Author: Nikhil Pal Singh
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release Date: 2017-10-31
Donald Trump’s election to the U.S. presidency in 2016, which placed control of the government in the hands of the most racially homogenous, far-right political party in the Western world, produced shock and disbelief for liberals, progressives, and leftists globally. Yet most of the immediate analysis neglects longer-term accounting of how the United States arrived here. Race and America’s Long War examines the relationship between war, politics, police power, and the changing contours of race and racism in the contemporary United States. Nikhil Pal Singh argues that the United States’ pursuit of war since the September 11 terrorist attacks has reanimated a longer history of imperial statecraft that segregated and eliminated enemies both within and overseas. America’s territorial expansion and Indian removals, settler in-migration and nativist restriction, African slavery and its afterlives were formative social and political processes that drove the rise of the United States as a capitalist world power long before the onset of globalization. Spanning the course of U.S. history, these crucial essays show how the return of racism and war as seemingly permanent features of American public and political life is at the heart of our present crisis and collective disorientation.
**Βραβείο Man Booker 2016** Μια δηκτική, βαθιά πολιτική σάτιρα για την ταυτότητα της σύγχρονης Αμερικής, ένα μυθιστόρημα που περιγράφει την εκκεντρική ανατροφή ενός Αφροαμερικανού και μια δίκη άνευ προηγουμένου στην ιστορία των Ηνωμένων Πολιτειών. Ο αφηγητής, γεννημένος στο «αγροτικό γκέτο» του Ντίκενς στο Λος Άντζελες, αποδέχεται μοιρολατρικά το περιθώριο. Τον μεγαλώνει ο πατέρας του, ένας ιδιόρρυθμος επιστήμονας, ο οποίος τον χρησιμοποιεί ως πειραματόζωο στις αιρετικές ψυχολογικές μελέτες του για τον ρατσισμό. Ο γιος πιστεύει ότι η πρωτοποριακή εργασία του πατέρα –και ένα βιβλίο που θα προκαλέσει αίσθηση, όταν κυκλοφορήσει– θα επιλύσει τα οικονομικά τους προβλήματα. Όταν όμως αστυνομικοί σκοτώνουν τον πατέρα του, ο πρωταγωνιστής συνειδητοποιεί ότι το μόνο που έχει στα χέρια του είναι ο λογαριασμός μιας κηδείας. Παρακινημένος από την ματαίωση και την παρακμή του τόπου του, αναλαμβάνει μια εξωφρενική πρωτοβουλία: την επαναφορά της δουλείας και του φυλετικού διαχωρισμού, πράγμα που θα τον οδηγήσει ως κατηγορούμενο στο Ανώτατο Δικαστήριο της χώρας. Ο Πουλημένος του Πωλ Μπέιτι σηματοδοτεί το δημιουργικό αποκορύφωμα ενός ιδιοφυούς συγγραφέα. Το βιβλίο τιμήθηκε με το Βραβείο Booker 2016. Το 2015 απέσπασε το Εθνικό Βραβείο του Κύκλου των Κριτικών στις ΗΠΑ. «Ο Πουλημένος είναι ένα μυθιστόρημα για την εποχή μας. Μια σύγχρονη σάτιρα, ακούραστη και ευφάνταστη, το χιούμορ της οποίας μεταμφιέζει τη ριζοσπαστική σοβαρότητα του συγγραφέα της. Ο Πωλ Μπέιτι εξουδετερώνει με τρόπο αχαλίνωτο τις “ιερές αγελάδες” και βάζει στο στόχαστρό του τα φυλετικά και πολιτικά ταμπού με οξύνοια, ζωντάνια και αμεσότητα». ΑΜΑΝΤΑ ΦΟΡΜΑΝ, πρόεδρος της κριτικής επιτροπής του Βραβείου Booker 2016 «Οι εκατό πρώτες σελίδες του Πουλημένου είναι οι πιο καυστικές και ζόρικες σε αμερικανικό μυθιστόρημα τα τελευταία δέκα χρόνια τουλάχιστον... Τα αστεία σε χτυπάνε κατευθείαν στο στομάχι... Οι αυτοσχεδιασμοί είναι ασταμάτητοι σε αυτό το σατιρικό, βαθυστόχαστο μυθιστόρημα που συνιστά σταθμό». The New York Times «Μια απίστευτη σάτιρα για τη φυλετική ταυτότητα στην Αμερική... Ο Πουλημένος συνδυάζει τη ζωηρή κωμωδία και τη δριμεία κοινωνική κριτική, αλλά το πλέον εντυπωσιακό προτέρημα του βιβλίου είναι η ολοζώντανη ανθρωπιά των χαρακτήρων του». The New Yorker «Ένα αστείο και τολμηρό βιβλίο που ανατρέπει τις επιζήμιες συμβάσεις της κουλτούρας... Είναι αυτή η συνειδητή ανατροπή... που κάνει αυτό το θαρραλέο και σκληρό μυθιστόρημα τόσο απολαυστικό». The Guardian «Ο Πουλημένος ανήκει στα σημαντικότερα και πλέον δύσκολα αμερικανικά μυθιστορήματα που έχουν γραφτεί στον 21ο αιώνα... Είναι ένα επώδυνο βιβλίο που οι αναγνώστες δύσκολα θα ξεχάσουν». Los Angeles Times
Author: Andrew J. Bacevich
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release Date: 2007-07-06
Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.
Author: John Morrissey
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Release Date: 2017
Genre: Political Science
"Shaping the central region for the 21st century": CENTCOM's long war -- CENTCOM activates: Cold War geopolitics and global ambition -- Envisioning the Middle East: new imperial regimes of truth -- Posturing for global security: territory, lawfare, and biopolitics -- Military-economic securitization: closing the neoliberal gap -- No endgame: the long war for global security
Author: Harvard Sitkoff
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Release Date: 2010-11-30
Genre: Social Science
The ongoing struggle for civil rights and social justice lies at the heart of America's evolving identity. The pursuit of equal rights is often met with social and political trepidation, forcing citizens and leaders to grapple with controversial issues of race, class, and gender. Renowned scholar Harvard Sitkoff has devoted his life to the study of the civil rights movement, becoming a key figure in global human rights discussions and an authority on American liberalism. Toward Freedom Land assembles Sitkoff 's writings on twentieth-century race relations, representing some of the finest race-related historical research on record. Spanning thirty-five years of Sitkoff 's distingushed career, the collection features an in-depth examination of the Great Depression and its effects on African Americans, the intriguing story of the labor movement and its relationship to African American workers, and a discussion of the effects of World War II on the civil rights movement. His precise analysis illuminates multifaceted racial issues including the New Deal's impact on race relations, the Detroit Riot of 1943, and connections between African Americans, Jews, and the Holocaust.
Author: Richard T. Schaefer
Release Date: 2008-03-20
Genre: Social Science
This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area
Author: Lester D. Langley
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Release Date: 2010-04-15
Genre: Political Science
In this completely revised and updated edition of America and the Americas, Lester D. Langley covers the long period from the colonial era into the twenty-first century, providing an interpretive introduction to the history of U.S. relations with Latin America, the Caribbean, and Canada. Langley draws on the other books in the series to provide a more richly detailed and informed account of the role and place of the United States in the hemisphere. In the process, he explains how the United States, in appropriating the values and symbolism identified with "America," has attained a special place in the minds and estimation of other hemispheric peoples. Discussing the formal structures and diplomatic postures underlying U.S. policy making, Langley examines the political, economic, and cultural currents that often have frustrated inter-American progress and accord. Most important, the greater attention given to U.S. relations with Canada in this edition provides a broader and deeper understanding of the often controversial role of the nation in the hemisphere and, particularly, in North America. Commencing with the French-British struggle for supremacy in North America in the French and Indian War, Langley frames the story of the American experience in the Western Hemisphere through four distinct eras. In the first era, from the 1760s to the 1860s, the fundamental character of U.S. policy in the hemisphere and American values about other nations and peoples of the Americas took form. In the second era, from the 1870s to the 1930s, the United States fashioned a continental and then a Caribbean empire. From the mid-1930s to the early 1960s, the paramount issues of the inter-American experience related to the global crisis. In the final part of the book, Langley details the efforts of the United States to carry out its political and economic agenda in the hemisphere from the early 1960s to the onset of the twenty-first century, only to be frustrated by governments determined to follow an independent course. Over more than 250 years of encounter, however, the peoples of the Americas have created human bonds and cultural exchanges that stand in sharp contrast to the formal and often conflictive hemisphere crafted by governments.
Author: Jessie Carney Smith
Publisher: Visible Ink Press
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Genre: Social Science
Spanning nearly 400 years from the early abolitionists to the present, this guide book profiles more than 400 people, places, and events that have shaped the history of the black struggle for freedom. Coverage includes information on such mainstay figures as Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and Rosa Parks, but also delves into how lesser known figures contributed to and shaped the history of civil rights. Learn how the Housewives' League of Detroit started a nationwide movement to support black businesses, helping many to survive the depression; or discover what effect sports journalist Samuel Harold Lacy had on Jackie Robinson's historic entrance into the major leagues. This comprehensive resource chronicles the breadth and passion of an entire people's quest for freedom.
Nineteen essays by Briley focus on major league baseball as it reflected the changing American culture from about 1945 to about 1980. He examines the era through the lens of race, gender and class--categories which have increasingly become essential analytical tools for scholars. The accounts of Roman Mejias and Cesar Cedeno offer some disturbing insights regarding the acceptance of Latinos in baseball and American society. In one essay, Briley refers to baseball as the heart of the nation's democratic spirit, noting that the son of a rural farmer could play alongside a governor's son and both would receive only the praise that their playing merited. However, in writing about the Milwaukee Braves'move to Atlanta, the lamentations of fans--that baseball had succumbed to the age of affluence--are compared to the changing patterns of demographics and economic power in American society. Even with the increased participation of women on the field with teams like the Silver Bullets, the final essay comments on organized baseball's perception of them as primarily spectators.
Author: William McKee Evans
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Release Date: 2010-10-01
Genre: Social Science
In this boldly interpretive narrative, William McKee Evans tells the story of America's paradox of democracy entangled with a centuries-old system of racial oppression. This racial system of interacting practices and ideas first justified black slavery, then, after the Civil War, other forms of coerced black labor and, today, black poverty and unemployment. At three historical moments, a crisis in the larger society opened political space for idealists to challenge the racial system: during the American Revolution, then during the "irrepressible conflict" ending in the Civil War, and, finally, during the Cold War and the colonial liberation movements. Each challenge resulted in an historic advance. But none swept clean. Many African Americans remain segregated in jobless ghettoes with dilapidated schools and dismal prospects in an increasingly polarized class society. Evans sees a new crisis looming in a convergence of environmental disaster, endless wars, and economic collapse, which may again open space for a challenge to the racial system. African Americans, with their memory of their centuries-old struggle against oppressors, appear uniquely placed to play a central role.
Author: Edward J. Blum
Publisher: LSU Press
Release Date: 2005-01-01
During Reconstruction, former abolitionists in the North had a golden opportunity to pursue true racial justice and permanent reform in America. But why, after the sacrifice made by thousands of Civil War patriots to arrive at this juncture, did the moment slip away, leaving many whites throughout the North and South more racist than before? Edward J. Blum takes a fresh look at this question, focusing on the vital role that religion played in reunifying northern, and southern whites into a racially segregated society. He tells the fascinating story of how northern Protestantism, once the catalyst for racial egalitarianism, promoted the image of a "white republic" that conflated whiteness, godliness, and nationalism. Blum explores a wide array of venues and media to document how figures from-Harriet Beecher Stowe to Frederick Douglass either supported or tried to resist the retreat from Reconstruction. Magazines, personal diaries, sermons, hymns, travelogues, Supreme Court opinions, and political caricatures illustrate religious ideologies at play in virtually every aspects of the larger culture. The myth of the white republic helped mend the North-South rift while lending moral purpose to the government's imperialist ambitions, and by 1900 the United States felt divinely sanctioned in subjugating peoples of color at home and abroad. A blend of history and social science, Reforging the White Republic offers a surprising perspective on the forces of religion as well as nationalism and imperialism at a critical point in American history.
Author: Richard A. Bailey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2011-04-22
Genre: Social Science
As colonists made their way to New England in the early seventeenth century, they hoped their efforts would stand as a "citty upon a hill." Living the godly life preached by John Winthrop would have proved difficult even had these puritans inhabited the colonies alone, but this was not the case: this new landscape included colonists from Europe, indigenous Americans, and enslaved Africans. In Race and Redemption in Puritan New England, Richard A. Bailey investigates the ways that colonial New Englanders used, constructed, and re-constructed their puritanism to make sense of their new realities. As they did so, they created more than a tenuous existence together. They also constructed race out of the spiritual freedom of puritanism.
Author: William A. Blair
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Release Date: 2014-06-01
The Journal of the Civil War Era Volume 4, Number 2 June 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Tom Watson Brown Book Award John Fabian Witt Civil War Historians and the Laws of War Articles Chandra Manning Working for Citizenship in Civil War Contraband Camps Michael F. Conlin The Dangerous Isms and the Fanatical Ists: Antebellum Conservatives in the South and the North Confront the Modernity Conspiracy Nicholas Guyatt "An Impossible Idea?" The Curious Career of Internal Colonization Review Essay John Craig Hammond Slavery, Sovereignty, and Empires: North American Borderlands and the American Civil War, 1660-1860 Book Reviews Books Received Professional Notes Jill Ogline Titus An Unfinished Struggle: Sesquicentennial Interpretations of Slavery and Emancipation
Author: Walter A. Jackson
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Release Date: 2014-07-02
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma (1944) influenced the attitudes of a generation of Americans on the race issue and established Myrdal as a major critic of American politics and culture. Walter Jackson explores how the Swedish Social Democratic scholar, policymaker, and activist came to shape a consensus on one of America's most explosive public issues.