Author: Humphrey Moynihan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2009-07-23
Genre: Business & Economics
The Physicochemical Basis of Pharmaceuticals explores the physical and chemical phenomena which affect the formulation and bio-availability of drug substances to give a straightforward, accessible treatment of the essential concepts affecting the absorption and distribution of drugs.
Author: Philip Denton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2013-07-25
Taking medication is a common occurrence for many people, whether it is to soothe an aching head, regulate blood sugars, or to treat life threatening conditions, such as HIV or cancer. In the UK alone, over 900 million prescriptions are dispensed every year. Overseeing all of this are pharmacists: experts in medicines and their use. The Integrated Foundations of Pharmacy series supports those who are at the beginning of their journey to become a pharmacist. The reader will begin to understand how a drug molecule is made; the process that turns it into a medicine; the role the pharmacist has when dispensing that medicine; and what happens in the body when it is taken. Most importantly, the series shows how each of these aspects are integrated, reflecting the most up-to-date teaching practices. Pharmaceutics: the science of medicine design explores the different forms that medicines can take, and demonstrates how being able to select the best form - be it a tablet, injectable liquid, or an inhaled gas - requires an understanding of how chemicals behave in different physical states. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany Pharmaceutics: the science of medicine design features: For registered adopters of the book: - Figures from the book, available to download. For students: - Self-assessment questions to help the reader to check and reinforce understanding of the material introduced in each chapter.
Author: A. T. Florence
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Release Date: 2016-01-06
Florence and Attwood's well known textbook uses pharmaceutical examples to illustrate the underlying physical chemistry of drug characterisation, formulation, delivery, transport and adsorption. Students of pharmacology, toxicology, medicine and researchers will want this book.
Author: Ron Liu
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2018-03-12
Properties and Formulation: From Theory to Real-World Application Scientists have attributed more than 40 percent of the failures in new drug development to poor biopharmaceutical properties, particularly water insolubility. Issues surrounding water insolubility can postpone or completely derail important new drug development. Even the much-needed reformulation of currently marketed products can be significantly affected by these challenges. More recently it was reported that the percentage increased to 90% for the candidates of new chemical entities in the discovery stage and 75% for compounds under development. In the most comprehensive resource on the topic, this third edition of Water-Insoluble Drug Formulation brings together a distinguished team of experts to provide the scientific background and step-by-step guidance needed to deal with solubility issues in drug development. Twenty-three chapters systematically describe the detailed discussion on solubility theories, solubility prediction models, the aspects of preformulation, biopharmaceutics, pharmacokinetics, regulatory, and discovery support of water-insoluble drugs to various techniques used in developing delivery systems for water-insoluble drugs. This book includes more than 15 water-insoluble drug delivery systems or technologies, illustrated with case studies and featuring oral and parenteral applications. Highlighting the most current information and data available, this seminal volume reflects the significant progress that has been made in nearly all aspects of this field. The aim of this book is to provide a handy reference for pharmaceutical scientists in the handling of formulation issues related to water-insoluble drugs. In addition, this book may be useful to pharmacy and chemistry undergraduate students and pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical graduate students to enhance their knowledge in the techniques of drug solubilization and dissolution enhancement.
Author: Donald Cairns
Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press
Release Date: 2012-01-01
An introduction to pharmaceutical chemistry for undergraduate pharmacy, chemistry and medicinal chemistry students. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry is a chemistry introduction that covers all of the core material necessary to provide an understanding of the basic chemistry of drug molecules. Now a core text on many university courses, it contains numerous worked examples and problems. The 4th edition includes new chapters on Chromatographic Methods of Analysis, and Medicinal Chemistry - The Science of Drug Design.
Colloid and Interface Science in Pharmaceutical Research and Development describes the role of colloid and surface chemistry in the pharmaceutical sciences. It gives a detailed account of colloid theory, and explains physicochemical properties of the colloidal-pharmaceutical systems, and the methods for their measurement. The book starts with fundamentals in Part I, covering fundamental aspects of colloid and interface sciences as applied to pharmaceutical sciences and thus should be suitable for teaching. Parts II and III treat applications and measurements, and they explains the application of these properties and their influence and use for the development of new drugs. Provides a clear description of the fundamentals of colloid and interface science relevant to drug research and development Explains the physicochemical/colloidal basis of pharmaceutical science Lists modern experimental characterization techniques, provides analytical equations and explanations on analyzing the experimental data Describes the most advanced techniques, AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy), SFA (Surface Force Apparatus) in detail
Author: Dilip M. Parikh
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2016-04-19
The Third Edition presents all pharmaceutical industry personnel and those in academia with critical updates on the recent advances in granulation technology and changes in FDA regulatory guidelines. Addressing precisely how these recent innovations and revisions affect unit operation of particle generation and granulation, this text assists the reader in selecting the ideal technology for his/her company’s particular drug delivery system. This knowledge helps ensure that regulatory guidelines are followed and met in a cost-effective manner. Here are just a few of the new topics discussed in this revised and expanded handbook: spray drying nanotechnology biotechnologically derived drugs nutraceuticals controlled release drugs particle engineering supercritical fluids concepts of design space process optimization regulation harmonization by global health authorities process controlexpert systems Process Analytical Technology (PAT) regulatory issues in granulation In addition, all chapters in the Handbook of Pharmaceutical Granulation Technology explore the fundamentals of powder characterization, granulation, and state-of-the-art technologies, modeling, application of expert systems, and manufacturing optimization.
Author: Klaus Kümmerer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Following the success of the first edition, this pioneering study of pharmaceuticals in the environment has been updated and greatly extended. It includes the status of research on pharmaceuticals in soil, with attention to terrestrial and aquatic environments as well as new substance categories such as tetracylines and chinolones and the latest results concerning contamination of the environment and risk reduction.
Author: Gopal B. Saha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2005-12-06
This unparalleled text on the basics of PET imaging technology is an ideal resource for technologists and residents preparing for board examinations. Written by noted author Gopal B. Saha, Ph.D., the book also serves as a useful reference for practicing nuclear medicine professionals. Chapters are concise but comprehensive and emphasize the fundamentals, including physics, instrumentation and data acquisition, image reconstruction, production of PET radionuclides and radiopharmaceuticals, and regulatory and reimbursement issues. To maximize understanding, topics are complete with assessment questions, reviews of pertinent basic science, and lists of suggested reading. Helpful illustrations reinforce key concepts. A wealth of valuable data is presented in practical tables and appendixes as well. The remarkable combination of brevity and clarity of content makes it an ideal text and reference book for nuclear medicine professionals interested in basics of PET imaging.
Author: Derek J. Chadwick
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2005-06-14
This book draws together contributions from basic, pharmaceutical and clinical sciences aimed at a better understanding of the structure and function of hERG and the molecular basis for compound binding. It features regulatory authority perspectives on preferred preclinical test systems and includes topics on hERG channel gating, regulation of functional expression, pharmacological properties of hERG/IKr channels, drug-induced long QT syndrome and preclinical evaluation and regulatory recommendations for assessing QT prolongation risks. Better understanding of the role of the hERG channel in drug-induced cardiac arrhythmias should ultimately lead to the development of important, new and safer medicines.
Author: Harry Levine
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date: 2002
During the past decade, the importance of amorphous water-soluble substances has been increasingly recognised within the food and pharmaceutical industries. In response, Amorphous Food and Pharmaceutical Systems brings together current leading experts to contribute to this unique cross-disciplinary account of the subject. Coverage includes: water-compatible amorphous solids (physical, chemical behaviour), low water content systems (water as plasticizer); applications in food and pharmaceutical sciences and industries (processing and stability) along with state-of-the-art technology in food and pharmaceutical systems. This timely publication will be welcomed by academic and industrial researchers and professionals in the pharmaceuticals, food, materials and polymer sciences.
Author: Gordon L. Amidon
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 1999-11-24
This cutting-edge reference clearly explains pharmaceutical transport phenomena, demonstrating applications ranging from drug or nutrient uptake into vesicle or cell suspensions, drug dissolution and absorption across biological membranes, whole body kinetics, and drug release from polymer reservoirs and matrices to heat and mass transport in freeze-drying and hygroscopicity. Focuses on practical applications of drug delivery from a physical and mechanistic perspective, highlighting biological systems. Written by more than 30 international authorities in the field, Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems discusses the crucial relationship between the transport process and thermodynamic factors analyzes the dynamics of diffusion at liquid-liquid, liquid-solid, and liquid-cultured cell interfaces covers prodrug design for improving membrane transport addresses the effects of external stimuli in altering some natural and synthetic polymer matrices examines properties of hydrogels, including synthesis, swelling degree, swelling kinetics, permeability, biocompatibility, and biodegradability presents mass transfer of drugs and pharmacokinetics based on mass balance descriptions and more! Containing over 1000 references and more than 1100 equations, drawings, photographs, micrographs, and tables, Transport Processes in Pharmaceutical Systems is a must-read resource for research pharmacists, pharmaceutical scientists and chemists, chemical engineers, physical chemists, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.
The Quality Control of Medicines documents the proceedings of the 35th International Congress of Pharmaceutical Sciences, organized by the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland on behalf of the Federation Internationale Pharmaceutique, held in Dublin, on 1-5 September 1975. The theme chosen for the Congress was ""the basis for the quality control of medicines"", because of the importance and relevance of quality control in the production and distribution of medicines at national and international levels. This volume is arranged according to the manner in which the theme of the Congress was developed by the eminent invited speakers. Following the inaugural address a main symposium was held where five speakers presented a review of the quality control of medicines under the general headings of (i) chemical and physical aspects; (ii) biological aspects; (iii) control of drug delivery systems; (iv) storage problems; and (v) problems of international control. Certain aspects of the content of the main symposium were then developed in greater depth in parallel symposia. In the first parallel symposium some novel physicochemical aspects of the quality control of medicines were treated under the headings of spectrofluorimetry, mass spectrometry, detection in gas chromatography, and automation in pharmaceutical analysis. The second parallel symposium developed certain microbiological aspects of quality control under the headings of sterility testing and microbiological control of non-sterile products and ophthalmic preparations. The final symposium on submissions to regulatory bodies and international aspects of drug control covered aspects of politics in submissions, regulatory problems in small countries, and various pharmacopoeial problems.