Picturing Personhood

Author: Joseph Dumit
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691113982
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Medical

"Based on interviews, media analysis, and participant observation at research labs and conferences, then author analyzes how assumptions designed into and read out of the experimental process reinforce specific notions about human nature. Such assumptions can enter the process at any turn, from selecting subjects and mathematical models to deciding which images to publish and how to color them. Once they leave the laboratory, PET scans shape social debates, influence courtroom outcomes, and have positive and negative consequences for people suffering mental illness. The author follows this complex story, demonstrating how brain scans, as scientific objects, contribute to our increasing social dependence on scientific authority".--BOOKJACKET.

Imperial Technoscience

Author: Amit Prasad
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262026956
Release Date: 2014-03-14
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The origin of modern science is often located in Europe and the West. This Euro/West-centrism relegates emergent practices elsewhere to the periphery, undergirding analyses of contemporary transnational science and technology with traditional but now untenable hierarchical categories. In this book, Amit Prasad examines features of transnationality in science and technology through a study of MRI research and development in the United States, Britain, and India. In an analysis that is both theoretically nuanced and empirically robust, Prasad unravels the entangled genealogies of MRI research, practice, and culture in these three countries. Prasad follows sociotechnical trails in relation to five aspects of MRI research: invention, industrial development, market, history, and culture. He first examines the well-known dispute between American scientists Paul Lauterbur and Raymond Damadian over the invention of MRI, then describes the post-invention emergence of the technology, as the center of MRI research shifted from Britain to the U.S; the marketing of the MRI and the transformation of MRI research into a corporate-powered "Big Science"; and MRI research in India, beginning with work in India's nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) laboratories in the 1940s. Finally, he explores the different dominant technocultures in each of the three countries, analyzing scientific cultures as shifting products of transnational histories rather than static products of national scientific identities and cultures. Prasad's analysis offers not only an innovative contribution to current debates within science and technology studies but also an original postcolonial perspective on the history of cutting-edge medical technology.

Under the Medical Gaze

Author: Susan Greenhalgh
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520925090
Release Date: 2001-05-03
Genre: Social Science

This compelling account of the author's experience with a chronic pain disorder and subsequent interaction with the American health care system goes to the heart of the workings of power and culture in the biomedical domain. It is a medical whodunit full of mysterious misdiagnosis, subtle power plays, and shrewd detective work. Setting a new standard for the practice of autoethnography, Susan Greenhalgh presents a case study of her intense encounter with an enthusiastic young specialist who, through creative interpretation of the diagnostic criteria for a newly emerging chronic disease, became convinced she had a painful, essentially untreatable, lifelong muscle condition called fibromyalgia. Greenhalgh traces the ruinous effects of this diagnosis on her inner world, bodily health, and overall well-being. Under the Medical Gaze serves as a powerful illustration of medicine's power to create and inflict suffering, to define disease and the self, and to manage relationships and lives. Greenhalgh ultimately learns that she had been misdiagnosed and begins the long process of undoing the physical and emotional damage brought about by her nearly catastrophic treatment. In considering how things could go so awry, she embarks on a cogent and powerful analysis of the sociopolitical sources of pain through feminist, cultural, and political understandings of the nature of medical discourse and practice in the United States. She develops fresh arguments about the power of medicine to medicalize our selves and lives, the seductions of medical science, and the deep, psychologically rooted difficulties women patients face in interactions with male physicians. In the end, Under the Medical Gaze goes beyond the critique of biomedicine to probe the social roots of chronic pain and therapeutic alternatives that rely on neither the body-cure of conventional medicine nor the mind-cure of some alternative medicines, but rather a broader set of strategies that address the sociopolitical sources of pain.

Drugs for Life

Author: Joseph Dumit
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822348719
Release Date: 2012-09-03
Genre: Business & Economics

Joseph Dumit argues that underlying Americans' burgeoning consumption of prescription drugs and the skyrocketing cost of healthcare is a relatively new perception of ourselves as inherently ill and in need of chronic treatment.

Biomedicine as Culture

Author: Regula Valérie Burri
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135905743
Release Date: 2007-11-21
Genre: Medical

This volume offers interdisciplinary perspectives on contemporary biomedicine as a cultural practice. It brings together leading scholars from cultural anthropology, sociology, history, and science studies to conduct a critical dialogue on the culture(s) of biomedical practice, discussing its epistemic, material, and social implications. The essays look at the ways new biomedical knowledge is constructed within hospitals and academic settings and at how this knowledge changes perceptions, material arrangements, and social relations, not only within clinics and scientific communities, but especially once it is diffused into a broader cultural context.

Picturing Personhood

Author: Joseph Dumit
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691113982
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Medical

"Based on interviews, media analysis, and participant observation at research labs and conferences, then author analyzes how assumptions designed into and read out of the experimental process reinforce specific notions about human nature. Such assumptions can enter the process at any turn, from selecting subjects and mathematical models to deciding which images to publish and how to color them. Once they leave the laboratory, PET scans shape social debates, influence courtroom outcomes, and have positive and negative consequences for people suffering mental illness. The author follows this complex story, demonstrating how brain scans, as scientific objects, contribute to our increasing social dependence on scientific authority".--BOOKJACKET.

Plasticity and Pathology

Author: David Bates
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780823266135
Release Date: 2016
Genre: Medical

The essays collected here were presented at the workshop Plasticity and Pathology: History and Theory of Neural Subjects at the Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities at the University of California, Berkeley.

Neuroscience and Critique

Author: Jan De Vos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317500247
Release Date: 2015-11-19
Genre: Psychology

Recent years have seen a rapid growth in neuroscientific research, and an expansion beyond basic research to incorporate elements of the arts, humanities and social sciences. It has been suggested that the neurosciences will bring about major transformations in the understanding of ourselves, our culture and our society. In academia one finds debates within psychology, philosophy and literature about the implications of developments within the neurosciences, and the emerging fields of educational neuroscience, neuro-economics, and neuro-aesthetics also bear witness to a ‘neurological turn’ which is currently taking place. Neuroscience and Critique is a ground-breaking edited collection which reflects on the impact of neuroscience in contemporary social science and the humanities. It is the first book to consider possibilities for a critique of the theories, practices, and implications of contemporary neuroscience. Bringing together leading scholars from several disciplines, the contributors draw upon a range of perspectives, including cognitive neuroscience, critical philosophy, psychoanalysis, and feminism, and also critically examine several key ideas in contemporary neuroscience, including: The idea of "neural personhood" Theories of emotion in affective neuroscience Empathy, intersubjectivity and the notion of "embodied simulation" The concept of an "emo-rational" actor within neuro-economics. The volume will stimulate further debate in the emerging field of interdisciplinary studies in neuroscience, and will appeal to researchers and advanced students in a range of disciplines including critical psychology, philosophy, and critical studies.

Biomedical Platforms

Author: Peter Keating
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262112760
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Science

An examination of postwar medicine based on the notion of the biomedical platform—the theoretical and clinical meeting ground between the normal and the pathological.

Beyond Habermas

Author: Christian Emden
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9780857457219
Release Date: 2012-01-15
Genre: History

During the 1960s the German philosopher Jürgen Habermas introduced the notion of a “bourgeois public sphere” in order to describe the symbolic arena of political life and conversation that originated with the cultural institutions of the early eighteenth-century; since then the “public sphere” itself has become perhaps one of the most debated concepts at the very heart of modernity. For Habermas, the tension between the administrative power of the state, with its understanding of sovereignty, and the emerging institutions of the bourgeoisie—coffee houses, periodicals, encyclopedias, literary culture, etc.—was seen as being mediated by the public sphere, making it a symbolic site of public reasoning. This volume examines whether the “public sphere” remains a central explanatory model in the social sciences, political theory, and the humanities.

Bipolar Expeditions

Author: Emily Martin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691141060
Release Date: 2009-02-08
Genre: Psychology

Bipolar Expeditions' is an ethnographic inquiry into mania and depression in their American cultural and historical contexts. The text explores the complex darkness and stigma associated with those deemed 'mad.

Rewiring the Nation

Author: Carolyn de la Peña
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
ISBN: 0801886511
Release Date: 2007-03-16
Genre: Social Science

Discussing technologies of transcendence; the cultural work of technological systems; technology and knowledge systems; and technology, mobility, and the body; they consider the place of American technologies in an increasingly globalized, multi-polar, high-tech world and illuminate the relationship between technological positivism and the dynamics

Critical Neuroscience

Author: Suparna Choudhury
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444343335
Release Date: 2011-09-07
Genre: Psychology

Critical Neuroscience: A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience brings together multi-disciplinary scholars from around the world to explore key social, historical and philosophical studies of neuroscience, and to analyze the socio-cultural implications of recent advances in the field. This text’s original, interdisciplinary approach explores the creative potential for engaging experimental neuroscience with social studies of neuroscience while furthering the dialogue between neuroscience and the disciplines of the social sciences and humanities. Critical Neuroscience transcends traditional skepticism, introducing novel ideas about ‘how to be critical’ in and about science.

Governing the Female Body

Author: Lori Reed
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9781438429540
Release Date: 2012-02-01
Genre: Medical

A feminist and Foucauldian analysis of a variety of emerging gendered discourses.