Oregon Archaeology

Author: C. Melvin Aikens
Publisher:
ISBN: 0870716069
Release Date: 2011
Genre: History

Archaeological research has revealed much about Oregon's history in the last twenty years.Oregon Archaeologyincorporates this new knowledge, telling the story of Native American cultures in Oregon beginning with the earliest evidence of human occupation about 14,000 years ago and continuing into the nineteenth century. It includes selected studies in contact-historic period archaeology to illustrate aspects of first encounters between Native Americans and newcomers of European and Asian heritage, as well as important trends in the development of modern Oregon. Oregon's early human history is linked to four of the five major cultural regions of western North America: the Great Basin, the Columbia Plateau, the Northwest Coast, and California.Oregon Archaeologyoffers a coherent and unified history of an area that is highly differentiated geographically and culturally. A historical narrative informed by evidence from critical sites,Oregon Archaeologyis enriched with maps, photographs, line drawings, and an extensive bibliography.Oregon Archaeologyis an essential reference for archaeology professionals and students, and also for general readers interested in Oregon's Native American culture and history.

PREHISTORY OF THE OREGON COAST

Author: R Lee Lyman
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 9781598744569
Release Date: 2009-08-15
Genre: Social Science

This book is the first synthesis of the prehistory of the coast of Oregon. It analyzes the artifacts and mammalian faunal remains of three representative sites on the coast. A model of the evolution of cultural adaptational strategies is presented and tested, from which it creates a model of coastal cultural development. On a methodological level, the volume examines the overriding importance and effects of various sampling techniques.

Oregon Archaeology Prehistory

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:44226392
Release Date:
Genre:

Offers information on the archaeology and prehistoric past of Oregon, compiled by Leland Gilsen. Describes prehistoric sites from 7000 BC to 1650 AD. Links to other archaeological Web sites.

Archaeology by Design

Author: Stephen L. Black
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759116290
Release Date: 2003-03-19
Genre: Social Science

Introduction to designing an archaeological project, in both academic and contract contexts.

Pioneers in Historical Archaeology

Author: Stanley South
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781489909558
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Social Science

In this unique volume, twelve pioneers of historical archaeology offer reminiscences of the early part of their respective careers, circa 1920 to 1940. Each scholar had to overcome numerous biases held by historians and archaeologists-thus each chapter documents a step in the field's march from a marginal to a mainstream discipline. The book makes for facinating reading for archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians of science, and reminds us of the words of C.H. Fairbanks: ''what is past is prelude; study the past. ''

The Statues that Walked

Author: Terry Hunt
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439154341
Release Date: 2011-06-21
Genre: History

The monumental statues of Easter Island, both so magisterial and so forlorn, gazing out in their imposing rows over the island’s barren landscape, have been the source of great mystery ever since the island was first discovered by Europeans on Easter Sunday 1722. How could the ancient people who inhabited this tiny speck of land, the most remote in the vast expanse of the Pacific islands, have built such monumental works? No such astonishing numbers of massive statues are found anywhere else in the Pacific. How could the islanders possibly have moved so many multi-ton monoliths from the quarry inland, where they were carved, to their posts along the coastline? And most intriguing and vexing of all, if the island once boasted a culture developed and sophisticated enough to have produced such marvelous edifices, what happened to that culture? Why was the island the Europeans encountered a sparsely populated wasteland? The prevailing accounts of the island’s history tell a story of self-inflicted devastation: a glaring case of eco-suicide. The island was dominated by a powerful chiefdom that promulgated a cult of statue making, exercising a ruthless hold on the island’s people and rapaciously destroying the environment, cutting down a lush palm forest that once blanketed the island in order to construct contraptions for moving more and more statues, which grew larger and larger. As the population swelled in order to sustain the statue cult, growing well beyond the island’s agricultural capacity, a vicious cycle of warfare broke out between opposing groups, and the culture ultimately suffered a dramatic collapse. When Terry Hunt and Carl Lipo began carrying out archaeological studies on the island in 2001, they fully expected to find evidence supporting these accounts. Instead, revelation after revelation uncovered a very different truth. In this lively and fascinating account of Hunt and Lipo’s definitive solution to the mystery of what really happened on the island, they introduce the striking series of archaeological discoveries they made, and the path-breaking findings of others, which led them to compelling new answers to the most perplexing questions about the history of the island. Far from irresponsible environmental destroyers, they show, the Easter Islanders were remarkably inventive environmental stewards, devising ingenious methods to enhance the island’s agricultural capacity. They did not devastate the palm forest, and the culture did not descend into brutal violence. Perhaps most surprising of all, the making and moving of their enormous statutes did not require a bloated population or tax their precious resources; their statue building was actually integral to their ability to achieve a delicate balance of sustainability. The Easter Islanders, it turns out, offer us an impressive record of masterful environmental management rich with lessons for confronting the daunting environmental challenges of our own time. Shattering the conventional wisdom, Hunt and Lipo’s ironclad case for a radically different understanding of the story of this most mysterious place is scientific discovery at its very best.