Organic Structures Design

Author: Tahsin J. Chow
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789814463355
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Genre: Science

The development of molecular electronics has become the mainstream of scientific research in recent decades. Applications include light-emitting diodes, solar cells, thin-film transistors, and sensors, among others. New-generation organic materials possess the virtues of softness, light weight, easy processing, design flexibility, and so on. This book focuses on the preparation of new functional organic materials. It includes a brief theoretical/kinetic discussion. The text lays special emphasis on the design of organic structures and the way they perform the designated functional properties. It will help organic chemists, particularly synthetic chemists, to light up their inspirations.

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and Opto Electronic Devices

Author: Oksana Ostroverkhova
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780857098764
Release Date: 2013-08-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications. Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices. Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists

Nanostructured Materials and Their Applications

Author: Stergios Logothetidis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642222276
Release Date: 2012-01-13
Genre: Science

This book gives an overview of nanostructures and nanomaterials applied in the fields of energy and organic electronics. It combines the knowledge from advanced deposition and processing methods of nanomaterials such as laser-based growth and nanopatterning and state-of-the-art characterization techniques with special emphasis on the optical, electrical, morphological, surface and mechanical properties. Furthermore it contains theoretical and experimental aspects for different types of nanomaterials such as nanoparticles, nanotubes and thin films for organic electronics applications. The international group of authors specifically chosen for their distinguished expertise belong to the academic and industrial world in order to provide a broader perspective. The authors take an interdisciplinary approach of physics, chemistry, engineering, materials science and nanotechnology. It appeals to researchers and graduate students.

Ellipsometry of Functional Organic Surfaces and Films

Author: Karsten Hinrichs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642401282
Release Date: 2013-10-24
Genre: Science

Ellipsometry is the method of choice to determine the properties of surfaces and thin films. It provides comprehensive and sensitive characterization in contactless and non-invasive measurements. This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of ellipsometric investigations of organic films and surfaces, from laboratory to synchrotron applications, with a special focus on in-situ use in processing environments and at solid-liquid interfaces. In conjunction with the development of functional organic, meta- and hybrid materials for new optical, electronic, sensing and biotechnological devices and fabrication advances, the ellipsometric analysis of their optical and material properties has progressed rapidly in the recent years.

Organic Electronics

Author: Fabio Cicoira
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527650989
Release Date: 2013-07-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

An overview of the tremendous potential of organic electronics, concentrating on those emerging topics and technologies that will form the focus of research over the next five to ten years. The young and energetic team of editors with an excellent research track record has brought together internationally renowned authors to review up-and-coming topics, some for the first time, such as organic spintronics, iontronics, light emitting transistors, organic sensors and advanced structural analysis. As a result, this book serves the needs of experienced researchers in organic electronics, graduate students and post-doctoral researchers, as well as scientists active in closely related fields, including organic chemical synthesis, thin film growth and biomaterials. Cover Figure: With kind permission of Matitaccia.

Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology

Author: Michael A. Stroscio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306486272
Release Date: 2004-07-21
Genre: Medical

Biological Nanostructures and Applications of Nanostructures in Biology: Electrical, Mechanical, and Optical Properties contains reviews and discussions of contemporary and relevant topics dealing with the interface between the science and technology of nanostructures and the science of biology. Moreover, this book supplements these past groundbreaking discoveries with discussions of promising new avenues of research that reveal the enormous potential of emerging approaches in nanobiotechnology. The topics include: - Biomedical applications of semiconductor quantum dots, - Integrating and tagging biological structures with nanoscale quantum dots, - Applications of carbon nanotubes in bioengineering, - Nanophysical properties of living cells, - Bridging natural nanotubes with fabricated nanotubes, - Bioinspired approaches to building nanoscale devices and systems, - Hairpin formation in polynucleotides. This state-of-the-art survey of key developments in nanotechnology - as they apply to bioengineering and biology - is essential reading for all academics, biomedical engineers, medical physicists, and industry professionals wishing to take advantage of the latest developments and highly-promising discoveries in nanoscience underlying applications in bioengineering and biology.

Organic Nanomaterials

Author: Tomas Torres
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118354360
Release Date: 2013-08-05
Genre: Science

Discover a new generation of organic nanomaterials and theirapplications Recent developments in nanoscience and nanotechnology have givenrise to a new generation of functional organic nanomaterials withcontrolled morphology and well-defined properties, which enable abroad range of useful applications. This book explores some of themost important of these organic nanomaterials, describing how theyare synthesized and characterized. Moreover, the book explains howresearchers have incorporated organic nanomaterials into devicesfor real-world applications. Featuring contributions from an international team of leadingnanoscientists, Organic Nanomaterials is divided into fiveparts: Part One introduces the fundamentals of nanomaterialsand self-assembled nanostructures Part Two examines carbon nanostructures—fromfullerenes to carbon nanotubes to graphene—reporting onproperties, theoretical studies, and applications Part Three investigates key aspects of some inorganicmaterials, self-assembled monolayers, organic field effecttransistors, and molecular self-assembly at solid surfaces Part Four explores topics that involve both biologicalaspects and nanomaterials such as biofunctionalized surfaces Part Five offers detailed examples of how organicnanomaterials enhance sensors and molecular photovoltaics Most of the chapters end with a summary highlighting the keypoints. References at the end of each chapter guide readers to thegrowing body of original research reports and reviews in thefield. Reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of organicnanomaterials, this book is recommended for researchers inchemistry, physics, materials science, polymer science, andchemical and materials engineering. All readers will learn theprinciples of synthesizing and characterizing new organicnanomaterials in order to support a broad range of exciting newapplications.

Handbook of Photonics

Author: Mool C. Gupta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849389097
Release Date: 1997-05-05
Genre: Science

The rapidly growing area of photonics plays a critical role in many segments of industry, such as optical communications, information storage, electronic display, and other areas, and is the subject of intense academic and industrial research. The Handbook of Photonics serves as a single-source reference book for this exciting field. The book is divided into three sections: Photonic Materials Photonic Devices and Optics Photonic Systems Each chapter within these sections is written by well-known and respected authors and covers the latest information in many of the important aspects of photonics. The Handbook of Photonics provides a complete reference for scientists, engineers, and students working in this field.

Electrical and Optical Polymer Systems

Author: Donald L. Wise
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824701186
Release Date: 1998-03-27
Genre: Science

"Offers background information, methods of characterization, and applications for electrical and optical polymers, including biopolymers, and tutorial sections that explain how to use the techniques."

Organic Nanophotonics

Author: Fabrice Charra
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402012802
Release Date: 2003-04-30
Genre: Science

Photonics concerns the generation, transport, processing and detection of light. It underlies a large amount of industrial activity, mainly devoted to information technology, telecommunications, environmental monitoring, biomedical science and instrumentation. The field has received a powerful impetus recently with the introduction of nanoscale concepts. Moreover, organic materials now appear as key components in photonic devices such as light-emitting diodes, integrated lasers, or photovoltaic cells. Organic molecular systems offer unique opportunities in nanophotonics since both top-down and bottom-up strategies can be pursued towards the nanoscale. This book gathers the proceedings of the NATO advanced research workshop on "Organic Nanophotonics", held in Aix-en-Provence, France, August 25-29, 2002. It constitutes a snapshot of the state of the art in the novel, emerging research area of nanophotonics based on organic molecules and materials.

Liquid crystals optics and applications

Author: Tomasz R. Woliński
Publisher: Society of Photo Optical
ISBN: 0819459542
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Science

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

New Developments in Construction and Functions of Organic Thin Films

Author: T. Kajiyama
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080537502
Release Date: 1996-09-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is a timely review of recent advances on the construction and functions of organic thin films by a variety of techniques. The component molecules are relatively simple ones with self-organizing properties, i.e., ordered molecular assembly characteristics. The contents are arranged from the fundamental concepts of molecular assembly of self-organizing molecules to the potential biological applications of protein assemblies, supramolecular species. Recently, many promising applications for new electric, magnetic or optical devices, biomimetic membranes etc. have been the subject of investigation. However, fundamental studies on molecular assembly characteristics and functions for mono-, bi- and multi-layers, Langmuir-Blodgett films are indispensable to future technological innovations for molecular electronic devices and biological sensors.

Photoelectric Properties and Applications of Low Mobility Semiconductors

Author: Rolf Könenkamp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540666998
Release Date: 2000-06-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This volume discusses the photoelectric behavior of three semiconducting thin film materials hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a Si:H), nano porous titanium dioxide, and the fullerene C60. Despite the fundamental structural differences between these materials, their electronic properties are at least on the phenomenological level surprisingly similar, since all three materials have rather low carrier mobilities. In the last decade a Si:H has conquered large market segments in photo voltaics, fiat panel displays and detector applications. It is surely the most advanced and best understood of the three materials. Nano porous Ti02 is used successfully in a novel solar cell featuring an organic dye absorber. This product is now at the brink of commercialization, while electronic applica tions for C60 still appear to be in the exploration phase. At this stage it appears that some of the insight and many of the exper imental techniques used in the development of a Si:H may prove useful in the on going and yet very basic study of TiO2 and C60 thin films. This idea is the guideline to this book. Without being comprehensive on the part of amorphous silicon, it attempts to outline basic characterization schemes for the nano porous and fullerene materials, and to evaluate their potential for applications with respect to a reference, which is given by a Si:H.