Author: Carl Johansen
Release Date: 2013-12-20
A handbook designed for use by beekeepers, growers, pesticide applicators, county agents, ag consultants, environmentalists, and research scientists and teachers. The book outlines methods of protecting pollinating bee species to ensure adequate crop pollination. Chapters include: History of Bee Poisoning, Bees and their Relatives, Bee Poisoning Symptoms and Signs, Types of Pesticides, Herbicides, Types of Insecticides, Pesticides Used by Beekeepers, Factors Contributing to Bee Poisoning, Mortality Factors Confused with Poisoning, Food Contamination, Other Contaminant Effects, The Science of Bee Poisoning, Legislation/Regulation, Miscellaneous Poisoning Problems, Reducing Pollinator Damage and Death. There are five Appendixes: Sequential Testing for Bee Hazard, Toxicity of Insecticides and Miticides, Toxicity of Herbicides, Blossom and Fruit Thinners, Desiccants and Plant Growth Regulators to Honey Bees, Toxicity of Fungicides to Honey Bees and Specific Bee Poisoning Data for Insecticides and Miticides.
Author: Keith S. Delaplane
Release Date: 2000-06-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The collapse of the ubiquitous honeybee population during the past 20 years has caused a pollination vacuum for many crops. Surveys and grower experience indicate that a crisis exists in our pollinator populations. This book is an accessible, practical and authoritative research-based guideto using bees for crop pollination. It emphasizes conserving feral bee populations as well as more traditional methods of culturing honeybees and other bees. There are three main sections that address the biology of pollination, culturing and managing bees for optimum crop pollination, andindividual crop pollination requirements and recommendations. This last section includes 42 short chapters on different crops.
Author: David Fischer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-04-29
Pollinators play a vital role in ecosystem health and areessential to ensuring food security. With declines in both managedand wild pollinator populations in recent years, scientists andregulators have sought answers to this problem and have exploredimplementing steps to protect pollinator populations now and forthe future. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinatorsfocuses on the role pesticides play in impacting bee populationsand looks to develop a risk assessment process, along with the datato inform that process, to better assess the potential risks thatcan accompany the use of pesticide products. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators opens with twochapters that provide a biological background of both Apisand non-Apis species of pollinators. Chapters then presentan overview of the general regulatory risk assessment process anddecision-making processes. The book then discusses the coreelements of a risk assessment, including exposure estimation,laboratory testing, and field testing. The book concludeswith chapters on statistical and modeling tools, and proposedadditional research that may be useful in developing the ability toassess the impacts of pesticide use on pollinator populations. Summarizing the current state of the science surrounding riskassessment for Apis and non-Apis species,Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators is a timely workthat will be of great use to the environmental science andagricultural research communities. Assesses pesticide risk to native and managed pollinators Summarizes the state of the science in toxicity testing andrisk assessment Provides valuable biological overviews of both Apis andnon-Apis pollinators Develops a plausible overall risk assessment framework forregulatory decision making Looks towards a globally harmonized approach for pollinatortoxicity and risk assessment
This bulletin, based on contributions from various contributors and edited by Dr. D.W. Roubik, introduces the reader to various aspects of natural and insect pollination. It discusses the pollinators themselves, and the ecological and economic importance of pollination, as well as applied pollination in temperate, tropical oceanic islands and mainland tropics, and alternatives to artificial pollinator populations. Prospects for the future are also discussed. Chapter 2 deals with successful pollination with pollinator populations, the evaluation of pollinators and floral biology and research techniques. The behaviour of pollinators and plant phenology and various case studies on the preparation of pollinators for use in tropical agriculture are also discussed. A glossary and various appendices regarding cultivated and semi-cultivated plants in the tropics, pollination contracts and levels of safety of pesticides for bees and other pollinators are included.
Author: The Xerces Society
Publisher: Storey Publishing
Release Date: 2011-02-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering
With the recent decline of the European honey bee, it is more important than ever to encourage the activity of other native pollinators to keep your flowers beautiful and your grains and produce plentiful. In Attracting Native Pollinators, you’ll find ideas for building nesting structures and creating a welcoming habitat for an array of diverse pollinators that includes not only bees, but butterflies, moths, and more. Take action and protect North America’s food supply for the future, while at the same time enjoying a happily bustling landscape.
Enjoy the sweet rewards of keeping your own honey bees. Learn how to plan a hive, acquire bees, install a colony, keep your bees healthy, and harvest honey. Full of practical advice on apiary equipment and tools, this comprehensive guide also includes an overview of colony life and honey bee anatomy.
Author: Pat Willmer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2011-07-05
Pollination and Floral Ecology is the most comprehensive single-volume reference to all aspects of pollination biology--and the first fully up-to-date resource of its kind to appear in decades. This beautifully illustrated book describes how flowers use colors, shapes, and scents to advertise themselves; how they offer pollen and nectar as rewards; and how they share complex interactions with beetles, birds, bats, bees, and other creatures. The ecology of these interactions is covered in depth, including the timing and patterning of flowering, competition among flowering plants to attract certain visitors and deter others, and the many ways plants and animals can cheat each other. Pollination and Floral Ecology pays special attention to the prevalence of specialization and generalization in animal-flower interactions, and examines how a lack of distinction between casual visitors and true pollinators can produce misleading conclusions about flower evolution and animal-flower mutualism. This one-of-a-kind reference also gives insights into the vital pollination services that animals provide to crops and native flora, and sets these issues in the context of today's global pollination crisis. Provides the most up-to-date resource on pollination and floral ecology Describes flower advertising features and rewards, foraging and learning by flower-visiting animals, behaviors of generalist and specialist pollinators--and more Examines the ecology and evolution of animal-flower interactions, from the molecular to macroevolutionary scale Features hundreds of color and black-and-white illustrations
This volume provides basic information about managing wild bees and on the use of their products. It identifies and describes major bee species and their importance for nature conservation and for sustaining livelihoods of rural people. Bee products are considered at both subsistence and commercial level, and particular attention is given to the potential for further development of managing wild bee species in developing countries. The role of bees for pollination of crops and the impact of managing bees on forestry and farming are presented. Wild-bee keeping techniques, honey production and marketing, and the international trade in bee products are described with further references and sources of additional information given. Using this publication, readers will better understand the complexities and opportunities for developing apiculture by rural livelihoods.