Preventing Biological Warfare

Author: M. Dando
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781403907196
Release Date: 2002-05-10
Genre: Political Science

The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention entirely prohibits biological warfare, but it has no effective verification mechanism to ensure that the 140-plus States Parties are living up to their obligations. From 1995-2001 the States Parties attempted to negotiate a Protocol to the Convention to remedy this deficiency. On 25 July 2001 the United States entirely rejected the final text which would probably have been acceptable to most other states. The book investigates how this disaster came about, and the potential consequences of the failure of American leadership.

The Biological Weapons Convention

Author: Jez Littlewood
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company
ISBN: 0754638545
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Political Science

Littlewood (U. of Southampton) follows the negotiations on the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Protocol from their origins in 1975 to the completion of the Fifth Review Conference in 2002. He analyzes all the major issues and outlines the positions of the key states. Littlewood contends that the BWC has two types of states parties: minimalists,

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Author: William Dudley
Publisher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated
ISBN: 0737719230
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction

Presents a collection of cartoons and caricatures, accompanied by background and analysis, about the subject of weapons of mass destruction.

Bioterror and biowarfare

Author: Malcolm Dando
Publisher: Oneworld Pubns Ltd
ISBN: 1851684476
Release Date: 2006-06-30
Genre: History

An introduction to the past, present, and future of bio-warfare by an international security expert draws on a wealth of research to offer insight into such topics as Saddam Hussein's biological weapons program, the potential consequences of large-scale chemical and biological warfare, and the risks posed by terrorists. Original.

Hidden Atrocities

Author: Jeanne Guillemin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231544986
Release Date: 2017-09-26
Genre: History

In the aftermath of World War II, the Allied intent to bring Axis crimes to light led to both the Nuremberg trial and its counterpart in Tokyo, the International Military Tribunal of the Far East. Yet the Tokyo trial failed to prosecute Imperial Japanese leaders for the very worst of war crimes: inhumane medical experimentation, including vivisection and open-air pathogen and chemical tests, which rivaled Nazi atrocities, as well as mass attacks using plague, anthrax, and cholera that killed thousands of Chinese civilians. In Hidden Atrocities, Jeanne Guillemin goes behind the scenes at the trial to reveal the American obstruction that denied Japan's victims justice. Responsibility for Japan's secret germ warfare program, organized as Unit 731 in Harbin, China, extended to top government leaders and many respected scientists, all of whom escaped indictment. Instead, motivated by early Cold War tensions, U.S. military intelligence in Tokyo insinuated itself into the Tokyo trial by blocking prosecution access to key witnesses and then classifying incriminating documents. Washington decision makers, supported by the American occupation leader General Douglas MacArthur, sought to acquire Japan's biological warfare expertise to gain an advantage over the Soviet Union, suspected of developing both biological and nuclear weapons. Ultimately, U.S. national security goals left the victims of Unit 731 without vindication. Decades later, evidence of the Unit 731 atrocities still troubles relations between China and Japan. Guillemin's vivid account of the cover-up at the Tokyo trial shows how without guarantees of transparency, power politics can jeopardize international justice, with persistent consequences.

Biological Weapons

Author: Jeanne Guillemin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231509176
Release Date: 2005-02-05
Genre: Political Science

Until the events of September 11 and the anthrax attacks of 2001, biological weapons had never been a major public concern in the United States. Today, the possibility of their use by terrorists against Western states looms large as an international security concern. In Biological Weapons, Jeanne Guillemin provides a highly accessible and compelling account of the circumstances under which scientists, soldiers, and statesmen were able to mobilize resources for extensive biological weapons programs and also analyzes why such weapons, targeted against civilians, were never used in a major conflict. This book is essential for understanding the relevance of the historical restraints placed on the use of biological weapons for today's world. It serves as an excellent introduction to the problems biological weapons pose for contemporary policymakers and public officials, particularly in the United States. How can we best deter the use of such weapons? What are the resulting policies of the Department of Homeland Security? How can we constrain proliferation? Jeanne Guillemin wisely points out that these are vitally important questions for all Americans to consider and investigate -- all the more so because the development of these weapons has been carried out under a veil of secrecy, with their frightening potential open to exploitation by the media and government. Public awareness through education can help calm fears in today's tension-filled climate and promote constructive political action to reduce the risks of a biological weapons catastrophe. Biological Weapons is required reading for every concerned citizen, government policymaker, public health official, and national security analyst who wants to understand this complex and timely issue.

Warfare Welfare

Author:
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 9781597975704
Release Date: 2012-04-01
Genre: Business & Economics

This edited volume reveals how a permanent war economy has made the United States unable to spread democracy abroad and has worsened domestic problems. The editors draw from classical readings in political theory, from primary documents (including key court decisions), and from social science research to analyze such issues as the effect of militarization and combativeness on the everyday lives of Americans. The editors also address the dire connection among banking losses, the housing recession, the welfare/national security state, and the challenge of rebuilding AmericaÆs infrastructure.

Negotiated Risks

Author: Rudolf Avenhaus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540929932
Release Date: 2009-04-28
Genre: Political Science

The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) has had risk as a research topic on its agenda right from its inception in 1972. Risk has played a - jor role in the Energy Program, with research being carried out both in-house and in cooperationwith other internationalinstitutions like the InternationalAtomic - ergy Agency (IAEA) and national research centers. Research areas were primarily the evaluationof all possible risks within one categoryof energysupply like nuclear ?ssion or fusion or fossil fuels and, even more important,the comparisonof risks of different energy-supplystrategies. Later on an independent program was started which still exists today under the name Risk and Vulnerability. There is a large amount of literature on risks to which IIASA’s research programs have contributed signi?cantly over the years, and there is, of course, an abundance of published work on international negotiations, part of which is a result of the work of the Processes of International Negotiation (PIN) Program. There are, however, so far no studies on the combination of these two strands. Therefore, and as research on both topics is housed at IIASA, we are happy that our PIN Program has undertaken the dif?cult and important task of analyzing what the editors of this book have called negotiated risks.

The Fourth Horseman s Scythe

Author: Frank Hibbs
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1462830277
Release Date: 2007-11-13
Genre: Fiction

A novel devoted to speculation of what would happen if an incurable disease caused by virus mutation should come into existence on the continent of Africa. The response to such an event in this novel is instant and brave but power hungry men try to take advantage of the horrifying event to gain their goal of world domination. The tale is told by a retired news anchor to his grandchildren a hundred years later on the event of his one hundredth birthday.

The Phantom Defense

Author: Craig R. Eisendrath
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 027597183X
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Political Science

Drawn from the authors' insider information and expertise, a thought-provoking book discusses the effectiveness of the United States missile defense system and shows how thoughtful diplomacy is the key to meeting security goals.

Biological Weapons

Author: Joshua Lederberg
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262621282
Release Date: 1999
Genre: History

foreword by William S. Cohen, U.S. Secretary of Defense Biological weapons pose a horrifying and growing threat to the United States and to the world in general. Revelations about Iraq's weapons research and the plans of the Aum Shinrikyo cult in Japan serve as frightening reminders of the potential for military or terrorist use of biological agents.The essays in this book, many of which were originally published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, examine the medical, scientific, and political dimensions of limiting the threat posed by biological weapons. The contributors consider the current threat posed by biological weapons, the history of attempts to control them, episodes in which biological agents have been used, Iraq's biological warfare program, and policies that the United States might pursue to reduce the threat.Contributors : Suzanne Barth, Pamela Berkowsky, Kristin A. Birkness, Stephen Black, W. Russell Byrne, W. Seth Carus, Marie Chevrier, George W. Christopher, Theodore J. Cieslak, Richard Danzig, Edward M. Eitzen, Jr., Charles C. Engel, James R. Ferguson, Laurence R. Foster, David R. Franz, Arthur M. Friedlander, Carol S. Fullerton, Jeanne Guillemin, Charles E. Haley, Harry C. Holloway, David L. Hoover, John M. Horan, Martin Hugh-Jones, Peter B. Jahrling, Robert P. Kadlec, Akiko Kimura, Shellie A. Kolavic, Alexander Langmuir, John R. Livengood, Karl Lowe, Steven Mauvais, David J. McClain, Matthew Meselson, Ann E. Norwood, Julie A. Pavlin, Graham S. Pearson, Ilona Popova, Alexis Shelokov, Jeffrey D. Simon, Shauna L. Simons, Michael R. Skeels, Laurence Slutsker, Robert Sokolow, Robert V. Tauxe, Thomas J. Török, Jonathan B. Tucker, Robert J. Ursano, Victor Utgoff, Ann M. Vrtis, Robert P. Wise, Olga Yampolskaya, Allan P. Zellicoff, Raymond A. Zilinskas

Milestone Documents of American Leaders Powell Jr Adam Clayton

Author: Paul Finkelman
Publisher: Schlager Group Inc
ISBN: PSU:000065942475
Release Date: 2009-04-17
Genre: History

The second title in the ground-breaking Milestone Document series, this new set pairs primary source texts with expert analysis by esteemed historians. Milestone Documents of American Leaders features important full-text sources written by presidents, jurists, legislators and other influential people who helped shape the nation.