The Public Policy of Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Nancy E. Marion
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0135120985
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Law

PUBLIC POLICY OF CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 2/e explains the public policy process and applies it directly to crime and criminal justice. Written by scholars in the field of criminal justice, with backgrounds in political science and public policy, the book presents a solid understanding of public policy and then describes each of the various actors in the public policy process at the federal, state and local level. This edition includes an enhanced focus on state and local issues, updated research and illustrations that reflect the Obama administration. Finally, it closes with a real-world case study that illustrates how policy and politics impact criminal justice.

Crime and Punishment A History of the Criminal Justice System

Author: Mitchel Roth
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9780495809883
Release Date: 2010-06-02
Genre: Social Science

Authoritative and engaging, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT: A HISTORY OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, 2e delivers a comprehensive examination of the history of the criminal justice system. Roth begins with a discussion of system’s roots in the ancient world and Great Britain and carries the narrative all the way through the 21st Century and the impact of terrorism and white collar crime on today’s criminal justice institutions. Written by a historian and criminologist, the text goes in depth to demonstrate how history has shaped the present criminal justice system and how it affects public policy being established today. It offers intriguing insight into the people--such as Robert F. Kennedy and J. Edgar Hoover--and events--like the Innocence Project--that impacted the evolution of the American system. In addition to its thorough coverage of history, the Second Edition explores the issues challenging today’s system, such as Ponzi schemes, medical marijuana, the Second Chance Act, faith-based initiatives, prison gangs, and much more. Covering criminal justice both chronologically and topically, CRIME AND PUNISHMENT couples recent trends with historical analysis to equip readers with a thorough understanding of today’s criminal justice system. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Ethics Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Christopher R. Williams
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0135071542
Release Date: 2011-11-23
Genre: Law

This comprehensive, provocative text meaningfully examines ethical theories and their application to current issues, controversies, and professional scenarios in law, crime, and justice. It introduces students to the foundations of the study of ethics and morality; examines prominent moral and ethical themes, conflicts, and struggles in criminology and criminal justice; and explores the conceptual and practical value of key ethical concepts, principles, and arguments. This edition is extensively updated and revised for greater clarity, cohesiveness, and accessibility. An all-new chapter demonstrates practical application of normative frameworks to ethical dilemmas, and another largely new chapter introduces game theory, evolutionary psychology, and related concepts. Readers will find expanded discussions of social contract, cognitive neuroscience, Carol Gilligan's ethic of care, and much more.

Crime and Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199968237
Release Date: 2012-06-01
Genre: Law

Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Critical Issues in Crime and Justice

Author: Mary Maguire
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781483350615
Release Date: 2014-11-11
Genre: Social Science

A comprehensive, provocative overview of the origins and present state of issues and perspectives in criminal justice and criminology from leading scholars in the field In this important book of essays, leading scholars explore the gamut of topics in criminal justice and criminology, examining both historical and contemporary material to illustrate the past and present of each topic covered. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Mary Maguire and Dan Okada illustrate the breadth of research, policy, and practice implications in key areas of the field, such as crime theory, law enforcement, jurisprudence, corrections, and criminal justice organization and management. . The coverage of concepts, insights, voices, and perspectives is geared toward students with a background in criminal justice or criminology courses to challenge them to synthesize what they have learned, to question standard interpretations, and to begin to create new directions and visions for their future careers as professionals in the field.

Media Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Ray Surette
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285459059
Release Date: 2014-04-22
Genre: Social Science

MEDIA, CRIME, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE is the definitive text on media and criminal justice. The book features impeccable scholarship, a direct and approachable style, and an engaging format--supported by visual examples and sidebar material that complements the narrative. With the ever-increasing role of media in both reporting crime and shaping it into infotainment, the importance of the interplay between contemporary media and the criminal justice system is greater today than ever before. Author Ray Surette comprehensively surveys this interplay and showcases its impact, emphasizing that people use media-provided knowledge to construct a picture of the world and then act based on this constructed reality. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Criminal Justice Policy

Author: Stacy L. Mallicoat
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781483322711
Release Date: 2013-10-15
Genre: Social Science

Criminal Justice Policy provides a thematic overview of criminal justice policy and its relationship to the American criminal justice system. Scholars, practitioners, and politicians continually debate the value of these policies in their evaluations of the current system. As the nature of this subject involves a host of issues (including politics, public sentiment, research, and practice), the authors expertly highlight these concerns on criminal justice policy and address the implications for the overall system and society at large. This text is organized into three parts: Foundations of criminal justice policy focuses on the role of politics, best practices, and street level bureaucracy in criminal justice policy. Criminal justice policy in action provides an analysis of fifteen different policy issues in criminal justice, such as immigration, drugs, mental health and capital punishment. Each section begins with a basic summary of the policy, accompanied by a brief synopsis of the framing issues. This brief, but informative summary, draws students’ attention to essential concepts and ideas, provides a roadmap for what they can expect to learn, and ensures continuity throughout the text. The text concludes with a discussion about the future directions of criminal justice policy.

The Mismeasure of Crime

Author: Clayton J. Mosher
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781452239163
Release Date: 2010-12-01
Genre: Social Science

Filled with real world examples derived from media reports on crime trends and other sources, this fully updated Second Edition analyzes the specific errors that can occur in the three most common methods used to report crime—official crime data, self report, and victimization studies. For each method, the authors examine strengths and weaknesses, the fundamental issues surrounding accuracy, and the method's application to theoretical and policy research. Throughout the book, the authors demonstrate the factors that underlie crime data and illustrate the fundamental links between theory, policy, and data measurement.

Criminal Justice Policy and Planning

Author: Wayne N. Welsh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317271550
Release Date: 2016-03-31
Genre: Political Science

Unlike other textbooks on the subject, Criminal Justice Policy and Planning: Planned Change, Fifth Edition, presents a comprehensive and structured account of the process of administering planned change in the criminal justice system. Welsh and Harris detail a simple yet sophisticated seven-stage model, which offers students and practitioners a full account of program and policy development from beginning to end. The authors thoughtfully discuss the steps: analyzing a problem; setting goals and objectives; designing the program or policy; action planning; implementing and monitoring; evaluating outcomes; and reassessing and reviewing. Within these steps, students focus on performing essential procedures, such as conducting a systems analysis, specifying an impact model, identifying target populations, making cost projections, collecting monitoring data, and performing evaluations. In reviewing these steps and procedures, students can develop a full appreciation for the challenges inherent in the process and understand the tools that they require to meet those challenges. To provide for a greater understanding of the material, the text uses a wide array of real-life case studies and examples of programs and policies. Examples include policies such as Restorative Justice, Justice Reinvestment, Stop-and-Frisk, and the Brady Act, and programs such as drug courts, community-based violence prevention, and halfway houses. By examining the successes and failures of various innovations, the authors demonstrate both the ability of rational planning to make successful improvements and the tendency of unplanned change to result in undesirable outcomes. The result is a powerful argument for the use of logic, deliberation, and collaboration in criminal justice innovations.

Gun Violence in American Society

Author: Lisa A. Eargle
Publisher: UPA
ISBN: 9780761867050
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: Social Science

Gun Violence In American Society: Crime, Justice, and Public Policy provides an in-depth, multidisciplinary investigation into one of society’s major social, public health and political concerns—death, injury, and destruction from the use of firearms. Contributors employ a variety of theoretical, methodological, and data analysis frameworks to address different gun violence issues. They explore how gun violence is created and perpetuated in society, as well as the various forms and social contexts in which it appears. The impacts of gun violence on different social groups, communities, and social institutions are also delineated. Moreover, possible solutions to gun violence are presented.

U S Criminal Justice Policy a Contemporary Reader

Author: Karim Ismaili
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 9781449628260
Release Date: 2010-10-01
Genre: Law

This current collection of essays on contemporary U.S. criminal justice policy is a timely response to the significant recent growth of policy-oriented research in the fields of criminology and criminal justice. "U.S. Criminal Justice Policy: A Contemporary Reader" addresses how criminal justice policy issues are framed, identifies participants in the policy process, discusses how policy is made, and considers the constraints and opportunities found in the policy process. Findings are linked to broader institutional, cultural and global criminal justice trends, and are used to determine what recent research reveals about crime policy and democratic governance. The main goal of this book is to encourage readers to engage in a dialogue about criminal justice policy, and to think about the potential for criminal justice reform.

Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong

Author: Eric Wing Hong Chui
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317497295
Release Date: 2016-09-13
Genre: Social Science

In recent years law, crime and justice have become increasingly politicised in Hong Kong. Understanding Criminal Justice in Hong Kong, 2nd Edition offers a detailed and comprehensive overview of and introduction to the criminal justice system in Hong Kong, building upon recent events and controversies. This book provides a much-needed overview of the criminal justice system in Hong Kong, including new chapters on criminological research methods, defining crime, fear of crime, the criminal court system, police power and discretion, and plea bargaining. This revised and expanded second edition: Outlines the basic concepts of criminal law in Hong Kong, Analyses the process of the criminal justice system, ranging from the reporting of a crime through to the correctional system, Examines how criminal justice personnel work in practice, and how they deal with the offenders and victims during the criminal justice process, Invites readers to consider arguments and debates that surround the controversial issues in the Hong Kong criminal justice system. This book is a comprehensive resource for students studying this subject as part of a wider course in criminal justice, police studies, law or social work, and for practitioners working in Hong Kong in the police, prisons, probation, voluntary agencies and other criminal justice personnel. Text features include review questions, lists of cases cited, and useful websites.

The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice

Author: Michael Tonry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199875313
Release Date: 2011-09-07
Genre: Social Science

This handbook provides an accessible, high-quality, and comprehensive introduction to and overview of the operation of the American criminal justice system. It is divided into five sections covering the purposes and functions of the system, its problems and priorities, and its main institutions-police and policing, prosecution and sentencing, and community and institutional corrections. Highly regarded in the field, Michael Tonry brings together a mix of established, senior scholars and up-and-coming writers to provide authoritative and cutting-edge contributions on hot-button topics, from the justice system's handling of immigration and terrorism to racial profiling, parole, and re-entry, as well as bread-and-butter issues like incapacitation, jails, drugs, and police strategy. As countries vary substantially in the detailed operation of some agencies and few scholars have detailed knowledge of the operation of two or more countries' systems, the focus is principally, though not exclusively, on the American justice system.

Introduction to Criminal Justice

Author: Kenneth J. Peak
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781506305943
Release Date: 2016-01-13
Genre: Social Science

Introduction to Criminal Justice: Practice and Process, Second Edition uses a proven problem-based learning approach to enhance the critical thinking and analytic skills of students. Best-selling authors Kenneth J. Peak and Pamela M. Everett explain the importance of criminal justice and show students how key trends, emerging issues, historical background, and practical lessons apply to their future careers. Students learn core topics—policing, corrections, criminal behavior, criminal law, and courts—as well as special topics such as ethics, juvenile justice, terrorism, and the changing war on drugs, while learning how to solve problems they are likely to face as criminal justice practitioners. Packed with new examples and drawing on the authors’ years of experience in the field, this student-friendly book offers a palpable, real-world flavor typically missing in other texts for the course.

Demystifying crime and criminal justice

Author: Robert M. Bohm
Publisher: Roxbury Pub Co
ISBN: 1933220163
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Law

Bohm and Walkers thought-provoking edited volume addresses many of the American publics misconceptions about crime and criminal justice. Many of these understanding are inaccurate and based on myths. Each of the readers 27 articles demystifies or debunks one of these current myths, setting the record straight.DEMYSTIFYING CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE is organized to follow a logical progression through the criminal justice process. Part One addresses myths about crime; Part Two examines myths about law enforcement; Part Three investigates myths about the administration of justice; and Part Four focuses on myths about punishment and corrections.A unique feature of the book is that every chapter follows the same format. Each chapter opens with a brief section introducing a myth or a set of myths about a particular topic. Next follows the Kernel of Truth section, which identifies accurate aspects of the myth or myths. Since these are believable and accepted, they usually contain at least a kernel of truth. In the third section, The Truth or Facts, the authors debunk the myth or myths by providing evidence, followed by Interests Served by the Myth, which illuminates how the interests of specific individuals or groups are promoted by the creation and perpetuation of the myth or myths. Finally, Policy Implications of Belief in the Myth, highlights some of the practical and often undesirable consequences of belief in the myth or myths.Written in clear, accessible language, DEMYSTIFYING CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE engages readers with straightforward analysis and cutting-edge information and research. Designed to stimulate critical thinking and class discussions, this mindset-challenging anthology will give students a depth of understanding about crime and criminal justice that few other books offer.