Out in Africa

Author: Ashley Currier
ISBN: 0816678014
Release Date: 2012
Genre: History

Visibility matters to activists—to their social and political relevance, their credibility, their influence. But invisibility matters, too, in times of political hostility or internal crisis. Out in Africa is the first to present an intimate look at how Namibian and South African lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) organizations have cultivated visibility and invisibility as strategies over time. As such, it reveals the complexities of the LGBT movements in both countries as these organizations make use of Western terminology and notions of identity to gain funding even as they work to counter the perception that they are “un-African.” Different sociopolitical conditions in Namibia and South Africa affected how activists in each country campaigned for LGBT rights between 1995 and 2006. Focusing on this period, Ashley Currier shows how, in Namibia, LGBT activists struggled against ruling party leaders' homophobic rhetoric and how, at the same time, black LGBT citizens of South Africa, though enjoying constitutional protections, greater visibility, and heightened activism, nonetheless confronted homophobic violence because of their gender and sexual nonconformity. As it tells the story of the evolving political landscape in postapartheid Namibia and South Africa, Out in Africa situates these countries' movements in relation to developments in pan-African LGBT organizing and offers broader insights into visibility as a social movement strategy rather than simply as a static accomplishment or outcome of political organizing.

The Oxford Handbook of Social Movements

Author: Donatella della Porta
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780191667831
Release Date: 2015-10-29
Genre: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Social Movements is an innovative volume that presents a comprehensive exploration of social movement studies, mapping the field and expanding it to examine the recent developments in cognate areas of studies, within and beyond sociology and political science. This volume brings together the most distinguished social and political scientists working in this field, each writing thought-provoking essays in their area of expertise, and facilitates conversations between classic social movement agenda and lines of research. The Oxford Handbook of Social Movements discusses core theoretical perspectives, recent contributions from the field, and how patterns of macro social change may affect social movements, as well as suggesting what contributions social movement studies can give to other research areas in various disciplines.

Sexual Diversity in Africa

Author: S.N. Nyeck
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773589759
Release Date: 2013-10-01
Genre: Social Science

How does one address homophobia without threatening majority rule democracy and freedoms of speech and faith? How does one "Africanize" sexuality research, empirically and theoretically, in an environment that is not necessarily welcoming to African scholars? In Sexual Diversity in Africa, contributors critically engage with current debates about sexuality and gender identity, as well as with contentious issues relating to methodology, epistemology, ethics, and pedagogy. They present a tapestry of issues that testify to the complex nature of sexuality, sexual practices, and gender performance in Africa. Essays examine topics such as the well-established same-sex networks in Accra and Bamako, African "traditions" defined by European observers, and the bizarre mix of faith, pharmaceuticals, and pseudo-science used to "cure" homosexual men. Their evidence also demonstrates the indefensibility of over-simplified constructions of homosexuality versus heterosexuality, modern versus traditional, Africa versus the West, and progress from the African closet towards Western models of out politics, all of which have tainted research on same-sex practices and scientific studies of HIV/AIDS. Asserting that the study of sexuality is intellectually and politically sustainable in Africa, Sexual Diversity in Africa contributes to the theorization of sexualities by presenting a more sensitive and knowledgeable study of African experiences and perspectives. Contributors include Olajide Akanji, Christophe Broqua, Cheryl Cooky, Serena Owusua Dankwa, Shari L. Dworkin, Marc Epprecht, Melissa Hackman, Notisha Massaquoi, Crystal Munthree, Kathleen O’Mara, Stella Nyanzi, S.N.Nyeck, Vasu Reddy, Amanda Lock Swarr, and Lisa Wiebesiek.

Sexuality and Social Justice in Africa

Author: Marc Epprecht
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 9781780323848
Release Date: 2013-07-11
Genre: Social Science

The persecution of people in Africa on the basis of their assumed or perceived homosexual orientation has received considerable coverage in the popular media in recent years. Gay-bashing by political and religious figures in Zimbabwe and Gambia; draconian new laws against lesbians and gays and their supporters in Malawi, Nigeria and Uganda; and the imprisonment and extortion of gay men in Senegal and Cameroon have all rightly sparked international condemnation. However, much of the analysis has been highly critical of African leadership and culture without considering local nuances, historical factors and external influences that are contributing to the problem. Such commentary also overlooks grounds for optimism in the struggle for sexual rights and justice in Africa, not just for sexual minorities but for the majority population as well. Based on pioneering research on the history of homosexualities and engagement with current lgbti and HIV/AIDS activism, Marc Epprecht provides a sympathetic overview of the issues at play and a hopeful outlook on the potential of sexual rights for all.

Das politische System S dafrikas

Author: Dana de la Fontaine
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531190679
Release Date: 2016-12-18
Genre: Political Science

Der Kern des vorliegenden Buches widmet sich der Frage, wie sich Südafrikas politisches System in den letzten 20 Jahren seit der Transition ab Mitte der 1990er Jahre entfaltet hat. Dabei soll der Fokus zum einen auf die grundlegenden institutionellen und rechtlichen Strukturen gerichtet sein. Zum anderen ist zu hinterfragen, inwiefern der Föderalismus das Land in arme und reiche Teile aufteilt, was durch fehlende Ausgleichsmechanismen mittelfristig für Konflikte sorgt. Ein weiterer Themenblock setzt sich mit der Frage der politischen Beteiligungsmöglichkeiten der Bevölkerung auseinander. In einzelnen Abschnitten werden die zentralen Institutionen der politischen Repräsentation und Artikulation untersucht, d.h. Parteien, Gewerkschaften, Interessenverbände, Nichtregierungsorganisationen und soziale Bewegungen, aber auch die Rolle der Print- und TV-Medien. Schließlich sollen die Hoffnungen und Ängste der unterschiedlichen Bevölkerungsgruppen einzelnen Politikbereichen gegenübergestellt werden. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt zum einen auf ökonomischen Fragen mit der Analyse der Wirtschafts-, der Steuer-, der Finanz- und der Landwirtschaftspolitik. Dann folgt ein Komplex, der sich mit der menschlichen Entwicklung auseinandersetzt und die Sozial-, Bildungs-, Gesundheits- und Gleichstellungspolitik unter die Lupe nimmt. Schließlich wird die Entwicklung der Außenpolitik und der regionalen Integration untersucht, die für die Dynamik der südafrikanischen Ökonomie von zentraler Bedeutung sind.

Invisible Lives

Author: Viviane Namaste
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226568102
Release Date: 2000-12-15
Genre: Social Science

Invisible Lives is the first scholarly study of transgendered people—cross-dressers, drag queens and transsexuals—and their everyday lives. Through combined theoretical and empirical study, Viviane K. Namaste argues that transgendered people are not so much produced by medicine or psychiatry as they are erased, or made invisible, in a variety of institutional and cultural settings. Namaste begins her work by analyzing two theoretical perspectives on transgendered people—queer theory and the social sciences—displaying how neither of these has adequately addressed the issues most relevant to sex change: everything from employment to health care to identity papers. Namaste then examines some of the rhetorical and semiotic inscriptions of transgendered figures in culture, including studies of early punk and glam rock subcultures, to illustrate how the effacement of transgendered people is organized in different cultural sites. Invisible Lives concludes with new research on some of the day-to-day concerns of transgendered people, offering case studies in violence, health care, gender identity clinics, and the law.

Globalization and Race

Author: Kamari Maxine Clarke
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 082233772X
Release Date: 2006
Genre: History

A collection that theorizes how global political and economic changes have influenced the ways in which people of African descent represent and contemplate their identities.


Author: Annamarie Jagose
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822353911
Release Date: 2012-12-24
Genre: Social Science

In Orgasmology, Annamarie Jagose takes orgasm as her queer scholarly object, tracing the career of orgasm across the twentieth century.

Global Cinderellas

Author: Pei-Chia Lan
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822387787
Release Date: 2006-03-13
Genre: Business & Economics

Migrant women are the primary source of paid domestic labor around the world. Since the 1980s, the newly prosperous countries of East Asia have recruited foreign household workers at a rapidly increasing rate. Many come from the Philippines and Indonesia. Pei-Chia Lan interviewed and spent time with dozens of Filipina and Indonesian domestics working in and around Taipei as well as many of their Taiwanese employers. On the basis of the vivid ethnographic detail she collected, Lan provides a nuanced look at how boundaries between worker and employer are maintained and negotiated in private households. She also sheds light on the fate of the workers, “global Cinderellas” who seek an escape from poverty at home only to find themselves treated as disposable labor abroad. Lan demonstrates how economic disparities, immigration policies, race, ethnicity, and gender intersect in the relationship between the migrant workers and their Taiwanese employers. The employers are eager to flex their recently acquired financial muscle; many are first-generation career women as well as first-generation employers. The domestics are recruited from abroad as contract and “guest” workers; restrictive immigration policies prohibit them from seeking permanent residence or transferring from one employer to another. They care for Taiwanese families’ children, often having left their own behind. Throughout Global Cinderellas, Lan pays particular attention to how the women she studied identify themselves in relation to “others”—whether they be of different classes, nationalities, ethnicities, or education levels. In so doing, she offers a framework for thinking about how migrant workers and their employers understand themselves in the midst of dynamic transnational labor flows.

Women and the Remaking of Politics in Southern Africa

Author: Gisela G. Geisler
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
ISBN: 9171065156
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Political Science

Extrait de la couverture : "African women have a long history of political involvement. Yet, the fervour with which they participated in anti-colonial struggles and supported national liberation were not acknowledged after independence leaving them to fight for representation and personal liberation on other fronts. This study looks at women's struggles in Southern Africa where the last ten years have seen the most pervasive success stories on the African continent. Tracing the history of women's involvement in anti-colonial struggles and against apartheid, the book analyses post-colonial outcomes and examines the strategies employed by women's movements to gain a foothold in politics. In this book, the author presents in depth analyses and women's narratives of their esperiences in political parties, in the national machinery for the advancement of women and the autonomous women's movements."

African Women s Movements

Author: Aili Mari Tripp
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521704901
Release Date: 2008-11-10
Genre: Political Science

Women burst onto the political scene in Africa after the 1990s, claiming more than one third of the parliamentary seats in countries like Angola, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, and Burundi. Women in Rwanda hold the highest percentage of legislative seats in the world. Women's movements lobbied for constitutional reforms and new legislation to expand women's rights. This book examines the convergence of factors behind these dramatic developments, including the emergence of autonomous women's movements, changes in international and regional norms regarding women's rights and representation, the availability of new resources to advance women's status, and the end of civil conflict. The book focuses on the cases of Cameroon, Uganda, and Mozambique, situating these countries in the broader African context. The authors provide a fascinating analysis of the way in which women are transforming the political landscape in Africa, by bringing to bear their unique perspectives as scholars who have also been parliamentarians, transnational activists, and leaders in these movements.

Boy Wives and Female Husbands

Author: Stephen O. Murray
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0312238290
Release Date: 2001-02-03
Genre: Social Science

An incisive study of homosexuality in traditional and modern African cultures challenges the idea of African-American heterosexuality in a collection of essays that discuss woman-woman marriages, male homosexuality in West Africa, alternative gender identities among the Swahili, and homosexual portrayals in contemporary African literature. Original.

Forging Radical Alliances Across Difference

Author: Jill M. Bystydzienski
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0742510581
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Political Science

As we enter the twenty-first century, scholars, activists, and others concerned with social change increasingly realize that in order to transform society effective coalitions among different groups working for social justice need to be created and maintained. This anthology challenges dominant approaches of explaining social movements and coalition building.