Protection of Information and the Right to Privacy A New Equilibrium

Author: Luciano Floridi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319057200
Release Date: 2014-05-19
Genre: Law

This book presents the latest research on the challenges and solutions affecting the equilibrium between freedom of speech, freedom of information, information security and the right to informational privacy. Given the complexity of the topics addressed, the book shows how old legal and ethical frameworks may need to be not only updated, but also supplemented and complemented by new conceptual solutions. Neither a conservative attitude (“more of the same”) nor a revolutionary zeal (“never seen before”) is likely to lead to satisfactory solutions. Instead, more reflection and better conceptual design are needed, not least to harmonise different perspectives and legal frameworks internationally. The focus of the book is on how we may reconcile high levels of information security with robust degrees of informational privacy, also in connection with recent challenges presented by phenomena such as “big data” and security scandals, as well as new legislation initiatives, such as those concerning “the right to be forgotten” and the use of personal data in biomedical research. The book seeks to offer analyses and solutions of the new tensions, in order to build a fair, shareable and sustainable balance in this vital area of human interactions.

Legal Knowledge and Information Systems

Author: M. Palmirani
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781614999355
Release Date: 2018-12-12
Genre: Computers

Artificial intelligence as applied to the legal domain has gained momentum thanks to the large, annotated corporate legal and case-law collections, human chats, and social media information now available in open data. Often represented in XML or other Semantic Web technologies, these now make it possible to use the AI theory developed by the JURIX community in over thirty years of research. Innovative machine and deep-learning techniques with which to classify legal texts and detect terms, principles, concepts, evidence, named entities, and rules are also emerging, and the last five years have seen a gradual increase in their practical application. This book presents papers from the 31st International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems (JURIX 2018), held in Groningen, the Netherlands, in December 2018. The support of the Dutch Foundation for Legal Knowledge Based Systems for the JURIX conference has transformed a domestic workshop into an international event, with theoretical contributions, applied work, demo prototypes, a hackathon, and a doctoral consortium. Of the 72 submissions received, 17 full papers and 11 short papers were selected for publication, representing an acceptance rate of approximately 38%. Machine learning for the legal domain prevails in the JURIX 2018 program, with traditional research mainstreams concerning legal reasoning and argumentation, natural-language processing, legal-text retrieval, and legal semantic modelling. An emerging topic is blockchain, which has graduated from the workshop area to the main program. The book offers an overview of the ways in which innovative information technologies are merging with legal theory, argumentation, and practice.

Smart Technologies and the End s of Law

Author: Mireille Hildebrandt
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781849808774
Release Date: 2015-02-27
Genre: Law

This timely book tells the story of the smart technologies that reconstruct our world, by provoking their most salient functionality: the prediction and preemption of our day-to-day activities, preferences, health and credit risks, criminal intent and

Ethics Law and the Politics of Information

Author: Massimo Durante
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789402411508
Release Date: 2017-08-03
Genre: Philosophy

This book provides a detailed discussion of the theoretical and practical implications of the change driven by ICTs. Such a change is often much more profound than an emphasis on information technology and society can capture, for not only does it bring about ethical and policy vacuums that call for a new understanding of ethics, politics and law, but it also “re-ontologizes reality”, as propounded by Luciano Floridi’s philosophy and ethics of information. The informational turn is transforming our understanding of reality by challenging the conventional ways we have of thinking about our world and our identities in terms of stable and enduring structures and beliefs. The information age we inhabit brings to completion our self-understanding as informational systems that produce, process, and exchange information with other informational systems, in an environment that is itself made up of information. The present volume provides us with a better understanding of the normative nature and role of information, helping us to grasp the sense and extent to which informational resources serve as “constraining affordances” guiding our behaviours. It does so by delineating the background against which we build our beliefs about reality, make decisions, and behave, through our interactions with a multi-agent system that is increasingly dependent on ICTs. The book will be of interest to a vast audience, ranging from information technologists, ethicists, policy makers, social and legal scholars, and all those willing to embrace the following three tenets: we construct our world and ourselves informationally; by constructing our world and ourselves we thereby become aware of our limits; it is precisely these limits that make us become human beings.

Das Ende der Informationskontrolle

Author: Thilo Hagendorff
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 9783839437773
Release Date: 2017-02-28
Genre: Social Science

Nutzerinnen und Nutzer digitaler Medien haben immer weniger Möglichkeiten der Daten- und Informationskontrolle. Hacker, IT-Unternehmen, Geheimdienste, Datenbroker, Technikentwickler etc., aber auch das aufkommende Internet der Dinge, Big Data oder intransparente Algorithmen treiben den Kontrollverlust voran. Vormals voneinander separierte Informationskontexte - Intimes, Privates, Öffentliches, Institutionelles etc. - gehen allmählich ineinander über. Hier setzt Thilo Hagendorff an: Er stellt innovative Mediennutzungsstrategien vor, die den Kontrollverlust erwarten oder sogar vielmehr fest mit ihm rechnen - und sich nicht auf verletzliche Privatheitsnormen oder unzuverlässige Datenschutztechnologien verlassen.

Digital Rights Management

Author: Arnold Picot
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642558955
Release Date: 2013-03-13
Genre: Business & Economics

Mit der Veränderung der technisch-organisatorischen Rahmenbedingungen und der anhaltenden Entwicklung von Technologie, Märkten und individuellen Verhaltensweisen ergeben sich fundamentale Fragen, die der Münchner Kreis in seiner Mitgliederkonferenz "Digital Rights Management” mit führenden Experten aus Wissenschaft und Industrie diskutiert hat.

Delete

Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger
Publisher:
ISBN: 3940432903
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Computer storage devices

GOOGLE VERGISST NIE! Weshalb es lebenswichtig ist zu vergessen Das digitale Zeitalter ist eines der perfekten Erinnerung: niemals zuvor haben wir so viele Informationen sammeln können wie heute. Immer größer und billiger werdende Speichermedien, neue Methoden zur Erschließung von Informationen und der Zugriff auf Daten aus aller Welt über das Netz machen dies möglich. Welche Folgen hat diese Entwicklung? Wird nur noch das als wahr gelten, was die Form digitaler Daten annimmt? Oder werden wir für das, was dauert, für Verträge und sprachliche Kunstwerke, beim Papier bleiben? Ist das Vergessen nicht ein exzellenter, evolutionär bewährter Mechanismus zur Gewichtung von Informationen? Beeinträchtigt das permanente Erinnern nicht unser Urteils- und Entscheidungsvermögen und damit unsere Entwicklungsfähigkeit? Sind aus ihrem Kontext gerissene Informationen nicht anfällig für Manipulationen? Mayer-Schönberger öffnet uns die Augen für die Gefahren der ewigen digitalen Erinnerung und zeigt die wichtige Rolle auf, die das Vergessen in unserer Geschichte gespielt hat. Er plädiert für eine genial einfache Lösung: Dateien aller Art mit einem Verfallsdatum auszustatten, damit das Gedächtnis der Menschheit nicht unter der Datenflut zusammenbricht.

Governance in cyberspace

Author: Klaus W. Grewlich
Publisher: Kluwer Law Intl
ISBN: 9041112251
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Computers

'Cyberspace' is the emerging invisible, intangible world of electronic information and processes stored at multiple interconnected sites. The digital revolution leads to 'convergence' (of telecommunications, computer/Internet and broadcasting) and to dynamic multimedia value chains. Deregulation and competition are major driving forces in the new interactive electronic environment. This volume contains normative proposals for 'cyber'-regulation, including self-regulation, grounded on developments in the EU, US And The Far East, In international organisations (WTO, OECD, WIPO, ITU), In business fora, In NGOs, In the 'Internet community' and in academic research. The multi-actor (government, business, civil society) and multi-level analysis (subsidiarity) pertains e.g. To ex-ante and ex-post access-regulation, competition, network economics (external effects, essential facilities), public interest principles (human dignity, free speech, privacy, security), development and culture, consumer protection, cryptography, domain names and copyright. Lawyers, regulators, business executives, investment bankers, diplomats, and civil society representatives need shared essentials of plurilateral 'governance' to safeguard both competition and public interest objectives, at a scale congruent to 'cyberspace', In the transition to an 'international law of cooperation'.

OECD Leits tze f r multinationale Unternehmen

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9789264122352
Release Date: 2011-09-19
Genre:

Die OECD-Leitsätze für multinationale Unternehmen sind das weltweit wichtigste staatlich geförderte Instrument für verantwortungsvolles unternehmerisches Handeln. Die Ausgabe 2011 enthält neue Empfehlungen zu den Menschenrechten und zur Verantwortung der Unternehmen für ihre Zulieferketten.

Lessons from the Identity Trail

Author: Ian R. Kerr
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: UOM:39015080823183
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Law

During the past decade, rapid developments in information and communications technology have transformed key social, commercial and political realities. Within that same time period, working at something less than internet speed, much of the academic and policy debates arising from these new and emerging technologies have been fragmented. There have been few examples of interdisciplinary dialogue about the potential for anonymity and privacy in a networked society. Lessons from the Identity Trail fills that gap, and examines key questions about anonymity, privacy and identity in an environment that increasingly automates the collection of personal information and uses surveillance to reduce corporate and security risks. This project has been informed by the results of a multi-million dollar research project that has brought together a distinguished array of philosophers, ethicists, feminists, cognitive scientists, lawyers, cryptographers, engineers, policy analysts, government policy makers and privacy experts. Working collaboratively over a four-year period and participating in an iterative process designed to maximize the potential for interdisciplinary discussion and feedback through a series of workshops and peer review, the authors have integrated crucial public policy themes with the most recent research outcomes.