Physical Properties of Crystals

Author: J. F. Nye
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198511655
Release Date: 1985
Genre: Mathematics

First published in 1957, this classic study has been reissued in a paperback version that includes an additional chapter bringing the material up to date. The author formulates the physical properties of crystals systematically in tensor notation, presenting tensor properties in terms of their common mathematical basis and the thermodynamic relations between them. The mathematical groundwork is laid in a discussion of tensors of the first and second ranks. Tensors of higher ranks and matrix methods are then introduced as natural developments of the theory. A similar pattern is followed in discussing thermodynamic and optical aspects.

Scientific Essays in Honor of H Pierre Noyes on the Occasion of His 90th Birthday

Author: John C Amson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814579384
Release Date: 2013-11-26
Genre: Mathematics

This book is a Festschrift for the 90th birthday of the physicist Pierre Noyes. The book is a representative selection of papers on the topics that have been central to the meetings over the last three decades of ANPA, the Alternative Natural Philosophy Association. ANPA was founded by Pierre Noyes and his colleagues the philosopher-linguist-physicist Frederick Parker-Rhodes, the physicist Ted Bastin, and the mathematicians Clive Kilmister, John Amson. Many of the topics in the book center on the combinatorial hierarchy discovered by the originators of ANPA. Other topics explore geometrical, cosmological and biological aspects of those ideas, and foundational aspects related to discrete physics and emergent quantum mechanics. The book will be useful to readers interested in fundamental physics, and particularly to readers looking for new and important viewpoints in Science that contain the seeds of futurity. Contents:Unital Homogeneous Polynomial Operators on Hilbert Space (John C Amson)Towards a Generalised Combinatorial Hierarchy (Keith G Bowden)Quantum Cosmology and Special Mersenne Primes (Geoffrey F Chew)BiEntropy — the Measurement and Algebras of Order and Disorder in Finite Binary Strings (Grenville J Croll)Constraints Theory Brief (Anthony M Deakin)An Elegance First Approach to looking for the Universe in Finite Geometry (Herb Doughty)Boolean Geometry and Non-boolean Change (Thomas Etter)Speculation on Consciousness as Relative Existence (Louis Gidney)A Management View of ANPA (East) 1979 to 2012 (Michael Horner)Critical Stability of Few-Body Systems (V A Karmanov and J Carbonell)Non-Commutative Worlds and Classical Constraints (Louis H Kauffman)Report on ANPA to the ANPA Advisory Board, 2008 (Clive W Kilmister)Reflections on Fundamentals and Foundations of Physics (James Lindesay)Ordering Operators (David McGoveran)Information, Entropy, and the Combinatorial Hierarchy: Calculations (Michael Manthey and Douglas Matzke)Spacetime, Dirac and Bit-Strings (G N Ord)Fractal Large-Scale Structure in the Universe (D F Roscoe)A Dual Space as the Basis of Quantum Mechanics and Other Aspects of Physics (Peter Rowlands)Discrete Motion and the Emergence of Space and Time (Richard Shoup)Expanding–Contracting Universes (Irving Stein)Development of a New Approach to Systems Biology and Therapy Design (Fredric S Young) Readership: Researchers in mathematical physics, theoretical physics and history of science. Key Features:The book is unique as a collection of basic papers in the study of the combinatorial hierarchy and discrete physics. We mention particularly that it contains contributions by a number of very well-known physicists and mathematiciansThere are a number of ground-breaking topics — including work relating quantum mechanics and discrete and geometrical physics, and new approaches to the combinatorial hierarchy using topos theoryFinally, the papers are for the most part self-contained expositions available to advanced undergraduates and researchers in both continuous and discrete theoretical physicsKeywords:Theoretical Physics;Nuclear Physics;Combinatorics;Hierarchies;Boolean Geometry;Finite Geometries;Bitstrings;Cosmology;Tensors;Operators;Categories;Systems Biology;Entropy;Few-Body Systems;Critical Stability;Mersenne Primes

High Pressure Crystallography

Author: Elena Boldyreva
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048192571
Release Date: 2010-08-20
Genre: Science

This unique book is devoted to the theme of crystallographic studies at high pressure. It places emphasis on the phenomena characteristic to the compressed state of matter, as well as experimental and theoretical techniques, used to study these phenomena.

Nanostructures and Thin Films for Multifunctional Applications

Author: Ion Tiginyanu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319301983
Release Date: 2016-04-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is focused on recent advances in the development of thin films for photovoltaic applications, TiO2/WO3 bi-layers for applications with enhanced photo-catalytic properties, nanometer oxide and hydroxide films for anticorrosive coatings, surface passivation in chemical industries, micro- and nanoelectronics, trilayers of metglas and lead free piezoelectrics for magnetic field sensors, current sensors, spintronics, microwave and read/write devices. Diluted ferromagnetic alloy films are also considered for superconducting spintronics based on superconducting spin-valves. Thermal properties of segmented nanowires are analyzed with respect to thermoelectric applications. Recent advances in template production of nanocomposites are also reviewed with particular focus on technologies for template assisted formation of metal nanotubes. Some elements related to abrasive flow machining (AFM), specifically state of the art elements of technological systems and construction of equipment are presented. The book is written for researchers in materials science, nanotechnologies, PhD students and graduate student.

Introduction to Crystallography

Author: Christopher Hammond
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198564333
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Science

In this newly revised and updated edition of Hammond's successful and popular text, the reader is introduced to the basic concepts of crystallography. A step-by-step approach provides a clear account of symmetry and crystal structures. The new edition features a final chapter on the geometrical construction of diffraction patterns and a helpful appendix on vectors and their use in crystallography. The book begins with a description of simple crystal lattices and then uses two-dimensional patterns to introduce the concept of symmetry. These ideas are extended to three dimensions, with a discussion of Bravais lattices, crystal systems, and crystal symmetry. Further chapters cover the description of crystal structures in terms of Miller indices and zone axis symbols; the concept of the reciprocal lattice; and diffraction. Clearly illustrated throughout, the book includes study problems, suggestions for further reading, and a range of useful appendices, and will be of interest and value to students at all levels.

The crystal as a supramolecular entity

Author: Gautam R. Desiraju
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: 0471950157
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Science

Supramolecular chemistry involves the study and synthesis of very large molecules which are used in complex chemical reactions, and have great potential in areas such as medicine, electronics, and optics. Offers a comprehensive overview of crystals and supramolecular entities.

Heterogeneous Integration of Materials for Passive Components and Smart Systems

Author: Juan C. Nino
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1558999264
Release Date: 2007-05-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The growing polyfunctionality of next-generation devices for optical, communication, military, automotive, medical, sensing and memory applications requires an ever-increasing passive-to-active ratio. Integration of passives is essential to ensure the continuing advancement and growth of information and communication technologies while maintaining or lowering the current cost and size of devices. This book, first published in 2007, discusses advances, the current status, and future challenges in the broad area of materials integration for passive components and smart systems. It focuses on packaging and embedded components and reviews low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) components and the role of interfaces and chemical compatibility and how they influence module design. The road from design to actual embedded circuit elements and applications on different substrates is discussed. Current miniaturization and integration strategies and processes for medical and RF systems-in-package are featured. It also highlights poster presentations and a wide variety of topics in smart device and system integration are presented. The book concludes with papers on MEMS and NEMS engineering and on magnetic components.

The basics of crystallography and diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: UOM:39015080874129
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Science

This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.

Smart Structures and Materials 2006

Author: Daniele Inaudi
Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN: UOM:39015064118717
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

ASM Handbook

Author: David U. Furrer
Publisher: Asm International
ISBN: UCSC:32106020057383
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Bridge Maintenance Safety Management Life cycle Performance and Cost

Author: Paulo J. S. Cruz
Publisher: CRC PressI Llc
ISBN: UOM:39015064758298
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Advances in bridge maintenance, safety, management and life-cycle performance contains the papers presented at IABMAS'06, the Third International Conference of the International Association for Bridge Maintenance and Safety (IABMAS), held in Porto, Portugal from 16 to 19 July, 2006. All major aspects of bridge maintenance, management, safety, and cost are addressed including All major aspects of bridge maintenance, safety and management are addressed including advanced materials, ageing of bridges, assessment and evaluation, bridge codes, bridge diagnostics, bridge management systems, composites, design for durability, deterioration modelling, emerging technologies, fatigue, field testing, financial planning, health monitoring, high performance materials, innovations, inspection, load capacity assessment, loads, maintenance strategies, new technical and material concepts, non-destructive testing, optimization strategies, prediction of future traffic demands, rehabilitation, reliability and risk management, repair, replacement, residual service life, safety and serviceability, service life prediction, strengthening, sustainable materials for bridges, sustainable bridges, whole life costing, among others. This book is a major contribution to the state-of-the art in all aspects of bridge maintenance and safety, including contributions from leading experts in this area. It is a significant contribution to the process of decision making in bridge maintenance, safety, management and cost for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society.