Papanicolaou, Stanford University This book covers the most important elementary facts regarding stochastic differential equations; it also describes some of the applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping, and options pricing. The book's style is intuitive rather than formal, and emphasis is made on clarity. This book will be very helpful to starting graduate students and strong undergraduates as well as to others who want to gain knowledge of stochastic differential equations. I recommend this book enthusiastically. --Alexander Lipton, Mathematical Finance Executive, Bank of America Merrill Lynch This short book provides a quick, but very readable introduction to stochastic differential equations, that is, to differential equations subject to additive ``white noise'' and related random disturbances. The exposition is concise and strongly focused upon the interplay between probabilistic intuition and mathematical rigor. Topics include a quick survey of measure theoretic probability theory, followed by an introduction to Brownian motion and the Ito stochastic calculus, and finally the theory of stochastic differential equations. The text also includes applications to partial differential equations, optimal stopping problems and options pricing. This book can be used as a text for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students in mathematics, applied mathematics, physics, financial mathematics, etc., who want to learn the basics of stochastic differential equations. The reader is assumed to be fairly familiar with measure theoretic mathematical analysis, but is not assumed to have any particular knowledge of probability theory (which is rapidly developed in Chapter 2 of the book).

Numerical Solution of SDE Through Computer Experiments

Author: Peter Eris Kloeden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642579134
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

This book provides an easily accessible, computationally-oriented introduction into the numerical solution of stochastic differential equations using computer experiments. It develops in the reader an ability to apply numerical methods solving stochastic differential equations. It also creates an intuitive understanding of the necessary theoretical background. Software containing programs for over 100 problems is available online.

Exact Finite Difference Schemes

Author: Sergey Lemeshevsky
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110489729
Release Date: 2016-09-26
Genre: Mathematics

Exact Finite-Difference Schemes is a first overview of the topic also describing the state-of-the-art in this field of numerical analysis. Construction of exact difference schemes for various parabolic and elliptic partial differential equations are discussed, including vibrations and transport problems. After this, applications are discussed, such as the discretisation of ODEs and PDEs and numerical methods for stochastic differential equations. Contents: Basic notation Preliminary results Hyperbolic equations Parabolic equations Use of exact difference schemes to construct NSFD discretizations of differential equations Exact and truncated difference schemes for boundary-value problem Exact difference schemes for stochastic differential equations Numerical blow-up time Bibliography

Stochastic Differential Equations and Processes

Author: Mounir Zili
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642223686
Release Date: 2011-09-24
Genre: Mathematics

Selected papers submitted by participants of the international Conference “Stochastic Analysis and Applied Probability 2010” ( www.saap2010.org ) make up the basis of this volume. The SAAP 2010 was held in Tunisia, from 7-9 October, 2010, and was organized by the “Applied Mathematics & Mathematical Physics” research unit of the preparatory institute to the military academies of Sousse (Tunisia), chaired by Mounir Zili. The papers cover theoretical, numerical and applied aspects of stochastic processes and stochastic differential equations. The study of such topic is motivated in part by the need to model, understand, forecast and control the behavior of many natural phenomena that evolve in time in a random way. Such phenomena appear in the fields of finance, telecommunications, economics, biology, geology, demography, physics, chemistry, signal processing and modern control theory, to mention just a few. As this book emphasizes the importance of numerical and theoretical studies of the stochastic differential equations and stochastic processes, it will be useful for a wide spectrum of researchers in applied probability, stochastic numerical and theoretical analysis and statistics, as well as for graduate students. To make it more complete and accessible for graduate students, practitioners and researchers, the editors Mounir Zili and Daria Filatova have included a survey dedicated to the basic concepts of numerical analysis of the stochastic differential equations, written by Henri Schurz.

Stochastic Simulation and Monte Carlo Methods

Author: Carl Graham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642393631
Release Date: 2013-07-16
Genre: Mathematics

In various scientific and industrial fields, stochastic simulations are taking on a new importance. This is due to the increasing power of computers and practitioners’ aim to simulate more and more complex systems, and thus use random parameters as well as random noises to model the parametric uncertainties and the lack of knowledge on the physics of these systems. The error analysis of these computations is a highly complex mathematical undertaking. Approaching these issues, the authors present stochastic numerical methods and prove accurate convergence rate estimates in terms of their numerical parameters (number of simulations, time discretization steps). As a result, the book is a self-contained and rigorous study of the numerical methods within a theoretical framework. After briefly reviewing the basics, the authors first introduce fundamental notions in stochastic calculus and continuous-time martingale theory, then develop the analysis of pure-jump Markov processes, Poisson processes, and stochastic differential equations. In particular, they review the essential properties of Itô integrals and prove fundamental results on the probabilistic analysis of parabolic partial differential equations. These results in turn provide the basis for developing stochastic numerical methods, both from an algorithmic and theoretical point of view. The book combines advanced mathematical tools, theoretical analysis of stochastic numerical methods, and practical issues at a high level, so as to provide optimal results on the accuracy of Monte Carlo simulations of stochastic processes. It is intended for master and Ph.D. students in the field of stochastic processes and their numerical applications, as well as for physicists, biologists, economists and other professionals working with stochastic simulations, who will benefit from the ability to reliably estimate and control the accuracy of their simulations.

Modeling with It Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: E. Allen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402059537
Release Date: 2007-03-08
Genre: Mathematics

This book explains a procedure for constructing realistic stochastic differential equation models for randomly varying systems in biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, and finance. Introductory chapters present the fundamental concepts of random variables, stochastic processes, stochastic integration, and stochastic differential equations. These concepts are explained in a Hilbert space setting which unifies and simplifies the presentation.

Random Ordinary Differential Equations and Their Numerical Solution

Author: Xiaoying Han
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811062650
Release Date: 2017-10-25
Genre: Mathematics

This book is intended to make recent results on the derivation of higher order numerical schemes for random ordinary differential equations (RODEs) available to a broader readership, and to familiarize readers with RODEs themselves as well as the closely associated theory of random dynamical systems. In addition, it demonstrates how RODEs are being used in the biological sciences, where non-Gaussian and bounded noise are often more realistic than the Gaussian white noise in stochastic differential equations (SODEs). RODEs are used in many important applications and play a fundamental role in the theory of random dynamical systems. They can be analyzed pathwise with deterministic calculus, but require further treatment beyond that of classical ODE theory due to the lack of smoothness in their time variable. Although classical numerical schemes for ODEs can be used pathwise for RODEs, they rarely attain their traditional order since the solutions of RODEs do not have sufficient smoothness to have Taylor expansions in the usual sense. However, Taylor-like expansions can be derived for RODEs using an iterated application of the appropriate chain rule in integral form, and represent the starting point for the systematic derivation of consistent higher order numerical schemes for RODEs. The book is directed at a wide range of readers in applied and computational mathematics and related areas as well as readers who are interested in the applications of mathematical models involving random effects, in particular in the biological sciences.The level of this book is suitable for graduate students in applied mathematics and related areas, computational sciences and systems biology. A basic knowledge of ordinary differential equations and numerical analysis is required.

Mathematik f r Ingenieure

Author: Thomas Rießinger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662548073
Release Date: 2017-08-17
Genre: Mathematics

"Mathematik in entspannter Atmosphäre" ist das Leitbild dieses leicht verständlichen Lehrbuchs. Im Erzählstil und mit vielen Beispielen beleuchtet der Autor nicht nur die Höhere Mathematik, sondern er stellt auch den Lehrstoff in Bezug zu den Anwendungen. Die gesamte für den Ingenieurstudenten wichtige Mathematik wird in einem Band behandelt. Dies gelingt durch Verzicht auf abstrakte Höhen und durch eine prüfungsgerechte Stoffauswahl, die sich streng an den Bedürfnissen des späteren Ingenieurs ausrichtet. Das Buch kann vorlesungsbegleitend oder zum Selbststudium eingesetzt werden. Die 159 Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen unterstützen das Einüben des Lehrstoffs und sind im Band "Übungsaufgaben zur Mathematik für Ingenieure" ausführlich durchgerechnet. Der "Brückenkurs" beim Buch auf springer.com erleichtert Anfängern den Einstieg.

Numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen

Author: Christian Großmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 351922089X
Release Date: 2005-11-25
Genre: Mathematics

Mathematiker, Naturwissenschaftler und Ingenieure erhalten mit diesem Lehrbuch eine Einführung in die numerische Behandlung partieller Differentialgleichungen. Diskutiert werden die grundlegenden Verfahren - Finite Differenzen, Finite Volumen und Finite Elemente - für die wesentlichen Typen partieller Differentialgleichungen: elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische Gleichungen. Einbezogen werden auch moderne Methoden zur Lösung der diskreten Probleme. Hinweise auf aktuelle Software sowie zahlreiche Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben runden diese Einführung ab.

Stochastic Analysis 2010

Author: Dan Crisan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642153585
Release Date: 2010-11-26
Genre: Mathematics

Stochastic Analysis aims to provide mathematical tools to describe and model high dimensional random systems. Such tools arise in the study of Stochastic Differential Equations and Stochastic Partial Differential Equations, Infinite Dimensional Stochastic Geometry, Random Media and Interacting Particle Systems, Super-processes, Stochastic Filtering, Mathematical Finance, etc. Stochastic Analysis has emerged as a core area of late 20th century Mathematics and is currently undergoing a rapid scientific development. The special volume “Stochastic Analysis 2010” provides a sample of the current research in the different branches of the subject. It includes the collected works of the participants at the Stochastic Analysis section of the 7th ISAAC Congress organized at Imperial College London in July 2009.

Mathematische Statistik

Author: Bartel L. van der Waerden
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642649745
Release Date: 2013-03-12
Genre: Mathematics