Social Movement De Radicalisation and the Decline of Terrorism

Author: Gordon Clubb
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317390756
Release Date: 2016-10-04
Genre: Political Science

By drawing on social movement theories, this book explains how terrorist movements decline, using the case of Irish Republicanism. The continuity of terrorism and political violence from generation to generation demonstrates the need to go beyond a focus on groups or individuals in order to explain how terrorism ends. The concept of de-radicalisation has been critiqued for its lack of explanatory value in accounting for disengagement from terrorism or how the risk of terrorism re-emerging is reduced. However, building on the morphogenetic approach, this book distinguishes between structure/culture and agency over time in order to analyse the causal influence between the two. Two processes are analysed: disengagement framing processes explain how actors change attitudes to violence and the book identifies which factors ensure frames resonate with audiences; and social movement de-radicalisation accounts for the outcomes of disengagement in initiating structural change which transforms the landscape the next generation finds itself in. The fundamental aim of the book is to provide theoretical and conceptual insights into how terrorism can not only come to an end, but can be prevented from emerging to be a significant threat again within a society. This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism and political violence, social movement theory, British and Irish Politics, war and conflict studies, security studies and IR in general.

The Troubles in Northern Ireland and theories of social movements

Author: Lorenzo Bosi
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9789048528639
Release Date: 2017-07-14
Genre: History

This volume seeks to move beyond structure and agency perspectives by suggesting that social movement theories are best suited to foster a perspective that entails 1) an actor-based approach to the Troubles; and 2) the contextualization of contentious politics, or how the contingent and ever-evolving political contexts/opportunities/threats shaped the trajectory of the Troubles. Recent social movement scholarship has proved to be particularly useful in situating the emergence, continuation, and demise of political violence within a larger context of multiple conflicts, in which radical contention is only one possible outcome. Social movement theories also avoid the essentialization of political groups as 'radical' or 'violent'; instead, they place all political actors participating to contention, from paramilitaries to state authorities, within their complex organizational fields, emphasizing their shifting strategies as they interact with each other and adapt to the political context.

The Politics of Constitutional Nationalism in Northern Ireland 1932 1970

Author: Christopher Norton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9781526112149
Release Date: 2016-05-16
Genre: Political Science

In the changed political landscape of Northern Ireland, where all major political parties with a nationalist agenda are now reconciled to the use of peaceful and constitutional means to achieve their objectives, this book presents a timely analysis of the constitutional nationalist tradition in Northern Ireland in the period leading up to the outbreak of the Troubles. The first book on constitutional nationalism to appear in over a decade, this new and incisive work based on extensive primary sources and existing secondary literature, maps the history of the campaigns of nationalist parties and organisations to redress the grievances of Northern Ireland's Catholics and bring partition to an end. It offers a critical reappraisal of these campaigns and it assesses the outcomes and consequences of the political strategies pursued by an array of nationalist parties and groups.

Globalization Police Reform and Development

Author: G. Ellison
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137284808
Release Date: 2012-09-28
Genre: Social Science

This volume presents a unique examination of Western-led police reform efforts by theoretically linking neoliberal globalization, police reform and development. The authors present seven country case studies based on this theoretical and conceptual approach and assess the prospects for successful police reform in a global context.

1968 in Europe

Author: Martin Klimke
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 0230606199
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

A#xA0;concise reference for researchers on the protest movements of the 1960s and 1970s, this book covers the history of the various national protest movements, the transnational aspects of these movements, and the common narratives and cultures of memory surrounding them. #xA0;

Northern Ireland s 68

Author: Simon Prince
Publisher: Merrion Press
ISBN: 9781788550383
Release Date: 2018-08-21
Genre: History

The Troubles may have developed into a sectarian conflict, but the violence was sparked by a small band of leftists who wanted Derry in October 1968 to be a repeat of Paris in May 1968. Like their French comrades, Northern Ireland's 'sixty-eighters' had assumed that street fighting would lead to political struggle. The struggle that followed, however, was between communities rather than classes. In the divided society of Northern Ireland, the interaction of the global and the local that was the hallmark of 1968 had tragic consequences. Drawing on a wealth of new sources and scholarship, Simon Prince's timely new edition offers a fresh and compelling interpretation of the civil rights movement of 1968 and the origins of the Troubles. The authoritative and enthralling narrative weaves together accounts of high politics and grassroots protests, mass movements and individuals, and international trends and historic divisions, to show how events in Northern Ireland and around the world were interlinked during 1968.

Armed Struggle

Author: Richard English
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195177533
Release Date: 2004-12-09
Genre: History

The IRA has been a much richer, more complexly layered, and more protean organization than is frequently recognized. It is also more open to balanced examination now--at the end of its long war in the north of Ireland--than it was even a few years ago. Richard English's brilliant book offers a detailed history of the IRA, providing invaluable historical depth to our understanding of the modern-day Provisionals, the more militant wing formed in 1969 dedicated to the removal of the British Government from Northern Ireland and the reunification of Ireland. English examines the dramatic events of the Easter Rising in 1916 and the bitter guerrilla war of 1919-21, the partitioning of Ireland in the 1920s, and the Irish Civil War of 1922-23. Here, too, are the IRA campaigns in Northern Ireland and Britain from the 1930s through the 1960s. He shows how the Provisionals were born out of the turbulence generated by the 1960s civil rights movement, and examines the escalating violence that introduced British troops to the streets of Northern Ireland. He also examines the split in the IRA that produced the Provisionals, the introduction of internment in 1971, and the tragedy of Bloody Sunday in 1972. He then discusses the struggle over political status, culminating in the Hunger Strikes of the early 1980s and describes the Provisionals' emergence as a more committed political force throughout that decade, a politicization that made possible the peace process that has developed over the last decade. English offers a dazzling synthesis of the motives, actions and consequences of the IRA. Neither romanticizing the IRA nor condemning them outright, this is a balanced, definitive treatment of one of the world's leading revolutionary movements.

Northern Ireland

Author: Michael Owen Shannon
Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated
ISBN: STANFORD:36105000064910
Release Date: 1991
Genre: History

Social movements and Ireland

Author: Linda Connolly
Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr
ISBN: 0719072433
Release Date: 2006-01
Genre: History

Social movements and Ireland is an innovative new text which aims to provide a comprehensive introduction and critical analysis of collective action in Irish society. Participation in social protest in Ireland has become a widely utilized form of political expression and has played a profoundly important role in generating the wide-ranging cultural, political, social and economic changes which have shaped Irish society in the twentieth and twenty-first century. The book combines a broad overview of social movement activity in Ireland with an integrated introduction to the major theoretical forms of social movement analysis, and is ideally suited to the needs of students from a wide range of disciplines. By adopting an integrated approach, this landmark text provides new perspectives on international social movements theory, based on the Irish experience. At the same time, a distinct account of the development of Irish society and ongoing social change is provided through the focus on substantive questions - gender, civil rights, rural development, consumerism, environmentalism, language, sectarianism, sexuality, war, globalization, racism, ethnicity and immigration.

Violence in Ulster

Author: Wh H Van Voris
ISBN: UOM:39015010724147
Release Date: 1975
Genre: History

Collects descriptions of the political and social crises in Northern Ireland from 1968 to 1972 by participants holding often opposing views

The failure of the Northern Ireland peace process

Author: Gary Peatling
Publisher: Irish Academic Pr
ISBN: 0716533367
Release Date: 2004
Genre: History

This book is a surprisingly broad study of the Northern Ireland conflict and peace process, with an unusual and contentious hypothesis, though one ultimately likely to prove useful even to those who disagree with it. The book is influenced by a sense of the interlacing nature of political groups and dynamics in Northern Ireland which evinces understanding of (though not empathy with) even mutually exclusive positions in a way few writers on the Northern question draw out. This sense that even groups often portrayed as intransigent find a constituency in Northern Ireland based upon the lived experience of groups and communities is underpinned by the book's view of identity and its consequences.