Author: Richard P. Feynman
Publisher: Piper Verlag
Release Date: 2012-10-19
Richard P. Feynman (1918–1988) erhielt 1965 für seine Beiträge zur Quantenelektrodynamik (QED) den Nobelpreis für Physik. Seine spektakulären Arbeiten zur »Theorie des Lichts und der Materie« erklärt der »brillanteste, respektloseste und einflussreichste theoretische Physiker der Nachkriegszeit« (The New York Times) hier auch für Nichtphysiker.
Author: A. G. Grozin
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 2007
The increasing precision of experimental data in many areas of elementary particle physics requires an equally precise theoretical description. In particular, radiative corrections (described by one- and multi-loop Feynman diagrams) have to be considered. Although a growing number of physicists are involved in such projects, multi-loop calculation methods can only be studied from original publications. With its coverage of multi-loop calculations, this book serves as an excellent supplement to the standard textbooks on quantum field theory. Based around postgraduate-level lectures given by the author, the material is suitable for both beginners and graduate students.
Author: Richard Phillips Feynman
Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg
Release Date: 1997
Die Quantenelektrodynamik (QED) beschreibt die Wechselwirkung von Licht und Materie, genauer: die Wechselwirkung von Elektronen, Positronen und Photonen. Mittlerweile ist diese Theorie schon älter als ein halbes Jahrhundert. Im Laufe der Jahre ist sie in vielen Energiebereichen getestet worden, nicht zuletzt mit Hilfe der modernen Teilchenbeschleuniger. Um so überraschender ist die Tatsache, daß man bis heute keinerlei Abweichungen zwischen den theoretischen Voraussagen und den experimentellen Daten gefunden hat! Die QED zählt damit zu den genauesten aller Theorien. Dieses Werk führt in die wichtigsten Ergebnisse und Rechenverfahren der Quantenelektrodynamik ein. Aus erster Hand wird der Leser auch mit den berühmten "Feynman-Graphen" vertraut gemacht.
Author: Silvan S. Schweber
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 1994
"In the 1930s, physics was in a crisis. There appeared to be no way to reconcile the new theory of quantum mechanics with Einstein's theory of relativity. In the post-World War II period, four eminent physicists rose to the challenge and developed a calculable version of quantum electrodynamics (QED). This formulation of QED was pioneered by Freeman Dyson, Richard Feynman, Julian Schwinger, and Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, three of whom won the Nobel Prize for their work. Schweber begins with an account of the early work done by physicists such as Dirac and Jordan, and describes the gathering of eminent theorists at Shelter Island in 1947. The rest of his narrative comprises individual biographies of the four physicists, discussions of their major contributions, and the story of the scientific community in which they worked"--Publisher's description.
Up until now the dominant view of condensed matter physics has been that of an ?electrostatic MECCANO? (erector set, for Americans). This book is the first systematic attempt to consider the full quantum-electrodynamical interaction (QED), thus greatly enriching the possible dynamical mechanisms that operate in the construction of the wonderful variety of condensed matter systems, including life itself.A new paradigm is emerging, replacing the ?electrostatic MECCANO? with an ?electrodynamic NETWORK,? which builds condensed matter through the long range (as opposed to the ?short range? nature of the usual electrostatic forces) electrodynamical interaction; this interaction creates ?coherent configurations? of the elementary systems (atoms and molecules), which oscillate in phase with a coherent macroscopic (and classical) electromagnetic field that, through the strong interaction with matter, remains trapped inside it.
Quantum electrodynamics is an essential building block and an integral part of the gauge theory of unified electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions, the so-called standard model. Its failure or breakdown at some level would have a most profound impact on the theoretical foundations of elementary particle physics as a whole. Thus the validity of QED has been the subject of intense experimental tests over more than 40 years of its history. This volume presents an up-to-date review of high precision experimental tests of QED together with comprehensive discussion of required theoretical work.
This book is a straightforward, honest explanation of a rather difficult subject- the theory of quantum electordynamics- for a non-technical audience. It is designed to give the interested reader an appreciation for the kind of thinking that physicists have resorted to in order to explain how Nature behaves.
Author: Y. Yamamoto
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2000-09-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This monograph is the first to give a comprehensive account of the theory of semiconductor cavity quantum electrodynamics for such systems in the weak-coupling and strong-coupling regimes. It presents the important concepts, together with relevant, recent experimental results.
Author: Walter Greiner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2008-11-26
We are pleased by the positive resonance of our book which now necessitates a fourth edition. We have used this opportunity to implement corrections of misprints and amendments at several places, and to extend and improve the discussion of many of the exercises and examples. We hope that our presentation of the method of equivalent photons (Example 3. 17), the form factor of the electron (Example 5. 7), the infrared catastrophe (Example 5. 8) and the energy shift of atomic levels (Example 5. 9)arenow even better to understand. The new Exercise 5. 10 shows in detail how to arrive at the non-relativistic limit for the calculation of form factors. Moreover, we have brought up-to-date the Biographical Notes about physicists who have contributed to the dev- opment of quantum electrodynamics, and references to experimental tests of the t- ory. For example, there has been recent progress in the determination of the electric and magnetic form factors of the proton (discussed in Exercise 3. 5 on the Rosenbluth formula) and the Lamb shift of high-Z atoms (discussed in Example 5. 9 on the energy shift of atomic levels), while the experimental veri cation of the birefringence of the QED vacuum in a strong magnetic eld (Example 7. 8) remains unsettled and is a topic of active ongoing research.
The third edition of this classic graduate-level physics text covers relativistic quantum mechanics, field quantization, causal perturbation theory, properties of the S-matrix, and considerations of other electromagnetic couplings. 2014 edition.