Polymer Adhesion Friction and Lubrication

Author: Hongbo Zeng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118505137
Release Date: 2013-02-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Specifically dedicated to polymer and biopolymer systems, Polymer Adhesion, Friction, and Lubrication guides readers to the scratch, wear, and lubrication properties of polymers and the engineering applications, from biomedical research to automotive engineering. Author Hongbo Zeng details different experimental and theoretical methods used to probe static and dynamic properties of polymer materials and biomacromolecular systems. Topics include the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to analyze nanotribology, polymer thin films and brushes, nanoparticles, rubber and tire technology, synovial joint lubrication, adhesion in paper products, bioMEMS, and electrorheological fluids.

Advances in Polymer Friction and Wear

Author: Lieng-Huang Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461399421
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Polymers and polymer composites have been increasinqly used in place of metals for various industries; namely, aerospace, automotive, bio-medical, computer, electrophotography, fiber, and rubber tire. Thus, an understanding of the interactions between polymers and between a polymer and a rigid counterface can enhance the applications of polymers under various environments. In meet ing this need, polymer tribology has evolved to deal with friction, lubrication and wear of polymeric materials and to answer some of the problems related to polymer-polymer interactions or oolymer rigid body interactions. The purpose of this first International Symposium was to introduce advances in studies of polymer friction and wear, especially in Britain and the U.S.S.R. Most earlier studies of the Fifties were stimulated by the growth of rubber tire industries. Continuous research through the Sixties has broadened the base to include other polymers such as nylon, polyolefins, and poly tetra fluoroethylene, or PTFE. However, much of this work was published in engineering or physics journals and rarely in chemistry journals; presumably, the latter have always considered the work to be too applied or too irrelevant. Not until recent years have chemists started to discover words such as tribo-chemistry or mechano chemistry and gradually become aware of an indispensable role in this field of polymer tribology. Thus, we were hoping to bring the technology up to date during this SympOSium, especially to the majority of participants, polymer chemists by training.

Friction and Wear in Polymer Based Materials

Author: V. A. Bely
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483152059
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Friction and Wear in Polymer-Based Materials discusses friction and wear problems in polymer-based materials. The book is organized into three parts. The chapters in Part I cover the basic laws of friction and wear in polymer-based materials. Topics covered include frictional interaction during metal-polymer contact and the influence of operating conditions on wear in polymers. The chapters in Part II discuss the structure and frictional properties of polymer-based materials; the mechanism of frictional transfer when a polymer comes into contact with polymers, metals, and other materials; and controlling the frictional properties of polymer materials. Part III is devoted to applications of polymer-based materials in friction assemblies. It covers composite self-lubricating materials and polymer materials for complexly loaded main friction assemblies. This work may prove useful to specialists interested in the problems of using polymer materials. It also aims to stimulate deeper research into the field of friction and wear in polymer-based materials.

Lubricating Polymer Surfaces

Author: Yoshikimi Uyama
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1566760135
Release Date: 1998-04-30
Genre: Technology & Engineering

FROM THE PREFACE The surface modification of polymeric materials has been the object of a large number of investigations, but little attention has been paid to making a polymer surface frictionless or slippery, and lubricating surfaces are practically unmentioned in any books so far published, probably because of the relatively minor importance of polymer friction in industrial applications. A lubricating polymer surface is important, especially in marine and biomedical technologies. For instance, biomaterials to be used for catheterization on the urinary, tracheal, and cardiovascular tracts, or for endoscopy, should have a surface with good handling characteristics when dry and which preferably becomes slippery upon contact with body liquids. Such a low-friction surface must enable easy insertion and removal of the device from a patient. It would further prevent mechanical injury to the mucous membranes and minimize discomfort to the patient. Earlier approaches to providing a low-friction surface were mostly simple applications involving lubricants such as lidocaine jelly, silicone oil, or non-permanent coating with low-friction materials such as polyethylene or fluoroplastics. However, these substances cannot maintain a high degree of slipperiness for the required duration of time, due to the fact that they leach or disperse into the surrounding body fluids. The aim of this book is to describe the principle of lubrication, to outline a variety of methods for attaining a lubricous surface, and to describe the characteristics and properties of such lubricous surfaces. The technology for surface modification of polymers by grafting will find other applications than for lubrication, such as for improvement of the interfacial adhesion in polymer composites.

Fundamentals of Friction

Author: I.L. Singer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401128117
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

Fundamentals of Friction, unlike many books on tribology, is devoted to one specific topic: friction. After introductory chapters on scientific and engineering perspectives, the next section contains the necessary background within the areas of contact mechanics, surfaces and adhesion. Then on to fracture, deformation and interface shear, from the macroscopic behavior of materials in frictional contact to microscopic models of uniform and granular interfaces. Lubrication by solids, liquids and gases is presented next, from classical flow properties to the reorganization of monolayers of molecules under normal and shear stresses. A section on new approaches at the nano- and atomic scales covers the physics and chemistry of interfaces, an array of visually exciting simulations, using molecular dynamics, of solids and liquids in sliding contact, and related AFM/STM studies. Following a section on machines and measurements, the final chapter discusses future issues in friction.

Progress in Adhesion and Adhesives

Author: K. L. Mittal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119407478
Release Date: 2017-06-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

With the ever-increasing amount of research being published it is a Herculean task to be fully conversant with the latest research developments in any field, and the arena of adhesion and adhesives is no exception. Thus, topical review articles provide an alternate and very efficient way to stay abreast of the state-of-the-art in may subjects representing the field of adhesion science and adheisves. Based on the success and the warm reception accorded to the premier volume in this series “Progress in Adhesion and Adhesives” (containing the review articles published in Volume 2 (2014) of the journal Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives (RAA)), volume 2 comprises 14 review articles published in Volume 4 (2016) of RAA. The subjects of these 14 reviews fall into the following general areas: 1. Surface modification of polymers for a variety of purposes. 2. Adhesion aspects in reinforced composites 3. Thin films/coatings and their adhesion measurement 4. Bioadhesion and bio-implants 5. Adhesives and adhesive joints 6. General adhesion aspects The topics covered include: surface modification of natural fibers for reinforced polymer composites; adhesion of submicrometer thin metals films; surface treatments to modulate bioadhesion; hot-melt adhesives from renewable resources; particulate-polymer composites; functionally graded adhesively bonded joints; fabrication of nano-biodevices; effects of particulates on contact angles , thermal stresses in adhesively bonded joints and ways to mitigate these; laser-assisted electroless metallization of polymer materials; adhesion measurement of coatings on biodevices/implants; cyanoacrylate adhesives; and adhesion of green flame retardant coatings onto polyolefins.

Wear of Polymers and Composites

Author: Ahmed Abdelbary
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781782421788
Release Date: 2015-01-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In the field of tribology, the wear behaviour of polymers and composite materials is considered a highly non-linear phenomenon. Wear of Polymers and Composites introduces fundamentals of polymers and composites tribology. The book suggests a new approach to explore the effect of applied load and surface defects on the fatigue wear behaviour of polymers, using a new tribometer and thorough experiments. It discusses effects of surface cracks, under different static and cyclic loading parameters on wear, and presents an intelligent algorithm, in the form of a neural network, to map the relationship between wear rate and relevant factors. Using the aforementioned method leads to more accurate and cost effective prediction of surface fatigue wear rates, under different service conditions. The first three chapters of the book introduce polymers and composite materials tribology, followed by three chapters that cover testing in wear, applied load and contact pressure and surface defects. The remaining chapter moves on to predicting wear of polymers, and concludes by discussing questions and problems. Prepares senior undergraduates as well as postgraduate students Focuses on the factors influencing wear of polymers and composites Contains detailed design of Tribometer, wear test procedures and detailed dataset of more than 50 experimental wear tests Introduces an artificial neural network approach as one of the recently developed wear prediction models.

Friction Wear Lubrication

Author: Kenneth C Ludema
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780429815904
Release Date: 2018-09-14
Genre: Science

The second edition of a bestseller, this book introduces tribology in a way that builds students’ knowledge and understanding. It includes expanded information on topics such as surface characterization as well as recent advances in the field. The book provides additional descriptions of common testing methods, including diagrams and surface texturing for enhanced lubrication, and more information on rolling element bearings. It also explores surface profile characterization and elastic plastic contact mechanics including wavy surface contact, rough surface contact models, friction and wear plowing models, and thermodynamic analysis of friction.

Solid Lubrication Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Kazuhisa Miyoshi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420027069
Release Date: 2001-10-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Solid Lubrication Fundamentals and Applications description of the adhesion, friction, abrasion, and wear behavior of solid film lubricants and related tribological materials, including diamond and diamond-like solid films. The book details the properties of solid surfaces, clean surfaces, and contaminated surfaces as well as discussing the structures and mechanical properties of natural and synthetic diamonds; chemical-vapor-deposited diamond film; surface design and engineering toward wear-resistant, self-lubricating diamond films and coatings. The author provides selection and design criteria as well as applications for synthetic and natural coatings in the commercial, industrial and aerospace industries..

Mechanics and Chemistry in Lubrication

Author: A. Dorinson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080875734
Release Date: 1985-08-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Although it is widely recognized that friction, wear and lubrication are linked together in a single interdisciplinary complex of scientific learning and technological practice, fragmented and specialized approaches still predominate. In this book, the authors examine lubrication from an interdisciplinary viewpoint. They demonstrate that once the treatment of lubrication is released from the confines of the fluid film concept, this interdisciplinary approach comes into full play. Tribological behavior in relation to lubrication is then examined from two major points of view: one is mechanical, not only with respect to the properties and behavior of the lubricant but also of the surfaces being lubricated. The other is chemical and encompasses the chemistry of the lubricant, the surfaces and the ambient surroundings. It is in the emphasis on the interaction of the basic mechanical and chemical processes in lubrication that this book differs from conventional treatments.

Polymer Tribology

Author: Sujeet K Sinha
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9781908978868
Release Date: 2009-03-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book deals with the new and now-expanding field of friction, wear, and other surface-related mechanical phenomena for polymers. Polymers have been used in various forms such as bulk, films, and composites in applications where their friction, wear resistance, and other surface-related properties have been effectively utilized. There are also many examples in which polymers have performed extremely well, such as in tyres, shoes, brakes, gears, bearings, small moving parts in electronics and MEMS, cosmetics/hair products, and artificial human joints. Around the world, much research is currently being undertaken to develop new polymers, in different forms, for further enhancing tribological performance and for finding novel applications. Keeping in view the importance of tribology of polymers for research and technology as well as the vast literature that is now available in research papers and review articles, this timely book brings together a wealth of research data for an understanding of the basic principles of the subject. Contents: Bulk Polymers:Adhesion and Friction of PolymersTribophysical Interpretation of Polymer Sliding MechanismsScaling Effects in Tribotesting of PolymersBiopolymer TribologyReinforced Polymers:Wear of Polytetrafluoroethylene and PTFE CompositesMechanical and Tribological Behaviour of Polymers Filled with Inorganic Particulate FillersThe Sliding Wear of Polypropylene and Its BlendsBrake Friction MaterialsPolymer Films:Mechanical Properties of Thin Polymer Films Within ContactsAFM Testing of Polymeric Resist Films for Nanoimprint Lithographyand other papers Readership: Engineering professionals working on polymers for designing bearing materials; managers and researchers in materials laboratories; graduate students in the area of materials/tribology. Keywords:Polymer;Tribology;Wear;Friction;ScratchingKey Features:Covers, for the first time, all areas of polymer tribology (bulk, films, composites, and applications) in one comprehensive bookDescribes new applications for polymers, such as in microscale and nanoscale machines where surface properties or tribology play a crucial role in the durability and performance of the machineCompiles various works in this area into one volume, and includes opinions or contributions from some of the world's leading authorities in this fieldReviews:“This book brings together a vast wealth of research data and a fundamental understanding of the basic principles in this important research area. Those working in the field of polymer tribology will find it helpful in learning about the most recent developments. Those new to the area will find its many chapters on the fundamentals of polymer tribology very instructive.”IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine

The Friction and Lubrication of Solids

Author: Frank Philip Bowden
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198507771
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This classic work, orginally published in 1950 and revised by David Tabor in 1986, was a landmark in the development of the subject of tribiology.

Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Author: Jacob N. Israelachvili
Publisher:
ISBN: 0123751802
Release Date: 1985-01-01
Genre: Intermolecular forces

This book describes intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of systems such as gases, liquids and solids and of colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The text includes developments on surface-force measurements, solvation and structural forces, hydration and hydrophobic forces, and ion-correlation forces.