On the Crofter s Trail

Author: David Craig
Publisher: Birlinn Publishers
ISBN: 1841588016
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Canada

In the Clearances of the 19th century, crofts--once the mainstay of Highland life in Scotland--were swept away as the land was put over to sheep grazing. Many of the people of the Highlands and islands of Scotland were forced from their homes by landowners in the Clearances. Some fled to Nova Scotia and beyond. David Craig sets out to discover how many of their stories survive in the memories of their descendants. He travels through 21 islands in Scotland and Canada, many thousands of miles of moor and glen, and presents the words of men and women of both countries as they recount the suffering of their forbears.

Scots in the North American West 1790 1917

Author: Ferenc Morton Szasz
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806132531
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Social Science

"Scots trappers dominated the fur trade, often proving more loyal to clan than to trading company or nation. Relying on centuries of experience raising livestock for British markets, Scottish investors and managers became highly visible in the post-Civil War western cattle industry with thriving outfits such as the Swan Land and Cattle Company in Wyoming. They introduced new breeds to western ranching, such as the Aberdeen Angus, that remain popular today. Similarly, Scots herders dominated the western sheep industry, running herds of over 100,000 animals. Andrew Little's sheep ranch in Idaho was so famous that a letter addressed simply "Andy Little, USA" found its intended recipient.

The Highland Clearances

Author: Eric Richards
Publisher: Birlinn
ISBN: 9780857905246
Release Date: 2012-11-05
Genre: History

Description: A documented study of Scotland's most emotive subjects. It traces the origins of the Clearances from the eighteenth century to their culmination in the crofting legislation of the 1880s, showing how the process of clearance was part of a wider European movement of rural depopulation.

White People Indians and Highlanders

Author: Colin G. Calloway
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199887644
Release Date: 2008-07-03
Genre: History

In nineteenth century paintings, the proud Indian warrior and the Scottish Highland chief appear in similar ways--colorful and wild, righteous and warlike, the last of their kind. Earlier accounts depict both as barbarians, lacking in culture and in need of civilization. By the nineteenth century, intermarriage and cultural contact between the two--described during the Seven Years' War as cousins--was such that Cree, Mohawk, Cherokee, and Salish were often spoken with Gaelic accents. In this imaginative work of imperial and tribal history, Colin Calloway examines why these two seemingly wildly disparate groups appear to have so much in common. Both Highland clans and Native American societies underwent parallel experiences on the peripheries of Britain's empire, and often encountered one another on the frontier. Indeed, Highlanders and American Indians fought, traded, and lived together. Both groups were treated as tribal peoples--remnants of a barbaric past--and eventually forced from their ancestral lands as their traditional food sources--cattle in the Highlands and bison on the Great Plains--were decimated to make way for livestock farming. In a familiar pattern, the cultures that conquered them would later romanticize the very ways of life they had destroyed. White People, Indians, and Highlanders illustrates how these groups alternately resisted and accommodated the cultural and economic assault of colonialism, before their eventual dispossession during the Highland Clearances and Indian Removals. What emerges is a finely-drawn portrait of how indigenous peoples with their own rich identities experienced cultural change, economic transformation, and demographic dislocation amidst the growing power of the British and American empires.

Decolonizing Nature

Author: William Mark Adams
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781849770927
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Nature

British imperialism was almost unparalleled in its historical and geographical reach, leaving a legacy of entrenched social transformation in nations and cultures in every part of the globe. Colonial annexation and government were based on an all-encompassing system that integrated and controlled political, economic, social and ethnic relations, and required a similar annexation and control of natural resources and nature itself. Colonial ideologies were expressed not only in the progressive exploitation of nature but also in the emerging discourses of conservation. At the start of the 21st century, the conservation of nature is of undiminished importance in post-colonial societies, yet the legacy of colonial thinking endures. What should conservation look like today, and what (indeed, whose) ideas should it be based upon? Decolonizing Nature explores the influence of the colonial legacy on contemporary conservation and on ideas about the relationships between people, polities and nature in countries and cultures that were once part of the British Empire. It locates the historical development of the theory and practice of conservation - at both the periphery and the centre - firmly within the context of this legacy, and considers its significance today. It highlights the present and future challenges to conservationists of contemporary global neo-colonialism The contributors to this volume include both academics and conservation practitioners. They provide wide-ranging and insightful perspectives on the need for, and practical ways to achieve new forms of informed ethical engagement between people and nature.

Night Waking

Author: Sarah Moss
Publisher: Granta Books
ISBN: 9781847083753
Release Date: 2011-02-03
Genre: Fiction

Historian Anna Bennett has a book to write. She also has an insomniac toddler, a precocious, death-obsessed seven-year-old, and a frequently absent ecologist husband who has brought them all to Colsay, a desolate island in the Hebrides, so he can count the puffins. Ferociously sleep-deprived, torn between mothering and her desire for the pleasures of work and solitude, Anna becomes haunted by the discovery of a baby's skeleton in the garden of their house. Her narrative is punctuated by letters home, written 200 years before, by May, a young, middle-class midwife desperately trying to introduce modern medicine to the suspicious, insular islanders. The lives of these two characters intersect unexpectedly in this deeply moving but also at times blackly funny story about maternal ambivalence, the way we try to control children, and about women's vexed and passionate relationship with work. Moss's second novel displays an exciting expansion of her range - showing her to be both an excellent comic writer and a novelist of great emotional depth.

Tretower to Clyro

Author: Karl Miller
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9780857385819
Release Date: 2011-07-07
Genre: Literary Collections

Karl Miller is one of the greatest literary critics of the last fifty years, the founder of the London Review of Books and Lord Northcliffe Professor of Modern English Literature at University College, London. In this last book of essays he turns his attention to appreciate certain writers of the English-speaking modern world. Most of them are inhabitants of the North Sea archipelago once known as Great Britain, who are here seen as tribally distinct, as Scottish, English, Irish or Welsh, and as a single society. A new ruralism has come to notice in this country, and the book is drawn to country lives as they have figured in the literature of the last century. An introductory essay is centred on the Anglo-Welsh borderlands. Journeys taken with Seamus Heaney and Andrew O'Hagan to this countryside, and others, are threaded throughout the book. The poets Heaney and Ted Hughes are discussed, together with the fiction of Ian McEwan, the Canadian writer Alistair Macleod, the Irish writer John McGahern and the Baltimorean Anne Tyler. Scotland is a preoccupation of the later pieces, including the letters of Henry Cockburn, a lifelong interest of the author, who is also interested here in foxes and their current metropolitan profile.

Urban Highlanders

Author: Charles W. J. Withers
Publisher: Tuckwell PressLtd
ISBN: STANFORD:36105021970046
Release Date: 1998
Genre: History

This text offers a full-scale examination of the out-movement of migrant Highlanders from the Highlands to the urban Lowlands in the 18th and 19th centuries and of the migrant culture of urban Gaels within this new urban context. It follows work by the author on the historical geography of the Gaedhealtachd, the Gaelic-speaking areas of Scotland. The author demonstrates through the use of maps, tables and detailed archival analysis how, at what time, and in what numbers Highlanders moved to the Lowlands, what cultural expression they gave to their new Lowland location and to the development of a Gaelic migrant culture in the towns and cities of urban Lowland Scotland.

Debating the highland clearances

Author: Eric Richards
Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr
ISBN: 0748621830
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Business & Economics

Storm clouds always gather over the story of the Highland Clearances. The eviction of the Highlanders from the glens and straths of the Highlands and Islands of the north of Scotland still causes great historical dispute more than a century after the event. The Highland Clearances also generated a great deal of contemporary controversy and documentation. The record comes in diverse forms and with radically different provenances, offering excellent material for exercises in historical analysis and selection.

A claim on the countryside

Author: Harvey Taylor
Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr
ISBN: UCSC:32106014491713
Release Date: 1997
Genre: History

This study examines the scale and nature of the twentieth-century British outdoor movement, showing how recreational development was more than an interwar "craze" or a reaction against the consequences of industrialization and urbanization. It emphasizes the social and political significance of a peculiarly British phenomenon-one which has made, and is still making, a substantial contribution to the growth of leisure facilities and countryside planning.

The survival of the unfittest

Author: Robert Mathieson
Publisher: John Donald
ISBN: STANFORD:36105110662702
Release Date: 2000-10-01
Genre: Social Science

Accounts of the Highland Clearances have tended to focus on the political aspects, overlooking the depth of suffering and ill-health of the dispossessed crofters. The pace of the relocation was extraordinarily rapid; the new sites were overcrowded, had poor sanitary conditions, and were unsuitable even for subsistence farming. Destitution and disease were rampant. This is the first book to recount the traumatic changes wrought in the lifestyle and health of those who were uprooted. It examines nutrition, health, and disease in the Highlands and Islands in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and also discusses the reforms in religion, land tenure, medicine, and health care which, in the century after the Clearances, began to rectify the grossest injustices. This is the first time the story has been told and it is a powerful indictment of man's inhumanity to man.