Author: Abraham L. Newman
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Release Date: 2018-07-05
From credit-card purchases to electronic fingerprints, the amount of personal data available to government and business is growing exponentially. All industrial societies face the problem of how to regulate this vast world of information, but their governments have chosen distinctly different solutions. In Protectors of Privacy, Abraham L. Newman details how and why, in contrast to the United States, the nations of the European Union adopted comprehensive data privacy for both the public and the private sectors, enforceable by independent regulatory agencies known as data privacy authorities. Despite U.S. prominence in data technology, Newman shows, the strict privacy rules of the European Union have been adopted far more broadly across the globe than the self-regulatory approach championed by the United States. This rift has led to a series of trade and security disputes between the United States and the European Union. Based on many interviews with politicians, civil servants, and representatives from business and NGOs, and supplemented with archival sources, statistical analysis, and examples, Protectors of Privacy delineates the two principal types of privacy regimes-comprehensive and limited. The book presents a theory of regulatory development that highlights the role of transgovernmental networks not only in implementing rules but also in actively shaping the political process surrounding policymaking. More broadly, Newman explains how Europe's institutional revolution has created in certain sectors the regulatory capacity that allows it to challenge U.S. dominance in international economic governance.
Author: David Cole
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date: 2017-02-09
Recent revelations, by Edward Snowden and others, of the vast network of government spying enabled by modern technology have raised major concerns both in the European Union and the United States on how to protect privacy in the face of increasing governmental surveillance. This book brings together some of the leading experts in the fields of constitutional law, criminal law and human rights from the US and the EU to examine the protection of privacy in the digital era, as well as the challenges that counter-terrorism cooperation between governments pose to human rights. It examines the state of privacy protections on both sides of the Atlantic, the best mechanisms for preserving privacy, and whether the EU and the US should develop joint transnational mechanisms to protect privacy on a reciprocal basis. As technology enables governments to know more and more about their citizens, and about the citizens of other nations, this volume offers critical perspectives on how best to respond to one of the most challenging developments of the twenty-first century.
Author: David H. Flaherty
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Release Date: 2014-03-19
Flaherty examines the passage, revision, and implementation of privacy and data protection laws at the national and state levels in Sweden, Canada, France, Germany, and the United States. He offers a comparative and critical analysis of the challenges data protectors face int their attempt to preserve individual rights.
English summary: Privacy is endangered in many, increasingly international ways, and the only suitable answer to this is to find international solutions. Stephanie Schiedermair studies the legal basis for the protection of privacy in international law and provides the first systematic analysis of international legal decisions for the protection of privacy. German description: Der Schutz des Privaten als internationales Grundrecht bietet einen umfassenden Uberblick uber die internationalen Regelungen und die internationale Rechtsprechung zum Thema Privacy . Im Gegensatz zum deutschen Verfassungsrecht formuliert das Volkerrecht den Schutz des Privaten als einheitliches Grundrecht. Die Auslegung dieses Grundrechts durch den Menschenrechtsausschuss der Vereinten Nationen thematisiert insbesondere den Schutz der Familie, etwa bei drohender Abschiebung eines Familienmitglieds, den Schutz der raumlichen Privatsphare vor unbefugtem Eindringen, die Vertraulichkeit der Korrespondenz sowie private Handlungen, etwa homosexuelle Kontakte. Dieselben Grundthemen spiegeln sich in der Rechtsprechung des EGMR und des EuGH zum Schutz des Privaten wider. Stephanie Schiedermairs Analyse stellt damit auch die grundrechtliche Basis fur zukunftige volkerrechtliche Vertrage zum Schutz des Privaten vor.
Author: David Levi-Faur
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release Date: 2012-03-29
Genre: Political Science
The Oxford Handbook of Governance presents an authoritative and accessible state-of-the-art analysis of the social science literature on governance. The volume presents the core concepts and knowledge that have evolved in the study of governance in different levels and arenas of politics and policymaking. In doing so it establishes itself as the essential point of reference for all those studying politics, society, and economics from a governance perspective. The volume comprises fifty-two chapters from leaders in the field. The chapters are organized in nine sections dealing with topics that include governance as the reform of the state, democratic governance, European governance, and global governance.
Author: Geeks On Call
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2006-03-10
Bringing order to the lawless frontier Almost daily, the boomtown growth of online activity generates more opportunities for cybercrime, identity theft, loss of data, and invasion of your privacy. To this lawless high-tech frontier comes the cavalry, mounted on (or in) blue PT Cruisers--Geeks On Call. Now they're helping you build that all-important first line of defense, with quick, easy-to-follow solutions to the most common security problems, plus simple steps you can take to protect your computer, your privacy, and your personal information--today. * Keep your virus protection up to date * Identify and remove spyware * Recognize phishing scams * Practice safe chatting and instant messaging * Learn to encrypt data for security * Protect your laptop and wireless connection * Create secure passwords * Safely use public computers Geeks On Call(r) is the premier provider of on-site computer services. The certified, trained and tested technicians from Geeks On Call provide expert computer installation and networking services, on-site repairs, security solutions and system upgrades for residential and commercial customers numbering in the hundreds of thousands each year. Founded in 1999, Geeks On Call began franchising in 2001. For more information, call 1-800-905-GEEK or visit www.geeksoncall.com. Geeks On Call franchises are independently owned and operated.
Author: Alberto Arufe Varela
Publisher: Intersentia nv
Release Date: 2003
Information and knowledge have become crucial factors in modern labour markets. In this context, labour-management relations are characterised by an increasing and considerable flow of information. These developments are influenced by new management techniques, such as human resources management, in which the individual is identified as a key element in business success. Furthermore, there is the globalisation of the economy, the increase of international corporate mergers and the unfolding of the network society, which goes hand in hand with technological innovations. These developments not only multiplied the needs for information and the flow of data in employment relations, but also improved techniques of data processing revealing sensitive data of employees. This book deals with employment privacy law, a field of knowledge that increasingly gains influence in legal theory and daily practice. It concentrates on the legal regulation of general human resources data as well as sensitve data in the employment context. The book is developed within a comparative perspective, providing an overview and analysis of the Law of each Member State of the European Union in the field of study. It is completed by a comparative summary. Information and insights in this book will be of great value for practicing lawyers, human resources managers, academics, interest groups and policy makers. The specific issue of monitoring and surveillance in the workplace is covered in another highly recommended book,
Author: Martha Finnemore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2013-04-11
Genre: Political Science
No scholar better exemplifies the intellectual challenges foisted on the Neorealist school of international relations than prominent scholar Stephen Krasner (Graham H. Stuart Professor of International Studies, the Senior Associate Dean for the Social Sciences, School of Humanities & Sciences, and Director of Policy Planning at the US State Department 2005-2007). Throughout his career he has wrestled with realism's promises and limitations. Krasner has always been a prominent defender of realism and the importance of power understood in material terms, whether military or economic. Yet realist frameworks rarely provided a complete explanation for outcomes, in Krasner's analyses, and much of his work involved understanding power's role in situations not well explained by realism. If states seek power, why do we see cooperation? If hegemony promotes cooperation why does cooperation continue in the face of America's decline? Do states actually pursue their national interests or do domestic structures and values derail the rational pursuit of material objectives? Krasner's explanations were as diverse as were the problems. They pushed, to use his phrase, "the limits of realism." Edited by Martha Finnemore and Judith Goldstein, Back to Basics asks scholars to reflect on the role power plays in contemporary politics and how a power politics approach is influential today. The arguments made by the authors in this volume speak to one of three themes that run through Krasner's work: state power and hegemony; the relationship between states and markets; conceptions of the nation state in international politics. These themes appeared regularly in Krasner's scholarship as he wrestled, over his career, with fundamental questions of inter-state politics. Contributors largely agree on the centrality of power but diverge substantially on the ways power is manifest and should be measured and understood. Many of the contributors confronted the same intellectual dilemmas as Krasner in struggling to define power and its relationship to interests, yet their responses are different. Together, these essays explore new ways of thinking about power's role in contemporary politics and demonstrate the concepts continued relevance for both policy and theory.
Author: Henry Farrell
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2019-04-02
Genre: Political Science
How disputes over privacy and security have shaped the relationship between the European Union and the United States and what this means for the future We live in an interconnected world, where security problems like terrorism are spilling across borders, and globalized data networks and e-commerce platforms are reshaping the world economy. This means that states’ jurisdictions and rule systems clash. How have they negotiated their differences over freedom and security? Of Privacy and Power investigates how the European Union and United States, the two major regulatory systems in world politics, have regulated privacy and security, and how their agreements and disputes have reshaped the transatlantic relationship. The transatlantic struggle over freedom and security has usually been depicted as a clash between a peace-loving European Union and a belligerent United States. Henry Farrell and Abraham Newman demonstrate how this misses the point. The real dispute was between two transnational coalitions—one favoring security, the other liberty—whose struggles have reshaped the politics of surveillance, e-commerce, and privacy rights. Looking at three large security debates in the period since 9/11, involving Passenger Name Record data, the SWIFT financial messaging controversy, and Edward Snowden’s revelations, the authors examine how the powers of border-spanning coalitions have waxed and waned. Globalization has enabled new strategies of action, which security agencies, interior ministries, privacy NGOs, bureaucrats, and other actors exploit as circumstances dictate. The first serious study of how the politics of surveillance has been transformed, Of Privacy and Power offers a fresh view of the role of information and power in a world of economic interdependence.
Author: Philip E. Agre
Publisher: MIT Press
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Technology & Engineering
The protectors tell the tale of modern day brothers Tahjay, Eric, and Travon Benson. They are the latest in the long line of protectors, three beings each gifted with a different control over the elements, to protect the ancient, coveted box of nevaeh from the forces of darkness. While trying to balance their destiny with living everyday normal lives, they encounter the mimicals, shape shifters who are after the box of neveah. It is a fight to the death that the protectors may not win, and could ultimately lead to their exposure to the world.