Proust and the Squid

Author: Maryanne Wolf
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 9780062010636
Release Date: 2017-08-01
Genre: Science

"Human beings were never born to read," writes Tufts University cognitive neuroscientist and child development expert Maryanne Wolf. Reading is a human invention that reflects how the brain rearranges itself to learn something new. In this ambitious, provocative book, Wolf chronicles the remarkable journey of the reading brain not only over the past five thousand years, since writing began, but also over the course of a single child's life, showing in the process why children with dyslexia have reading difficulties and singular gifts. Lively, erudite, and rich with examples, Proust and the Squid asserts that the brain that examined the tiny clay tablets of the Sumerians was a very different brain from the one that is immersed in today's technology-driven literacy. The potential transformations in this changed reading brain, Wolf argues, have profound implications for every child and for the intellectual development of our species.

Wer bin ich wenn ich online bin

Author: Nicholas Carr
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 9783641080686
Release Date: 2011-12-22
Genre: Social Science

Wie beeinflusst sie Körper und Geist? Heute schon gegoogelt? Im Durchschnitt sind die Deutschen etwa zweieinhalb Stunden täglich online. Neuesten Studien zufolge, so zeigt Bestsellerautor und IT-Experte Nicholas Carr, bewirkt bereits eine Onlinestunde am Tag erstaunliche neurologische Prägungen in unserem Gehirn. Wer das Internet nach Informationen, sozialen Kontakten oder Unterhaltung durchforstet, verwendet, anders als beim Buch- oder Zeitunglesen, einen Großteil seiner geistigen Energie auf die Beherrschung des Mediums selbst. Und macht sich um die Inhalte, buchstäblich, keinen Kopf. Die Folge: Im Internetzeitalter lesen wir oberflächlicher, lernen wir schlechter, erinnern wir uns schwächer denn je. Von den Anpassungsleistungen unseres Gehirns profitieren nicht wir, sondern die Konzerne, die mit Klickzahlen Kasse machen. In seinem neuen Buch verbindet Carr, zwanzig Jahre nach Entstehung des World Wide Web, seine medienkritische Bilanz mit einer erhellenden Zeitreise durch Philosophie-, Technologie- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte – von Sokrates’ Skepsis gegenüber der Schrift, dem Menschen als Uhrwerk und Nietzsches Schreibmaschine bis zum User als Gegenstand aktueller Debatten und Studien. Und er vermittelt – jenseits von vagem Kulturpessimismus – anhand greifbarer Untersuchungen und Experimente, wie das Internet unser Denken verändert.

Das lesende Gehirn

Author: Maryanne Wolf
Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag
ISBN: 3827427479
Release Date: 2010-08-30
Genre: Psychology

Ich habe mein Leben in den Dienst der Wörter gestellt – ich möchte heraus? nden, in welchen verborgenen Winkeln des Gehirns sie sich verstecken, ich möchte die verschiedenen Ebenen ihrer Bedeutung und Form erforschen und jungen Menschen von ihren Geheimn- sen erzählen. Auf den folgenden Seiten lade ich Sie ein, sich die ungeheure schöpferische Kraft vor Augen zu führen, die sich hinter dem Lesen von Wörtern verbirgt. Keine Errungenschaft unserer geistigen Entwicklung sollten wir weniger selbstverständlich h- nehmen – vor allem in der heutigen Zeit, in der der Übergang zur digitalen Kultur immer schneller voranschreitet. Nie zuvor hat man die komplexe Schönheit des Lesevorgangs und die Vielfalt der damit verbundenen Leistungen wissenschaftlich so gut durchschaut wie heute und noch nie lief das Lesen so sehr Gefahr, von anderen Kommunikationsformen ersetzt zu werden. Das Leitmotiv dieses Buches soll daher sein, genau zu betrachten, was wir haben, und darüber nachzudenken, was wir bewahren w- len. Wirklich zu begreifen, was beim Lesen geschieht, wäre nach den denkwürdigen Worten Sir Edmund Hueys aus dem ausgehenden 19.

Tales of Literacy for the 21st Century

Author: Maryanne Wolf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780191036132
Release Date: 2016-07-21
Genre: Literary Criticism

The Literary Agenda is a series of short polemical monographs about the importance of literature and of reading in the wider world and about the state of literary education inside schools and universities. The category of 'the literary' has always been contentious. What is clear, however, is how increasingly it is dismissed or is unrecognised as a way of thinking or an arena for thought. It is sceptically challenged from within, for example, by the sometimes rival claims of cultural history, contextualized explanation, or media studies. It is shaken from without by even greater pressures: by economic exigency and the severe social attitudes that can follow from it; by technological change that may leave the traditional forms of serious human communication looking merely antiquated. For just these reasons this is the right time for renewal, to start reinvigorated work into the meaning and value of literary reading. Being Literate in the 21st Century wrestles with critical, timely questions for 21st-century society. How does literacy change the human brain? What does it mean to be a literate or a non-literate person in the present digital culture: for example, what will be lost in the present reading brain, and what will be gained with different mediums than print? What are the consequences of a digital reading brain for the literary mind and for writing itself ? Can knowledge about the reading brain and advances in technology offer new forms of literacy and new forms of knowledge to the peoples in remote regions of the world who would never otherwise become literate? By using both research from cognitive neuroscience, psycholinguistics, child development, and education, and considering literary examples from world literature, Maryanne Wolf plots a course that seeks to preserve the deepest forms of reading from the past, while developing the cognitive skills necessary for this century's next generation.

Building the Reading Brain PreK 3

Author: Pamela Nevills
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1412963265
Release Date: 2009-01-06
Genre: Education

The authors translate brain theory and research into developmentally appropriate practices that foster literacy skills from birth to age eight and prepare students for reading success.

Handbuch Bestandsmanagement in ffentlichen Bibliotheken

Author: Frauke Schade
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110240559
Release Date: 2012-05-29
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook of Collection Management in Public Libraries offers a comprehensive view of the subject. It illuminates current challenges in the book and media market, the rapid development of the internet, and the increasing competition between new providers of information and media, as well as current socio-political challenges which impose new demands on collection managements; for example demographic change, changing values in society and the growing competition for funding between public institutions.

Wer bin ich wenn ich online bin

Author: Nicholas Carr
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 9783641080686
Release Date: 2011-12-22
Genre: Social Science

Wie beeinflusst sie Körper und Geist? Heute schon gegoogelt? Im Durchschnitt sind die Deutschen etwa zweieinhalb Stunden täglich online. Neuesten Studien zufolge, so zeigt Bestsellerautor und IT-Experte Nicholas Carr, bewirkt bereits eine Onlinestunde am Tag erstaunliche neurologische Prägungen in unserem Gehirn. Wer das Internet nach Informationen, sozialen Kontakten oder Unterhaltung durchforstet, verwendet, anders als beim Buch- oder Zeitunglesen, einen Großteil seiner geistigen Energie auf die Beherrschung des Mediums selbst. Und macht sich um die Inhalte, buchstäblich, keinen Kopf. Die Folge: Im Internetzeitalter lesen wir oberflächlicher, lernen wir schlechter, erinnern wir uns schwächer denn je. Von den Anpassungsleistungen unseres Gehirns profitieren nicht wir, sondern die Konzerne, die mit Klickzahlen Kasse machen. In seinem neuen Buch verbindet Carr, zwanzig Jahre nach Entstehung des World Wide Web, seine medienkritische Bilanz mit einer erhellenden Zeitreise durch Philosophie-, Technologie- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte – von Sokrates’ Skepsis gegenüber der Schrift, dem Menschen als Uhrwerk und Nietzsches Schreibmaschine bis zum User als Gegenstand aktueller Debatten und Studien. Und er vermittelt – jenseits von vagem Kulturpessimismus – anhand greifbarer Untersuchungen und Experimente, wie das Internet unser Denken verändert.

Literature Neurology and Neuroscience Historical and Literary Connections

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444632753
Release Date: 2013-11-25
Genre: Science

This well-established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within neuroscience, as well as emerging and promising subfields. This volume on the neurosciences, neurology, and literature vividly shows how science and the humanities can come together --- and have come together in the past. Its sections provide a new, broad look at these interactions, which have received surprisingly little attention in the past. Experts in the field cover literature as a window to neurological and scientific zeitgeists, theories of brain and mind in literature, famous authors and their suspected neurological disorders, and how neurological disorders and treatments have been described in literature. In addition, a myriad of other topics are covered, including some on famous authors whose important connections to the neurosciences have been overlooked (e.g., Roget, of Thesaurus fame), famous neuroscientists who should also be associated with literature, and some overlooked scientific and medical men who helped others produce great literary works (e,g., Bram Stoker's Dracula). There has not been a volume with this coverage in the past, and the connections it provides should prove fascinating to individuals in science, medicine, history, literature, and various other disciplines. This book looks at literature, medicine, and the brain sciences both historically and in the light of the newest scholarly discoveries and insights

Mind Brain and Education Science A Comprehensive Guide to the New Brain Based Teaching

Author: Tracey Tokuhama-Espinosa
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393706819
Release Date: 2010-12-20
Genre: Education

Establishing the parameters and goals of the new field of mind, brain, and education science. A groundbreaking work, Mind, Brain, and Education Science explains the new transdisciplinary academic field that has grown out of the intersection of neuroscience, education, and psychology. The trend in “brain-based teaching” has been growing for the past twenty years and has exploded in the past five to become the most authoritative pedagogy for best learning results. Aimed at teachers, teacher trainers and policy makers, and anyone interested in the future of education in America and beyond, Mind, Brain, and Education Science responds to the clamor for help in identifying what information could and should apply in classrooms with confidence, and what information is simply commercial hype. Combining an exhaustive review of the literature, as well as interviews with over twenty thought leaders in the field from six different countries, this book describes the birth and future of this new and groundbreaking discipline. Mind, Brain, and Education Science looks at the foundations, standards, and history of the field, outlining the ways that new information should be judged. Well-established information is elegantly separated from “neuromyths” to help teachers split the wheat from the chaff in classroom planning, instruction and teaching methodology.

The Shallows

Author: Nicholas Carr
Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd
ISBN: 9781848878839
Release Date: 2010-09-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In this ground-breaking and compelling book, Nicholas Carr argues that not since Gutenberg invented printing has humanity been exposed to such a mind-altering technology. The Shallows draws on the latest research to show that the Net is literally re-wiring our brains inducing only superficial understanding. As a consequence there are profound changes in the way we live and communicate, remember and socialise - even in our very conception of ourselves. By moving from the depths of thought to the shallows of distraction, the web, it seems, is actually fostering ignorance. The Shallows is not a manifesto for luddites, nor does it seek to turn back the clock. Rather it is a revelatory reminder of how far the Internet has become enmeshed in our daily existence and is affecting the way we think. This landmark book compels us all to look anew at our dependence on this all-pervasive technology.

Marcel Proust in the Light of William James

Author: Marilyn M. Sachs
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739181638
Release Date: 2013-11-29
Genre: Literary Criticism

For a century now, scholars have searched for the “source” of Marcel Proust’s startlingly innovative novel À la recherche du temps perdu. Some have pointed to Henri Bergson, Sigmund Freud, or Paul Sollier. Others have referenced the novels of Henry James. But no one has focused on the more significant influence of the writings of Henry’s older brother, the psychologist and Harvard professor William James. A close comparison reveals the degree to which Proust’s novel stems from James’s psychological and philosophical theories. William James was a prominent member of the scientific, medical and philosophical communities in Proust’s Paris and was close friends with two men well known to Proust. His works were translated into French and reviewed in French journals and newspapers. This book discloses how Proust likely became familiar with William James and illustrates how James’s writings were key to Proust’s ability to craft the book he had been trying to write, extending even to his use of similar language and imagery and a narrative schema that arguably mimics James’s descriptions of consciousness, perception, and memory. Proust’s hero assiduously explores the vague, uncertain, relational aspects of experience, the trials and comforts of habit, the salvational potential of memory, the “moral” aspects of personal history teeming with impression and desire—these are the truths of human psychology and behavior theorized by William James and made fictional flesh in Proust’s rendition of lived experience.