Process Evaluation for Public Health Interventions and Research

Author: Allan Steckler
Publisher: Jossey-Bass
ISBN: UOM:39015056260444
Release Date: 2002-11-18
Genre: Medical

Process evaluation is an essential component of any program evaluation or intervention research effort. This important resource offers an overview of the history, purpose, strengths, and limitations of process evaluation and includes illustrative case material of the current state of the art in process evaluation. "Process Evaluation for Public Health Interventions and Research "fills an important gap in the literature for public health researchers, practitioners, scholars, trainers, and students.

Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

Author: Ross C. Brownson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199751877
Release Date: 2012-04-19
Genre: Medical

Fifteen to twenty years is how long it takes for the billions of dollars of university-based research to translate into evidence-based policies and programs suitable for public use. This book seeks to understand how to best apply scientific advances in the real world, by focusing on pushing the evidence-based knowledge base out into routine use.

Measurement and Evaluation for Health Educators

Author: Manoj Sharma
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9781449628208
Release Date: 2012-11-01
Genre: Education

Measurement and Evaluation for Health Educators prepares health educators for the responsibilities of conducting evaluations within their field. It includes psychometric, statistical, political, managerial and public health perspectives to measurement and evaluation. Written for the undergraduate or beginning graduate student, as well as practicing professions, this text will help readers choose and develop instruments for evaluation, and discusses the basics for carrying out evaluations to gauge the effectiveness of health education and health promotion programs. Measurement and Evaluation for Health Educators also delves into the basics of measurement, steps in instrument development; reliability assessment, validity assessment, measurement errors, process evaluation, designs for quantitative evaluation, and much more. Key Features: - Student-friendly, accessible writing style - Each chapter closes with review questions and web references - Chapter objectives and key learning objectives are clearly defined - Includes skill building activities in every chapter - Boxed articles throughout the text highlight important issues in the field

Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs P A T H S

Author: Daniel T.L. SHEK
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789814451543
Release Date: 2013-06-28
Genre: Psychology

This book outlines the development, implementation and evaluation of a project entitled “P.A.T.H.S. to Adulthood: A Jockey Club Youth Enhancement Scheme," with P.A.T.H.S. denoting Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social programmes. This pioneer project was conducted in Hong Kong between 2005 and 2012 with more than 210,000 participants. Its goal was to help students meet various challenges in their path to adulthood, with a focus on their psychosocial competencies, developmental assets and the promotion of healthy peer relationships. The project was initiated by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust in collaboration with the Government’s Social Welfare Department, Education Bureau and five universities in Hong Kong. Edited by the researchers of the project, Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs explores the nature of positive youth development (PYD), the application of PYD constructs to youth programs and implementation issues. Using multiple strategies, the book evaluates the overall effectiveness of the P.A.T.H.S. school-based programme and reveals that stakeholders had positive perceptions of the project, its implementers and benefits. Students in the program showed better positive development and displayed lower levels of substance abuse and delinquent behaviour than students in the control schools. The book also details lessons learned, emergent issues, future directions as well as insights into the development of positive youth development programs particularly in Chinese communities. Development and Evaluation of Positive Adolescent Training through Holistic Social Programs will appeal to all educators, administrators, psychologists, social workers and allied profeesionals looking to promote whole-person development in their students, especially those with in interest in education in China.

Derailed Organizational Interventions for Stress and Well Being

Author: Maria Karanika-Murray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401798679
Release Date: 2015-07-30
Genre: Psychology

Providing an overview of researchers' and practitioners’ “confessions” on the fascinating phenomenon of failed or derailed organizational health and well-being interventions and contextualizing these confessions is the aim of this innovative volume. Organizational intervention failures, paradoxes and unexpected consequences can offer a lot of rich and extremely useful practical lessons on intervention design and implementation and possibly on the design of future research on organizational interventions. This volume presents lessons learned from derailed interventions and provides possible solutions to those tasked with implementing interventions. It provides an open, practical and solutions-focused account of researchers' and practitioners' experiences in implementing organizational interventions for health and well-being.

An Integrated Framework for Assessing the Value of Community Based Prevention

Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309263542
Release Date: 2012-12-29
Genre: Medical

During the past century the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States have shifted from those related to communicable diseases to those due to chronic diseases. Just as the major causes of morbidity and mortality have changed, so too has the understanding of health and what makes people healthy or ill. Research has documented the importance of the social determinants of health (for example, socioeconomic status and education) that affect health directly as well as through their impact on other health determinants such as risk factors. Targeting interventions toward the conditions associated with today's challenges to living a healthy life requires an increased emphasis on the factors that affect the current cause of morbidity and mortality, factors such as the social determinants of health. Many community-based prevention interventions target such conditions. Community-based prevention interventions offer three distinct strengths. First, because the intervention is implemented population-wide it is inclusive and not dependent on access to a health care system. Second, by directing strategies at an entire population an intervention can reach individuals at all levels of risk. And finally, some lifestyle and behavioral risk factors are shaped by conditions not under an individual's control. For example, encouraging an individual to eat healthy food when none is accessible undermines the potential for successful behavioral change. Community-based prevention interventions can be designed to affect environmental and social conditions that are out of the reach of clinical services. Four foundations - the California Endowment, the de Beaumont Foundation, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation - asked the Institute of Medicine to convene an expert committee to develop a framework for assessing the value of community-based, non-clinical prevention policies and wellness strategies, especially those targeting the prevention of long-term, chronic diseases. The charge to the committee was to define community-based, non-clinical prevention policy and wellness strategies; define the value for community-based, non-clinical prevention policies and wellness strategies; and analyze current frameworks used to assess the value of community-based, non-clinical prevention policies and wellness strategies, including the methodologies and measures used and the short- and long-term impacts of such prevention policy and wellness strategies on health care spending and public health. An Integrated Framework for Assessing the Value of Community-Based Prevention summarizes the committee's findings.

Marketing Public Health Strategies to Promote Social Change

Author: Professor Michael Siegel, M.D
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9780763767877
Release Date: 2008-07-07
Genre:

Marketing Public Health: Strategies to Promote Social Change was designed to help public health practitioners understand basic marketing principles and strategically apply these principles in planning, implementing, and evaluating public health initiatives. The first edition has been widely used by public health practitioners at all levels of government and in the private sector as a tool to help run more effective campaigns to change individual behavior, improve social and economic conditions, advance social policies, and compete successfully for public attention and resources. This thorougly revised, second edition includes new case studies, written by respected and well-known guest contributors from the front lines and will help illustrate the principles and strategies in a way that makes it immediately apparent to readers how the material can be used in modern, real-life public health campaigns. Current themes in the social marketing world, such as the concept of branding, have also been incorporated into the book in both its narrative and its case studies and examples.

Marketing Public Health Strategies to Promote Social Change

Author: Michael Siegel
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9781449664930
Release Date: 2008-07-07
Genre: Medical

Marketing Public Health: Strategies to Promote Social Change was designed to help public health practitioners understand basic marketing principles and strategically apply these principles in planning, implementing, and evaluating public health initiatives. The first edition has been widely used by public health practitioners at all levels of government and in the private sector as a tool to help run more effective campaigns to change individual behavior, improve social and economic conditions, advance social policies, and compete successfully for public attention and resources. This thorougly revised, second edition includes new case studies, written by respected and well-known guest contributors from the front lines and will help illustrate the principles and strategies in a way that makes it immediately apparent to readers how the material can be used in modern, real-life public health campaigns. Current themes in the social marketing world, such as the concept of branding, have also been incorporated into the book in both its narrative and its case studies and examples.

Evaluation of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Programs

Author: Richard Windsor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190235093
Release Date: 2015-03-25
Genre: Medical

Evaluation of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Programs offers conceptual and methodological frameworks for the six phases of health program evaluation: · introduction to evaluation · models of evaluation planning · efficacy and effectiveness evaluation · measurement and analysis evaluation · process and qualitative evaluation · cost analysis and basic economic evaluation By presenting these concepts through case studies, this text offers an innovative and didactic model for measuring health impact and health outcomes, then extending these measurements to establish an evidence base for future practice. This central competency in health promotion will be of use to graduate and post-graduate students in public and population health programs, plus health program practitioners working at the intervention forefront.

Psychology of Change

Author: Katherine J. Reynolds
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781317563150
Release Date: 2014-11-20
Genre: Psychology

Choice Recommended Read This volume tackles the critical question of whether people change or whether they remain relatively constant across the lifespan. Much existing literature in psychology has largely endorsed the concept of stability. Indeed, in many people’s minds, the person is understood to be set in stone, as a function of early socialization and reaching a particular stage of development, evolutionary processes, or traits that are hard-wired from the beginning by genes and biology. However, in recent years, important scientific developments in theory and research concerning the psychology of change have emerged. In contrast to the commonly held conception of the individual as fixed, this research illustrates how malleable people are—showing much behavioral plasticity. The chapters in this volume, written by scholars at the cutting-edge of research into the psychology of change, showcase these developments with the aim of advancing knowledge of the field and encouraging further research. Topics addressed include brain function, cognitive performance, personality, psychological well-being, collective action to achieve social change, responses to life stressors, and political change. The message is clear—the culture we live in, what happens to us along the way, and who we think we are and want to be, can all change people.

Sterblich sein

Author: Atul Gawande
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783104035840
Release Date: 2015-09-24
Genre: Self-Help

Ein Buch über das Sterben, das das Leben lehrt Die Medizin scheint über Krankheit und Tod zu triumphieren, doch sterben wir so trostlos wie nie zuvor. Der Bestsellerautor und renommierte Arzt Atul Gawande schreibt in seinem beeindruckenden Buch über das, was am Ende unseres Lebens wirklich zählt. Ungewöhnlich offen spricht er darüber, was es bedeutet, alt zu werden, wie man mit Gebrechen und Krankheiten umgehen kann und was wir an unserem System ändern müssen, um unser Leben würdevoll zu Ende zu bringen. Ein mutiges und weises Buch eines großartigen Autors, voller Geschichten und eigener Erfahrungen, das uns hilft, die Geschichte unseres Lebens gut zu Ende zu erzählen. »Dieses Buch ist nicht nur weise und sehr bewegend, sondern gerade in unserer Zeit unbedingt notwendig und sehr aufschlussreich.« Oliver Sacks »Die medizinische Betreuung ist mehr auf Heilung ausgelegt als auf das Sterben. Dies ist Atuls Gawandes stärkstes und bewegendstes Buch.« Malcolm Gladwell

Implementation Monitoring and Process Evaluation

Author: Ruth P. Saunders
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506305035
Release Date: 2015-04-01
Genre: Social Science

Implementation Monitoring and Process Evaluation by Ruth P. Saunders is a practical guide that helps readers understand and use the steps that program planners and evaluators take in implementing and monitoring a new program, policy, or practice in an organizational setting. The book covers the entire process, from planning, to carrying out the plan, and summarizing, reporting, and using the results. A wide range of real-world examples in the book are drawn from health, education, non-profit organizations, and public administration, and an extended case study, Your Turn boxes, and worksheet templates help readers apply concepts to their own projects. Ideal for practitioners, researchers, and students, this book can be used as a primary text for a process evaluation or an implementation monitoring course or as a supplemental text in a broader program evaluation course.

Evaluating Health Promotion

Author: Margaret Thorogood
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199569298
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Medical

The third edition of this highly successful book has been fully revised and updated to reflect the ongoing developments in the field of health promotion, to help those in health promotion choose and implement accurate, reliable, and evidence-based evaluation methods.

Community Engagement Organization and Development for Public Health Practice

Author: Frederick Murphy, MSPHyg, MPIA
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826108029
Release Date: 2012-08-06
Genre: Medical

In this practical text, public health students and practitioners will learn the fundamentals of applying community engagement, organization, and development principles to create successful community public health campaigns. Emphasizing nontraditional approaches and partnerships, and the need to readjust traditional strategies, it discusses organization and development methods optimal for public health practice, including public health ethics, faith-based initiatives in community health, community assessment and measurement methods, coalition building, frameworks for developing health policy, and more. This textbook addresses work in at-risk and diverse communities, and stresses the impact of urban change on the community engagement, organization, and development process. It also discusses the methodologies and theoretical frameworks underlying successful community organizing and development. The multidisciplinary public health scholars and practitioners contributing to this work identify the skills required to both analyze the health and health care delivery challenges of underserved communities, and to understand the social, cultural, environmental, and economic determinants of health and illness. The book includes a wealth of practical approaches and case studies drawn from the authors' real-life experiences in developing successful community health campaigns. PowerPoint slides and case study exercises for each chapter accompany the text for instructor's use Key Features: Disseminates the fundamentals of applying community engagement, organization, and development principles to community public health campaigns Provides real-life examples of methods and strategies used in engaging, organizing, and empowering community residents Discusses community organization approaches and the methodologies and frameworks underlying them Emphasizes the impact of urban change on the future of community organization and development process Written and edited by contributors with a wealth of practical and academic experience

Challenges in Program Evaluation of Health Interventions in Developing Countries

Author: Barbara O. Wynn
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 9780833048189
Release Date: 2006-01-23
Genre: Medical

Health interventions that are effective in developed countries may not be as effective in developing countries given the differing social, economic, cultural, and infrastructure factors that may affect a program's implementation and outcomes. This monograph is intended to promote an understanding of why program evaluation is a critical component of any health intervention and to stimulate discussion on ways to make evaluation of health interventions in developing countries more rigorous.