Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
Release Date: 2000
Overweight and obesity represent a rapidly growing threat to the health of populations in an increasing number of countries. Indeed they are now so common that they are replacing more traditional problems such as undernutrition and infectious diseases as the most significant causes of ill-health. Obesity comorbidities include coronary heart disease, hypertension and stroke, certain types of cancer, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, mellitus, gallbladder disease, dyslipidaemia, osteoarthritis and gout, and pulmonary diseases, including sleep apnoea. In addition, the obese suffer from social bias, prejudice and discrimination, on the part not only of the general public but also of health professionals, and this may make them reluctant to seek medical assistance. WHO therefore convened a Consultation on obesity to review current epidemiological information, contributing factors and associated consequences, and this report presents its conclusions and recommendations. In particular, the Consultation considered the system for classifying overweight and obesity based on the body mass index, and concluded that a coherent system is now available and should be adopted internationally.
Author: James M. Rippe
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2012-05-11
The prevalence of obesity in the United States and the rest of the industrialized world has skyrocketed in the past 20 years. Linked to heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome, it is also the leading cause of osteoarthritis and the second leading cause of cancer. With contributions from leading experts in the field, Obesity: Prevention and Treatment bridges the gap between emerging understanding of the pathophysiology of obesity with concrete clinical applications for physicians and other healthcare workers in all disciplines of medicine. Following an overview of issues related to the prevention and management of obesity, the book discusses: Energy balance, the metabolic predictors of weight gain, and the role of adipokines, genetics, and the environment on obesity The epidemiology of obesity The identification and evaluation of the overweight patient as a guide to the selection of treatment Nutritional aspects of obesity treatment and management Exercise risks to which the obese patient may be more prone and steps that can be taken to mitigate these risks Behavior modification strategies for the obese patient The definition, assessment, consequences, and treatment of childhood obesity Drugs and surgical options for treatment The implications of public policy on the problem of obesity The significance of intra-abdominal and ectopic fat deposition in endocrine aspects of obesity Currently, over two thirds of the adult population in the United States is either overweight or obese. With these grim statistics, it is critically important that clinicians from all branches of medicine play an active role in diagnosing and treating obesity and its related conditions. This volume arms clinicians with the information they need to create an appropriate prevention and treatment program for their patients.
Author: Evelyn B. Kelly
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Health & Fitness
Providing readers and researchers with an introduction to the medical, scientific, legal, and cultural issues surrounding obesity, this book examines contemporary issues and debates that provoke the most heated disagreements and misunderstandings, such as whether obesity is an illness.
Author: Kathleen Y. Wolin
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Health & Fitness
An overview written for general readers of the history, prevention, treatment, causes, and consequences of obesity. * The work is combines materials from history, epidemiology, behavioral science, surgery, pharmacology, economics, and policy * Includes a glossary of key terms related to the study of obesity
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared obesity a global epidemic. Its prevalence has more than doubled since 1980, causing a myriad of health problems for children and adults. Obesity: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Prevention, Second Edition explores the molecular mechanisms and pathophysiology leading to obesity and metabolic disorders. It examines the safety of obesity drugs and drug development strategies as well as the role of physical activity, nutrition, and nutraceutical supplements in obesity treatment and prevention. With contributions from a cadre of internationally known experts, the book covers a spectrum of essential topics related to this widespread phenomenon, including: The relationship between obesity and type 2 diabetes The addiction mechanism related to refined foods as a significant factor in obesity The correlation between obesity and environmental estrogens, endocrine disruption, cigarette smoking, and inflammatory response The role of drug and chemical toxicities and genomic imprinting disorders in obesity The safety and regulation of prescription and over-the-counter weight loss drugs Various diets, the glycemic index, and the role of exercise in treating or preventing obesity Controversy over effective vs. banned weight loss supplements Childhood obesity and its prevention Bariatric surgery for weight management and reversal of metabolic disorders As the public has become more aware of the deadly adverse effects of obesity, numerous products and programs have targeted the overweight and obese population, many with dangerous side effects. It is essential that we develop strategic, therapeutic intervention supported by credible data. This volume is an ideal reference point for researchers looking for new avenues of inquiry and practicing medical professionals, clinical nutritionists, and dietitians seeking guidance for their patients.
Author: Alexandra A. Brewis
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Release Date: 2011
In a world now filled with more people who are overweight than underweight, public health and medical perspectives paint obesity as a catastrophic epidemic that threatens to overwhelm health systems and undermine life expectancies globally. In many societies, being obese also creates profound personal suffering because it is so culturally stigmatized. Yet despite loud messages about the health and social costs of being obese, weight gain is a seemingly universal aspect of the modern human condition. Grounded in a holistic anthropological approach and using a range of ethnographic and ecological case studies, Obesity shows that the human tendency to become and stay fat makes perfect sense in terms of evolved human inclinations and the physical and social realities of modern life. Drawing on her own fieldwork in the rural United States, Mexico, and the Pacific Islands over the last two decades, Alexandra A. Brewis addresses such critical questions as why obesity is defined as a problem and why some groups are so much more at risk than others. She suggests innovative ways that anthropology and other social sciences can use community-based research to address the serious public health and social justice concerns provoked by the global spread of obesity.
Author: Robert H. Eckel
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2003
Written by an international group of leading experts on obesity and related disorders, this volume is the first to address the clinical aspects of obesity. The contributors review the latest clinically relevant findings on the etiology and pathophysiology of obesity, examine the full spectrum of comorbid conditions and complications, and discuss the role of drugs, behavioral interventions, exercise, and surgery in treatment of obesity. Compatibility: BlackBerry(R) OS 4.1 or Higher / iPhone/iPod Touch 2.0 or Higher /Palm OS 3.5 or higher / Palm Pre Classic / Symbian S60, 3rd edition (Nokia) / Windows Mobile(TM) Pocket PC (all versions) / Windows Mobile Smartphone / Windows 98SE/2000/ME/XP/Vista/Tablet PC
Author: Luis A. Moreno
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-01-12
Despite adults’ best preventive efforts, childhood obesity is on the rise in most areas of the world, and with it the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and other formerly adult-onset conditions. Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents takes the global ecological approach that is needed to understand the scope of the problem and its multiple causes and mechanisms, and to aid in developing more effective prevention and intervention programs. In the book’s first half, experts present a descriptive summary of youth obesity trends in ten world regions, broken down by age group, gender, socioeconomic status, and risk factors. Complementing these findings, part two reviews the evidence base regarding the variables, separately and in combination, having the most significant impact on young people’s development of obesity, including: • Genetic and nutrigenomic factors. • Environmental and psychosocial factors, such as family shopping and eating habits and access to healthful foods. • Neuroendocrine regulation. • Prenatal and neonatal factors (e.g., gestational diabetes of the mother). • Dietary factors, from nutrient content to young people’s food preferences. • Physical activity versus sedentary behavior. Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents is necessary reading for the range of professionals involved in curtailing this epidemic, including public health specialists, epidemiologists, pediatricians, nurses, nutritionists, psychologists, health educators, and policymakers.
Author: Sharon R. Akabas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-05-08
Genre: Health & Fitness
"Understanding Obesity is a major new textbook, designed to cover all of the essential elements concerning obesity within nutrition, dietetics and health sciences courses. Providing core knowledge for students is an essential and urgent requirement to ensure that those graduating will be properly equipped to deal with the huge incidence of overweight and obesity, currently effecting almost two-thirds of the population of the USA and with incidences in much of the rest of the world rapidly catching up.Comprising 27 chapters, each carefully written in a user-friendly style by an expert in the area, this landmark publication provides a huge wealth of essential information for all those working in the subject area worldwide. Understanding Obesity is organized into 5 parts. Part I helps the reader to understand the scope and complexity of the problem of obesity. Part II focuses on obesity etiology. Part III examines the health consequences of obesity for both children and adults. Part IV discusses the challenge of assessing obesity in humans and offers insights into community factors that influence the risk of obesity. Finally, Part V dedicates 13 chapters to a discussion of a wide variety of prevention and obesity treatment interventions that are currently in use. Understanding Obesity is an essential purchase for students studying nutrition and dietetics, health sciences and related courses and the many health professionals dealing with obesity on a day-to-day basis. Essential and core information for students studying nutrition, dietetics and health sciences. Covers a topic of worlwide importance: an obesity epidemic is upon us. Suberb list of top class authors from across North America. Carefully peer reviewed and edited. An essential reference for all those working in the subject area"--Provided by publisher.
Author: J. Clinton Smith
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
Release Date: 1999-01-01
Genre: Family & Relationships
In Understanding Childhood Obesity a physician offers a comprehensive guide that covers nearly every field of obesity research. He explores causes and methods of control, the body's physical and chemical makeup, prevention strategies, new treatments and behavior modifications, and future research possibilities.
Author: Ross Andersen
Publisher: Human Kinetics
Release Date: 2003
Obesity: Etiology, Assessment, Treatment, and Preventionis a comprehensive professional reference of weight management research and techniques. Featuring chapters from some of the world's top specialists in the field of weight control, it provides the most current and accurate information available today for treating obesity. The textbook combines a literature review with practical applications, incorporating expert analysis and synthesis of obesity treatment and prevention. The book is an important resource that will prepare health professionals and clinicians to help patients of all ages manage this complex and pervasive disease. Obesity: Etiology, Assessment, Treatment, and Preventiondevotes an entire chapter to treating and preventing obesity in children and discusses other relevant topics: - Nutrition therapy - Physical activity - Alternative therapies such as pharmacotherapy - Promising trends in obesity treatment In addition, graphs, tables, and chapter summaries make it easy for busy professionals to find and review key issues on the topic. As obesity continues to increase at an alarming rate throughout the world, this reference provides practitioners with the latest insight into integrating physical activity, nutrition, psychology, and medicine to help obese patients manage their weight.
Author: Dr Karin Eli
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2014-09-28
Genre: Social Science
How do the media represent obesity and eating disorders? How are these representations related to one another? And how do the news media select which scientific findings and policy decisions to report? Multi-disciplinary in approach, Obesity, Eating Disorders and the Media presents critical new perspectives on media representations of obesity and eating disorders, with analyses of print, online, and televisual media framings. Exploring abjection and alarm as the common themes linking media framings of obesity and eating disorders, Obesity, Eating Disorders and the Media shows how the media similarly position these conditions as dangerous extremes of body size and food practice. The volume then investigates how news media selectively cover and represent science and policy concerning obesity and eating disorders, with close attention to the influence of pre-existing framings alongside institutional and moral agendas. A rich, comprehensive analysis of media framings of obesity and eating disorders - as embodied conditions, complex disorders, public health concerns, and culturally significant phenomena - this volume will be of interest to scholars and students across the social sciences and all those interested in understanding cultural aspects of obesity and eating disorders.