Physical Properties of Crystals

Author: J. F. Nye
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198511655
Release Date: 1985
Genre: Mathematics

First published in 1957, this classic study has been reissued in a paperback version that includes an additional chapter bringing the material up to date. The author formulates the physical properties of crystals systematically in tensor notation, presenting tensor properties in terms of their common mathematical basis and the thermodynamic relations between them. The mathematical groundwork is laid in a discussion of tensors of the first and second ranks. Tensors of higher ranks and matrix methods are then introduced as natural developments of the theory. A similar pattern is followed in discussing thermodynamic and optical aspects.

Nanostructures and Thin Films for Multifunctional Applications

Author: Ion Tiginyanu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319301983
Release Date: 2016-04-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is focused on recent advances in the development of thin films for photovoltaic applications, TiO2/WO3 bi-layers for applications with enhanced photo-catalytic properties, nanometer oxide and hydroxide films for anticorrosive coatings, surface passivation in chemical industries, micro- and nanoelectronics, trilayers of metglas and lead free piezoelectrics for magnetic field sensors, current sensors, spintronics, microwave and read/write devices. Diluted ferromagnetic alloy films are also considered for superconducting spintronics based on superconducting spin-valves. Thermal properties of segmented nanowires are analyzed with respect to thermoelectric applications. Recent advances in template production of nanocomposites are also reviewed with particular focus on technologies for template assisted formation of metal nanotubes. Some elements related to abrasive flow machining (AFM), specifically state of the art elements of technological systems and construction of equipment are presented. The book is written for researchers in materials science, nanotechnologies, PhD students and graduate student.

Scientific Essays in Honor of H Pierre Noyes on the Occasion of His 90th Birthday

Author: John C Amson
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814579384
Release Date: 2013-11-26
Genre: Mathematics

This book is a Festschrift for the 90th birthday of the physicist Pierre Noyes. The book is a representative selection of papers on the topics that have been central to the meetings over the last three decades of ANPA, the Alternative Natural Philosophy Association. ANPA was founded by Pierre Noyes and his colleagues the philosopher-linguist-physicist Frederick Parker-Rhodes, the physicist Ted Bastin, and the mathematicians Clive Kilmister, John Amson. Many of the topics in the book center on the combinatorial hierarchy discovered by the originators of ANPA. Other topics explore geometrical, cosmological and biological aspects of those ideas, and foundational aspects related to discrete physics and emergent quantum mechanics. The book will be useful to readers interested in fundamental physics, and particularly to readers looking for new and important viewpoints in Science that contain the seeds of futurity. Contents:Unital Homogeneous Polynomial Operators on Hilbert Space (John C Amson)Towards a Generalised Combinatorial Hierarchy (Keith G Bowden)Quantum Cosmology and Special Mersenne Primes (Geoffrey F Chew)BiEntropy — the Measurement and Algebras of Order and Disorder in Finite Binary Strings (Grenville J Croll)Constraints Theory Brief (Anthony M Deakin)An Elegance First Approach to looking for the Universe in Finite Geometry (Herb Doughty)Boolean Geometry and Non-boolean Change (Thomas Etter)Speculation on Consciousness as Relative Existence (Louis Gidney)A Management View of ANPA (East) 1979 to 2012 (Michael Horner)Critical Stability of Few-Body Systems (V A Karmanov and J Carbonell)Non-Commutative Worlds and Classical Constraints (Louis H Kauffman)Report on ANPA to the ANPA Advisory Board, 2008 (Clive W Kilmister)Reflections on Fundamentals and Foundations of Physics (James Lindesay)Ordering Operators (David McGoveran)Information, Entropy, and the Combinatorial Hierarchy: Calculations (Michael Manthey and Douglas Matzke)Spacetime, Dirac and Bit-Strings (G N Ord)Fractal Large-Scale Structure in the Universe (D F Roscoe)A Dual Space as the Basis of Quantum Mechanics and Other Aspects of Physics (Peter Rowlands)Discrete Motion and the Emergence of Space and Time (Richard Shoup)Expanding–Contracting Universes (Irving Stein)Development of a New Approach to Systems Biology and Therapy Design (Fredric S Young) Readership: Researchers in mathematical physics, theoretical physics and history of science. Key Features:The book is unique as a collection of basic papers in the study of the combinatorial hierarchy and discrete physics. We mention particularly that it contains contributions by a number of very well-known physicists and mathematiciansThere are a number of ground-breaking topics — including work relating quantum mechanics and discrete and geometrical physics, and new approaches to the combinatorial hierarchy using topos theoryFinally, the papers are for the most part self-contained expositions available to advanced undergraduates and researchers in both continuous and discrete theoretical physicsKeywords:Theoretical Physics;Nuclear Physics;Combinatorics;Hierarchies;Boolean Geometry;Finite Geometries;Bitstrings;Cosmology;Tensors;Operators;Categories;Systems Biology;Entropy;Few-Body Systems;Critical Stability;Mersenne Primes

High Pressure Crystallography

Author: Elena Boldyreva
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048192571
Release Date: 2010-08-20
Genre: Science

This unique book is devoted to the theme of crystallographic studies at high pressure. It places emphasis on the phenomena characteristic to the compressed state of matter, as well as experimental and theoretical techniques, used to study these phenomena.

Properties of Materials

Author: Robert E. Newnham
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198520757
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Science

Tensors, matrices, symmetry, and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. While tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anistropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to qualify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and party on the basic physics and chemistry of materials.

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191567711
Release Date: 2009-05-07
Genre: Science

This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.

Crystal Chemistry

Author: Gérard Ferey
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813144217
Release Date: 2016-12-02
Genre:

Devoted to a diverse group of solid state scientists, the book has two objectives, both relating to structural chemistry: (i) a progressive analytic familiarization with the main parameters that govern the organization of crystallized matter and related crystal structures, (ii) a study of what are the various ways to 'read' a structure far beyond its representation in scientific articles. Hence, the reader will, from numerous examples illustrated in color, analyze what are the main characteristics of these structures, from their geometric characteristics, their coordination polyhedra, their connections with the resulting dimensionalities of these solids, including also the defects they exhibit, before looking at possibilities to classify structures, within which recurrence laws can emerge. Chemists are required to understand the potentials of a new structure for becoming future materials scientists. The first part of the book is by no means a database for known structures, but facilitates a progressive understanding of the organization of the solid state. With these tools in hand, the reader is invited in the later part of the book to analyze new structures, and to also use new concepts for viewing structures in a more synthetic way for the future. Such new vision is already leading to the creation of completely new solids with outstanding characteristics that find applications in societal problems concerning energy, energy savings, environment and health. The content is not exclusively academic but relates to the creation of innovative materials, through a more physical approach, that might condition the future of materials.

Solid State Physics

Author: Gerald Burns
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781483288260
Release Date: 2016-05-18
Genre: Science

The objective of Solid State Physics is to introduce college seniors and first-year graduate students in physics, electrical engineering, materials science, chemistry, and related areas to this diverse and fascinating field. I have attempted to present this complex subject matter in a coherent, integrated manner, emphasizing fundamental scientific ideas to give the student a strong understanding and "feel" for the physics and the orders of magnitude involved. The subject is varied, covering many important, sophisticated, and practical areas, which, at first, may appear unrelated but which are actually built on the same foundation: the bonding between atoms, the periodic translational symmetry, and the resulting electron energy levels. The text is comprehensive enough so that the basics of broad areas of present research are covered, yet flexible enough so that courses of varying lengths can be satisfied. the exercises at the end of each chapter serve to reinforce and extend the text.

The crystal as a supramolecular entity

Author: Gautam R. Desiraju
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: 0471950157
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Science

Supramolecular chemistry involves the study and synthesis of very large molecules which are used in complex chemical reactions, and have great potential in areas such as medicine, electronics, and optics. Offers a comprehensive overview of crystals and supramolecular entities.

The Mathematical Theory of Symmetry in Solids

Author: Christopher Bradley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199582587
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Mathematics

This classic book gives, in extensive tables, the irreducible representations of the crystallographic point groups and space groups. These are useful in studying the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of a particle or quasi-particle in a crystalline solid. The theory is extended to the corepresentations of the Shubnikov groups.

Structure and Bonding in Crystalline Materials

Author: Gregory S. Rohrer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521663792
Release Date: 2001-07-19
Genre: Science

A graduate level textbook for materials scientists that describes the established principles of crystallography and bonding.

X Ray Diffraction

Author: B. E. Warren
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486141619
Release Date: 2012-05-23
Genre: Science

Rigorous graduate-level text stresses modern applications to nonstructural problems such as temperature vibration effects, order-disorder phenomena, crystal imperfections, more. Problems. Six Appendixes include tables of values. Bibliographies.

Introduction to Crystallography

Author: Christopher Hammond
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198564333
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Science

In this newly revised and updated edition of Hammond's successful and popular text, the reader is introduced to the basic concepts of crystallography. A step-by-step approach provides a clear account of symmetry and crystal structures. The new edition features a final chapter on the geometrical construction of diffraction patterns and a helpful appendix on vectors and their use in crystallography. The book begins with a description of simple crystal lattices and then uses two-dimensional patterns to introduce the concept of symmetry. These ideas are extended to three dimensions, with a discussion of Bravais lattices, crystal systems, and crystal symmetry. Further chapters cover the description of crystal structures in terms of Miller indices and zone axis symbols; the concept of the reciprocal lattice; and diffraction. Clearly illustrated throughout, the book includes study problems, suggestions for further reading, and a range of useful appendices, and will be of interest and value to students at all levels.