Classification of Higher Dimensional Algebraic Varieties

Author: Christopher D. Hacon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783034602907
Release Date: 2011-02-02
Genre: Mathematics

Higher Dimensional Algebraic Geometry presents recent advances in the classification of complex projective varieties. Recent results in the minimal model program are discussed, and an introduction to the theory of moduli spaces is presented.

Affine Algebraic Geometry

Author: Kayo Masuda
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814436700
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Mathematics

The present volume grew out of an international conference on affine algebraic geometry held in Osaka, Japan during 3-6 March 2011 and is dedicated to Professor Masayoshi Miyanishi on the occasion of his 70th birthday. It contains 16 refereed articles in the areas of affine algebraic geometry, commutative algebra and related fields, which have been the working fields of Professor Miyanishi for almost 50 years. Readers will be able to find recent trends in these areas too. The topics contain both algebraic and analytic, as well as both affine and projective, problems. All the results treated in this volume are new and original which subsequently will provide fresh research problems to explore. This volume is suitable for graduate students and researchers in these areas.

A Celebration of Algebraic Geometry

Author: Brendan Hassett
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821889831
Release Date: 2013-09-11
Genre: Mathematics

This volume resulted from the conference A Celebration of Algebraic Geometry, which was held at Harvard University from August 25-28, 2011, in honor of Joe Harris' 60th birthday. Harris is famous around the world for his lively textbooks and enthusiastic teaching, as well as for his seminal research contributions. The articles are written in this spirit: clear, original, engaging, enlivened by examples, and accessible to young mathematicians. The articles in this volume focus on the moduli space of curves and more general varieties, commutative algebra, invariant theory, enumerative geometry both classical and modern, rationally connected and Fano varieties, Hodge theory and abelian varieties, and Calabi-Yau and hyperkähler manifolds. Taken together, they present a comprehensive view of the long frontier of current knowledge in algebraic geometry. Titles in this series are co-published with the Clay Mathematics Institute (Cambridge, MA).

Vorlesungen ber Algebraische Geometrie

Author: Dr. Francesco Severi
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783663157731
Release Date: 2013-11-21
Genre: Mathematics

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Bernhard Riemann 1826 1866

Author: Detlef Laugwitz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783034889834
Release Date: 2013-03-11
Genre: Mathematics

Das Riemannsche Integral lernen schon die Schüler kennen, die Theorien der reellen und der komplexen Funktionen bauen auf wichtigen Begriffsbildungen und Sätzen Riemanns auf, die Riemannsche Geometrie ist für Einsteins Gravitationstheorie und ihre Erweiterungen unentbehrlich, und in der Zahlentheorie ist die berühmte Riemannsche Vermutung noch immer offen. Riemann und sein um fünf Jahre jüngerer Freund Richard Dedekind sahen sich als Schüler von Gauss und Dirichlet. Um die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts leiteten sie den Übergang zur "modernen Mathematik" ein, der eine in Analysis und Geometrie, der andere in der Algebra mit der Hinwendung zu Mengen und Strukturen. Dieses Buch ist der erste Versuch, Riemanns wissenschaftliches Werk unter einem einheitlichen Gesichtspunkt zusammenzufassend darzustellen. Riemann gilt als einer der Philosophen unter den Mathematikern. Er stellte das Denken in Begriffen neben die zuvor vorherrschende algorithmische Auffassung von der Mathematik, welche die Gegenstände der Untersuchung, in Formeln und Figuren, in Termumformungen und regelhaften Konstruktionen als die allein legitimen Methoden sah. David Hilbert hat als Riemanns Grundsatz herausgestellt, die Beweise nicht durch Rechnung, sondern lediglich durch Gedanken zu zwingen. Hermann Weyl sah als das Prinzip Riemanns in Mathematik und Physik, "die Welt als das erkenntnistheoretische Motiv..., die Welt aus ihrem Verhalten im un- endlich kleinen zu verstehen."

The Geometry of Moduli Spaces of Sheaves

Author: Daniel Huybrechts
Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag
ISBN: 3663116255
Release Date: 2013-11-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the theory of semistable sheaves and at the same time to provide a survey of recent research results on the geometry of moduli spaces. The first part introduces the basic concepts in the theory: Hilbert polynomial, slope, stability, Harder-Narasimhan filtration, Grothendieck's Quot-scheme. It presents detailed proofs of the Grauert-Mülich Theorem, the Bogomolov Inequality, the semistability of tensor products, and the boundedness of the family of semistable sheaves. It also gives a self-contained account of the construction of moduli spaces of semistable sheaves on a projective variety à la Gieseker, Maruyama, and Simpson. The second part presents some of the recent results of the geometry of moduli spaces of sheaves on an algebraic surface, following work of Mukai, O'Grady, Gieseker, Li and many others. In particular, moduli spaces of sheaves on K3 surfaces and determinant line bundles on the moduli spaces are treated in some detail. Other topics include the Serre correspondence, restriction of stable bundles to curves, symplectic structures, irreducibility and Kodaira-dimension of moduli spaces.

Regular Solids and Isolated Singularities

Author: Klaus Lamotke
Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag
ISBN: 352808958X
Release Date: 1986-01-01
Genre: Mathematics

The last book XIII of Euclid's Elements deals with the regular solids which therefore are sometimes considered as crown of classical geometry. More than two thousand years later around 1850 Schl~fli extended the classification of regular solids to four and more dimensions. A few decades later, thanks to the invention of group and invariant theory the old three dimensional regular solid were involved in the development of new mathematical ideas: F. Klein (Lectures on the Icosa hedron and the Resolution of Equations of Degree Five, 1884) emphasized the relation of the regular solids to the finite rotation groups. He introduced complex coordinates and by means of invariant theory associated polynomial equations with these groups. These equations in turn describe isolated singularities of complex surfaces. The structure of the singularities is investigated by methods of commutative algebra, algebraic and complex analytic geometry, differential and algebraic topology. A paper by DuVal from 1934 (see the References), in which resolutions play an important rele, marked an early stage of these investigations. Around 1970 Klein's polynomials were again related to new mathematical ideas: V. I. Arnold established a hierarchy of critical points of functions in several variables according to growing com plexity. In this hierarchy Kleinls polynomials describe the "simple" critical points.

Analysis II

Author: Herbert Amann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764371050
Release Date: 2008-11-18
Genre: Mathematics

Der zweite Band dieser Einführung in die Analysis behandelt die Integrationstheorie von Funktionen einer Variablen, die mehrdimensionale Differentialrechnung und die Theorie der Kurven und Kurvenintegrale. Der im ersten Band begonnene moderne und klare Aufbau wird konsequent fortgesetzt. Dadurch wird ein tragfähiges Fundament geschaffen, das es erlaubt, interessante Anwendungen zu behandeln, die zum Teil weit über den in der üblichen Lehrbuchliteratur behandelten Stoff hinausgehen. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben von unterschiedlichem Schwierigkeitsgrad und viele informative Abbildungen runden dieses Lehrbuch ab.

Liebe und Mathematik

Author: Edward Frenkel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662434215
Release Date: 2014-11-17
Genre: Mathematics