Author: Pierre Bourdieu
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1977-06-02
Genre: Social Science
Outline of a Theory of Practice is recognized as a major theoretical text on the foundations of anthropology and sociology. Pierre Bourdieu, a distinguished French anthropologist, develops a theory of practice which is simultaneously a critique of the methods and postures of social science and a general account of how human action should be understood. With his central concept of the habitus, the principle which negotiates between objective structures and practices, Bourdieu is able to transcend the dichotomies which have shaped theoretical thinking about the social world. The author draws on his fieldwork in Kabylia (Algeria) to illustrate his theoretical propositions. With detailed study of matrimonial strategies and the role of rite and myth, he analyses the dialectical process of the 'incorporation of structures' and the objectification of habitus, whereby social formations tend to reproduce themselves. A rigorous consistent materialist approach lays the foundations for a theory of symbolic capital and, through analysis of the different modes of domination, a theory of symbolic power.
Author: Christian Bielefeldt
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Release Date: 2015-07
Die gesellschaftliche und ästhetische Relevanz populärer Musik stand lange in deutlichem Missverhältnis zu ihrer mangelnden akademischen Akzeptanz. Das Anliegen, sich der überholten Festlegung auf die kanonisierten 'Meisterwerke' westeuropäischer Kunstmusik zu entledigen, wirft daher noch immer eine Reihe ungeklärter Grundfragen auf. Dieser Band stellt Lösungsansätze vor, die neben musikwissenschaftlichen auch medien- sowie kulturtheoretische Perspektiven einbeziehen. Paradigmen der Pop-Geschichtsschreibung werden dabei ebenso verhandelt wie Modelle musikwissenschaftlicher Pop-Analyse sowie Interdependenzen zwischen Popmusik und Wirtschaft.
„Die Originalität der ... Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung liegt nicht in ihren Methoden, sondern in ihren Fragestellungen und Perspektiven.“ Dieses Zitat der Historikerin Gisela Bock gilt ebenso für die archäologische Geschlechterforschung. Die in diesem Band vereinten Beiträge zeigen, wie sich Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler der verschiedensten Ansätze und Methoden aus der Archäologie, aber auch aus anderen Disziplinen bedienen, um zu Aussagen über die Geschlechterrollen in ur- und frühgeschichtlichen Zeiten zu kommen. Eine der wichtigsten Nachbardisziplinen der Ur- und Frühgeschichte ist die Biologische Anthropologie. In zwei Beiträgen werden die neuesten Forschungen zur Osteologie und zu bioarchäometrischen Methoden vorgestellt, mit deren Hilfe neue Aussagen zu Frauen und Männern in der Vergangenheit getroffen werden können. Die Methodenvielfalt impliziert eine große Offenheit der archäologischen Geschlechterforschung gegenüber anderen Disziplinen, wie dieser Band dokumentiert. ‚Zwischen Diskursanalyse und Isotopenforschung. Methoden der archäologischen Geschlechterforschung‘ ist aus den Vorträgen der 3. Sitzung der AG Geschlechterforschung, die auf der Tagung des Nordwestdeutschen Verbandes für Altertumsforschung e.V. 2007 in Schleswig stattfand, hervorgegangen. Mit Beiträgen von Kurt W. Alt, Liv Helga Dommasnes, Birgit Grosskopf, Kerstin P. Hofmann, Raimund Karl, Julia Katharina Koch, Brigitte Röder.
Author: Friedrich-Emanuel Focken
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2016-07-11
Genre: Literary Criticism
Texts of the Old Testament and the literature of the European Middle Ages feature a number of narratives about objects on which something is written. In this volume, scholars from the fields of Old Testament studies, Jewish studies, and medieval literary studies examine approaches for analyzing such stories and their narrating and narrated objects.
Author: Gabrielle M. Spiegel
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 2005
This essential collection of key articles offers a re-evaluation of the practice of history in light of current debates. Critical thinkers and practicing historians present their writings, along with clear and thorough editorial material, to examine the complex ideas at the forefront of historical practice. This volume gives a synoptic overview of the last twenty-five years' theoretical analysis of historical writing, with a critical examination of the central concepts and positions that have been in debate. The collection delineates the emergence of "practice theory" as a possible paradigm for future historical interpretation concerned with questions of agency, experience and the subject. These complex ideas are introduced to students in this accessible reader, and for teachers and historians too, this survey is an indispensable and timely read.
Author: Jane Lydon
Release Date: 2016-07-01
Genre: Social Science
This essential handbook explores the relationship between the postcolonial critique and the field of archaeology, a discipline that developed historically in conjunction with European colonialism and imperialism. In aiding the movement to decolonize the profession, the contributors to this volume—themselves from six continents and many representing indigenous and minority communities and disadvantaged countries—suggest strategies to strip archaeological theory and practice of its colonial heritage and create a discipline sensitive to its inherent inequalities. Summary articles review the emergence of the discipline of archaeology in conjunction with colonialism, critique the colonial legacy evident in continuing archaeological practice around the world, identify current trends, and chart future directions in postcolonial archaeological research. Contributors provide a synthesis of research, thought, and practice on their topic. The articles embrace multiple voices and case study approaches, and have consciously aimed to recognize the utility of comparative work and interdisciplinary approaches to understanding the past. This is a benchmark volume for the study of the contemporary politics, practice, and ethics of archaeology. Sponsored by the World Archaeological Congress
Author: Dayna S. Kalleres
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2015-10-13
Although it would appear in studies of late antique ecclesiastical authority and power that scholars have covered everything, an important aspect of the urban bishop has long been neglected: his role as demonologist and exorcist. When the emperor Constantine made Christianity the official religion of the realm, bishops and priests everywhere struggled to "Christianize" the urban spaces still dominated by Greco-Roman monuments and festivals. During this period of upheaval, when congregants seemingly attended everything but their own "orthodox" church, many ecclesiastical leaders began simultaneously to promote aggressive and insidious depictions of the demonic. In City of Demons, Dayna S. Kalleres investigates this developing discourse and the church-sponsored rituals that went along with it, showing how shifting ecclesiastical demonologies and evolving practices of exorcism profoundly shaped Christian life in the fourth century.
Author: Barbara Pizziconi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2015-11-13
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
This collection combines research from the field of (im)politeness studies with research on language pedagogy and language learning. It aims to engender a useful dialogue between (im)politeness theorists, language teachers, and SLA researchers, and also to broaden the enquiry to naturalistic contexts other than L2 acquisition classrooms, by formulating 'teaching' and 'learning' as processes of socialization, cultural transmission, and adaptation.
The medieval marketplace is a familiar setting in popular and academic accounts of the Middle Ages, but we actually know very little about the people involved in the transactions that took place there, how their lives were influenced by those transactions, or about the complex networks of individuals whose actions allowed raw materials to be extracted, hewn into objects, stored and ultimately shipped for market. Twenty diverse case studies combine leading edge techniques and novel theoretical approaches to illuminate the identities and lives of these much overlooked ordinary people, painting of a number of detailed portraits to explore the worlds of actors involved in the lives of everyday products - objects of bone, leather, stone, ceramics, and base metal - and their production and use in medieval northern Europe. In so doing, this book seeks to draw attention away from the emergent trend to return to systems and global models, and restore to centre stage what should be the archaeologists most important concern: the people of the past.
Author: Liv Helga Dommasnes
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
Release Date: 2016
'The Farm as a Social Arena' focusses on the social life of farms from prehistory until c. 1700 AD, based mainly, but not exclusively, on archaeological sources. All over Europe people have lived on farms, at least from the Bronze Age onwards. The papers presented here discuss farms in Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Germany. Whether isolated or in hamlets or villages, farms have been important elements of the social structure for thousands of years. Farms were workplace and home for their inhabitants, women, men and children, and perhaps extended families - frequently sharing their space with domestic animals. Sometimes important events such as feasts, religious services and funerals also took place here. The household thus became a multi-faceted arena, which brought together a variety of community members that both shaped - and were shaped by - its social dynamics. At times work and other activities defined by the social arena that was the farm even affected long-term developments of society as such. With contributions by: Birgitta Berglund, Timo Bremer, Timothy Carlisle, Liv Helga Dommasnes, Doris Gutsmiedl-Schümann, Alf Tore Hommedal, Karen Milek, Emma Nordström, Kristin Armstrong Oma, Helge Sørheim and Inger Storli.
The conference on Karachi in 2013 was the first event arranged by a newly-created body, The Karachi Conference Foundation, designed to deliberate on all aspects of the city’s life. This book, bringing together the papers presented at the Conference, represents a landmark in scholarship on the mega-city and its issues. It is always a matter of great interest to see how certain societies have developed, starting out as Stone Age sites and flourishing as throbbing urban centres. While not every stage of this process is always documented, the records of remnants collected often help in painting a portrait that provides insights into this transformation. This is what Studies on Karachi does. Lay readers and scholars in a range of different disciplines with an interest in how a sleepy settlement in the late medieval period developed into a mega-city will find this book particularly useful. What emerges from the various chapters is the depiction of a city that, despite its vibrancy, is afflicted with numerous problems, ranging from poor planning to colossal mismanagement. Women, marginalized communities, neglected areas, issues of planning and development, and the history, and the anthropology of Karachi are all particular foci of attention throughout the book.
This book provides a comprehensive new introduction to the study of international diplomacy, covering both theory and practice. The text summarises and discusses the major trends in the field of diplomacy, developing an innovative analytical toolbox for understanding diplomacy not as a collection of practices or a set of historical traditions, but as a form of institutionalised communication through which authorised representatives produce, manage and distribute public goods. The book: traces the evolution of diplomacy from its beginnings in ancient Egypt, Greece and China to our current age of global diplomacy; examines theoretical explanations about how diplomats take decisions, make relations and shape the world; discusses normative approaches to how diplomacy ought to adapt itself to the twenty-first century, help remake states and assist the peaceful evolution of international order. In sum, Understanding International Diplomacy provides an up-to-date, accessible and authoritative overview of how diplomacy works and ought to work in a globalising world. This new textbook is essential reading for students of international diplomacy, and highly recommended for students of crisis negotiation, international organisations, foreign policy and international relations in general.