Nursing Interventions Clinical Skills

Author: Anne Griffin Perry
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323241151
Release Date: 2015-01-08
Genre: Medical

Master nursing skills with this guide from the respected Perry, Potter & Ostendorf author team! The concise coverage in Nursing Interventions & Clinical Skills, 6th Edition makes it easy to master the clinical skills required in everyday nursing practice. Clear guidelines address 159 basic, intermediate, and advanced skills — from measuring body temperature to insertion of a peripheral intravenous device — and step-by-step instructions emphasize the use of evidence-based concepts to improve patient safety and outcomes. Its friendly, easy-to-read writing style includes a streamlined format and an Evolve companion website with review questions and handy checklists for each skill. Coverage of 159 skills and interventions addresses basic, intermediate, and advanced skills you'll use every day in practice. UNIQUE! Using Evidence in Nursing Practice chapter provides the information needed to use evidence-based practice to solve clinical problems. Safe Patient Care Alerts highlight unusual risks in performing skills, so you can plan ahead at each step of nursing care. Delegation & Collaboration guidelines help you make decisions in whether to delegate a skill to unlicensed assistive personnel, and indicates what key information must be shared. Special Considerations indicate additional risks or accommodations you may face when caring for pediatric or geriatric patients, and patients in home care settings. Documentation guidelines include samples of nurses’ notes showing what should be reported and recorded after performing skills. A consistent format for nursing skills makes it easier to perform skills, always including Assessment, Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation. A Glove icon identifies procedures in which clean gloves should be worn or gloves should be changed in order to minimize the risk of infection. Media resources include skills performance checklists on the Evolve companion website and related lessons, videos, and interactive exercises on Nursing Skills Online. NEW coverage of evidence-based techniques to improve patient safety and outcomes includes the concept of care bundles, structured practices that have been proven to improve the quality of care, and teach-back, a new step that shows how you can evaluate your success in patient teaching. NEW! Coverage of HCAHPS (Hospital Care Quality Information from the Consumer Perspective) introduces a concept now widely used to evaluate hospitals across the country. NEW! Teach-Back step shows how to evaluate the success of patient teaching, so you can be sure that the patient has mastered a task or consider trying additional teaching methods. NEW! Updated 2012 Infusion Nurses Society standards are incorporated for administering IVs, as well as other changes in evidence-based practice. NEW topics include communication with cognitively impaired patients, discharge planning and transitional care, and compassion fatigue for professional and family caregivers.

Nursing Interventions Clinical Skills

Author: Anne Griffin Perry
Publisher: Mosby Incorporated
ISBN: 0323069681
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Medical

Master nursing skills with this guide from the respected Perry, Potter & Ostendorf author team! The concise coverage in Nursing Interventions & Clinical Skills, 6th Edition makes it easy to master the clinical skills required in everyday nursing practice. Clear guidelines address 159 basic, intermediate, and advanced skills - from measuring body temperature to insertion of a peripheral intravenous device - and step-by-step instructions emphasize the use of evidence-based concepts to improve patient safety and outcomes. Its friendly, easy-to-read writing style includes a streamlined format and an Evolve companion website with review questions and handy checklists for each skill. Coverage of 159 skills and interventions addresses basic, intermediate, and advanced skills you'll use every day in practice. UNIQUE! Using Evidence in Nursing Practice chapter provides the information needed to use evidence-based practice to solve clinical problems. Safe Patient Care Alerts highlight unusual risks in performing skills, so you can plan ahead at each step of nursing care. Delegation & Collaboration guidelines help you make decisions in whether to delegate a skill to unlicensed assistive personnel, and indicates what key information must be shared. Special Considerations indicate additional risks or accommodations you may face when caring for pediatric or geriatric patients, and patients in home care settings. Documentation guidelines include samples of nurses' notes showing what should be reported and recorded after performing skills. A consistent format for nursing skills makes it easier to perform skills, always including Assessment, Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation. A Glove icon identifies procedures in which clean gloves should be worn or gloves should be changed in order to minimize the risk of infection. Media resources include skills performance checklists on the Evolve companion website and related lessons, videos, and interactive exercises on Nursing Skills Online. NEW coverage of evidence-based techniques to improve patient safety and outcomes includes the concept of care bundles, structured practices that have been proven to improve the quality of care, and teach-back, a new step that shows how you can evaluate your success in patient teaching. NEW! Coverage of HCAHPS (Hospital Care Quality Information from the Consumer Perspective) introduces a concept now widely used to evaluate hospitals across the country. NEW! Teach-Back step shows how to evaluate the success of patient teaching, so you can be sure that the patient has mastered a task or consider trying additional teaching methods. NEW! Updated 2012 Infusion Nurses Society standards are incorporated for administering IVs, as well as other changes in evidence-based practice. NEW topics include communication with cognitively impaired patients, discharge planning and transitional care, and compassion fatigue for professional and family caregivers.

Tabbner s Nursing Care

Author: Gabby Koutoukidis
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780729585279
Release Date: 2016-08-10
Genre: Medical

The only text in the market written specifically for Diploma of Nursing students in Australia and New Zealand. Written by Gabrielle Koutoukidis, Kate Stainton and Jodie Hughson, Tabbner’s Nursing Care: Theory and Practice, 7th edition, provides a solid foundation of theoretical knowledge and skills for nursing students embarking on an Enrolled Nurse career. Reflecting the current issues and scope of practice for Enrolled Nurses in Australia, this new edition focuses on the delivery of person-centred care, emphasises critical thinking throughout and demonstrates the application of the decision-making framework across multiple scenarios. Visit evolve.elsevier.com/AU/Koutoukidis/Tabbner: eBook on VitalSource Teaching resources Image collection - all figures and tables from the textbook Test banks Student resources Answer guides to: o Case studies o Critical thinking exercises o Decision-making framework exercises o Review questions Australian Clinical Skills videos demonstrating core skills to help you link the theory to practice Weblinks Two new chapters: o Nursing informatics and technology in healthcare o Quality and safety in healthcare 83 Clinical Skills aligned with the new 2016 Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia Enrolled Nurse (EN) Standards for Practice to help you understand the skill and translate it into effective clinical practice Exercises on the decision-making framework for the EN Examples of progress notes and nursing care plan documentation Aligned with the HLT Health Training Package Supported by a NEW companion skills workbook: Essential Enrolled Nursing Skills for Person-Centred Care Includes eBook on VitalSource

Manual of Critical Care Nursing

Author: Marianne Saunorus Baird
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323187794
Release Date: 2015-10-01
Genre: Medical

It's the ideal go-to reference for the clinical setting! Compact and easy to use,Manual of Critical Care Nursing, 6th Edition presents essential information on approximately 80 disorders and conditions, as well as concepts relevant to caring for all critically ill patients and functioning in the critical care environment. Award-winning clinical nurse specialists Marianne Baird and Sue Bethel separate the content first by body system and then by disorder, with each disorder including a brief description of pathophysiology, assessment, diagnostic testing, collaborative management, nursing diagnoses, desired outcomes, nursing interventions, and patient teaching and rehabilitation. A concise format presents the material in a way that reflects a practicing nurse's thought processes. Coverage of approximately 80 critical care conditions/disorders includes those most commonly seen in critical care units. Chapter outlines provide easy access to disorders. A portable size makes it ideal for use in the unit or bedside, and is also easy to carry on campus. Unique! Gerontology icon highlights considerations relating to the care of older adults. Unique! Research briefs in special boxes discuss selected research studies for evidence-based patient care. Unique! The latest NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses increase familiarity with NANDA terminology. Appendixes provide quick reference to information needed in the critical care setting. Revised format mirrors a practicing nurse's approach to patient care, making it easier to find information. Newly formatted care plans incorporate diagnoses, interventions, and desired outcomes in a consistent, logical organization. Patient safety alerts and high alerts call attention to issues important to a patient's safety. Unique! Diagnostic Tests tables highlight the definition, purpose, and abnormal findings for each test. Unique! Collaborative Management tables concisely summarize key points while incorporating nationally recognized guidelines. Colored tabs mark the location of each body system, making topics easier to find. Smaller trim size increases portability for use in the unit or bedside, while enhancing readability.

Leadership and Nursing Care Management

Author: Diane Huber
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9781455740734
Release Date: 2013-09-24
Genre:

Research Notes in each chapter summarize relevant nursing leadership and management studies and show how research findings can be applied in practice. Leadership and Management Behavior boxes in each chapter highlight the performance and conduct expected of nurse leaders, managers, and executives. Leading and Managing Defined boxes in each chapter list key terminology related to leadership and management, and their definitions. Case Studies at the end of each chapter present real-world leadership and management situations and illustrate how key chapter concepts can be applied to actual practice. Critical Thinking Questions at the end of each chapter present clinical situations followed by critical thinking questions that allow you to reflect on chapter content, critically analyze the information, and apply it to the situation.A new Patient Acuity chapter uses evidence-based tools to discuss how patient acuity measurement can be done in ways that are specific to nursing. A reader-friendly format breaks key content into easy-to-scan bulleted lists. Chapters are divided according to the AONE competencies for nurse leaders, managers, and executives. Practical Tips boxes highlight useful strategies for applying leadership and management skills to practice.

Health Assessment for Nursing Practice

Author: Susan F. Wilson
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323377782
Release Date: 2016-09-09
Genre: Medical

Today’s nursing students are busier and more pressed for time than ever. The good news is that Health Assessment for Nursing Practice, 6th Edition caters to your needs by focusing only on the information you need to master the core assessment skills and thrive in clinical practice. In addition to its focused content, you can look forward to straightforward and easy-to-understand language; vivid photos; clean page layouts; and of course the latest information on topical things like electronic documentation, QSEN competencies, and cultural considerations. Plus, with its abundance of engaging learning tools - like case studies, procedure videos, animations, and insightful call-outs - you’ll be able to maximize your learning AND study time! Straightforward, easy-to-understand coverage gives readers the knowledge and confidence to perform a complete physical examination. Clear differentiation between basic skills and advanced procedures or special-circumstance procedures helps readers pinpoint essential assessments. Two-column format creates a visual distinction between normal and abnormal findings and techniques. Vivid full-color photos walk readers step-by-step through key assessment techniques to better understand key abnormalities. UNIQUE! Concept Overview boxes present core concepts in the context of health assessment, with discussions of pain, oxygenation, perfusion, tissue integrity, motion, sensory perception, metabolism, and intracranial regulation. UNIQUE! Clinical Reasoning boxes explain the thought process of an experienced nurse making a clinical decision to help readers gain expert perspective on clinical judgment and the decision-making process in nursing practice. UNIQUE! Patients with Situational Variations sections address special circumstances or needs for patients in wheelchairs or other limitations and exam variations. Documenting Expected Findings sections demonstrate how to chart normal findings -- a perpetual area of struggle among nursing students. Review questions in the book help assess reader’s understanding of need-to-know content. UNIQUE! Case studies at the end of each chapter give readers practice in developing clinical reasoning skills in the context of health assessment and physical examination. UNIQUE! Adapting Health Assessment to the Hospitalized Patient chapter explains special techniques for performing a head-to-toe assessment of a patient in a hospital setting. Health Promotion for Evidence-Based Practice boxes apply the U.S. government's Healthy People 2020 objectives and include thorough discussions of recommendations for health promotion and reducing risk. Ethnic, Cultural, and Spiritual Variations boxes help readers anticipate the unique needs of a multicultural patient population. Health Assessment Across the Life Span unit contains four separate chapters that cover all lifespan content, including older adults, pregnant patients, and infants, children, and adolescents. Synthesis and Application of Health Assessment unit details how to conduct, document, and adapt the head-to-toe examination.

Clinical Skills Manual for Maternity and Pediatric Nursing

Author: Marcia L London
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 9780134414065
Release Date: 2016-07-22
Genre: Medical

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. The all-in-one resource for maternal-newborn and pediatric nursing skills Designed for both the nursing student and the practitioner, Clinical Skills Manual for Maternity and Pediatric Nursing can serve as both a text companion and an essential reference for step-by-step procedures in clinical settings. Showcasing more than 150 skills commonly performed on childbearing women, newborns, and children, this portable reference guides the reader through protective methods, pain assessment and management, administration of medicine and irrigation, physical assessment, and other information crucial to nurses using full-color photographs and rationales. Throughout the manual, boxes and tables highlight important safety issues, growth and development considerations, teaching for families, and clinical tips. Appendices provide information on growth grids and calculation of body surface area for medication administration.

Clinical Nursing Skills and Techniques E Book

Author: Anne Griffin Perry
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323293914
Release Date: 2013-12-24
Genre: Medical

Known for its clear, comprehensive coverage of over 200 evidence-based skills, Clinical Nursing Skills & Techniques is today’s leading nursing skills reference. It features nearly 1,000 full-color photographs and drawings, a nursing process framework, step-by-step instructions with rationales, and a focus on critical thinking and evidence-based practice. This edition includes new coverage of patient-centered care and safety guidelines, an emphasis on QSEN core competencies, and links to valuable online resources. Written by the trusted author team of Anne Griffin Perry and Patricia A. Potter, and now joined by new author Wendy Ostendorf, this reference helps you perform nursing skills with confidence. Coverage of QSEN core competencies includes delegation and collaboration, guidelines for reporting and recording, and pediatric, geriatric, home care, and teaching considerations. Unique! Using Evidence in Nursing Practice chapter covers the entire process of conducting research, including collecting, evaluating, and applying evidence from published research. Comprehensive coverage includes 212 basic, intermediate, and advanced nursing skills. Clinical Decision Points within skills address key safety issues or possible skill modifications for specific patient needs. Icons indicate video clips related to skills and procedures in the book and related lessons in Nursing Skills Online. Rationales for each skill step explain why steps are performed in a specific way, including their clinical significance and benefit, and incorporate the latest research findings. The five-step nursing process provides a framework for the description of skills within overall client care. Unique! Unexpected outcomes and related interventions alert you to what might go wrong and how to appropriately intervene. Online checklists and video clips may be downloaded to mobile devices. NEW Patient-Centered Care sections address issues unique to people of specific cultural, ethnic, and demographic backgrounds — a QSEN core competency. NEW Safety Guidelines sections cover the global recommendations on the safe execution of skill sets — also a QSEN core competency. UPDATED Adverse Event Reporting (AER) procedural guideline covers the correct response to Serious Event Reporting within the healthcare facility. NEW! Safe Transfer to a Wheel Chair procedural guideline focuses on the safety aspect of this common maneuver. NEW! Communicating with the Cognitively Impaired Patient skill provides the understanding and protocol for dealing with patients who are unable to communicate in a typical manner. NEW! Assessing the Genitalia and Rectum skill includes complete information and rationales. NEW! Caring for Patients with Multi-Drug Resistant Organisms (MDRO) and C. difficili skill covers this growing challenge to patient welfare and to healthcare providers.

Transcultural Nursing

Author: Joyce Newman Giger
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323293280
Release Date: 2014-04-14
Genre: Medical

Giger and Davidhizar's unique transcultural model of clear, easy-to-apply assessment and intervention strategies is the definitive source for use in the clinical setting! This authoritative resource will help you learn to identify the six key cultural phenomena used in caring for clients from different backgrounds (communication, space, social organization, time, environmental control, and biological variations), and help you apply these phenomena to a variety of individuals in different cultures. Unique! Giger & Davidhizar's Transcultural Assessment Model devotes a full chapter to each of the six aspects of cultural assessment (communication, space, social organization, time, environmental control, and biologic variations) to help you apply this model to any client of any culture. Expert author Joyce Newman Giger is a pioneer in the field of transcultural nursing. Case studies and critical thinking questions help you apply the assessment framework in practice. UNIQUE! Sample care plans demonstrate how to apply principles to specific client needs. UNIQUE! Discussion of the spiritual component provides a more holistic, integrated approach to culture and assessment. Clarification of biologic variations for select cultural groups raises awareness of potential risks/influences on client health. 2010 census data is incorporated through the book to provide the most current analysis of demographic trends. Completely revised cultural chapters reflect the shifting experiences of different cultural groups in our society. NEW! 6 additional cultural chapters on Nigerians, Uganda Americans, Jordanian Americans, Cuban Americans, Amish Americans, and Irish Americans

Manual of Nursing Diagnosis

Author: Marjory Gordon
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9781449658175
Release Date: 2010-10-25
Genre: Medical

This text contains all the major Diagnoses listed by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA)—standard diagnoses that are meant to create a standard plan of care for patients with any range of ailments. The Twelfth Edition of the Manual of Nursing Diagnosis is updated and organized to meet the needs of both novices and expert diagnosticians. Sample admission assessment guides are included for the family, community, and individual (adults, infants, young children, and critical care clients). Sections on how diagnoses can be used to guide questions and observations beyond the basic assessment and how to use diagnostic categories in other clinical activities (for example, critical paths, quality improvement) provide a quick reference.

Potter Perry s Fundamentals of Nursing Australian Version

Author: Jackie Crisp
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780729578622
Release Date: 2012-02-01
Genre: Medical

Please note that this eBook does not include the DVD accompaniment. If you would like to have access to the DVD content, please purchase the print copy of this title. Now in its 3rd edition, Potter & Perry's Fundamentals of Nursing continues to be the definitive text for nursing students in our region. The new edition builds on the strengths of the highly successful previous editions with greater authorship, increased local research, evidence and concepts particular to the health care systems of Australia and New Zealand. Fully revised and updated by leading Australian and New Zealand nurse educators. It presents essential nursing skills in a clear format consistent with Australian and New Zealand practice, placing greater emphasis on critical thinking skill explanations, revised procedural recommendations, infection control considerations and updated medications information. Health Care Delivery System (Chapter 2) – now includes New Zealand content and walks the student through the evolution of health care delivery systems in our region. Engaging in Clinical Inquiry and Practice Development (Chapter 5) written by Jackie Crisp and Professor Brendan McCormack provides a contemporary perspective on the processes underpinning nursing knowledge development, utilisation and their role in the ongoing advancement of nursing practice. Managing Client Care (Chapter 20) is an exciting newly revised chapter that engages the student in exploring nursing issues in managing client care within the context of contemporary health care systems. New Chapter on Caring for the Cancer Survivor New Zealand Supplement Legal Implications of Nursing Practice Now includes evolve e-books Now students can search across Potter & Perry’s Fundamentals of Nursing 3E electronically via a fully searchable online version. Students can take notes, highlight material and more. The e-book is included with this edition at no extra cost. New Resources for Students and Instructors on Evolve: Nursing Skills Online for Fundamentals of Nursing provides students with 17 interactive modules which expand on textbook concepts, through the use of media rich animations. It encourages decision-making and critical-thinking skills through case-based and problem-oriented lessons. Nursing Skills Online for Fundamentals of Nursing may be purchased separately as a User guide & Access code (ISBN: 9780729539388) Online Study guide for students is an ideal supplement with Skills Performance Check lists designed to challenge students’ abilities. Clinical knowledge can be further tested through additional short answer and review questions.

Patient and Person

Author: Jane Stein-Parbury
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780729586290
Release Date: 2017-09-12
Genre: Communication in nursing

Effective communication is vital for nurses to provide quality care for patients and their families. Patient & Person provides students with an essential framework to establish and build effective interpersonal skills in nursing practice. Incorporating a person-centred approach, Patient & Person focuses on the importance of relating and interacting with patients as people - a concept central in providing quality nursing care and developing a therapeutic relationship in practice. Focus on interprofessional and team communication throughout A suite of scenario-based videos supporting key communication skills and concepts, including empathy, challenging behaviours, advocating for a patient and admitting a patient with reflections from both the nurse and patient perspective A series of video interviews - exploring diverse cultural backgrounds from the patient and practitioner perspective More than 40 Learning Activities to help develop featured skills and concepts Research highlights in each chapter covering the most recent research on communication in nursing

Foundations of Nursing Practice

Author: Chris Brooker
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780702053337
Release Date: 2013-01-08
Genre: Medical

This second edition of Foundations of Nursing Practice has been revised and updated specifically to meet the needs of nursing students in all fields of practice The book explains how and why sensitive, safe, evidence-based holistic nursing care is carried out, including topics common to all fields of practice. Core nursing skills are emphasised to reflect the importance of clinical skills as well as the underpinning theory. Aids to learning in each chapter: Learning outcomes Interactive boxes for all age groups and fields of nursing practice Key words and phrases for literature searching Useful websites, references and further reading. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to nursing that will meet the needs of students, nurses returning to practice, mentors and other registered nurses. Relevant to all branches of nursing settings: infants, children, adults, pregnant women, older people and people with a learning disability or mental health problems Themes relevant to all stages and fields of nursing practice include safety, infection prevention and control, managing stress, communication, managing wounds and pressure ulcers, and dealing with loss Scenarios develop the skills of evidence-based practice, critical thinking, reflection and health promotion, and encourage further learning The areas of psychology, sociology, physiology and pathology are clearly related to nursing practice Key principles of health promotion, the law and ethics, the human lifespan and development are explained in earlier chapters, then applied in later chapters Cultural diversity information helps with understanding the needs of people from different backgrounds Person-centred approach encourages problem solving and application to practice Evidence-based practice is explicit throughout, and best-practice guidelines underpin exploration/explanation of nursing care. Easy-reference Glossary at the back of the book. Meets the requirements of the new pre-registration nursing curriculum including the NMC (2010) competencies and Essential Skills Clusters Greater emphasis on safeguarding vulnerable people, maternal health and first aid Self-test questions with answers available on accompanying website.

Fundamentals of Nursing

Author: Patricia A. Potter
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323399913
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Genre: Medical

It’s your complete guide to nursing — from basic concepts to essential skills! Fundamentals of Nursing, 9th Edition prepares you to succeed as a nurse by providing a solid foundation in critical thinking, evidence-based practice, nursing theory, and safe clinical care in all settings. With illustrated, step-by-step guidelines, this book makes it easy to learn important skills and procedures. Care plans are presented within a nursing process framework, and case studies show how to apply concepts to nursing practice. From an expert author team led by Patricia Potter and Anne Griffin Perry, this bestselling nursing textbook helps you develop the understanding and clinical reasoning you need to provide excellent patient care. 51 skills demonstrations provide illustrated, step-by-step instructions for safe nursing care — and include rationales for each step. 29 procedural guidelines provide streamlined, step-by-step instructions for performing basic skills. UNIQUE! Critical Thinking Models in each clinical chapter show how to apply the nursing process and critical thinking to achieve successful clinical outcomes. Evidence-Based Practice chapter shows how nursing research helps in determining best practices. UNIQUE! Caring for the Cancer Survivor chapter prepares nurses to care for cancer patients who may still face physical and emotional issues. Case studies include unique clinical application questions and exercises, allowing you to practice using care plans and concept maps. The 5-step nursing process provides a consistent framework for care, and is demonstrated in more than 20 care plans. 15 review questions in every chapter test your retention of key concepts, with answers available in the book and on the Evolve companion website. Practical study tools on Evolve include video clips of skills, skills checklists, printable key points, a fluid & electrolytes tutorial, a concept map creator, an audio glossary, and more. UNIQUE! Clear, streamlined writing style makes complex material more approachable. More than 20 concept maps show care planning for clients with multiple nursing diagnoses. Key points and key terms in each chapter summarize important content for more efficient review and study. Unexpected Outcomes and Related Interventions for each skill alert you to potential problems and appropriate nursing actions. Delegation coverage clarifies which tasks can and cannot be delegated. A glossary provides quick access to definitions for all key terms.

Priorities in Critical Care Nursing

Author: Linda D. Urden
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323320856
Release Date: 2015-02-25
Genre: Medical

Unit One: FOUNDATIONS IN CRITICAL CARE NURSING 1. Caring for the Critically Ill Patient 2. Ethical and Legal Issues 3. Patient and Family Education Unit Two: COMMON PROBLEMS IN CRITICAL CARE 4. Psychosocial Alterations 5. Sleep Alterations 6. Nutritional Alterations 7. Gerontological Alterations 8. Pain and Pain Management 9. Sedation and Delirium Management 10. End-of-Life Care Unit Three: CARDIOVASCULAR ALTERATIONS 11. Cardiovascular Clinical Assessment and Diagnostic Procedures 12. Cardiovascular Disorders 13. Cardiovascular Therapeutic Management Unit Four: PULMONARY ALTERATIONS 14. Pulmonary Clinical Assessment and Diagnostic Procedures 15. Pulmonary Disorders 16. Pulmonary Therapeutic Management Unit Five NEUROLOGICAL ALTERATIONS 17. Neurological Clinical Assessment and Diagnostic Procedures 18. Neurologic Disorders and Therapeutic Management Unit Six: KIDNEY ALTERATIONS 19. Kidney Clinical Assessment and Diagnostic Procedures 20. Kidney Disorders and Therapeutic Management Unit Seven: GASTROINTESTINAL ALTERATIONS 21. Gastrointestinal Clinical Assessment and Diagnostic Procedures 22. Gastrointestinal Disorders and Therapeutic Management Unit Eight: ENDOCRINE ALTERATIONS 23. Endocrine Clinical Assessment and Diagnostic Procedures 24. Endocrine Disorders and Therapeutic Management Unit Nine: MULTISYSTEM ALTERATIONS 25. Trauma 26. Shock, Sepsis, and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome 27. Hematological Disorders and Oncological Emergencies Appendix A. Nursing Management Plans of Care Appendix B. Physiologic Formulas for Critical Care.