Crime and Punishment A History of the Criminal Justice System

Author: Mitchel Roth
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780495809883
Release Date: 2010-06-02
Genre: Social Science

Authoritative and engaging, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT: A HISTORY OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, 2e delivers a comprehensive examination of the history of the criminal justice system. Roth begins with a discussion of system’s roots in the ancient world and Great Britain and carries the narrative all the way through the 21st Century and the impact of terrorism and white collar crime on today’s criminal justice institutions. Written by a historian and criminologist, the text goes in depth to demonstrate how history has shaped the present criminal justice system and how it affects public policy being established today. It offers intriguing insight into the people--such as Robert F. Kennedy and J. Edgar Hoover--and events--like the Innocence Project--that impacted the evolution of the American system. In addition to its thorough coverage of history, the Second Edition explores the issues challenging today’s system, such as Ponzi schemes, medical marijuana, the Second Chance Act, faith-based initiatives, prison gangs, and much more. Covering criminal justice both chronologically and topically, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT couples recent trends with historical analysis to equip readers with a thorough understanding of today’s criminal justice system. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Robert M. Bohm
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019984383X
Release Date: 2012-07
Genre: Social Science

From myths about crime and punishment to dangerous misunderstandings about the administration of justice, Demystifying Crime and Criminal Justice, Second Edition, exposes--and aims to correct--many of the American public's misconceptions about the criminal justice system. Designed to stimulate critical thinking, this volume not only provides students with a deeper understanding of crime and criminal justice but also encourages them to question generally accepted beliefs more broadly. FEATURES * Revised and updated chapters contributed by a broad range of experts and scholars * Incorporates the most up-to-date research * Ten brand-new chapters covering misconceptions about juvenile offenders, the rehabilitation of sex offenders, the use of police force, and other controversial issues * Rich pedagogy: review questions, discussion/critical thinking questions, relevant websites, and additional reading suggestions

Crime and Criminal Justice in American Society

Author: Randall G. Shelden
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 9781478630142
Release Date: 2015-06-22
Genre: Social Science

Today’s headlines vividly illustrate the importance of understanding aspects of the criminal justice system too often ignored. While the second edition of Crime and Criminal Justice in American Society includes the most recent statistics on the police, courts, and corrections, its provocative, current examples also spur critical thinking about justice in the United States. The authors offer an alternative interpretation of criminal justice rarely presented in traditional textbooks or by the media. They encourage readers to examine their beliefs about crime, punishment, and the law. Discussions in the chapters about how African Americans, Hispanics, whites, women, juveniles, the rich, and the poor experience crime and the criminal justice system contribute context for understanding different viewpoints. The poor and minorities are the most likely to be caught in the net of criminal justice—but inequities have consequences for everyone. Reflection on various perspectives provides helpful input for assessing attitudes and for becoming actively involved with issues that have significant consequences. Eighteen thoroughly revised chapters present historical backgrounds, theories, and emerging issues. New to the second edition is a chapter on veterans involved in the criminal justice system. Affordable, succinct, and engaging, this textbook presents the key concepts of the criminal justice system at less than half the cost of many competing textbooks.

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Author: Mary Maguire
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781483350615
Release Date: 2014-11-11
Genre: Social Science

A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

Die Behandlung junger Straft ter in den USA

Author: Marcus Schaerff
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783830982395
Release Date: 2015
Genre: Law

Kinder sind anders (Maria Montessori). Dieser Erkenntnis sucht die Gesellschaft seit Generationen gerade bei der Ahndung von Straftaten Jugendlicher mehr oder weniger erfolgreich gerecht zu werden. Die Arbeit befasst sich erstmals umfassend mit den jugendstrafrechtlichen Kodifizierungen und Programmen, die sich in den vergangenen 400 Jahren in den Vereinigten Staaten im Spannungsfeld zwischen den Besonderheiten der Lebensphase Jugend und dem Umgang mit jugendlichen Straftätern herausgebildet haben. Systematisch zeichnet sie dabei die Entwicklungsphasen von der Aburteilung jugendlicher Täter nach dem Erwachsenenstrafrecht über die Einführung eines Jugendvollzugs und eigener Jugendgerichte bis zu den durch die massiven Verschärfungen der Behandlung junger Straftäter in den 1990er Jahren entstandenen Mischformen aus Jugendrecht und Erwachsenenstrafrecht nach. Die einzelnen Entwicklungsschritte werden in ihrem jeweiligen historischen, religiösen, politischen, sozial-kulturellen und wirtschaftlichen Kontext ausführlich dargestellt und analysiert. Marcus Schaerff, geb. 1976, nach dem Studium der Rechtswissenschaften an der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster von 1996 bis 2002 und juristischem Vorbereitungsdienst am Oberlandesgericht Hamm 2003 bis 2005 Promotion am Institut für Kriminalwissenschaften - Abteilung Kriminologie - der Universität Münster. Seine Forschungsinteressen und -schwerpunkte sind das Jugendstraf- und Strafvollzugsrecht sowie die Anti-Terrorismus-Gesetzgebung.

American Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Daniel P. Mears
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521762465
Release Date: 2010-04-12
Genre: Social Science

Examines the most prominent criminal justice policies, finding that they fall short of achieving the effectiveness that policymakers have advocated.

Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong

Author: Eric Wing Hong Chui
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317497295
Release Date: 2016-09-13
Genre: Social Science

In recent years law, crime and justice have become increasingly politicised in Hong Kong. Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong, 2nd Edition offers a detailed and comprehensive overview of and introduction to the criminal justice system in Hong Kong, building upon recent events and controversies. This book provides a much-needed overview of the criminal justice system in Hong Kong, including new chapters on criminological research methods, defining crime, fear of crime, the criminal court system, police power and discretion, and plea bargaining. This revised and expanded second edition: Outlines the basic concepts of criminal law in Hong Kong, Analyses the process of the criminal justice system, ranging from the reporting of a crime through to the correctional system, Examines how criminal justice personnel work in practice, and how they deal with the offenders and victims during the criminal justice process, Invites readers to consider arguments and debates that surround the controversial issues in the Hong Kong criminal justice system. This book is a comprehensive resource for students studying this subject as part of a wider course in criminal justice, police studies, law or social work, and for practitioners working in Hong Kong in the police, prisons, probation, voluntary agencies and other criminal justice personnel. Text features include review questions, lists of cases cited, and useful websites.

Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Author: Bonnie S. Fisher
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781452266374
Release Date: 2010-02-02
Genre: Social Science

For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial In many ways, the two fields of victimology and crime prevention have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and others. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention brings together in one authoritative resource the dispersed information and knowledge on both victimology and crime prevention. With nearly 375 entries, this two-volume set moves victimology and crime prevention one step further into recognized scholarly fields whose research informs practice and whose practice informs research. Key Features Provides users with the most authoritative and comprehensive coverage available on victimology and crime prevention Presents victimology and crime prevention as their own separate, justifiable disciplines rather than subfields within more established disciplines Discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system, as well as topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs Offers "anchor essays" written by leading scholars in their respective fields to provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics Key Themes Business Prevention Actions Civil Justice System Correlates of Victimization Courts: Alternative Remedies Courts: Law and Justice Crime Prevention Crime Prevention Partnerships Criminal Justice System Fear of Crime Individual Protection Actions Interventions and Intervention Programs for Victim and Offender Intrafamilial Offenses Legislation and Statutes Media and Crime Prevention Methodology Offenses, Special Topics Official Crime Data Personal Offenses Property Offenses Psychological, Mental, and Physical Health Issues Residential Community Crime Prevention School and Workplace Offenses School-Based Crime Prevention Services and Treatment for Victims Theory Victimization Scales and Surveys Victimology Youth-Focused Crime Prevention The victimology–crime prevention nexus provides the foundation for a comprehensive and, hopefully, long-lasting approach to addressing the public's risk of being victimized and aids individuals who are targeted by a criminal act. This is a welcome addition to any academic library. The availability in print and electronic formats provides students with convenient, easy access wherever they may be.

The Making of Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Sue Hobbs
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317755487
Release Date: 2014-10-24
Genre: Social Science

This new textbook will provide students of criminology with a better understanding of criminal justice policy and, in doing so, offers a framework for analysing the social, economic and political processes that shape its creation. The book adopts a policy-oriented approach to criminal justice, connecting the study of criminology to the wider study of British government, public administration and politics. Throughout the book the focus is on key debates and competing perspectives on how policy decisions are made. Recognising that contemporary criminal justice policymakers operate in a highly politicised, public arena under the gaze of an ever-increasing variety of groups, organisations and individuals who have a stake in a particular policy issue, the book explores how and why these people seek to influence policymaking. It also recognises that criminal policy differs from other areas of public policy, as policy decisions affect the liberty and freedoms of citizens. Throughout, key ideas and debates are linked to wider sociology, criminology and social policy theory. Key features include: a foreword by Tim Newburn, leading criminologist and author of Criminology (2nd Edition, 2013), a critical and informed analysis of the concepts, ideas and institutional practices that shape criminal justice policy making, an exploration of the relationship between criminal justice and wider social policy, a critical analysis of the debate about how and why behaviour becomes defined as requiring a criminal justice solution, a range of case studies, tasks, seminar questions and suggested further readings to keep the student engaged. This text is perfect for students taking modules in criminology; criminal justice; and social and public policy, as well as those taking courses on criminal and administrative law.

The Marion Experiment

Author: Stephen C. Richards
Publisher: SIU Press
ISBN: 9780809333769
Release Date: 2015-01-07
Genre: Social Science

The Marion Experiment combines academic research with personal accounts by prisoners to investigate solitary confinement and supermax prisons. USP Marion became a model for supermax prisons, with many other prison systems—in the U.S. and abroad—copying the special architectural and program innovations there.

The Politics of Injustice

Author: Katherine Beckett
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761929940
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Political Science

Examining the role of crime in American politics and culture, The Politics of Injustice, Second Edition provides a better understanding of the nature of crime and punishment in America, as well as the cultural and political contexts in which they occur. Updated throughout, this book will be of interest to students in all areas of Criminology especially those involved in critical issues in Criminal Justice.

Criminology Theory Research and Policy

Author: Gennaro F. Vito
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9780763766658
Release Date: 2011-09-29
Genre: Law

Ideal for allied health and pre-nursing students, Alcamos Fundamentals of Microbiology, Body Systems Edition, retains the engaging, student-friendly style and active learning approach for which award-winning author and educator Jeffrey Pommerville is known. It presents diseases, complete with new content on recent discoveries, in a manner that is directly applicable to students and organized by body system. A captivating art program, learning design format, and numerous case studies draw students into the text and make them eager to learn more about the fascinating world of microbiology.

Latinos and Criminal Justice An Encyclopedia

Author: José Luis Morín
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313356612
Release Date: 2016-03-28
Genre: Social Science

This unique compilation of essays and entries provides critical insights into the Latino/a experience with the U.S. criminal justice system. • Topical essays that provide context to major contemporary issues, such as immigrants and crime, drugs, youth, U.S.-Mexico border crime, policing, and prisons • Shorter, A–Z entries on a wide range of additional topics • Extensive bibliographies identifying further readings in the subject area

Crime Justice and Society in Scotland

Author: Hazel Croall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317748212
Release Date: 2015-08-20
Genre: Social Science

Crime, Justice and Society in Scotland is an edited collection of chapters from leading experts that builds and expands upon the success of the 2010 publication Criminal Justice in Scotland to offer a comprehensive and critical overview of Scottish criminal justice and its relation to wider social inequalities and social justice. This new volume considers criminal justice in the context of the Scottish politics and the recent referendum on independence and it includes a discussion of the complex relationships between criminal justice and devolution, nationalism and nation building. There are new chapters on research and policy, sectarianism, gangs, victims and justice, organised crime and crimes of the powerful in Scotland, as well as chapters reflecting on the use of electronic monitoring, desistance and practice, and major changes in the structure of Scottish policing. Comprehensive and topical, this book is essential reading for academics and students in the fields of criminal justice, criminology, law, social science and social policy. It will also be of interest to practitioners, researchers, policymakers, civil servants and politicians.

Law and Society

Author: Steven Barkan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317346883
Release Date: 2015-07-14
Genre: LAW

Law and Society is written to be highly accessible to the average undergraduate student. This multidisciplinary text draws on the work of anthropologists, historians, law professors, political scientists, psychologists, and sociologists to clearly outline how law is an essential social institution that shapes society, while also being shaped by it.