Palm Oil

Author: Oi-Ming Lai
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780128043462
Release Date: 2015-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book serves as a rich source of information on the production, processing, characterization and utilization of palm oil and its components. It also includes several topics related to oil palm genomics, tissue culture and genetic engineering of oil palm. Physical, chemical and polymorphic properties of palm oil and its components as well as the measurement and maintenance of palm oil quality are included and may be of interest to researchers and food manufacturers. General uses of palm oil/kernel oil and their fractions in food, nutritional and oleochemical products are discussed as well as the potential use of palm oil as an alternative to trans fats. Some attention is also given to palm biomass, bioenergy, biofuels, waste management, and sustainability. Presents several chapters related to oil palm genetics, including oil palm genomics, tissue culture and genetic engineering. Includes contributions from more than 80 well-known scientists and researchers in the field. In addition to chapters on food uses of palm oil, the book contains nonfood applications such as use as a feedstock for wood-based products or for bioenergy. Covers key aspects important to the sustainable development of palm oil.

Palm Oil

Author: Oi-Ming Lai
Publisher: Academic Press and Aocs Press
ISBN: 0128102306
Release Date: 2016-08-19
Genre: Science

This book serves as a rich source of information on the production, processing, characterization and utilization of palm oil and its components. It also includes several topics related to oil palm genomics, tissue culture and genetic engineering of oil palm. Physical, chemical and polymorphic properties of palm oil and its components as well as the measurement and maintenance of palm oil quality are included and may be of interest to researchers and food manufacturers. General uses of palm oil/kernel oil and their fractions in food, nutritional and oleochemical products are discussed as well as the potential use of palm oil as an alternative to trans fats. Some attention is also given to palm biomass, bioenergy, biofuels, waste management, and sustainability. Presents several chapters related to oil palm genetics, including oil palm genomics, tissue culture and genetic engineering. Includes contributions from more than 80 well-known scientists and researchers in the field. In addition to chapters on food uses of palm oil, the book contains nonfood applications such as use as a feedstock for wood-based products or for bioenergy. Covers key aspects important to the sustainable development of palm oil.

Palm Oil

Author: Oi-Ming Lai
Publisher: Amer Oil Chemists Society
ISBN: 0981893694
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Reference

Overview of palm oil,the world's largest vegetable oil by volume. Includes characteristics, its uses, also palm oil as alternative to using trans fats in foods, nutritional properties; oil palm genomics, physical, chemical and polymorphic properties, quality measurements.

Edible Oils

Author: Smain Chemat
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781351648530
Release Date: 2017-07-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Global oilseeds industry is expected to expand in the future but would also constitute a platform for a variety of other products from processing waste such as protein meals and aromatic compounds. Edible Oils: Extraction, Processing, and Applications intends to present up to date technologies that are currently used for the extraction and refining of Edible Oils while proposing potential applications for its derivatives. This contribution pushes to consider market transformation driven by environmental concerns and customer’s envy to bring quality attributes, energy efficiency and waste disposal into the heart of innovation. This work is aimed at professionals and academics including researchers, engineers and managers engaged in food and green engineering disciplines and ambitions to stand as a reference for students and lecturers. The readers will find a wealth of knowledge about the fundamentals of unit operations such as extraction and separation while presenting concepts of biorefinery for product and value creation from certain edible seeds. Novelties includes novel approaches for green solvent development in extraction, and examples of life cycle assessment of production systems for certain vegetable oils comprising product, service and waste management systems. Furthermore, this book focuses attention to production, processing, and current applications of palm oil, as an important commodity in Asia and addresses global market changes and important factors that influence its future prospects.

Lignocellulosic Fibre and Biomass Based Composite Materials

Author: Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780081009666
Release Date: 2017-06-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Lignocellulosic Fibre and Biomass-Based Composite Materials reviews the development, characterization and applications of composite materials developed from the effective use of lignocellulosic fibre and biomass. The book gathers together a wide spectrum of cutting-edge research on biomass fillers and reinforcements used for the fabrication and synthesis of composites. The book takes a systematic approach, investigating processing, design, characterization and applications of biocomposites, in order to establish their important relationship as a general guideline for end-user applications. Beginning with an introduction to biomass and its composites, a team of leading experts in the field cover rice husk, kenaf, oil palm, alfa and doum fibres, bamboo, cork, and many other materials, considering a range of applications, along with key issues such as performance and sustainability. The groundbreaking research presented opens the door to obtaining advanced material characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, mechanical, and thermal properties. This will be become an extremely useful reference and technical guide for academic and industrial researchers in composite materials, as well as for advanced students and industrialists working in material commercialization. Gathers together a wide spectrum of research on lignocellulosic fiber and biomass fillers and reinforcements used for the fabrication and synthesis of composites Presents multidisciplinary work in relation to materials engineering, polymer chemistry and physics, materials processing, organic synthesis and industrial design and applications Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from processing, design, characterization and applications of biocomposites

Cellulose Reinforced Nanofibre Composites

Author: Mohammad Jawaid
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780081009659
Release Date: 2017-06-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Cellulose-Reinforced Nanofibre Composites: Production, Properties and Applications presents recent developments in, and applications of, nanocellulose as reinforcement in composite and nanocomposite materials. Written by leading experts, the book covers properties and applications of nanocellulose, including the production of nanocellulose from different biomass resources, the usefulness of nanocellulose as a reinforcement for polymer and paper, and major challenges for successful scale-up production in the future. The chapters draw on cutting-edge research on the use of nanosized cellulose reinforcements in polymer composites that result in advanced material characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, mechanical and thermal properties. The book presents an up-to-date review of the major innovations in the field of nanocellulose and provides a reference material for future research in biomass based composite materials, which is timely due to the sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly demand for highly innovative materials made from biomass. This book is an ideal source of information for scientific and industrial researchers working in materials science. Gathers together a broad spectrum of research on nanocellulose, with emphasis on the outstanding reinforcing potential when nanocellulose is included into a polymer matrix or as an additive to paper Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from processing, design, characterization and applications of nanocellulose Presents a useful reference and technical guide for nanocomposite materials R&D sectors, university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and PhD) and industrialists working in material commercialization

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil Processing

Author: Monoj Gupta
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781630670511
Release Date: 2017-02-16
Genre: Science

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil Processing, Second Edition, includes an up-to-date summary of the basic principles of edible oil refining, processing, and deodorizing, serving as a hands-on training manual for chemists, engineers, and managers new to the industry. The 15-chapter book includes current information on the bleaching of green oils and coconut oil, quality requirements for frying oil applications, and more. Written for the non-chemist new to the industry, the book makes it simple to apply these important concepts for the edible oil industry. Provides insights to the challenges of bleaching very green oils Includes new deodorizer designs and performance measures Offers insights on frying oil quality management Simple and easy-to-read language

Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites

Author: Navinchandra Gopal Shimpi
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780081010587
Release Date: 2017-09-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites: Processing, Properties and Applications begins by discussing the current state-of-the-art, new challenges and opportunities for various biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composite systems. Interfacial characterization of composites and the structure-property relationships in various composite systems are explained in detail via a theoretical model. Processing techniques for various macro and nanocomposite systems and the influence of processing parameters on properties of the composite are also reviewed in detail. The characterization of microstructure, elastic, visco-elastic, static and dynamic mechanical, thermal, rheological, optical, and electrical properties are highlighted, as are a broad range of applications. The book is a useful reference resource for both researchers and engineers working in composites materials science, biotechnology and nanotechnology, and is also useful for students attending chemistry, physics, and materials science and engineering courses. Presents recent outcomes and highlights the going importance of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites and their impact on the environment Analyzes all the main processing techniques, characterization and applications of biodegradable composites Written by leading international experts working in the field of biodegradable and biocompatible polymer composites Covers a broad range of application fields, including medical and pharmaceutical, agricultural, packaging and transport

Sunflower

Author: Enrique Martínez-Force
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781630670627
Release Date: 2015-04-15
Genre: Science

This comprehensive reference delivers key information on all aspects of sunflower. With over 20 chapters, this book provides an extensive review of the latest developments in sunflower genetics, breeding, processing, quality, and utilization; including food, energy and industrial bioproduct applications. World-renowned experts in this field review U.S. and international practices, production, and processing aspects of sunflower. Presents seven chapters on improving sunflower production with insights on breeding and genetics; physiology and agronomy; common insect and bird pests; mutagenesis; and identifying and preventing diseases. Summarizes current knowledge of sunflower oil uses in food, oxididative stability, minor constituents, and lipids biosynthesis. Ideal reference for scientists, researchers, and students from across industry, academia, and government.

Industrial Oil Crops

Author: Thomas McKeon
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780128053850
Release Date: 2016-02-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Industrial Oil Crops presents the latest information on important products derived from seed and other plant oils, their quality, the potential environmental benefit, and the latest trends in industrial uses. This book provides a comprehensive view of key oil crops that provide products used for fuel, surfactants, paints and coatings, lubricants, high-value polymers, safe plasticizers and numerous other products, all of which compete effectively with petroleum-derived products for quality and cost. Specific products derived from oil crops are a principle concern, and other fundamental aspects of developing oil crops for industrial uses are also covered. These include improvement through traditional breeding, and molecular, tissue culture and genetic engineering contributions to breeding, as well as practical aspects of what is needed to bring a new or altered crop to market. As such, this book provides a handbook for developing products from renewable resources that can replace those currently derived from petroleum. Led by an international team of expert editors, this book will be a valuable asset for those in product research and development as well as basic plant research related to oil crops. Up-to-date review of all the key oilseed crops used primarily for industrial purposes Highlights the potential for providing renewable resources to replace petroleum derived products Comprehensive chapters on biodiesel and polymer chemistry of seed oil Includes chapters on economics of new oilseed crops, emerging oilseed crops, genetic modification and plant tissue culture technology for oilseed improvement

Sustainable and Nonconventional Construction Materials using Inorganic Bonded Fiber Composites

Author: Holmer Savastano Junior
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9780081020029
Release Date: 2017-06-13
Genre: Architecture

Sustainable and Nonconventional Construction Materials Using Inorganic Bonded Fiber Composites presents a concise overview of non-conventional construction materials with a strong focus on alternative inorganic bonded fiber composites and their applications as construction components. It outlines the processing and characterization of non-conventional cementitious composites, which will be of great benefit to both academic and industrial professionals interested in research, development, and innovation on inorganic bonded fiber composites. The book gives a comprehensive review of the innovative research associated with building components based on inorganic bonded composites. Exploring both natural fibers as reinforcing elements and alternative inorganic binders based on agricultural and industrial wastes, this book also considers the performance and applications of fibrous composites as construction materials and components. Dedicated to analyzing recent developments in inorganic fiber composites research Discusses the broader subjects of processing, characterization, performance, and applications of non-conventional construction materials

Biofuels

Author: Ashok Pandey
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123850997
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Science

"Biofuels" provides state-of-the-art information on the status of biofuel production and related aspects. It includes a detailed overview of the alternative energy field and the role of biofuels as new energy sources, and gives a detailed account of the production of biodiesel from non-conventional bio-feedstocks such as algae and vegetable oils.

Handbook of Functional Lipids

Author: Casimir C. Akoh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420039180
Release Date: 2005-07-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Consumer demand is creating rapid growth in the functional foods market - a market soon to reach $20 billion worldwide. As a result, the food industry has stepped up the development of functional lipids. These lipids impart health benefits when consumed and also impact food product functionalities. While many books have touched on the correlation between dietary lipids and health, there has not been a single-source guide specifically devoted to functional lipids - until now. The Handbook of Functional Lipids is a comprehensive reference that illustrates the science and applications of lipids in foods. The editor has divided the text into four parts for easy reference regarding topics that: explore the isolation, production, and concentration of functional lipids; explain how lipids provide food functionality; determine how lipids are engaged in health and nutritional functionality; and examine the role of biotechnology in functional lipids and discern their market potential. These sections synthesize the collaborative efforts of international experts at the forefront of lipid science and technology. They provide in-depth treatment for each subject in a straightforward and easy to read manner, making the Handbook of Functional Lipids a must-have resource for those interested in this rapidly growing field.

Current Advances in Biopolymer Processing and Characterization

Author: Martin Koller
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers
ISBN: 1536127108
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Biopolymers

The book presents current R&D activities to unravel the physico-chemical properties of diverse biopolymers, and their processing towards functionalised, high-performance bio-products with defined applications. The importance of this research becomes obvious by considering the annual plastic production of about 330 Mt, the lion's share thereof based on the conversion of fossil feedstocks that is highly recalcitrant against biodegradation. Alternative environmentally degradable plastics cover not even 5% of today's plastic market. Such biopolymers encompass various macromolecules of biological origin with diverse monomeric composition, and manifold physico-chemical properties. This structural diversity makes them potential candidates to produce bulk materials, e.g., for packaging purposes, smart functionalised materials in special niches like the biomedical field. Consequently, we witness an increasing trend towards new natural polymers to replace well-established products like plastics. After decades of global R&D developments in this field, and numerous body blows on the way to the anticipated market breakthrough of biopolymers, it is generally recognised that the success of such new materials needs progress in both material performance and production prices. The book Current Advances in Biopolymer Processing & Characterisation is dedicated to the current state-of-the-art of production, modification, characterisation, and processing of two major biopolymer groups: Firstly, polysaccharides, nature's most abundant raw materials, are represented by specialised contributions on biomedical applications of starch and its follow-up products. Polysaccharides were also studied for the examples of functionalised thermoplastic starch, molecular and hydrocolloidal characteristics of xanthan in aqueous environments, and by the design of functionalised xylan-based bio-materials. Secondly, the second series of contributions encompasses diverse biopolyesters. Advanced methods to improve the properties of PLA, fine-tune PLA properties by triggering PLA's crystallisation rate during melt processing, and the strongly emerging field of 3D-printing of PLA, PCL, and microbial PHA are described. Finally, the authors familiarise the reader with the application of mixed microbial cultures to produce PHA heteropolyesters with different thermo-mechanical properties in dependence on cultivation strategy and the microbial species composition. This compilation of new biomaterials with surprising functions and performance, based on these natural polymers will address scientists active in biopolymers production, functionalisation, characterisation, and processing towards bio-technomers. The book is also dedicated to undergraduate students of polymer chemistry and polymer processing, and to representatives of the polymer industry who are interested in developing innovative, sustainable and smart polymeric products. Activities motivated by reading this book shall boost the impatiently desired market penetration of biopolymers and their follow-up products. Such materials definitely display a socioeconomic impact by addressing prevailing ecological concerns such as depleting fossil resources, growing piles of plastic waste, and increasing global warming. The contributions to this book illustrate that bio-inspired remedies for prevalent ecological problems are already available, developed by experts in polymer sciences and engineering, or that these solutions are at least in the status of development.