On the Crofter s Trail

Author: David Craig
Publisher: Birlinn
ISBN: 9780857905963
Release Date: 2013-05-13
Genre: Social Science

In the Clearances of the 19th century, crofts - once the mainstay of Highland life in Scotland - were swept away as the land was put over to sheep grazing. Many of the people of the Highlands and islands of Scotland were forced from their homes by landowners in the Clearances. Some fled to Nova Scotia and beyond. David Craig sets out to discover how many of their stories survive in the memories of their descendants. He travels through 21 islands in Scotland and Canada, many thousands of miles of moor and glen, and presents the words of men and women of both countries as they recount the suffering of their forbears.

Scots in the North American West 1790 1917

Author: Ferenc Morton Szasz
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806132531
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Social Science

"Scots trappers dominated the fur trade, often proving more loyal to clan than to trading company or nation. Relying on centuries of experience raising livestock for British markets, Scottish investors and managers became highly visible in the post-Civil War western cattle industry with thriving outfits such as the Swan Land and Cattle Company in Wyoming. They introduced new breeds to western ranching, such as the Aberdeen Angus, that remain popular today. Similarly, Scots herders dominated the western sheep industry, running herds of over 100,000 animals. Andrew Little's sheep ranch in Idaho was so famous that a letter addressed simply "Andy Little, USA" found its intended recipient.

White People Indians and Highlanders

Author: Colin G. Calloway
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199887644
Release Date: 2008-07-03
Genre: History

In nineteenth century paintings, the proud Indian warrior and the Scottish Highland chief appear in similar ways--colorful and wild, righteous and warlike, the last of their kind. Earlier accounts depict both as barbarians, lacking in culture and in need of civilization. By the nineteenth century, intermarriage and cultural contact between the two--described during the Seven Years' War as cousins--was such that Cree, Mohawk, Cherokee, and Salish were often spoken with Gaelic accents. In this imaginative work of imperial and tribal history, Colin Calloway examines why these two seemingly wildly disparate groups appear to have so much in common. Both Highland clans and Native American societies underwent parallel experiences on the peripheries of Britain's empire, and often encountered one another on the frontier. Indeed, Highlanders and American Indians fought, traded, and lived together. Both groups were treated as tribal peoples--remnants of a barbaric past--and eventually forced from their ancestral lands as their traditional food sources--cattle in the Highlands and bison on the Great Plains--were decimated to make way for livestock farming. In a familiar pattern, the cultures that conquered them would later romanticize the very ways of life they had destroyed. White People, Indians, and Highlanders illustrates how these groups alternately resisted and accommodated the cultural and economic assault of colonialism, before their eventual dispossession during the Highland Clearances and Indian Removals. What emerges is a finely-drawn portrait of how indigenous peoples with their own rich identities experienced cultural change, economic transformation, and demographic dislocation amidst the growing power of the British and American empires.

Debating the Highland Clearances

Author: Eric Richards
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 9780748629589
Release Date: 2007-07-11
Genre: History

Storm clouds always gather over the story of the Highland Clearances. The eviction of the Highlanders from the glens and straths of the Highlands and Islands of the north of Scotland still causes great historical dispute more than a century after the events. The Highland Clearances also generated a great deal of contemporary controversy and documentation. The record comes in diverse forms and with radically different provenances, offering excellent material for exercises in historical analysis and selection. Debating the Highland Clearances introduces the Highland Clearances as a classic historical problem. Eric Richards reviews the historical debate and examines the methods and sources employed by the combatants past and present. The debates among historians, novelists, politicians and economists are no less passionate today and raise major questions about interpretation and the appropriate frame of reference for the noisy and continuing public debate about the Highland Clearances. This book prese

Decolonizing Nature

Author: William Mark Adams
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 9781849770927
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Nature

British imperialism was almost unparalleled in its historical and geographical reach, leaving a legacy of entrenched social transformation in nations and cultures in every part of the globe. Colonial annexation and government were based on an all-encompassing system that integrated and controlled political, economic, social and ethnic relations, and required a similar annexation and control of natural resources and nature itself. Colonial ideologies were expressed not only in the progressive exploitation of nature but also in the emerging discourses of conservation. At the start of the 21st century, the conservation of nature is of undiminished importance in post-colonial societies, yet the legacy of colonial thinking endures. What should conservation look like today, and what (indeed, whose) ideas should it be based upon? Decolonizing Nature explores the influence of the colonial legacy on contemporary conservation and on ideas about the relationships between people, polities and nature in countries and cultures that were once part of the British Empire. It locates the historical development of the theory and practice of conservation - at both the periphery and the centre - firmly within the context of this legacy, and considers its significance today. It highlights the present and future challenges to conservationists of contemporary global neo-colonialism The contributors to this volume include both academics and conservation practitioners. They provide wide-ranging and insightful perspectives on the need for, and practical ways to achieve new forms of informed ethical engagement between people and nature.

Tretower to Clyro

Author: Karl Miller
Publisher: Quercus Publishing
ISBN: 9780857385819
Release Date: 2011-07-07
Genre: Literary Collections

Karl Miller is one of the greatest literary critics of the last fifty years, the founder of the London Review of Books and Lord Northcliffe Professor of Modern English Literature at University College, London. In this last book of essays he turns his attention to appreciate certain writers of the English-speaking modern world. Most of them are inhabitants of the North Sea archipelago once known as Great Britain, who are here seen as tribally distinct, as Scottish, English, Irish or Welsh, and as a single society. A new ruralism has come to notice in this country, and the book is drawn to country lives as they have figured in the literature of the last century. An introductory essay is centred on the Anglo-Welsh borderlands. Journeys taken with Seamus Heaney and Andrew O'Hagan to this countryside, and others, are threaded throughout the book. The poets Heaney and Ted Hughes are discussed, together with the fiction of Ian McEwan, the Canadian writer Alistair Macleod, the Irish writer John McGahern and the Baltimorean Anne Tyler. Scotland is a preoccupation of the later pieces, including the letters of Henry Cockburn, a lifelong interest of the author, who is also interested here in foxes and their current metropolitan profile.

Last of the Free

Author: James Hunter
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 9781780570068
Release Date: 2011-03-25
Genre: History

Written by award-winning Scottish historian James Hunter, this groundbreaking and definitive account reveals how the Highlands and Islands of Scotland have evolved from a centre of European significance to a Scottish outpost. Never before has the history of the region been recounted so comprehensively and in so much fascinating, often moving, detail. But this book is not simply the story of humanity's millennia-long involvement with one of the world's most spectacular localities. It is also a major contribution to present-day debate about how Scotland, and Britain, should be organised.

Urban Highlanders

Author: Charles W. J. Withers
Publisher: Tuckwell PressLtd
ISBN: STANFORD:36105021970046
Release Date: 1998
Genre: History

This text offers a full-scale examination of the out-movement of migrant Highlanders from the Highlands to the urban Lowlands in the 18th and 19th centuries and of the migrant culture of urban Gaels within this new urban context. It follows work by the author on the historical geography of the Gaedhealtachd, the Gaelic-speaking areas of Scotland. The author demonstrates through the use of maps, tables and detailed archival analysis how, at what time, and in what numbers Highlanders moved to the Lowlands, what cultural expression they gave to their new Lowland location and to the development of a Gaelic migrant culture in the towns and cities of urban Lowland Scotland.

A claim on the countryside

Author: Harvey Taylor
Publisher: Edinburgh Univ Pr
ISBN: UCSC:32106014491713
Release Date: 1997
Genre: History

This study examines the scale and nature of the twentieth-century British outdoor movement, showing how recreational development was more than an interwar "craze" or a reaction against the consequences of industrialization and urbanization. It emphasizes the social and political significance of a peculiarly British phenomenon-one which has made, and is still making, a substantial contribution to the growth of leisure facilities and countryside planning.

Highland homecomings

Author: Paul Basu
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 1844721272
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Business & Economics

The popular practice of genealogy or family history research, a central theme of this book, is dominated by arboreal metaphors: we speak of the 'family tree' and of having 'roots'. The 'global commonplace' of migration and displacement has spurred a contemporary quest for roots or origins: a journey to the 'source'. Highland Homecomings looks at the role of place, belonging and territorial attachment in an age often characterized by placelessness, mobility and dislocation. In particular, the book explores flows of people, images, objects, ideas, symbols and stories within a Scottish diaspora, focusing on journeys made by people of Scottish descent dispersed thought the world, to pursue genealogical research and seek out places associated with their ancestors., and particularly the phenomenon of 'roots tourism' in the Scottish Highlands and Islands.