Probabilistic Graphical Models

Author: Daphne Koller
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262013192
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Computers

Proceedings of the annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, available for 1991-present. Since 1985, the Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI) has been the primary international forum for exchanging results on the use of principled uncertain-reasoning methods in intelligent systems. The UAI Proceedings have become a basic reference for researches and practitioners who want to know about both theoretical advances and the latest applied developments in the field.

Probabilistic Graphical Models for Genetics Genomics and Postgenomics

Author: Christine Sinoquet
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198709022
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Mathematics

At the crossroads between statistics and machine learning, probabilistic graphical models provide a powerful formal framework to model complex data. For instance, Bayesian networks and Markov random fields are two of the most popular probabilistic graphical models. With the rapid advance of high-throughput technologies and their ever decreasing costs, a fast-growing volume of biological data of various types - the so-called ''omics'' - is in need of accurate andefficient methods for modeling, prior to further downstream analysis. As probabilistic graphical models are able to deal with high-dimensional data, it is foreseeable that such models will have aprominent role to play in advances in genome-wide data analyses. Currently, few people are specialists in the design of cutting-edge methods using probabilistic graphical models for genetics, genomics and postgenomics. This seriously hinders the diffusion of such methods. The prime aim of the book is therefore to bring the concepts underlying these advanced models within reach of scientists who are not specialists of these models, but with no concession on theinformativeness of the book. The target readers include researchers and engineers who have to design novel methods for postgenomics data analysis, as well as graduate students starting a Masters or a PhD. Inaddition to an introductory chapter on probabilistic graphical models, a thorough review chapter focusing on selected domains in genetics and fourteen chapters illustrate the design of such advanced approaches in various domains: gene network inference, inference of causal phenotype networks, association genetics, epigenetics, detection of copy number variations, and prediction of outcomes from high-dimensional genomic data. Notably, most examples also illustrate that probabilistic graphicalmodels are well suited for integrative biology and systems biology, hot topics guaranteed to be of lasting interest.

Self Aware Computing Systems

Author: Samuel Kounev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319474748
Release Date: 2017-01-23
Genre: Computers

This book provides formal and informal definitions and taxonomies for self-aware computing systems, and explains how self-aware computing relates to many existing subfields of computer science, especially software engineering. It describes architectures and algorithms for self-aware systems as well as the benefits and pitfalls of self-awareness, and reviews much of the latest relevant research across a wide array of disciplines, including open research challenges. The chapters of this book are organized into five parts: Introduction, System Architectures, Methods and Algorithms, Applications and Case Studies, and Outlook. Part I offers an introduction that defines self-aware computing systems from multiple perspectives, and establishes a formal definition, a taxonomy and a set of reference scenarios that help to unify the remaining chapters. Next, Part II explores architectures for self-aware computing systems, such as generic concepts and notations that allow a wide range of self-aware system architectures to be described and compared with both isolated and interacting systems. It also reviews the current state of reference architectures, architectural frameworks, and languages for self-aware systems. Part III focuses on methods and algorithms for self-aware computing systems by addressing issues pertaining to system design, like modeling, synthesis and verification. It also examines topics such as adaptation, benchmarks and metrics. Part IV then presents applications and case studies in various domains including cloud computing, data centers, cyber-physical systems, and the degree to which self-aware computing approaches have been adopted within those domains. Lastly, Part V surveys open challenges and future research directions for self-aware computing systems. It can be used as a handbook for professionals and researchers working in areas related to self-aware computing, and can also serve as an advanced textbook for lecturers and postgraduate students studying subjects like advanced software engineering, autonomic computing, self-adaptive systems, and data-center resource management. Each chapter is largely self-contained, and offers plenty of references for anyone wishing to pursue the topic more deeply.

Probabilistic Graphical Models

Author: Linda C. van der Gaag
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319114330
Release Date: 2014-09-11
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Probabilistic Graphical Models, PGM 2014, held in Utrecht, The Netherlands, in September 2014. The 38 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 44 submissions. The papers cover all aspects of graphical models for probabilistic reasoning, decision making, and learning.

Report

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UCAL:C3573959
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Computer engineering


Probabilistic Models with Unknown Objects

Author: Brian Christopher Milch
Publisher:
ISBN: UCAL:C3507456
Release Date: 2006
Genre:

Humans and other intelligent agents must make inferences about the real-world objects that underlie their observations: for instance, the objects visible in an image, or the people mentioned in a set of text documents. The agent may not know in advance how many objects exist, how they are related to each other, or which observations correspond to which underlying objects. Existing declarative representations for probabilistic models do not capture the structure of such scenarios.

UC Santa Cruz

Author: University of California, Santa Cruz
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSC:32106020266083
Release Date: 2006
Genre:


Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 15

Author: Suzanna Becker
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262025507
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Computers

Proceedings of the 2002 Neural Information Processing Systems Conference. The annual Neural Information Processing (NIPS) meeting is the flagship conference on neural computation. The conference draws a diverse group of attendees--physicists, neuroscientists, mathematicians, statisticians, and computer scientists--and the presentations are interdisciplinary, with contributions in algorithms, learning theory, cognitive science, neuroscience, vision, speech and signal processing, reinforcement learning and control, implementations, and applications. Only about thirty percent of the papers submitted are accepted for presentation at NIPS, so the quality is exceptionally high. This volume contains all the papers presented at the 2002 conference.

Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence

Author: Kathryn B. Laskey
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub
ISBN: 1558606149
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Computers

This volume contains papers accepted for presentation at the Fifteenth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI99) held at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Stockholm, Sweden from July 30 through August 1, 1999. This conference continues a 15-year tradition of providing an international forum for exchange of ideas on problems of reasoning, under uncertainty. During those 15 years, UAI has moved from a little-noticed niche at the edge of the field, solidly into the mainstream of artificial intelligence research and practice. Research first presented at UAI has contributed significantly to advances in a number of related fields and has found application in a wide variety of domains. The UAI conference has acquired a reputation for excellence, and the proceedings have become an important reference source for high-quality work in the field.

Van Nostrand s Scientific Encyclopedia

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSD:31822032205627
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Engineering

Coverage of major scientific topics including animal life, biosciences, chemistry, earth and atmospheric sciences, energy sources and power technology, mathematics and information sciences, materials and engineering sciences, medicine, anatomy, and physiology, physics, plant sciences, space and planetary sciences. Contains over 7,000 articles contributed by more than 250 experts

Causation Prediction and Search

Author: Peter Spirtes
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262194406
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Mathematics

What assumptions and methods allow us to turn observations into causal knowledge, and how can even incomplete causal knowledge be used in planning and prediction to influence and control our environment? In this book Peter Spirtes, Clark Glymour, and Richard Scheines address these questions using the formalism of Bayes networks, with results that have been applied in diverse areas of research in the social, behavioral, and physical sciences. The authors show that although experimental and observational study designs may not always permit the same inferences, they are subject to uniform principles. They axiomatize the connection between causal structure and probabilistic independence, explore several varieties of causal indistinguishability, formulate a theory of manipulation, and develop asymptotically reliable procedures for searching over equivalence classes of causal models, including models of categorical data and structural equation models with and without latent variables. The authors show that the relationship between causality and probability can also help to clarify such diverse topics in statistics as the comparative power of experimentation versus observation, Simpson's paradox, errors in regression models, retrospective versus prospective sampling, and variable selection. The second edition contains a new introduction and an extensive survey of advances and applications that have appeared since the first edition was published in 1993.