Plant Genes Genomes and Genetics

Author: Erich Grotewold
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118539378
Release Date: 2015-04-27
Genre: Science

Plant Genes, Genomes and Genetics provides a comprehensive treatment of all aspects of plant gene expression. Unique in explaining the subject from a plant perspective, it highlights the importance of key processes, many first discovered in plants, that impact how plants develop and interact with the environment. This text covers topics ranging from plant genome structure and the key control points in how genes are expressed, to the mechanisms by which proteins are generated and how their activities are controlled and altered by posttranslational modifications. Written by a highly respected team of specialists in plant biology with extensive experience in teaching at undergraduate and graduate level, this textbook will be invaluable for students and instructors alike. Plant Genes, Genomes and Genetics also includes: • specific examples that highlight when and how plants operate differently from other organisms; • special sections that provide in-depth discussions of particular issues; • end-of-chapter problems to help students recapitulate the main concepts; • rich, full-colour illustrations and diagrams clearly showing important processes in plant gene expression; • a companion website with PowerPoint slides, downloadable figures, and answers to the questions posed in the book. Aimed at upper level undergraduates and graduate students in plant biology, this text is equally suited for advanced agronomy and crop science students inclined to understand molecular aspects of organismal phenomena. It is also an invaluable starting point for professionals entering the field of plant biology.

Plant Functional Genomics

Author: Erich Grotewold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781592594139
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Science

Erich Grotewold has assembled a team of leading plant scientists to describe in detail the most commonly used methods for investigating plant gene function in a wide variety of plants, during plant pathogen interactions, and even in algae. These readily reproducible protocols include computational, molecular, and genetic methodologies designed for both general and specific problems. Here the reader will learn about powerful computational and statistical tools to help predict gene function either on the basis of comparative genomics, or from the analysis of complex genome sequences. Numerous loss-of-function and gain-of-function techniques for discovering gene function are presented in step-by-step detail. Cutting-edge computational, molecular, and genetic protocols for establishing plant gene function Powerful combination of experimental and computer-based methods Loss-of-function and gain-of-function mutant analyses Comprehensive analysis of the bioinformatic tools available to interpret results Comprehensive bibliography.

A Passion for DNA

Author: James D. Watson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0198604289
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Science

In 1953, two young and unknown scientists, James Watson and Francis Crick, sparked a worldwide revolution with their discovery of the molecular composition of DNA. In this collection of outspoken and topical essays, speeches and reports, Watson offers his unique insight into the advance of molecular genetics, the prospect of curing cancer over the next decade, how human genetic knowledge is likely to be used, particularly in relation to cloning and genetically modified food, as well as shedding light on his early life and career.

Das Gen

Author: Siddhartha Mukherjee
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783104033273
Release Date: 2017-05-24
Genre: Fiction

Großartig, fesselnd und folgenreich: Pulitzer-Preisträger Siddhartha Mukherjee erzählt meisterhaft die Geschichte der Entzifferung des Mastercodes, der unser Menschsein bestimmt. Als Siddhartha Mukherjee seinen Bestseller ›Der König aller Krankheiten‹ beendet hatte, machte er sich auf eine Reise in die indische Heimat. Er besucht Cousin Moni, der an Schizophrenie leidet – wie auffällig viele seiner Verwandten. Fasziniert beginnt Mukherjee sich mit der Geschichte der Gene zu beschäftigen: Von den Erbsenkreuzungen Mendels bis zur neuesten Gen-Bearbeitungs-Methode CRISPR schreibt Mukherjee den spannenden Roman einer wissenschaftlichen Suche und verwebt ihn mit der Geschichte seiner Familie. Das große Buch eines begnadeten Erzählers und Arztes, das gewaltige Panorama einer machtvollen Entdeckung, die man nun endlich versteht. Packend und einzigartig. »Wer wissen will, was es bedeutet, Mensch zu sein, sollte dieses Buch lesen.« Boston Globe »Lesen Sie dieses Buch, so werden Sie auf die Zukunft bestens vorbereitet sein. « Sunday Times »Meisterhaft aufgebaut, wunderbar erzählt [...] Mukherjee ist ein Genie darin, zutiefst menschliche Geschichten hinter abstrakten Ideen zu entdecken.« Andrew Solomon, Washington Post »Eine inspirierende und ungemein bewegende Lektüre.« San Francisco Chronicle

Genetics

Author: Philip Meneely
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198795360
Release Date: 2017-01-19
Genre: Science

Recent advances that allow scientists to quickly and accurately sequence a genome have revolutionized our view of the structure and function of genes as well as our understanding of evolution. A new era of genetics is underway, one that allows us to fully embrace Dobzhansky's famous statement that "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution". Genetics: Genes, Genomes, and Evolution presents the fundamental principles of genetics and molecular biology from an evolutionary perspective as informed by genome analysis. By using what has been learned from the analyses of bacterial and eukaryotic genomes as its basis, the book unites evolution, genomics, and genetics in one narrative approach. Genomic analysis is inherently both molecular and evolutionary, and every chapter is approached from this unified perspective. Similarly, genomic studies have provided a deeper appreciation of the profound relationships between all organisms - something reflected in the book's integrated discussion of bacterial and eukaryotic evolution, genetics and genomics. It is an approach that provides students with a uniquely flexible and contemporary view of genetics, genomics, and evolution. Online Resource Centre: - Video tutorials: a series of videos that provide deeper, step-by-step explanations of a range of topics featured in the text. - Flashcards: electronic flashcards covering the key terms from the text. For registered adopters of the text: - Digital image library: Includes electronic files in PowerPoint format of every illustration, photo, graph and table from the text - Lecture notes: Editable lecture notes in PowerPoint format for each chapter help make preparing lectures faster and easier than ever. Each chapter's presentation includes a succinct outline of key concepts, and incorporates the graphics from the chapter - Library of exam-style questions: a suite of questions from which you can pick potential assignments and exams. - Test bank of multiple-choice questions: a ready-made electronic testing resource that can be customized by lecturers and delivered via their institution's virtual learning environment. - Solutions to all questions featured in the book: solutions written by the authors help make the grading of homework assignments easier. - Journal Clubs: a series of questions that guide your students through the reading and interpretation of a research paper that relates to the subject matter of a given chapter. Each Journal club includes model answers for lecturers. - Instructor's guide: The instructor's guide discusses the educational approach taken by Genetics: Genes, Genomes, and Evolution in more detail, why this approach has been taken, what benefits it offers, and how it can be adopted in your class.

The Handbook of Plant Genome Mapping

Author: Khalid Meksem
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527604432
Release Date: 2006-03-06
Genre: Science

While the complete sequencing of the genomes of model organisms such as a multitude of bacteria and archaea, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the worm Caenorhabditis elegans, the fly Drosophila melanogaster, and the mouse and human genomes have received much public attention, the deciphering of plant genomeswas greatly lagging behind. Up to now, only two plant genomes, one of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and one of the crop species rice (Oryza sativa) have been sequenced, though a series of other crop genome sequencing projects are underway. Notwithstanding this public bias towards genomics of animals and humans, it is nevertheless of great importance for basic and applied sciences and industries in such diverse fields as agriculture, breeding in particular, evolutionary genetics, biotechnology, and food science to know the composition of crop plant genomes in detail. It is equally crucial for a deeper understanding of the molecular basis of biodiversity and synteny. The Handbook of Genome Mapping: Genetic and Physical Mapping is the first book on the market to cover these hot topics in considerable detail, and is set apart by its combination of genetic and physical mapping. Throughout, each chapter begins with an easy-to-read introduction, also making the book the first reference designed for non-specialists and newcomers, too. In addition to being an outstanding bench work reference, the book is an excellent textbook for learning and teaching genomics, in particular for courses on genome mapping. It also serves as an up-to-date guide for seasoned researchers involved in the genetic and physical mapping of genomes, especially plant genomes.

Genetic Analysis

Author: Philip Meneely
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199651818
Release Date: 2014-06-27
Genre: Medical

How do we know what role a particular gene has? How do some genes control the expression of others? How do genes interact to form gene networks? With its unique integration of genetics and molecular biology, Genetic Analysis probes fascinating questions such as these, detailing how our understanding of key genetic phenomena can be used to understand biological systems. Opening with a brief overview of key genetic principles, model organisms, and epigenetics, the book goes on to explorethe use of gene mutations and the analysis of gene expression and activity. A discussion of the genetic structure of natural populations follows, before the interaction of genes during suppression and epistasis, how we study gene networks, and personalized genomics are considered. Drawing on the latest experimental tools, including microarrays, RNAi screens, and bioinformatics approaches, Genetic Analysis provides a state-of-the-art review of the field, but in a truly student-friendly manner. It uses extended case studies and text boxes to augment the narrative, taking the reader right to the forefront of contemporary research, without losing clarity of explanation and insight. We are in an age where, despite knowing so much about biological systems, we are just beginning to realise how much more there is still to understand. Genetic Analysis is the ideal guide to how we can use the awesome power of molecular genetics to further our understanding. Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre to accompany Genetic Analysis features the following resources for teachers and students: For students: * Topical updates - key updates on topics or tools presented in the book, to keep you up-to-date with the latest developments in the field. * Additional case studies and text boxes to complement and add to those found in the book. * Practice problems, to test the reader's knowledge of the concepts presented, and help to master them. For registered adopters ofthe book: * Figures from the book in electronic format, ready to download. * Journal clubs - suggested papers and discussion questions linked to topics covered in the book.

From Genes to Genomes

Author: Jeremy W. Dale
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470683859
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Science

Rapid advances in a collection of techniques referred to as gene technology, genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology and gene cloning have pushed molecular biology to the forefront of the biological sciences.

Genomes of Plants and Animals

Author: J. Perry Gustafson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 030645372X
Release Date: 1996-06-30
Genre: Medical

This volume brings together the disciplines of plant and animal genome research, and serves as an opportunity for scientists from both fields to compare results, problems and prospects.

Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources

Author: Roberto Tuberosa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400775725
Release Date: 2013-11-08
Genre: Science

Our lives and well being intimately depend on the exploitation of the plant genetic resources available to our breeding programs. Therefore, more extensive exploration and effective exploitation of plant genetic resources are essential prerequisites for the release of improved cultivars. Accordingly, the remarkable progress in genomics approaches and more recently in sequencing and bioinformatics offers unprecedented opportunities for mining germplasm collections, mapping and cloning loci of interest, identifying novel alleles and deploying them for breeding purposes. This book collects 48 highly interdisciplinary articles describing how genomics improves our capacity to characterize and harness natural and artificially induced variation in order to boost crop productivity and provide consumers with high-quality food. This book will be an invaluable reference for all those interested in managing, mining and harnessing the genetic richness of plant genetic resources.

Student Solutions Manual and Supplemental Problems to Accompany Genetics Analysis of Genes and Genomes

Author: Daniel L. Hartl
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9781449644703
Release Date: 2011-10-13
Genre: Science

The Eighth Edition of Genetics: Analysis of Genes and Genomes provides a clear, balanced, and comprehensive introduction to genetics and genomics at the college level. Expanding upon the key elements that have made this text a success, Hartl has included updates throughout, as well as a new chapter dedicated to genetic evolution. He continues to treat transmission genetics, molecular genetics, and evolutionary genetics as fully integrated subjects and provide students with an unprecedented understanding of the basic process of gene transmission, mutation, expression, and regulation. New chapter openers include a new section highlighting scientific competencies, while end-of-chapter Guide to Problem-Solving sections demonstrate the concepts needed to efficiently solve problems and understand the reasoning behind the correct answer. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants Volume 2

Author: Aditya Pratap
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461495727
Release Date: 2014-02-03
Genre: Science

Genetic engineering and biotechnology along with conventional breeding have played an important role in developing superior cultivars by transferring economically important traits from distant, wild and even unrelated species to the cultivated varieties which otherwise could not have been possible with conventional breeding. There is a vast amount of literature pertaining to the genetic improvement of crops over last few decades. However, the wonderful results achieved by crop scientists in food legumes’ research and development over the years are scattered in different journals of the World. The two volumes in the series ‘Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants’ address this issue and offer a comprehensive reference on the developments made in major food crops of the world. These volumes aim at bringing the contributions from globally renowned scientists at one platform in a reader-friendly manner. The second volume entitled, “Alien Gene Transfer in Crop Plants: Achievements and Impact” will deal more with the practical aspects. This volume will cover achievements of alien gene transfer in major food crops of the world and their impact on development of newer genetic variability and additional avenues for selection; development of superior cultivars for increased yield, resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, improved nutritional and industrial quality; innovation of new techniques and positive as well as negative environmental implications. This volume has been divided into four groups with an aim to cover all major cereals, pulses, oilseeds and other crops (vegetable and horticultural crops) which are of economic importance.

Functional Genomics

Author: Chris Town
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402004567
Release Date: 2002-04-30
Genre: Computers

This volume provides an overview of the current state of plant genomics using a number of different approaches at a time when we celebrate the completion of the Arabidopsis genome sequence and begin the transition from structural to functional studies of this and other plant genomes. Topics covered include comparative genomics, computational approaches to gene identification and annotation and data management, high throughput methodologies for functional analysis at the levels of transcript, protein and metabolite, and methods for genome modification by both homologous and site-specific recombination. The book will provide a good introduction to some of the many aspects of genomics both for established plant biologists who wish to understand this rapidly developing area and for scientists early in their careers. It is also very suitable for a one-semester course in Plant Genomics at the upper-level undergraduate/graduate student level, where the individual chapters provide a framework that can be readily expanded by use of some of the many articles in the bibliographies.

Flow Cytometry with Plant Cells

Author: Jaroslav Dolezel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527610938
Release Date: 2007-06-27
Genre: Science

Targeted at beginners as well as experienced users, this handy reference explains the benefits and uses of flow cytometery in the study of plants and their genomes. Following a brief introduction that highlights general considerations when analyzing plant cells by flow cytometric methods, the book goes on to discuss examples of application in plant genetics, genomic analysis, cell cycle analysis, marine organism analysis and breeding studies. With its list of general reading and a glossary of terms, this first reference on FCM in plants fills a real gap by providing first-hand practical hints for the growing community of plant geneticists.

Plant Genome Analysis

Author: Peter M. Gresshoff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849382645
Release Date: 1994-06-02
Genre: Science

Plant Genome Analysis presents outstanding analyses of technologies, as well as explanations of molecular technology as it pertains to agriculture. Advances in genome analysis, including DNA amplification (DAF and RAPD) markers, RFLPs, and microsatellites are reviewed by accomplished scientists, many of whom are the developers of the technique. Articles by patent lawyers experienced in plant biotechnology present the legal viewpoint. Chapters focus on special elements of genome analysis, such as the: use of antisense technology investigation of telomeres production of plant YACs importance of cell cycle genes in plants. Other chapters focus on specialized topics of genome analysis. These include a description of antisense technology in the study of photosynthesis and a comprehensive review of the characterization and isolation of plant telomere, including their use in varietal discrimination. A detailed anaysis of cytoplasmic male sterility in the french bean that focuses on the mitochondrial genome is described. The book provides a chapter on the production of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) carrying soybean DNA. Genes of the cell cycle in plants and their importance in developmental processes are presented, as well as detailed chapters on the molecular mapping of trees (apples and pines), and nodulation-related genes in legumes. A comprehensive index and a complete glossary are included.