Author: Lawrence O. Gostin
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Lawrence O. Gostin’s seminal Public Health Law is widely acclaimed as the definitive statement on public health law at the turn of the twenty-first century. In this bold third edition, Gostin is joined by Lindsay F. Wiley to analyze major health threats of our time such as chronic diseases, emerging infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, bioterrorism, natural disasters, opiod overdose, and gun violence. The authors draw on constitutional law, administrative law, local government law, and tort law to develop their conception of law as a tool for protecting the public’s health. The book creates an intellectual framework for modern public health law and supports that framework with illustrations of the scientific, political, and ethical issues involved. In proposing innovative solutions for the future of the public’s health, Gostin and Wiley’s essential study provides a blueprint for public and political debates to come. New issues covered in this edition: • Corporate personhood rights raised in response to regulations of tobacco, food and beverages, alcohol, firearms, prescription drugs, and marijuana. • Local government authority to protect the public’s health. • Deregulation and harm reduction as modes of public health law intervention. • Taxation, spending, and alteration of the socioeconomic environment as modes of public health law intervention. • Access to health care as a strategy for protecting the public’s health. • Taxation, spending, licensing, zoning, and shared-use strategies for chronic disease prevention. • The public health law perspective on violence and injury prevention. • Health justice as a framework for reducing health disparities and protecting the public’s health.
Author: Lawrence O. Gostin
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2010-06-02
Now revised and expanded to cover today’s most pressing health threats, Public Health Law and Ethics probes the legal and ethical issues at the heart of public health through an incisive selection of government reports, scholarly articles, and relevant court cases. Companion to the internationally acclaimed text Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint, this reader can also be used as a stand-alone resource for students, practitioners, scholars,and teachers. It encompasses global issues that have changed the shape of public health in recent years including anthrax, SARS, pandemic flu, biosecurity, emergency preparedness, and the transition from infectious to chronic diseases caused by lifestyle changes in eating and physical activity. In addition to covering these new arenas, it includes discussion of classic legal and ethical tensions inherent to public health practice, such as how best to balance the police power of the state with individual autonomy.
Author: David Fidler
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Release Date: 2008
"The renewed threat of biological weapons highlights the importance of crafting policy responses informed by the rule of law. This book explores patterns in recent governance initiatives and advocates building a "global biosecurity concert" as a way to address the threats presented by biological weapons and infectious diseases in the early 21st century."--BOOK JACKET.
Author: Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-08-20
Infectious disease surveillance has evolved at an extraordinarypace during the past several decades, and continues to do so. It isincreasingly used to inform public health practice in addition toits use as a tool for early detection of epidemics. It is thereforecrucial that students of public health and epidemiology have asound understanding of the concepts and principles that underpinmodern surveillance of infectious disease. Written by leaders in the field, who have vast hands-onexperience in conducting surveillance and teaching applied publichealth, Concepts and Methods in Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is comprised of four sections. The first sectionprovides an overview, a description of systems used by publichealth jurisdictions in the United States and legal considerationsfor surveillance. The second section presents chapters on majorprogram-area or disease-specific surveillance systems, includingthose that monitor bacterial infections, foodborne diseases,healthcare-associated infections, and HIV/AIDS. The followingsection is devoted to methods for conducting surveillance and alsoapproaches for data analysis. A concluding section summarizescommunication of surveillance findings, including the use oftraditional and social media, in addition to showcasing lessonslearned from the New York City Department of Health’sexperience in surveillance and epidemiology training. This comprehensive new book covers major topics at an introductoryto intermediate level, and will be an excellent resource forinstructors. Suitable for use in graduate level courses in publichealth, human and veterinary medicine, and in undergraduateprograms in public-health-oriented disciplines, Concepts andMethods in Infectious Disease Surveillance is also a usefulprimer for frontline public health practitioners, hospitalepidemiologists, infection control practitioners, laboratorians inpublic health settings, infectious disease researchers, and medicaland public health informaticians interested in a concise overviewof infectious disease surveillance.
Pharmaunternehmen, Ärzte und Patienten sind die Hauptakteure der Haftung für Arzneimittelschäden, die hohe haftungsrechtliche Relevanz haben. Das Buch stellt die Verantwortlichkeiten der Akteure und das Dreiecks-Beziehungsgeflecht zwischen ihnen dar. Besonderes Augenmerk liegt dabei auf dem Mitverschulden des Patienten. Adem Koyuncu wurde für dieses Buch mit dem Wissenschaftspreis der Gesellschaft für Recht und Politik im Gesundheitswesen ausgezeichnet.
Author: Catherine D. DeAngelis, MD, MPH
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2013-07-17
The chapters in Patient Care and Professionalism are ordered so that the main character in this book, the patient, has the first voice, followed by the ancient history of professionalism, the recent resurrection of professionalism in the United Kingdom (UK), and finally professionalism in the United States (US). The eleven chapters cover the various health care professions: medicine, nursing, public health, law, leadership, religion, and finally a chapter on the science of professionalism. The chapters are all written by internationally known experts. The authors share their collective experience to shine light on professionalism from a new angle, revealing the way to a new kind of relationship for patients and physicians of the future-a rebirth of trust borne in real collaboration. The volume begins with a discussion of what is meant by the term "advocacy" in the practice of medicine, and then offers perspectives on where opportunities for medical advocacy lie, the rich collaborations they engender, and ways to overcome systemic barriers to advocacy.
Author: Bernard Lo
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2012-01-03
This timely Fourth Edition offers clinicians expert guidance in approaching a wide range of ethical dilemmas and developing an action plan. Most chapters include real-life sample cases that the author walks through, discussing the salient issues and how to approach them. This edition includes a new chapter on ethical issues in cross-cultural medicine and new material on conscientious objection by physicians in reproductive health and other areas. Other topics addressed include disclosure of errors to patients, gifts to physicians from drug companies, involuntary psychiatric treatment, genomic medicine, and ethical issues during public health emergencies such as pandemics. The updated discussion of organ transplantation includes increasing the donor pool and non-heart beating donors.
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 2007-02-22
Genre: Political Science
In the past 30 years, the population of prisoners in the United States has expanded almost 5-fold, correctional facilities are increasingly overcrowded, and more of the country's disadvantaged populations—racial minorities, women, people with mental illness, and people with communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis—are under correctional supervision. Because prisoners face restrictions on liberty and autonomy, have limited privacy, and often receive inadequate health care, they require specific protections when involved in research, particularly in today's correctional settings. Given these issues, the Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Human Research Protections commissioned the Institute of Medicine to review the ethical considerations regarding research involving prisoners. The resulting analysis contained in this book, Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners, emphasizes five broad actions to provide prisoners involved in research with critically important protections: • expand the definition of "prisoner"; • ensure universally and consistently applied standards of protection; • shift from a category-based to a risk-benefit approach to research review; • update the ethical framework to include collaborative responsibility; and • enhance systematic oversight of research involving prisoners.
Author: Christopher Reynolds
Publisher: Federation Press
Release Date: 2011-07-14
Public and Environmental Health Law is a successor to Public Health Law and Regulation 2nd edition and offers a critical and up to date assessment of the legislation, cases and policies that impact on public health practice in Australia and New Zealand. As with earlier editions, this book outlines and discusses laws in a range of important areas including environmental health, food safety, communicable disease, obesity, tobacco and alcohol, the human health impacts of pollution control and planning law. Particular focus is given to new directions in public and environmental health law including the risk based approaches reflected in recent legislation and statutory duties to protect public health. New issues are also raised and discussed, including sustainability, the challenges of climate change, preparedness for pandemics and other public health emergencies and health impact assessment. Introductory chapters set public and environmental health law in the context of the wider legal system and discuss issues such as its constitutional structure, international trends and obligations, rights questions including natural justice and the proper exercise of statutory power by officers. The principles of legislation and its interpretation and the laws of evidence, with a particular focus on the use of epidemiological data as evidence, are also examined. Public and Environmental Health Lawis designed for students of environmental health and public health, for environmental health officers, medical officers and others working in the field and for all persons interested in the potential for law and legislation to further the practice of public health. It is written in a way that highlights the potential for law to act strategically, as a tool for improving public health outcomes, is extensively referenced to statutes and cases and is accompanied by a detailed bibliography.
Author: John Coggon
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2013-09-12
Genre: Political Science
Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.
Author: Ginette A. Pepper, PhD, RN, FAAN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Release Date: 2012-05-29
This landmark annual review has provided three decades of knowledge, insight, and research on topics critical to the continued advancement of the nursing profession. This latest edition is a compilation of the most significant nursing research in genetics and genomics. Articles have been carefully selected by the editors, highly respected scholars and researchers in the field of genetics, to bring together current research that has particular relevance for translation into a clinical setting or expansion into other research areas. The review provides authoritative information of the highest caliber not only to researchers, but also to clinicians and undergraduate and graduate nursing students. Key Topics: The current status of genomic molecular science Ethical, legal, and social issues in genomics Genetics of diseases and symptoms Genomics across the lifespan