OSHA and the Politics of Health Regulation

Author: David P. McCaffrey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461592877
Release Date: 2013-03-13
Genre: Law

By way of introduction to this fascinating book, let me highlight two of its many contributions. First, it is a good example of something all too rare in sociology: testing competing general theories. Most of us either try to develop or refine theories about how the social world works, and cite convenient data as support, or we select and collect data that will fit some general theoretical position. In the first case, the data playa subor dinate role-bits of evidence for our view of life. In the second, the theory plays a subordinate role-a way to make sense of the social behavior we have observed. McCaffrey's position subsumes these two. He has gathered data on an important social agency, but with an im plicit problem in mind: which of the several theories about the social world he was exposed to in graduate school would do the best job of interpreting the data? Or, we might just as well turn it around. In a graduate department such as Sociology at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, there is a lively, never ending debate about the "truth" of competing perspectives on the political and social world. By selecting a data base and remaining alert to the kind of evidence each theory required, McCaffrey circumvented the usual" data for a theory" vs. "a theory for the data" dilemma that most of us live with.

Work Health and Environment

Author: Charles Levenstein
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1572302348
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This is an indispensable collection on the crisis of worker health and safety in the United States. This collection offers an all-important lesson for the labor movement: that problems of occupational health and safety are not merely technical problems but rather problems relating to workers' lack of control over the organization of capitalist production.

Hispanics in the Labor Force

Author: Edwin Melendez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781489906557
Release Date: 2013-11-21
Genre: Business & Economics

The bright side of the 1980s, or the "Hispanic decade," as it was dubbed early on, may ironically turn out to be the detail and sophistication with which the economic and social reversals affecting most Latinos in this period have been tracked, with a fresh cohort of Latino scholars playing an increasingly prominent role in this endeavor. As this volume conveys, these analyses are steadily probing more deeply into the fine grain of the processes bearing on the social conditions of U. S. Latinos and particularly into the diversity of the experiences of the several Latino-origin nationalities until recently generally treated in the aggre gate as "Hispanics. " Though still fragmented and tentative in perspective, as are the disciplines on which they draw and the research apparatus on which they rest, the quest among these new voices for a unifying perspective also comes across in this collection of essays. There is manifestly more under way here than a simple demand for inclusion of neglected instances on the margin of supposedly well understood larger or "mainstream" dynamics. The 1990s open with a more confident assertion of the centrality of the Latino presence and Latino actors in the overarching transformations reshaping U. S. society, and especially in the playing out of these restructurings in the regions and cities of Latino concentra tion.

BPR

Author: Bowker Staff
Publisher: R. R. Bowker
ISBN: 0835216160
Release Date: 1982
Genre: American literature


Economics Politics and American Public Policy

Author: James J. Gosling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317472407
Release Date: 2015-01-28
Genre: Business & Economics

This text introduces students to the interrelationship of politics and economics in American public policymaking: how economic concerns have been legislated into law since Franklin Roosevelt's time and how politics (e.g., Washington gridlock) affects the economy and the making of public policy. Students learn how to measure various indicators of economic performance, how the U.S. economy works (domestically and with international linkages), and how and why policymakers act to stabilise an economy in an economic downturn. Additionally, many social insurance programs (Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid) are explained and the current fiscal issues concerning current/future costs are treated in some detail. The book concludes with a full chapter case study on the Obama administration's response to the Great Recession and its dealings with Congress; the implementation of the Affordable Care Act is also discussed.

Occupational and Environmental Health

Author: Barry S. Levy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190662691
Release Date: 2017-11-01
Genre: Medical

"This book is highly important." --Occupational Medicine The definitive text for recognizing and preventing disease and injury caused by occupational and environmental factors -- now completely updated in a seventh edition Occupational and environmental contributions to the occurrence of disease and injury represent a core component of public health and health care. Factors in the workplace and the ambient environment have significant impacts on individual and community health. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH is a comprehensive, practical textbook for understanding how occupational and environmental factors influence personal and population health. Comprising 40 chapters written by national and international experts, this book enables readers to recognize and prevent occupational and environmental disease and injury.

Sustainable Development Science Ethics and Public Policy

Author: J. Lemons
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401584920
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Science

Of all the books written about the problems of sustainable development and environmental protection, Sustainable Development: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy is one of the first to examine the role of science, economics and law, and ethics as generally applied to decision making on sustainable development, particularly in respect to the recommendations contained in Agenda 21. Specifically, the book examines the role, capabilities, and certain strengths and weaknesses of these disciplines and their ethical implications in the context of sustainable development problems. Such an analysis is necessary to determine whether sustainable development problems create important new challenges and problems for government so that, where appropriate, new tools or approaches may be designed to overcome limitations or take advantage of the strengths of current scientific, economic and legal capabilities. Audience: Environmental professionals, whether academic, governmental or industrial, or in the private consultancy sector. Also suitable as an upper level text or reference.