On the Road of the Winds

Author: Patrick Vinton Kirch
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520292819
Release Date: 2017-11-14
Genre: Social Science

The Pacific Ocean covers one-third of the earth's surface and encompasses many thousands of islands, which are home to numerous human societies and cultures. Among these indigenous Oceanic cultures are the intrepid Polynesian double-hulled canoe navigators, the atoll dwellers of Micronesia, the statue carvers of remote Easter Island, and the famed traders of Melanesia. Decades of archaeological excavations, combined with allied research in historical linguistics, biological anthropology, and comparative ethnography, have revealed much new information about the long-term history of these Pacific Island societies and cultures. On the Road of the Winds synthesizes the grand sweep of human history in the Pacific Islands, beginning with the movement of early people out from Asia more than 40,000 years ago, and tracing the development of myriad indigenous cultures up to the time of European contact in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. This updated edition, enhanced with many new illustrations and an extensive bibliography, synthesizes the latest archaeological, linguistic, and biological discoveries that reveal the vastness of ancient history in the Pacific Islands.

On the Road of the Winds

Author: Patrick Vinton Kirch
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520968899
Release Date: 2017-11-14
Genre: Social Science

The Pacific Ocean covers one-third of the earth’s surface and encompasses many thousands of islands that are home to numerous human societies and cultures. Among these indigenous Oceanic cultures are the intrepid Polynesian double-hulled canoe navigators, the atoll dwellers of Micronesia, the statue carvers of remote Easter Island, and the famed traders of Melanesia. Decades of archaeological excavations—combined with allied research in historical linguistics, biological anthropology, and comparative ethnography—have revealed much new information about the long-term history of these societies and cultures. On the Road of the Winds synthesizes the grand sweep of human history in the Pacific Islands, beginning with the movement of early people out from Asia more than 40,000 years ago and tracing the development of myriad indigenous cultures up to the time of European contact in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. This updated edition, enhanced with many new illustrations and an extensive bibliography, synthesizes the latest archaeological, linguistic, and biological discoveries that reveal the vastness of ancient history in the Pacific Islands.

On the Road of the Winds

Author: Patrick Vinton Kirch
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520928962
Release Date: 2000-05-24
Genre: Social Science

The Pacific Ocean covers one-third of the earth's surface and encompasses many thousands of islands, the home to numerous human societies and cultures. Among these indigenous Oceanic cultures are the intrepid Polynesian double-hulled canoe navigators, the atoll dwellers of Micronesia, the statue carvers of remote Easter Island, and the famed traders of Melanesia. Recent archaeological excavations, combined with allied research in historical linguistics, biological anthropology, and comparative ethnography, have begun to reveal much new information about the long-term history of these Pacific Island societies and cultures. On the Road of the Winds synthesizes the grand sweep of human history in the Pacific Islands, beginning with the movement of early people out from Asia more than 40,000 years ago, and tracing the development of myriad indigenous cultures up to the time of European contact in the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. Questions that scholars have posed and puzzled over for two centuries or more are illuminated here: Where did the Pacific Islanders come from? How did they discover and settle the thousands of islands? Why did they build great monuments like Nan Madol on Pohnpei Island in Micronesia or the famous Easter Island statues? This book provides an up-to-date synthesis of archaeological and historical anthropological knowledge of these fascinating indigenous cultures. In particular, Kirch focuses on human ecology and island adaptations, the complexities of island trading and exchange systems, voyaging technology and skills, and the development of intensive economic systems linked to the growth of large populations. He also draws on his own original field research conducted on many islands, ranging from the Solomons to Hawai'i, as he takes us on an intellectual voyage into the Oceanic past.

A History of the Pacific Islands

Author: Steven R. Fischer
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781403913753
Release Date: 2002-08-12
Genre: History

A History of the Pacific Islands traces the human history of nearly one third of the globe over a 50,000-year span, taking the islands of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia from prehistoric culture to the present day.

A Companion to Folklore

Author: Regina F. Bendix
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444354386
Release Date: 2012-03-12
Genre: Social Science

A Companion to Folklore presents an original and comprehensive collection of essays from international experts in the field of folklore studies. Unprecedented in depth and scope, this state-of-the-art collection uniquely displays the vitality of folklore research across the globe. An unprecedented collection of original, state of the art essays on folklore authored by international experts Examines the practices and theoretical approaches developed to understand the phenomena of folklore Considers folklore in the context of multi-disciplinary topics that include poetics, performance, religious practice, myth, ritual and symbol, oral textuality, history, law, politics and power as well as the social base of folklore Selected by Choice as a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title

Fiji s Natural Heritage

Author: Paddy Ryan
Publisher:
ISBN: CORNELL:31924073892931
Release Date: 2000-01-01
Genre: Biology

"Fiji's Natural Heritage" provides an introduction to the flora, fauna and ecology of the Fiji islands. First published in 1988, this new edition has been completely revised, expanded and redesigned. Written for the general reader as well as for the natural history enthusiast, the book provides a comprehensive overview of Fiji's rich biodiversity. The islands have a large number of endemic species. These and the introduced species are illustrated and described with their common, scientific and Fijian names given. Paddy Ryan's text is packed with biological facts and features, as well as many anecdotes detailing encounters with his subjects including the grey reef shark, the crested and the banded iguana, the fiddler crab, the frigate bird, and Fiji's national flower the tagimaucia.

Landscape of the Mind

Author: John F. Hoffecker
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231518482
Release Date: 2010-08-05
Genre: Social Science

John F. Hoffecker explores the origin and growth of the mind, drawing on information from the human fossil record, archaeology, and history. Hoffecker argues that, as an indirect result of bipedal locomotion, early humans developed a feedback relationship among their hands, brains, and tools, evolving the capacity to externalize thoughts in the form of shaped stone objects. When anatomically modern humans evolved a parallel capacity to externalize thought as symbolic language, individual brains within social groups were integrated into a neocortical internet, or super-brain, thus giving birth to the mind. Noting that archaeological traces of symbolism coincide with evidence for the ability to generate novel technology, Hoffecker contends that human creativity, as well as higher-order consciousness, is a product of the collective super-brain. Hoffecker equates the subsequent growth of the mind with human history, which began in Africa more than 50,000 years ago. As anatomically modern humans spread across the globe, adapting to a variety of climates and habitats, they redesigned themselves technologically and developed alternative realities via toolmaking, tool use, and artistic expression. Hoffecker connects the rise of civilization to a hierarchical reorganization of the super-brain, triggered by explosive population growth. According to him, subsequent history reflects the varying degrees to which rigid hierarchies of states and empires suppressed the creative powers of the mind, constraining the further accumulation of knowledge. The modern world emerged from the fragments of a collapsed empire after 1200 AD. In the final chapter, Hoffecker speculates on the possibility of artificial intelligence and a mind without biology.

Sea of Glory

Author: Nathaniel Philbrick
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1440649103
Release Date: 2004-10-26
Genre: History

"A treasure of a book."—David McCullough A New York Times Notable Book America's first frontier was not the West; it was the sea, and no one writes more eloquently about that watery wilderness than Nathaniel Philbrick. In his bestselling In the Heart of the Sea Philbrick probed the nightmarish dangers of the vast Pacific. Now, in an epic sea adventure, he writes about one of the most ambitious voyages of discovery the Western world has ever seen—the U.S. Exploring Expedition of 1838–1842. On a scale that dwarfed the journey of Lewis and Clark, six magnificent sailing vessels and a crew of hundreds set out to map the entire Pacific Ocean and ended up naming the newly discovered continent of Antarctica, collecting what would become the basis of the Smithsonian Institution. Combining spellbinding human drama and meticulous research, Philbrick reconstructs the dark saga of the voyage to show why, instead of being celebrated and revered as that of Lewis and Clark, it has—until now—been relegated to a footnote in the national memory. Winner of the Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt Naval History Prize

Feathered Gods and Fishhooks

Author: Patrick Vinton Kirch
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824819381
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: History

"Archaeology has assumed the role of combining all the evidence on Polynesian prehistory into a coherent pattern. Patrick Kirch has done this for Hawaii with distinction. His book is clearly written, carefully organized, abundantly illustrated, and handsomely produced volume.... A timely and much needed contribution." --Hawaiian Journal of History "With the publishing of this well-written, profusely illustrated book, Kirch has made a valuable contribution to Hawaiian and Pacific archaeological studies.... A necessary book for all Pacific scholars." --Journal of Polynesian Studies

Vaka Moana

Author: K. R. Howe
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015069310392
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Navigation

VAKA MOANA is a story of origins and identity; a voyage across thousands of miles and hundreds of generations, and a testament to the ingenuity and bravery of humankind. Published to accompany a major international travelling exhibition of the same name opening at Auckland Museum on 6 December in the new exhibition gallery, VAKA MOANA brings together the latest scholarship on the peopling of the Pacific, traditional voyaging and navigation, and the modern renaissance of voyaging that has brought a resurgence in interest in Pacific cultures. Leading New Zealand and international scholars, writers and practitioners discuss the oral traditions of the great voyagers; the exploration and settlement of the Pacific (the last place on earth to be settled by people); the craft that made the journeys possible and the navigation methods that took people safely across empty oceans; the fateful meeting of two cultures - Pacific and European in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries; and the revival in traditional techniques of boat-building and long-distance voyaging and the reawakening of Pacific pride.

Nature Across Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401701495
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Science

Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.

Nomads of the wind

Author: Peter Crawford
Publisher: Bbc Pubns
ISBN: UCSD:31822020612172
Release Date: 1993
Genre: History

Crawford's fascinating book tells the epic story of the Polynesians--a tenacious, voyaging people who conquered the Pacific--tracing their origins, their voyages of discovery, and their special relationship with the nature of the Pacific Ocean and with the remote lands they settled. Ties in with the 5-part PBS TV series premiering in October. Color photos.

The Growth and Collapse of Pacific Island Societies

Author: Patrick Vinton Kirch
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824831349
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

Oceania is characterized by thousands of islands and archipelagoes amidst the vast expanse of the Pacific. Although it is one of the few truly oceanic habitats occupied permanently by humankind, surprisingly little research has been done on the maritime dimension of Pacific history. The People of the Sea attempts to fill this gap by combining neglected historical and scientific material to provide the first synthetic study of ocean-people interaction in the region from 1770 to 1870. It emphasizes Pacific Islanders' varied and evolving relationships with the sea during a crucial transitional era following sustained European contact. Book jacket.

Becoming Japanese

Author: Leo T. S. Ching
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520925750
Release Date: 2001-06-30
Genre: History

In 1895 Japan acquired Taiwan as its first formal colony after a resounding victory in the Sino-Japanese war. For the next fifty years, Japanese rule devastated and transformed the entire socioeconomic and political fabric of Taiwanese society. In Becoming Japanese, Leo Ching examines the formation of Taiwanese political and cultural identities under the dominant Japanese colonial discourse of assimilation (dôka) and imperialization (kôminka) from the early 1920s to the end of the Japanese Empire in 1945. Becoming Japanese analyzes the ways in which the Taiwanese struggled, negotiated, and collaborated with Japanese colonialism during the cultural practices of assimilation and imperialization. It chronicles a historiography of colonial identity formations that delineates the shift from a collective and heterogeneous political horizon into a personal and inner struggle of "becoming Japanese." Representing Japanese colonialism in Taiwan as a topography of multiple associations and identifications made possible through the triangulation of imperialist Japan, nationalist China, and colonial Taiwan, Ching demonstrates the irreducible tension and contradiction inherent in the formations and transformations of colonial identities. Throughout the colonial period, Taiwanese elites imagined and constructed China as a discursive space where various forms of cultural identification and national affiliation were projected. Successfully bridging history and literary studies, this bold and imaginative book rethinks the history of Japanese rule in Taiwan by radically expanding its approach to colonial discourses.