Properties of Materials

Author: Robert E. Newnham
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198520757
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Science

Tensors, matrices, symmetry, and structure-property relationships form the main subjects of the book. While tensors and matrices provide the mathematical framework for understanding anistropy, on which the physical and chemical properties of crystals and textured materials often depend, atomistic arguments are also needed to qualify the property coefficients in various directions. The atomistic arguments are partly based on symmetry and party on the basic physics and chemistry of materials.

Continuum Theory and Modeling of Thermoelectric Elements

Author: Christophe Goupil
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527413379
Release Date: 2016-02-23
Genre: MATHEMATICS

This volume presents the latest research results in the thermodynamics and design of thermoelectric devices, providing a solid foundation for thermoelectric element and module design in the technical development process, and a valuable tool for any application development.

Tensor Properties of Solids

Author: Richard F. Tinder
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 9781598293494
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Tensor Properties of Solids presents the phenomenological development of solid state properties represented as matter tensors in two parts: Part I on equilibrium tensor properties and Part II on transport tensor properties. Part I begins with an introduction to tensor notation, transformations, algebra, and calculus together with the matrix representations. Crystallography, as it relates to tensor properties of crystals, completes the background treatment. A generalized treatment of solid-state equilibrium thermodynamics leads to the systematic correlation of equilibrium tensor properties. This is followed by developments covering first-, second-, third-, and higher-order tensor effects. Included are the generalized compliance and rigidity matrices for first-order tensor properties, Maxwell relations, effect of measurement conditions, and the dependent coupled effects and use of interaction diagrams. Part I concludes with the second- and higher-order effects, including numerous optical tensor properties. Part II presents the driving forces and fluxes for the well-known proper conductivities. An introduction to irreversible thermodynamics includes the concepts of microscopic reversibility, Onsager's reciprocity principle, entropy density production, and the proper choice of the transport parameters. This is followed by the force-flux equations for electronic charge and heat flow and the relationships between the proper conductivities and phenomenological coefficients. The thermoelectric effects in solids are discussed and extended to the piezothermoelectric and piezoresistance tensor effects. The subjects of thermomagnetic, galvanomagnetic, and thermogalvanomagnetic effects are developed together with other higher-order magnetotransport property tensors. A glossary of terms, expressions, and symbols are provided at the end of the text, and end-of-chapter problems are provided on request. Endnotes provide the necessary references for further reading. Table of Contents: I. Equilibrium Tensor Properties of Solids / Introduction / Introduction to Tensor Notation, Tensor Transformations, Tensor Calculus, and Matrix Representation / Crystal Systems, Symmetry Elements, and Symmetry Transformations / Generalized Thermostatics and the Systematic Correlation of Physical Properties / The Dependent Coupled Effects and the Interrelationships Between First-Order Tensor Properties - Use of Interaction Diagrams / Third- and Fourth-Rank Tensor Properties - Symmetry Considerations / Second- and Higher-Order Effects - Symmetry Considerations / II. Transport Properties of Solids / Introduction to Transport Properties and the Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes / Thermoelectric, Piezothermoelectric, and Diffusive Effects in Solids / Effect of Magnetic Field on the Transport Properties / Appendix A: Magnetic Tensor Properties, Magnetic Crystals, and the Combined Space-Time Transformations / Endnotes / Glossary / Biography / Index

Fundamentals of Piezoelectric Sensorics

Author: Jan Tichý
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540684271
Release Date: 2010-07-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Presents the fundamental physics of piezoelectric sensors. Only book with this scope Targeted to those engineers, phycisists and chemists who are involved in materials processing, device design and manufacturing.

Functional Oxides

Author: Duncan W. Bruce
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119972949
Release Date: 2011-03-29
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Functional oxides have a wide variety of applications in the electronic industry. The discovery of new metal oxides with interesting and useful properties continues to drive much research in chemistry, physics, and materials science. In Functional Oxides five topical areas have been selected to illustrate the importance of metal oxides in modern materials chemistry: Noncentrosymmetric Inorganic Oxide Materials Geometrically Frustrated Magnetic Materials Lithium Ion Conduction in Oxides Thermoelectric Oxides Transition Metal Oxides - Magnetoresistance and Half-Metallicity The contents highlight structural chemistry, magnetic and electronic properties, ionic conduction and other emerging areas of importance, such as thermoelectricity and spintronics. Functional Oxides covers these complex concepts in a clear and accessible manner providing an excellent introduction to this broad subject area.

On Finitely Strained Magnetoelastic Solids

Author: Sundeep Venkat Kankanala
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015070902070
Release Date: 2007
Genre:

Magnetorheological elastomers (MREs) are a class of magnetoelastic solids whose mechanical properties can be altered by the application of magnetic fields. MREs, which are particle filled elastomers, have been developed and proposed as unique solutions for a number of engineering applications, such as tunable engine and chassis mounts in automobiles.

Thin Film Materials

Author: L. B. Freund
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139449826
Release Date: 2004-01-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Thin film mechanical behavior and stress presents a technological challenge for materials scientists, physicists and engineers. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the major issues and topics dealing with stress, defect formation, surface evolution and allied effects in thin film materials. Physical phenomena are examined from the continuum down to the sub-microscopic length scales, with the connections between the structure of the material and its behavior described. Theoretical concepts are underpinned by discussions on experimental methodology and observations. Fundamental scientific concepts are embedded through sample calculations, a broad range of case studies with practical applications, thorough referencing, and end of chapter problems. With solutions to problems available on-line, this book will be essential for graduate courses on thin films and the classic reference for researchers in the field.

Sci tech News

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015064838199
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Science and technology libraries


Continuum Mechanics of Anisotropic Materials

Author: Stephen C. Cowin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461450252
Release Date: 2013-01-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Continuum Mechanics of Anisotropic Materials(CMAM) presents an entirely new and unique development of material anisotropy in the context of an appropriate selection and organization of continuum mechanics topics. These features will distinguish this continuum mechanics book from other books on this subject. Textbooks on continuum mechanics are widely employed in engineering education, however, none of them deal specifically with anisotropy in materials. For the audience of Biomedical, Chemical and Civil Engineering students, these materials will be dealt with more frequently and greater accuracy in their analysis will be desired. Continuum Mechanics of Anisotropic Materials' author has been a leader in the field of developing new approaches for the understanding of anisotropic materials.

Delaware Composites Design Encyc

Author: University of Delawa
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0877626995
Release Date: 1990-03-28
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Anisotropic Elasticity - Special Applications: Mechanics of Anisotropic Materials - Micromodels for Continuous Fiber Composites - Micromodels for Particulate/Discontinuous Fiber Composites - Introduction to Viscoelasticity - Micromodels for Predicting Viscoelastic Behavior - Transport Properties

Symmetry and Physical Properties of Crystals

Author: Cécile Malgrange
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401789936
Release Date: 2014-12-04
Genre: Science

Crystals are everywhere, from natural crystals (minerals) through the semiconductors and magnetic materials in electronic devices and computers or piezoelectric resonators at the heart of our quartz watches to electro-optical devices. Understanding them in depth is essential both for pure research and for their applications. This book provides a clear, thorough presentation of their symmetry, both at the microscopic space-group level and the macroscopic point-group level. The implications of the symmetry of crystals for their physical properties are then presented, together with their mathematical description in terms of tensors. The conditions on the symmetry of a crystal for a given property to exist then become clear, as does the symmetry of the property. The geometrical representation of tensor quantities or properties is presented, and its use in determining important relationships emphasized. An original feature of this book is that most chapters include exercises with complete solutions. This allows readers to test and improve their understanding of the material. The intended readership includes undergraduate and graduate students in materials science and materials-related aspects of electrical and optical engineering; researchers involved in the investigation of the physical properties of crystals and the design of applications based on crystal properties such as piezoelectricity, electro-optics, optical activity and all those involved in the characterization of the structural properties of materials.

Choice

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSC:32106018289600
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Academic libraries


Structure Property Relations

Author: R. E. Newnham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642500176
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

As a boy I loved to build model airplanes, not the snap-together plastic models of today, but the old-fashioned Spads and Sopwith Camels made of balsa wood and tissue paper. I dreamed of EDDIE RICKENBACKER and dogfights with the Red Baron as I sat there sniffing airplane glue. Mother thought I would never grow up to make an honest living, and mothers are never wrong. Thirty years later I sit in a research laboratory surrounded by crystal models and dream of what it would be like to be 1 A tall, to rearrange atoms with pick and shovel, and make funny things happen inside. Professor VON HIPPEL calls it "Molecular Engineering," the building of materials and devices to order: We begin to design materials with prescribed properties, to under stand the molecular causes of their failings, to build into them safe guards against such failure, and to arrive at true yardsticks of ultimate performance. No longer shackled to presently available materials, we are free to dream and find answers to unprecedented challenges. It is this revolutionary situation which makes scientists and engineers true allies in a great adventure of the human mind [1]. This book is about structure-property relationships, more especially applications of crystal chemistry to engineering problems. Faced with the task of finding new materials, the crystallographer uses ionic radii, crystal fields, anisotropic atomic groupings, and symmetry arguments as criteria in the materials selection process.

Biomaterials

Author: Joon Park
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387378800
Release Date: 2007-07-23
Genre: Technology & Engineering

With sixty years of combined experience, the authors of this extensively revised book have learned to emphasize the fundamental materials science, structure-property relationships, and biological responses as a foundation for a wide array of biomaterials applications. This edition includes a new chapter on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, approximately 1900 references to additional reading, extensive tutorial materials on new developments in spinal implants and fixation techniques and theory. It also offers systematic coverage of orthopedic implants, and expanded treatment of ceramic materials and implants.