On Justification

Author: Luc Boltanski
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691125163
Release Date: 2006-04-16
Genre: Social Science

A vital and underappreciated dimension of social interaction is the way individuals justify their actions to others, instinctively drawing on their experience to appeal to principles they hope will command respect. Individuals, however, often misread situations, and many disagreements can be explained by people appealing, knowingly and unknowingly, to different principles. On Justification is the first English translation of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot's ambitious theoretical examination of these phenomena, a book that has already had a huge impact on French sociology and is likely to have a similar influence in the English-speaking world. In this foundational work of post-Bourdieu sociology, the authors examine a wide range of situations where people justify their actions. The authors argue that justifications fall into six main logics exemplified by six authors: civic (Rousseau), market (Adam Smith), industrial (Saint-Simon), domestic (Bossuet), inspiration (Augustine), and fame (Hobbes). The authors show how these justifications conflict, as people compete to legitimize their views of a situation. On Justification is likely to spark important debates across the social sciences.

Greening Citizenship

Author: A. Scerri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137010315
Release Date: 2012-08-21
Genre: Science

The greening of citizenship, the state and ideology has created both opportunities and bottlenecks for progressive political movements. Scerri argues that these are pursuing justice by making holistic demands for: fair distribution and status recognition, adequate representation and effective participation.

Justification Evaluation and Critique in the Study of Organizations

Author: Charlotte Cloutier
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781787149229
Release Date: 2017-05-31
Genre: Business & Economics

This volume explores how mobilizing Boltanski and Thévenot’s economies of worth framework, and its associated concepts of justification, evaluation and critique, help address questions regarding the premises and dynamics of coordinated action, both within and across organizations, and by so doing help advance our understanding.

Becoming Right

Author: Amy J. Binder
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400844876
Release Date: 2012-12-16
Genre: Social Science

Conservative pundits allege that the pervasive liberalism of America's colleges and universities has detrimental effects on undergraduates, most particularly right-leaning ones. Yet not enough attention has actually been paid to young conservatives to test these claims—until now. In Becoming Right, Amy Binder and Kate Wood carefully explore who conservative students are, and how their beliefs and political activism relate to their university experiences. Rich in interviews and insight, Becoming Right illustrates that the diverse conservative movement evolving among today’s college students holds important implications for the direction of American politics.

Children of Immigrants in a Globalized World

Author: E. Colombo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137005298
Release Date: 2012-11-13
Genre: Social Science

This book explores the generational experience of children of immigrants growing up in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world, comparing the lives of Mediterranean youths with those from America and Northern Europe.

International Practice Theory

Author: C. Bueger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137395535
Release Date: 2014-09-29
Genre: Political Science

How does the practice turn play out in international relations? This study offers a concise introduction to the core approaches, issues and methodology of International Practice Theory, examining the design, strategies and technique of practice theoretical research projects interested in global politics, and outlining issues for a future agenda.

Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond

Author: Paul Bramadat
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442665408
Release Date: 2014-09-17
Genre: Political Science

After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, those in London and Madrid, and the arrest of the “Toronto 18,” Canadians have changed how they think about terrorism and security. As governments respond to the potential threat of homegrown radicalism, many observers have become concerned about the impact of those security measures on the minority groups whose lives are “securitized.” In Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond, Paul Bramadat and Lorne Dawson bring together contributors from a wide range of academic disciplines to examine the challenges created by both religious radicalism and the state’s and society’s response to it. This collection takes a critical look at what is known about religious radicalization, how minorities are affected by radicalization from within and securitization from without, and how the public, media, and government are attempting to cope with the dangers of both radicalization and securitization. Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond is an ideal guide to the ongoing debates on how best to respond to radicalization without sacrificing the commitments to multiculturalism and social justice that many Canadians hold dear.

Recognition Theory as Social Research

Author: Shane O'Neill
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137262929
Release Date: 2012-07-30
Genre: Social Science

Presents the case for an exciting new research program in the social sciences based on the theory of recognition developed by Axel Honneth and others in recent years. The theory provides a frame for revealing new insights about conflicts and the potential of recognition theory to guide just resolutions of these conflicts is also explored.

Practicing Culture

Author: Craig Calhoun
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: UOM:39015074039101
Release Date: 2007-08-16
Genre: Social Science

Practicing Culture seeks to revitalize the field of cultural sociology with an emphasis not on abstract theoretical debates but on showing how to put theoretical sources to work in empirical research. Culture is not just products and representations but practices. It is made and remade in countless small ways and occasional bursts of innovation. It is something people do – and do in rich variety and distinctive contexts as engaging case studies from the book reveal. For example: in Russia’s most Western city, Kaliningrad, residents dig for artifacts symbolizing a German past – even though their parents only migrated to what was once Konigsberg after WWII in the USA, fans of professional wrestling pride themselves on being smart enough to know how much is trickery and how the tricks work yet still believe in the contest. Practicing Culture will reshape and invigorate the sociology of culture, not only through internal development, but through enhanced connections to the interdisciplinary social theory and to related fields like the sociology of knowledge and ethnography. It will prove an essential tool for students and researchers of cultural theory, contemporary social theory and cultural sociology.

University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times

Author: Paola Mattei
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199989416
Release Date: 2014-04-02
Genre: Social Science

Financial sustainability is one of the key challenges confronting Europe's universities today. Despite the fact that universities are at the centre of knowledge creation and development, which itself is seen as one of the main engines of economic growth, public funding of higher education in most countries is not increasing or at least not increasing enough in real terms. "Democratisation of higher education" has led to the fact that the higher education budgets per student are relatively low in most European countries compared to Europe's competitors. Despite declarations of intent to increase spending on higher education and research, it is not very likely that public expenditure will grow significantly on average in Europe and therefore be able to keep up with rapidly inflating costs in the years to come. One of the reasons for this is that higher education and research have to compete with other priorities in public budgets (e.g., security, health, etc.). Furthermore, the recent economic downturn has contributed to the decision in many European countries to decrease the levels of investment in higher education and research. Such trends are particularly worrisome for universities across Europe, whose continuing dependence on public funding puts their future sustainability under pressure. New funding schemes and incentives have been discussed and introduced in many European higher education systems, including competitive funding schemes for research under the name of "excellence" policies. Despite the different national institutional configurations in Europe, higher education systems face similar demands of promoting sustainable funding models, maintaining high academic standards, and equality. Thus, financial sustainability is not an end in itself; it aims to ensure that the public university's goals are reached by guaranteeing that the institution produces sufficient income to enable it to invest in high quality education and produce equitable outcomes. For these reasons, this book analyses funding reforms from a multidimensional approach.

Geographical Indications and International Agricultural Trade

Author: L. Augustin-Jean
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137031907
Release Date: 2012-10-10
Genre: Business & Economics

Food safety concerns have boosted the Asian demand for quality food in general and products of geographical indications in particular. This book shows how Asian countries are empowering regions and enterprises involved in differentiation strategies, and the effects that this regulation can have.

Market Devices

Author: Michel Callon
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123674819
Release Date: 2007-11-12
Genre: Social Science