Biomedical Optics

Author: Lihong V. Wang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470177006
Release Date: 2012-09-26
Genre: Science

This entry-level textbook, covering the area of tissue optics, is based on the lecture notes for a graduate course (Bio-optical Imaging) that has been taught six times by the authors at Texas A&M University. After the fundamentals of photon transport in biological tissues are established, various optical imaging techniques for biological tissues are covered. The imaging modalities include ballistic imaging, quasi-ballistic imaging (optical coherence tomography), diffusion imaging, and ultrasound-aided hybrid imaging. The basic physics and engineering of each imaging technique are emphasized. A solutions manual is available for instructors; to obtain a copy please email the editorial department at [email protected]

Biophotonics

Author: Gerd Keiser
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811009457
Release Date: 2016-07-20
Genre: Science

This book introduces senior-level and postgraduate students to the principles and applications of biophotonics. It also serves as a valuable reference resource or as a short-course textbook for practicing physicians, clinicians, biomedical researchers, healthcare professionals, and biomedical engineers and technicians dealing with the design, development, and application of photonics components and instrumentation to biophotonics issues. The topics include the fundamentals of optics and photonics, the optical properties of biological tissues, light-tissue interactions, microscopy for visualizing tissue components, spectroscopy for optically analyzing the properties of tissue, and optical biomedical imaging. It also describes tools and techniques such as laser and LED optical sources, photodetectors, optical fibers, bioluminescent probes for labeling cells, optical-based biosensors, surface plasmon resonance, and lab-on-a-chip technologies. Among the applications are optical coherence tomography (OCT), optical imaging modalities, photodynamic therapy (PDT), photobiostimulation or low-level light therapy (LLLT), diverse microscopic and spectroscopic techniques, tissue characterization, laser tissue ablation, optical trapping, and optogenetics. Worked examples further explain the material and how it can be applied to practical designs, and the homework problems help test readers’ understanding of the text.

Introduction to Medical Imaging

Author: Nadine Barrie Smith
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139492041
Release Date: 2010-11-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Covering the basics of X-rays, CT, PET, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and MRI, this textbook provides senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students with a broad introduction to medical imaging. Over 130 end-of-chapter exercises are included, in addition to solved example problems, which enable students to master the theory as well as providing them with the tools needed to solve more difficult problems. The basic theory, instrumentation and state-of-the-art techniques and applications are covered, bringing students immediately up-to-date with recent developments, such as combined computed tomography/positron emission tomography, multi-slice CT, four-dimensional ultrasound, and parallel imaging MR technology. Clinical examples provide practical applications of physics and engineering knowledge to medicine. Finally, helpful references to specialised texts, recent review articles, and relevant scientific journals are provided at the end of each chapter, making this an ideal textbook for a one-semester course in medical imaging.

An Introduction to Modeling of Transport Processes

Author: Ashim Datta
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521119245
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Science

Organised around problem solving, this book introduces the reader to computational simulation, bridging fundamental theory with real-world applications.

Introduction to Biomedical Instrumentation

Author: Barbara L. Christe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316911976
Release Date: 2017-12-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This fully updated second edition provides readers with all they need to understand the use of medical technology in patient care. Incorporating the most recent changes in healthcare, regulations, Standards, and technology, coverage is expanded to include new chapters on device testing, with a particular emphasis on safety inspections, and the interface of medical technology with the electronic medical record. A wide variety of medical instrumentation is discussed, focusing on device types and classifications, and including individual manufacturers as examples. It is designed for readers with a fundamental understanding of anatomy, physiology and medical terminology, as well as electronic concepts such as voltage, current, resistance, impedance, analog and digital signals, and sensors. Additional documents and solutions to end-of-chapter questions accompany the book online, providing biomedical engineering technicians with the resources and tools they need to become knowledgeable and effective members of the patient care team.

Biomedical Engineering

Author: W. Mark Saltzman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316298688
Release Date: 2015-05-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The second edition of this popular introductory undergraduate textbook uses examples, applications, and profiles of biomedical engineers to show students the relevance of the theory and how it can be used to solve real problems in human medicine. The essential molecular biology, cellular biology, and human physiology background is included for students to understand the context in which biomedical engineers work. Updates throughout highlight important advances made over recent years, including iPS cells, microRNA, nanomedicine, imaging technology, biosensors, and drug delivery systems, giving students a modern description of the various subfields of biomedical engineering. Over two hundred quantitative and qualitative exercises, many new to this edition, help consolidate learning, whilst a solutions manual, password-protected for instructors, is available online. Finally, students can enjoy an expanded set of leader profiles in biomedical engineering within the book, showcasing the broad range of career paths open to students who make biomedical engineering their calling.

Clinical Engineering

Author: Roberto Miniati
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128038246
Release Date: 2015-12-23
Genre: Medical

Clinical Systems Engineering: New Challenges for Future Healthcare covers the critical issues relating to the risk management and design of new technologies in the healthcare sector. It is a comprehensive summary of the advances in clinical engineering over the past 40 years, presenting guidance on compliance and safety for hospitals and engineering teams. This contributed book contains chapters from international experts, who provide their solutions, experiences, and the successful methodologies they have applied to solve common problems in the area of healthcare technology. Topics include compliance with the European Directive on Medical Devices 93/42/EEC, European Norms EN 60601-1-6, EN 62366, and the American Standards ANSI/AAMI HE75: 2009. Content coverage includes decision support systems, clinical complex systems, and human factor engineering. Examples are fully supported with case studies, and global perspective is maintained throughout. This book is ideal for clinical engineers, biomedical engineers, hospital administrators and medical technology manufacturers. Presents clinical systems engineering in a way that will help users answer many questions relating to clinical systems engineering and its relationship to future healthcare needs Explains how to assess new healthcare technologies and what are the most critical issues in their management Provides information on how to carry out risk analysis for new technological systems or medical software Contains tactics on how to improve the quality and usability of medical devices

Medical Image Processing

Author: Geoff Dougherty
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441997792
Release Date: 2011-07-25
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The book is designed for end users in the field of digital imaging, who wish to update their skills and understanding with the latest techniques in image analysis. The book emphasizes the conceptual framework of image analysis and the effective use of image processing tools. It uses applications in a variety of fields to demonstrate and consolidate both specific and general concepts, and to build intuition, insight and understanding. Although the chapters are essentially self-contained they reference other chapters to form an integrated whole. Each chapter employs a pedagogical approach to ensure conceptual learning before introducing specific techniques and “tricks of the trade”. The book concentrates on a number of current research applications, and will present a detailed approach to each while emphasizing the applicability of techniques to other problems. The field of topics is wide, ranging from compressive (non-uniform) sampling in MRI, through automated retinal vessel analysis to 3-D ultrasound imaging and more. The book is amply illustrated with figures and applicable medical images. The reader will learn the techniques which experts in the field are currently employing and testing to solve particular research problems, and how they may be applied to other problems.

Introductory Biomechanics

Author: C. Ross Ethier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139461825
Release Date: 2007-03-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Introductory Biomechanics is a new, integrated text written specifically for engineering students. It provides a broad overview of this important branch of the rapidly growing field of bioengineering. A wide selection of topics is presented, ranging from the mechanics of single cells to the dynamics of human movement. No prior biological knowledge is assumed and in each chapter, the relevant anatomy and physiology are first described. The biological system is then analyzed from a mechanical viewpoint by reducing it to its essential elements, using the laws of mechanics and then tying mechanical insights back to biological function. This integrated approach provides students with a deeper understanding of both the mechanics and the biology than from qualitative study alone. The text is supported by a wealth of illustrations, tables and examples, a large selection of suitable problems and hundreds of current references, making it an essential textbook for any biomechanics course.

Parasitology

Author: Eric S. Loker
Publisher: Garland Pub
ISBN: 0815344732
Release Date: 2015-02-15
Genre: Medical

Parasitology: A Conceptual Approach is a new textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students which focuses on concepts and principles without neglecting important aspects of a traditional, taxonomically based approach to parasitology. Concentrating on concepts enables readers to gain a broader perspective that will increase their ability to think critically about various parasitic associations. The interfaces between the study of parasitism and prominent biological disciplines such as biodiversity, immunology, ecology, evolution, conservation biology, and disease control are highlighted. End-of-chapter questions are provided, as is an Instructor Manual. Information on individual parasites is expertly summarized in a concise appendix called the Rogues' Gallery. This appendix is organized taxonomically and includes details on taxonomy, life cycle, associated pathology, treatment, and control. Species included in the Rogues' Gallery are highlighted in red throughout the main text.

Optical Tweezers

Author: Philip Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107051164
Release Date: 2015-10-31
Genre: Science

A comprehensive guide to the theory, practice and applications of optical tweezers, combining state-of-the-art research with a strong pedagogic approach.

Physical Principles of Remote Sensing

Author: Gareth Rees
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107004733
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

A quantitative yet accessible introduction to remote sensing techniques, this new edition covers a broad spectrum of Earth science applications.

Biomedical Optical Imaging

Author: James G. Fujimoto
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190287788
Release Date: 2009-04-22
Genre: Science

Biomedical optical imaging is a rapidly emerging research area with widespread fundamental research and clinical applications. This book gives an overview of biomedical optical imaging with contributions from leading international research groups who have pioneered many of these techniques and applications. A unique research field spanning the microscopic to the macroscopic, biomedical optical imaging allows both structural and functional imaging. Techniques such as confocal and multiphoton microscopy provide cellular level resolution imaging in biological systems. The integration of this technology with exogenous chromophores can selectively enhance contrast for molecular targets as well as supply functional information on processes such as nerve transduction. Novel techniques integrate microscopy with state-of-the-art optics technology, and these include spectral imaging, two photon fluorescence correlation, nonlinear nanoscopy; optical coherence tomography techniques allow functional, dynamic, nanoscale, and cross-sectional visualization. Moving to the macroscopic scale, spectroscopic assessment and imaging methods such as fluorescence and light scattering can provide diagnostics of tissue pathology including neoplastic changes. Techniques using light diffusion and photon migration are a means to explore processes which occur deep inside biological tissues and organs. The integration of these techniques with exogenous probes enables molecular specific sensitivity.

Principles of Plasma Spectroscopy

Author: Hans R. Griem
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521619416
Release Date: 2005-02-17
Genre: Science

A comprehensive description of theoretical foundations and experimental applications of spectroscopic methods in plasmas. It covers the classical and quantum theory of radiation, spectral line broadening, continuous spectra, thermodynamic relations, radiative energy transfer and losses, and applications of plasma spectroscopy to measurements of densities, magnetic and electric fields, and temperatures.