Philosophy Crime and Criminology

Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 0252090411
Release Date: 2010-10-01
Genre: Social Science

Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology represents the first systematic attempt to unpack the philosophical foundations of crime in Western culture. Utilizing the insights of ontology, epistemology, aesthetics, and ethics, contributors demonstrate how the reality of crime is informed by a number of implicit assumptions about the human condition and unstated values about civil society. Charting a provocative and original direction, editors Bruce A. Arrigo and Christopher R. Williams couple theoretically oriented chapters with those centered on application and case study. In doing so, they develop an insightful, sensible, and accessible approach for a philosophical criminology in step with the political and economic challenges of the twenty-first century. Revealing the ways in which philosophical conceits inform prevailing conceptions of crime, Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology is required reading for any serious student or scholar concerned with crime and its impact on society and in our lives.

Encyclopedia of Social Problems

Author: Vincent N. Parrillo
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412941655
Release Date: 2008-05-22
Genre: Reference

From terrorism to social inequality and from health care to environmental issues, social problems affect us all. The Encyclopedia will offer an interdisciplinary perspective into these and many other social problems that are a continuing concern in our lives, whether we confront them on a personal, local, regional, national, or global level.

The Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Criminology

Author: Ruth Ann Triplett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119011354
Release Date: 2018-01-04
Genre: Social Science

"This book provides students, scholars, and criminologists with a truly a global perspective on the theory and practice of criminology throughout the centuries and around the world. In addition to chapters devoted to the key ideas, thinkers, and moments in the intellectual and philosophical history of criminology, it features in-depth coverage of the organizational structure of criminology as an academic discipline world-wide"--

Bearing Witness to Crime and Social Justice

Author: Richard Quinney
Publisher:
ISBN: UVA:X004478437
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Social Science

Featuring both scholarly and autobiographical writings, Bearing Witness to Crime and Social Justice follows Richard Quinney's development as a criminologist. Quinney's criminology is a critical criminology which he describes as a journey of witnessing to crime and social justice. Quinney's travels from the 1960s through the 1990s show a progression of ways of thinking and acting: from the social constructionist perspective to phenomenology, from phenomenology to Marxist and critical philosophy, from Marxist and critical philosophy to liberation theology, from liberation theology to Buddhism and existentialism. Along this journey, Quinney adopts a more ethnographic and personal mode of thinking and being. Each new stage of development incorporates what has preceded it; each change has been motivated by the need to understand crime and social justice in another or more complex way, in a way excluded from a former understanding. Each stage has also incorporated changes that were taking place in Quinney's personal life. Ultimately, there is no separation between life and theory, between witnessing and writing.

Criminological Theories

Author: Suzette Cote
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761925033
Release Date: 2002-03-19
Genre: Social Science

This book is an anthology of 34 previously published articles and book exerpts that focus on the major theories, past and present, that inform criminology today. While there are a variety of readers available in criminological theory, Cote provides a greater emphasis on some of the novel, newer theories, and some of the often overlooked theoretical perspectives - particularly the newer integrative perspectives. Additionally, an innovative section early in the book contains articles looking at the points where theory and research in the fields of criminology and criminal justice merge and diverge. Features/Benefits: · Some new perspectives not often seen in theory readers · There is a greater emphasis on issues of gender, race, and class within criminological theories and criminality giving the book a more contemporary feel. · The anthology includes and expands on topics typically neglected in other texts, namely white-collar crime; developmental criminology; new penology; postmodern and constitutive theories; and integrated theories that consider genetics, psychology, and environmental approaches. · Brief overviews introducing each article discuss the author, the article's important points, and a context for its development and value. · Discussion questions at the end of each theory section.

Advancing Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739112538
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Law

Advancing Critical Criminology constitutes a timely addition to the growing body of knowledge on critical criminology scholarship. DeKeseredy and Perry have assembled a volume that provides scholars with an in-depth review of the extant literature on several major branches of criminology as well as examples of how critical criminologists apply their theoretical perspectives to substantive topics, such as drugs, interpersonal violence, and rural crime. Accordingly, this work is divided into two main sections: overviews of theories and applications. Each chapter provides a summary of work in a specific area, along with suggestions for moving the field forward. This reader is unique in its choice of topics, which have often been overlooked in the past. An expert collection of international scholars, Advancing Critical Criminology is certain to stimulate lively debates and generate further critical social scientific work in this field.

Revitalizing Criminological Theory

Author: Steve Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317800484
Release Date: 2015-05-22
Genre: Social Science

This book provides a short, comprehensive and accessible introduction to Ultra-Realism: a unique and radical school of criminological thought that has been developed by the authors over a number of years. After first outlining existing schools of thought, their major intellectual flaws and their underlying politics in a condensed guide that will be invaluable to all undergraduate and postgraduate students, Hall and Winlow introduce a number of important new concepts to criminology and suggest a new philosophical foundation, theoretical framework and research programme. These developments will enhance the discipline’s ability to explain human motivations, construct insightful representations of reality and answer the fundamental question of why some human beings risk inflicting harm on others to further their own interests or achieve various ends. Combining new philosophical and psychosocial approaches with a clear understanding of the shape of contemporary global crime, this book presents an intellectual alternative to the currently dominant paradigms of conservatism, neoclassicism and left-liberalism. In using an advanced conception of "harm", Hall and Winlow provide original explanations of criminal motivations and make the first steps towards a paradigm shift that will help criminology to illuminate the reality of our times. This book is essential reading for academics and students engaged in the study of criminology, sociology, criminological theory, social theory, the philosophy of social sciences and the history of crime.

Criminological Theory

Author: Anthony Walsh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781455775477
Release Date: 2013-08-05
Genre: Political Science

Criminologists can benefit from questioning the underlying assumptions upon which they rest their work. Philosophy has the ability to clarify our thoughts, inform us of why we think about things the way we do, solve contradictions in our thinking we never knew existed, and even dissolve some dichotomies we thought were cast in stone. One of those dichotomies is free will vs. determinism. Criminology must reckon with both free will and agency, as posited by some theories, and determinism, as posited by others—including the ever more influential fields of genetics and biosocial criminology. Criminological Theory: Assessing Philosophical Assumptions examines philosophical concepts such as these in the context of important criminological theories or issues that are foundational but not generally considered in the literature on this topic. The uniqueness of this treatment of criminological theory is that rather than reporting what this person or that has said about a particular theory, Walsh exposes the philosophical assumptions underlying the theory. Students and scholars learn to clarify their own biases and better analyze the implications of a broad range of theories of crime and justice. Offers a fruitful perspective on theories of criminology Covers a wide range of philosophical concepts that are relevant to each major criminological theory Challenges scholars and advanced students to think deeply about criminal behavior and its causes

Critical Criminology Routledge Revivals

Author: Ian Taylor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136334023
Release Date: 2013-01-11
Genre: Social Science

First published in 1975, this collection of essays expands upon the themes and ideas developed in the editors’ previous work, the visionary and groundbreaking text: The New Criminology. Directed at orthodox criminology, this is a partisan work written by a group of criminologists committed to a social transformation: a transformation to a society that does not criminalize deviance. Included are American contributions, particularly from the School of Criminology at Berkeley, represented by Hermann and Julia Schwendinger and Tony Platt, together with essays by Richard Quinney and William Chambliss. From Britain, Geoff Pearson considers deviancy theory as ‘misfit sociology’ and Paul Hirst attacks deviancy theory from an Althusserian Marxist position. The editors contribute a detailed introductory essay extending the position developed in The New Criminology, and two other pieces which attempt to continue the task of translating criminology from its traditional correctionalist stance to a commitment to socialist diversity and a crime-free set of social arrangements.

Critique of the Legal Order

Author: Richard Quinney
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351320344
Release Date: 2018-02-06
Genre: Social Science

Originally published thirty years ago, Critique of the Legal Order remains highly relevant for the twenty-first century. Here Richard Quinney provides a critical look at the legal order in capitalist society. Using a traditional Marxist perspective, he argues that the legal order is not intended to reduce crime and suffering, but to maintain class differences and a social order that mainly benefits the ruling class. Quinney challenges modern criminologists to examine their own positions. As "ancillary agents of power," criminologists provide information that governing elites use to manipulate and control those who threaten the system. Quinney's original and thorough analysis of "crime control bureaucracies" and the class basis of such bureaucracies anticipates subsequent research and theorizing about the "crime control industry," a system that aims at social control of marginalized populations, rather than elimination of the social conditions that give rise to crime. He forcefully argues that technology applied to a "war against crime," together with academic scholarship, is used to help maintain social order to benefit a ruling class. Quinney also suggests alternatives. Anticipating the work of Noam Chomsky, he suggests we must first overcome a powerful media that provides a "general framework" that serves as the "boundary of expression." Chomsky calls this the manufacture of consent by providing necessary illusions. Quinney calls for a critical philosophy that enables us to transcend the current order and seek an egalitarian socialist order based upon true democratic principles. This core study for criminologists should interest those with a critical perspective on contemporary society.

Corrections Peacemaking and Restorative Justice

Author: Michael Braswell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317523543
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Law

This book views peacemaking as a broad, encompassing process that is expressed in many different shapes and forms. It blends ancient-wisdom traditions, peacemaking criminology, and restorative justice principles as a way of intervening with offenders in both institutional and community-based settings. Philosophical and spiritual contexts for peacemaking are presented that form a foundation for understanding the potential for peacemaking in criminological thought, the criminal justice system, and society in general.

The Origins of American Criminology

Author: Francis T. Cullen
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412814676
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Social Science

The essays contained in this book capture the stories behind the invention of criminology's major theoretical perspectives and preserves information from the generation that defined the field for the past decades that otherwise would have been lost. This history shows criminology to be a human enterprise. Its ideas were not driven primarily by data, nor were the theories invented solely as part of the scientific process. To the contrary, American criminology's great theories most often preceded the collection of data; they guided and produced empirical inquiry, not vice versa. This volume demonstrates that humanity is what makes theory possible in that diverse experiences allow individual scholars to see the world differently, and thus shape theoretical paradigms based on their own unique life stories.

Key Perspectives in Criminology

Author: Tierney John
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 9780335240586
Release Date: 2009-05-01
Genre: Social Science

Key Perspectives in Criminology is not simply a dictionary of criminology, but a welcome introduction for those with a genuine interest in the terms, concepts, themes and debates in the field.

Criminological Perspectives

Author: Eugene McLaughlin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761941444
Release Date: 2003-02-24
Genre: Social Science

This book presents in accessible form the most relevant readings from the diverse criminology literature, and provides students with direct access to the main theories and perspectives, which underpin and shape the discipline of criminology.