Public Philosophy

Author: Michael J. Sandel
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674019288
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Philosophy

In this book, Michael Sandel takes up some of the hotly contested moral and political issues of our time, including affirmative action, assisted suicide, abortion, gay rights, stem cell research, the meaning of toleration and civility, the gap between rich and poor, the role of markets, and the place of religion in public life. He argues that the most prominent ideals in our political life--individual rights and freedom of choice--do not by themselves provide an adequate ethic for a democratic society. Sandel calls for a politics that gives greater emphasis to citizenship, community, and civic virtue, and that grapples more directly with questions of the good life. Liberals often worry that inviting moral and religious argument into the public sphere runs the risk of intolerance and coercion. These essays respond to that concern by showing that substantive moral discourse is not at odds with progressive public purposes, and that a pluralist society need not shrink from engaging the moral and religious convictions that its citizens bring to public life.

Was man f r Geld nicht kaufen kann

Author: Michael J. Sandel
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 9783843705097
Release Date: 2012-11-09
Genre: Philosophy

Darf ein Staat Söldner verpflichten, um Kriege zu führen? Ist es moralisch vertretbar, Leute dafür zu bezahlen, dass sie Organe spenden? Dürfen Unternehmen gegen Geld das Recht erwerben, die Luft zu verpesten? Fast alles scheint heute käuflich zu sein. Wollten wir das so? Und was können wir dagegen tun? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele widmet sich Michael J. Sandel dieser wichtigen ethischen Frage. Die Regeln des Marktes haben fast alle Lebensbereiche infiltriert, auch jene, die eigentlich jenseits von Konsum und Mehrwert liegen sollten: Medizin, Erziehung, Politik, Recht und Gesetz, Kunst, Sport, sogar Familie und Partnerschaft. Ohne es zu merken, haben wir uns von einer Marktwirtschaft in eine Marktgesellschaft gewandelt. Ist da nicht etwas grundlegend schief gelaufen? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele wirft Michael Sandel eine der wichtigsten ethischen Fragen unserer Zeit auf: Wie können wir den Markt daran hindern, Felder zu beherrschen, in denen er nichts zu suchen hat? Wo liegen seine moralischen Grenzen? Und wie können wir zivilisatorische Errungenschaften bewahren, für die sich der Markt nicht interessiert und die man für kein Geld der Welt kaufen kann?

Public Philosophy and Political Science

Author: E. Robert Statham
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073910294X
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Philosophy

The crisis of western civilization is a crisis of public philosophy. This is the charge of Public Philosophy and Political Science, a stunning new collection of essays edited by E. Robert Statham Jr. Vividly cataloging the decay of the moral and intellectual foundations of civic liberty, the book portrays a generation of Americans alienated from institutions built on public philosophy. The work exposes the failure of America's political scientists to acknowledge and understand this alarming crisis in the American body politic. The distinguished contributors examine the evolution of public philosophy; the inextricable relationship between politics and philosophy; and the interplay between public philosophy, the constitution, natural law, and government. They reveal the dire threat to deliberative democracy and the fundamental order of constitutional society posed by public philosophy's waning power to refine, cultivate, and civilize. The work is an indictment of a society which has discarded a way of life rooted in natural law, democracy and the traditions of civility; and is a denunciation of an educated elite that has divorced itself from the standards upon which public philosophy rests. It is essential reading for philosophers and political and social scientists seeking to resurrect the standards of American public life.

Glocal Public Philosophy

Author: Naoshi Yamawaki
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783643902917
Release Date: 2016-07-01
Genre: Philosophy

'Glocal Public Philosophy' means a practical philosophy that deals with universal public issues from the particular public world or place where each individual lives and acts. Taking historical changes of the nature of public philosophy, as well as of academic situations from the 19th century onwards into consideration, the author tries to develop this idea in view of contemporary philosophies both in Western countries and in Japan. This book provides, not only new knowledge about modern Japanese public philosophies, but also inspiration for a new role of philosophy for the realization of a more peaceful and just societies. (Series: Philosophy in International Context / Philosophie im internationalen Kontext. Studies / Abhandlungen, Vol. 9) [Subject: Philosophy]

Comparative Political Theory and Cross Cultural Philosophy

Author: Jin Y. Park
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739137611
Release Date: 2009-06-16
Genre: Philosophy

Comparative Political Theory and Cross-Cultural Philosophy: Essays in Honor of Hwa Yol Jung explores new forms of philosophizing in the age of globalization by challenging the conventional border between the East and the West, as well as the traditional boundaries among different academic disciplines. The essays in this volume examine diverse issues, encompassing globalization, cosmopolitanism, public philosophy, political ecology, ecocriticism, ethics of encounter, and aesthetics of caring. They examine the philosophical traditions of phenomenology of Hursserl, Merleau-Ponty, and Heidegger; the dialogism of Mikhail Bakhtin; the philosophy of mestizaje literature; and Asian philosophical traditions. This rich comparative and cross-cultural investigation of philosophy and political theory demonstrates the importance of cultural and cross-cultural understanding in our reading of philosophical texts, exploring how cross-cultural thinking transforms our understanding of the traditional philosophical paradigm and political theory. This volume honors the scholarship and philosophy of Hwa Yol Jung, who has been a pioneer in the field of comparative political theory, cross-cultural philosophy, and interdisciplinary scholarship. In one of his earliest publications, The Crisis of Political Understanding (1979), Jung described the urgency and necessity of breakthrough in political thinking as a crisis, and he followed up on this issue for his half century of scholarship by introducing Asian philosophy and political thought to Western scholarship, demonstrating the possibility of cross-cultural philosophical thinking. In his most recent publications, Jung refers to this possibility as 'transversality' or 'trans(uni)versality,' a concept which should replace the outmoded Eurocentric universality of modernist philosophy. Jung expounds that in 'transversality,' 'differences are negotiated and compromised rather than effaced and absorbed into sameness.' This volume is a testimony to the very possibility of transversality in our scholarship and thinking.

Gerechtigkeit

Author: Michael J. Sandel
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 9783843703116
Release Date: 2013-02-08
Genre: Philosophy

Darf ein Staat Söldner verpflichten, um Kriege zu führen? Ist es moralisch vertretbar, Leute dafür zu bezahlen, dass sie Organe spenden? Dürfen Unternehmen gegen Geld das Recht erwerben, die Luft zu verpesten? Fast alles scheint heute käuflich zu sein. Wollten wir das so? Und was können wir dagegen tun? Mit Verve und anhand prägnanter Beispiele widmet sich Michael J. Sandel dieser wichtigen ethischen Frage. Ist es in Ordnung, wenn Dachdecker nach einem Sturm den Preis für Reparaturen drastisch erhöhen? Warum gilt es als unmoralisch, Leihmütter für das Austragen eines Kindes zu bezahlen? Darf ein Soldat einen Schäfer erschießen, der seinen Spähtrupp an die Taliban verraten könnte, und damit das Leben von vielen Kameraden retten? Anhand solcher Beispiele aus dem realen Leben, aber auch aus Literatur und Weltgeschichte diskutiert Michael J. Sandel die für jede Gesellschaft entscheidende Frage: Gibt es ein allgemeines Kriterium für gerechtes Handeln? Er prüft die Tauglichkeit moralischer Normen und stellt bedeutende Philosophen wie Aristoteles, Kant und Rawls einander gegenüber. Zudem erläutert er sein eigenes Konzept, in dem das Gemeinwohl und der konkrete Nutzen für den Menschen im Zentrum allen Tuns stehen.

Applying Political Theory

Author: Katherine Smits
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 9781137020604
Release Date: 2009-06-10
Genre: Political Science

How can political theory help us understand and solve the political questions of our time? This introduction to political theory illuminates its relevance and applicability and clarifies what is at stake in debates over welfare; terrorism and civil liberties; minority rights; abortion and euthanasia; freedom of speech and a range of other issues.

Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy

Author: Thomas Christiano
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444310380
Release Date: 2009-03-30
Genre: Philosophy

This collection of 24 essays, written by eminent philosophers and political theorists, brings together fresh debates on some of the most fundamental questions in contemporary political philosophy, including human rights, equality, constitutionalism, the value of democracy, identity and political neutrality. Presents fresh debates on six of the fundamental questions in contemporary political philosophy Each question is treated by a pair of opposing essays written by eminent scholars Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, invites the reader to participate in the exchange of arguments and paves the way for further discussion Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in political philosophy, whilst also capturing the imagination of professional philosophers Offers the unique opportunity to observe leading philosophers engaging in head-to-head debate

Politische Emotionen

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518737422
Release Date: 2014-10-06
Genre: Philosophy

Wie viel Gefühl verträgt eine Gesellschaft, die nach Gerechtigkeit strebt? Nicht viel, könnte man meinen und auf die Gefahren politischer Instrumentalisierung von Ängsten und Ressentiments verweisen. Emotionen, so eine verbreitete Ansicht, setzen das Denken außer Kraft und sollten deshalb keine Rolle spielen. Martha C. Nussbaum hingegen behauptet: um der Gerechtigkeit politisch zur Geltung zu verhelfen, bedarf es nicht nur eines klaren Verstandes, sondern auch einer positiv-emotionalen Bindung der Bürgerinnen und Bürger an die gemeinsame Sache. Manche sprechen von Hingabe, Nussbaum nennt es Liebe. Sie zeigt, welche Ausdrucksformen diese und verwandte politische Emotionen annehmen können und wie sie sich kultivieren lassen.

A Perfect Moral Storm

Author: Stephen M. Gardiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199910458
Release Date: 2011-05-04
Genre: Philosophy

Climate change is arguably the great problem confronting humanity, but we have done little to head off this looming catastrophe. In The Perfect Moral Storm, philosopher Stephen Gardiner illuminates our dangerous inaction by placing the environmental crisis in an entirely new light, considering it as an ethical failure. Gardiner clarifies the moral situation, identifying the temptations (or "storms") that make us vulnerable to a certain kind of corruption. First, the world's most affluent nations are tempted to pass on the cost of climate change to the poorer and weaker citizens of the world. Second, the present generation is tempted to pass the problem on to future generations. Third, our poor grasp of science, international justice, and the human relationship to nature helps to facilitate inaction. As a result, we are engaging in willful self-deception when the lives of future generations, the world's poor, and even the basic fabric of life on the planet is at stake. We should wake up to this profound ethical failure, Gardiner concludes, and demand more of our institutions, our leaders and ourselves. "This is a radical book, both in the sense that it faces extremes and in the sense that it goes to the roots." --Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews "The book's strength lies in Gardiner's success at understanding and clarifying the types of moral issues that climate change raises, which is an important first step toward solutions." --Science Magazine "Gardiner has expertly explored some very instinctual and vitally important considerations which cannot realistically be ignored. --Required reading." --Green Prophet "Gardiner makes a strong case for highlighting and insisting on the ethical dimensions of the climate problem, and his warnings about buck-passing and the dangerous appeal of moral corruptions hit home." --Times Higher Education "Stephen Gardiner takes to a new level our understanding of the moral dimensions of climate change. A Perfect Moral Storm argues convincingly that climate change is the greatest moral challenge our species has ever faced - and that the problem goes even deeper than we think." --Peter Singer, Princeton University

Humans in Nature

Author: Gregory E. Kaebnick
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199347230
Release Date: 2013-11-04
Genre: Medical

Contemporary debates over issues as wide-ranging as the protection of wildernesses and endangered species, the spread of genetically modified organisms, the emergence of synthetic biology, and the advance of human enhancement, all of which seem to spin into deeper and more baffling questions with every change in the news cycle, often circle back to the same fundamental question: should there be limits to the human alteration of the natural world? A growing number of people view the human capacity to alter natural states of affairs -- from formerly wild spaces and things around us to crops and livestock to our own human nature -- as cause for moral alarm. That reaction raises a number of perplexing philosophical questions, however: Can we identify "natural" states of affairs at all? Does the idea of being morally concerned about the human relationship to nature make any sense? Should such a concern influence public policy and politics, or should government stay strenuously neutral on such matters? Through a study of moral debates about the environment, agricultural biotechnology, synthetic biology, and human enhancement, Gregory E. Kaebnick, a research scholar at The Hastings Center and editor of the Hastings Center Report, argues that concerns about the human alteration of nature can be legitimate and serious, but also that they are complex, contestable, and of limited political force. Kaebnick defends attempts to identify "natural" states of affairs by disentangling the nature/artifact distinction from metaphysical hoariness. Drawing on David Hume, he also defends moral standards for the human relationship to nature, arguing that they, and moral standards generally, should be understood as grounded in what Hume called the "passions." Yet what counts as "natural" can be delineated only roughly, he concludes, and moral standards for interaction with nature are less a matter of obligation than of ideals. Kaebnick also concludes, drawing on an interpretation of the liberal principle of neutrality, that government may support those standards but must be careful not to enforce them. Thus Kaebnick looks for a middle way on debates that have tended toward polarization. "As differences between nature and artifact become steadily less substantial, problems about preservation run to the core of how people can make sense of themselves, of each other, and of our shared world. Kaebnick's solutions are creative and compelling, theoretically elegant and politically practical. Providing distinctive ways forward, when much academic and policy discussion seems exhausted, his book demands wide attention. In return, it inspires hope." - James Nelson, Michigan State University

Gegen Demokratie

Author: Jason Brennan
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 9783843715539
Release Date: 2017-04-07
Genre: Political Science

Jason Brennan erhebt eine provokante Forderung: Die Demokratie soll endlich nach ihren Ergebnissen beurteilt werden. Und die sind keineswegs überzeugend. Demokratie führt oft dazu, dass lautstarke Meinungsmacher den Bürgern ihre fatalen Entscheidungen aufzwingen. Zumal die Mehrheit der Wähler uninformiert ist, grundlegende ökonomische und politische Zusammenhänge nicht begreift, aber dennoch maßgeblich Einfluss auf die Politik ausübt. Der renommierte Philosoph stellt fest: Das Wahlrecht sollte kein universales Menschenrecht sein, sondern nur verantwortungsvollen, informierten Menschen mit politischen Kompetenzen zustehen. Mit Verve und prägnanten Beispielen zeigt er, dass eine gemäßigte Epistokratie – eine Herrschaft der Wissenden – die sinnvollere Regierungsform im 21. Jahrhundert ist.

Gerechtigkeit f r Igel

Author: Ronald Dworkin
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518780206
Release Date: 2012-07-02
Genre: Philosophy

»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Essays in the Public Philosophy

Author: Walter Lippmann
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412838649
Release Date: 1955
Genre: Democracy

Publisher's description: Freedom demands responsibility. In this cogent, penetrating analysis of the changing state of Western democracies, Walter Lippmann, dean of political news columnists, presents a lucid, balanced summary of the crucial decisions facing every thoughtful 20th century citizen. He urges free men everywhere to take a lively, responsible interest in their government in order to preserve their liberties and defend themselves against totalitarianism.