Optical Waves in Layered Media presents a clear picture of the propagation of optical waves in layered media and teaches the reader how to design and analyze optical devices using such media. Starting from the simplest case of plane wave propagation in homogeneous media, the author introduces a new matrix method for studying the optical properties of multilayer structures consisting of isotropic materials. He then describes propagation in anisotropic layered media and in inhomogeneous layers, guided waves, the coupling of modes, and the optical properties of superlattices and quantum wells. Optical Waves in Layered Media bridges the gap between theory and practice by means of numerical examples based on real-life situations.
Describes how laser radiation propagates in natural and artificial materials and how the state of radiation can be controlled and manipulated (phase intensity, polarization) by various means. New concepts and useful techniques are described in the problems. Includes many figures, tables, and examples.
Author: Wolfgang Kuch
Release Date: 2014-11-03
This book presents the important analytical technique of magnetic microscopy. This method is applied to analyze layered structures with high resolution. This book presents a number of layer-resolving magnetic imaging techniques that have evolved recently. Many exciting new developments in magnetism rely on the ability to independently control the magnetization in two or more magnetic layers in micro- or nanostructures. This in turn requires techniques with the appropriate spatial resolution and magnetic sensitivity. The book begins with an introductory overview, explains then the principles of the various techniques and gives guidance to their use. Selected examples demonstrate the specific strengths of each method. Thus the book is a valuable resource for all scientists and practitioners investigating and applying magnetic layered structures.
Author: Okan K. Ersoy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2006-12-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This book presents current theories of diffraction, imaging, and related topics based on Fourier analysis and synthesis techniques, which are essential for understanding, analyzing, and synthesizing modern imaging, optical communications and networking, as well as micro/nano systems. Applications covered include tomography; magnetic resonance imaging; synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and interferometric SAR; optical communications and networking devices; computer-generated holograms and analog holograms; and wireless systems using EM waves.
Author: Peter Markos
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2008-04-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This textbook offers the first unified treatment of wave propagation in electronic and electromagnetic systems and introduces readers to the essentials of the transfer matrix method, a powerful analytical tool that can be used to model and study an array of problems pertaining to wave propagation in electrons and photons. It is aimed at graduate and advanced undergraduate students in physics, materials science, electrical and computer engineering, and mathematics, and is ideal for researchers in photonic crystals, negative index materials, left-handed materials, plasmonics, nonlinear effects, and optics. Peter Markos and Costas Soukoulis begin by establishing the analogy between wave propagation in electronic systems and electromagnetic media and then show how the transfer matrix can be easily applied to any type of wave propagation, such as electromagnetic, acoustic, and elastic waves. The transfer matrix approach of the tight-binding model allows readers to understand its implementation quickly and all the concepts of solid-state physics are clearly introduced. Markos and Soukoulis then build the discussion of such topics as random systems and localized and delocalized modes around the transfer matrix, bringing remarkable clarity to the subject. Total internal reflection, Brewster angles, evanescent waves, surface waves, and resonant tunneling in left-handed materials are introduced and treated in detail, as are important new developments like photonic crystals, negative index materials, and surface plasmons. Problem sets aid students working through the subject for the first time.
Author: Herbert Li
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Explains in detail the basics, theory, design, fabrication, and operation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. All the chapters are written by pioneers and key experts who have exclusive access to the most up-to-date innovations in the respective fields.
Author: Pochi Yeh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2010
NOW UPDATED—THE HIGHLY PRACTICAL GUIDE TO ANALYZING LIQUIDCRYSTAL DISPLAYS The subject of liquid crystal displays has vigorously evolvedinto an exciting interdisciplinary field of research anddevelopment, involving optics, materials, and electronics. Updatedto reflect recent advances, the Second Edition of Optics ofLiquid Crystal Displays now offers a broader, morecomprehensive discussion on the fundamentals of display systems andteaches readers how to analyze and design new components andsubsystems for LCDs. New features of this edition include: Discussion of the dynamics of molecular reorientation Expanded information of the method of Poincaré sphere invarious optical components, including achromatic wave plates andcompensators Neutral and negative Biaxial thin films for compensators Circular polarizers and anti-reflection coatings The introduction of wide field-of-view wave plates andfilters Comprehensive coverage of VA-LCD and IPS-LCD Additional numerical examples This updated edition is intended as a textbook for students inelectrical engineering and applied physics, as well as a referencebook for engineers and scientists working in the area of researchand development of display technologies.
A comprehensive introduction to this fast growing technology This book provides an introduction to the rapidly advancing and expanding field of fiber optic sensors, with chapters contributed by internationally recognized experts. Each of the three sections-Basic Components, Technology, and Applications-offers a stand-alone primer on a key area of the field. Together, they give engineers, scientists, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates a comprehensive resource on fiber optic sensors. Initial chapters cover optical fibers, light sources, and detectors and optical modulators, introducing the fundamental building blocks of fiber optic sensors and pointing out the many connections between these elements and fiber optic sensor technology. Subsequent chapters cover: * Extrinsic or hybrid fiber optic sensors * Intensity sensors for monitoring temperature, position, and other environmental aspects * The Fabry-Perot based fiber optic sensor * The Mach-Zehnder interferometer * The Sagnac interferometer and fiber gyroscopes * Displacement fiber optic sensors * Polarization sensors * Industrial applications of fiber optic sensors * Fiber optic smart structures Pooling the expertise of leading professionals, Fiber Optic Sensors supplies an integral resource for understanding a key area of optical science and telecommunications.
Recent earthquakes and space program-related news serve as potent reminders of the uses fiber optic technology offers to an increasingly complex world. Like living organisms sensitive to subtle changes in the environment, buildings, structures, and space vehicles can be equipped to sense and react to their surroundings by means of hair-thin glass fiber sensors embedded in structural materials and capable of carrying information and measuring changes in stress and other environmental factors. Data is collected and transmitted to a central location, where the findings are assessed and damage corrected. Fiber Optic Smart Structures pools the expertise of thirty-three leading professionals, many of whom are pioneers in the field, and offers a comprehensive introduction to this fast growing technology. Beginning with a historical overview and a look at the background technology, the book goes on to discuss methods of embedding optical fibers in modern high-strength, lightweight composite materials; ingress and egress of optical fibers; and more specialized application concerns, including use of the Fabry-Perot interferometer and Bragg grating sensors. Lower cost options are considered in light of performance trade-offs, and broad area coverage through single-line stringing of multiple fiber sensors is compared with single and distributed sensor approaches. The last section of the book treats the use of fiber optic smart structures in a wide range of settings. Discussions include applications in environments where high temperature and ultrasonic waves play a role; in the aerospace industry, where changes in the structural integrity of the system demand real-time automatic changes; and a rapidly emerging new direction, earthquake-resistant buildings and, along similar lines, bridges that perform self-diagnostics. The first and only comprehensive professional reference in this important, emerging field, Fiber Optic Smart Structures is a major addition to the libraries of aerospace engineers, mechanical scientists, fiber optics researchers and engineers, architects, and structural engineers. It is also a first-rate graduate-level textbook. The first and only comprehensive reference on this important and emerging field... Fiber Optic Smart Structures is the ultimate resource for engineers, architects, researchers, and anyone with an interest in this promising new technology. Thirty-three of the world's leading professionals--many of them pioneers in the field--bring you comprehensive coverage of every important aspect of fiber optic smart structure technology, including its history and evolution, background technologies, structural and assembly issues, sensing devices, and numerous applications. Topics of particular interest include: * An introduction to advanced composite materials associated with fiber optic smart structures * Structural integrity of materials containing embedded optical fibers * Methods of fiber optic ingress and egress for smart structures * Detailed descriptions of the most useful and promising fiber optic sensors, including those based on the Fabry-Perot interferometer and Bragg grating * Extended discussions of applications, including the use of fiber optic smart structures in high-temperature environments, quality control procedures, aircraft and space vehicles, earthquake-resistant buildings, and bridges that perform self-diagnostics * And much more
Author: Ronald E. Walker
Release Date: 1994-08-29
A comprehensive treatment of the light field fluctuations observed below and above the ocean surface caused by air-sea interaction effects, which are light reflection and refraction from the wind roughened sea under clear and overcast conditions as well as whitecaps. Natural light reflected from the sea surface is used to demonstrate how some mathematical procedures can be adapted to model and interpret statistical properties of reflected light. Contains the latest developments regarding hydrologic optics including bi-optical water characteristics.
Author: Charles Sumner Williams
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Release Date: 1989-02-06
This timely publication brings together, in one source, a wealth of information on the optical transfer function. Treats fundamental concepts of spatial frequency, the spread function, wave aberration, and the transfer function. Then relates them to optical systems, including discussion of how they are measured and calculated, and their uses. Treatment is practical, and includes many illustrations.