Surveys in Number Theory

Author: Krishnaswami Alladi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387785103
Release Date: 2009-03-02
Genre: Mathematics

Number theory has a wealth of long-standing problems, the study of which over the years has led to major developments in many areas of mathematics. This volume consists of seven significant chapters on number theory and related topics. Written by distinguished mathematicians, key topics focus on multipartitions, congruences and identities (G. Andrews), the formulas of Koshliakov and Guinand in Ramanujan's Lost Notebook (B. C. Berndt, Y. Lee, and J. Sohn), alternating sign matrices and the Weyl character formulas (D. M. Bressoud), theta functions in complex analysis (H. M. Farkas), representation functions in additive number theory (M. B. Nathanson), and mock theta functions, ranks, and Maass forms (K. Ono), and elliptic functions (M. Waldschmidt).

Ramanujan s Lost Notebook

Author: George E. Andrews
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461440819
Release Date: 2013-06-04
Genre: Mathematics

​​​​In the spring of 1976, George Andrews of Pennsylvania State University visited the library at Trinity College, Cambridge, to examine the papers of the late G.N. Watson. Among these papers, Andrews discovered a sheaf of 138 pages in the handwriting of Srinivasa Ramanujan. This manuscript was soon designated, "Ramanujan's lost notebook." Its discovery has frequently been deemed the mathematical equivalent of finding Beethoven's tenth symphony. This volume is the fourth of five volumes that the authors plan to write on Ramanujan’s lost notebook.​ In contrast to the first three books on Ramanujan's Lost Notebook, the fourth book does not focus on q-series. Most of the entries examined in this volume fall under the purviews of number theory and classical analysis. Several incomplete manuscripts of Ramanujan published by Narosa with the lost notebook are discussed. Three of the partial manuscripts are on diophantine approximation, and others are in classical Fourier analysis and prime number theory. Most of the entries in number theory fall under the umbrella of classical analytic number theory. Perhaps the most intriguing entries are connected with the classical, unsolved circle and divisor problems. Review from the second volume: "Fans of Ramanujan's mathematics are sure to be delighted by this book. While some of the content is taken directly from published papers, most chapters contain new material and some previously published proofs have been improved. Many entries are just begging for further study and will undoubtedly be inspiring research for decades to come. The next installment in this series is eagerly awaited." - MathSciNet Review from the first volume: "Andrews and Berndt are to be congratulated on the job they are doing. This is the first step...on the way to an understanding of the work of the genius Ramanujan. It should act as an inspiration to future generations of mathematicians to tackle a job that will never be complete." - Gazette of the Australian Mathematical Society​

Ramanujan s Notebooks

Author: Bruce C. Berndt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461208792
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

During the years 1903-1914, Ramanujan worked in almost complete isolation in India. During this time, he recorded most of his mathematical discoveries without proofs in notebooks. Although many of his results were already found in the literature, most were not. Almost a decade after Ramanujan's death in 1920, G.N. Watson and B.M. Wilson began to edit Ramanujan's notebooks, but they never completed the task. A photostat edition, with no editing, was published by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay in 1957. This book is the fourth of five volumes devoted to the editing of Ramanujan's notebooks. Parts I, II, and III, published in 1985, 1989, and 1991, contain accounts of Chapters 1-21 in Ramanujan's second notebook as well as a description of his quarterly reports. This is the first of two volumes devoted to proving the results found in the unorganized portions of the second notebook and in the third notebook. The author also proves those results in the first notebook that are not found in the second or third notebooks. For those results that are known, references in the literature are provided. Otherwise, complete proofs are given. Over 1/2 of the results in the notebooks are new. Many of them are so startling and different that there are no results akin to them in the literature.

Number Theoretic Methods

Author: Shigeru Kanemitsu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781475736755
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Mathematics

This volume contains the proceedings of the very successful second China-Japan Seminar held in lizuka, Fukuoka, Japan, during March 12-16, 2001 under the support of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) and the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC), and some invited papers of eminent number-theorists who visited Japan during 1999-2001 at the occasion of the Conference at the Research Institute of Mathematical Sciences (RIMS), Kyoto University. The proceedings of the 1st China-Japan Seminar held in September 1999 in Beijing has been published recently {2002) by Kluwer as DEVM 6 which also contains some invited papers. The topics of that volume are, however, restricted to analytic number theory and many papers in this field are assembled. In this volume, we return to the lines of the previous one "Number Theory and its Applications", published as DEVM 2 by Kluwer in 1999 and uphold the spirit of presenting various topics in number theory and related areas with possible applica tions, in a unified manner, and this time in nearly a book form with a well-prepared index. We accomplish this task by collecting highly informative and readable survey papers (including half-survey type papers), giving overlooking surveys of the hith erto obtained results in up-to-the-hour form with insight into the new developments, which are then analytically continued to a collection of high standard research papers which are concerned with rather diversed areas and will give good insight into new researches in the new century.

Meine Zahlen meine Freunde

Author: Paulo Ribenboim
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783540879572
Release Date: 2009-02-18
Genre: Mathematics

Paulo Ribenboim behandelt Zahlen in dieser außergewöhnlichen Sammlung von Übersichtsartikeln wie seine persönlichen Freunde. In leichter und allgemein zugänglicher Sprache berichtet er über Primzahlen, Fibonacci-Zahlen (und das Nordpolarmeer!), die klassischen Arbeiten von Gauß über binäre quadratische Formen, Eulers berühmtes primzahlerzeugendes Polynom, irrationale und transzendente Zahlen. Nach dem großen Erfolg von „Die Welt der Primzahlen" ist dies das zweite Buch von Paulo Ribenboim, das in deutscher Sprache erscheint.

Die Lehre von den Kettenbr chen

Author: Oskar Perron
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783663122890
Release Date: 2013-11-21
Genre: Mathematics

eigenen Begriffssystemen bereichert worden, die man nicht gerade als jedermann geläufig voraussetzen darf. Die Versuchung lag nahe, durch Heranziehung solcher Theorien den Kettenbrüchen einen gelehrteren Anstrich zu geben. Aber dadurch wäre nicht nur die Lektüre unnötig erschwert, sondern das Wesen der Dinge zumeist verschleiert worden, und es bestände die Gefahr, daß mancher Leser den künstlichen Anstrich für das Wesentliche halten und die harmlose Unschuld, die sich darunter verbirgt, vielleicht gar nicht mehr sehen würde. Deshalb habe ich auf logistische Hieroglyphen, geheimnisvolle "Räume" usw. verzichtet und bin bei der klassischen Wortsprache und den klassischen Rechenmethoden ge blieben. Lediglich zweireihige Matrizes wurden gelegentlich verwandt, nämlich da, wo sie einen wirklichen methodischen Vorteil bieten. Der Matrixkalkül ist ja heute in viel weiteren Kreisen bekannt als vor 40 Jahren und gehört fast schon zu den Elementen; ich habe ihn trotzdem nicht vorausgesetzt, sondern in § 5 das Wenige, was davon gebraucht wird, kurz zusammengestellt. In neuerer Zeit haben die Kettenbrüche auch in der augewandten Mathematik, z. B. in der Elektrotechnik und bei analytischen Approximationsmethoden, Verwendung ge funden. Auch den Vertretern dieser Disziplinen, sowie manchen interessierten Laien, die es trotz unseres materialistischen Zeitalters doch immer noch gibt, glaube ich durch leichte Verständlichkeit besser zu dienen als durch Paradieren mit einer übertriebenen Gelehrsamkeit. Auf die Beigabe einer möglichst lückenlosen Bibliographie habe ich ebenso wie früher verzichtet; man findet eine solche, die von den Anfängen bis ins erste Jahrzehnt unseres Jahrhunderts reicht, bei Wölffing 1.

Bernhard Riemann 1826 1866

Author: Detlef Laugwitz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783034889834
Release Date: 2013-03-11
Genre: Mathematics

Das Riemannsche Integral lernen schon die Schüler kennen, die Theorien der reellen und der komplexen Funktionen bauen auf wichtigen Begriffsbildungen und Sätzen Riemanns auf, die Riemannsche Geometrie ist für Einsteins Gravitationstheorie und ihre Erweiterungen unentbehrlich, und in der Zahlentheorie ist die berühmte Riemannsche Vermutung noch immer offen. Riemann und sein um fünf Jahre jüngerer Freund Richard Dedekind sahen sich als Schüler von Gauss und Dirichlet. Um die Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts leiteten sie den Übergang zur "modernen Mathematik" ein, der eine in Analysis und Geometrie, der andere in der Algebra mit der Hinwendung zu Mengen und Strukturen. Dieses Buch ist der erste Versuch, Riemanns wissenschaftliches Werk unter einem einheitlichen Gesichtspunkt zusammenzufassend darzustellen. Riemann gilt als einer der Philosophen unter den Mathematikern. Er stellte das Denken in Begriffen neben die zuvor vorherrschende algorithmische Auffassung von der Mathematik, welche die Gegenstände der Untersuchung, in Formeln und Figuren, in Termumformungen und regelhaften Konstruktionen als die allein legitimen Methoden sah. David Hilbert hat als Riemanns Grundsatz herausgestellt, die Beweise nicht durch Rechnung, sondern lediglich durch Gedanken zu zwingen. Hermann Weyl sah als das Prinzip Riemanns in Mathematik und Physik, "die Welt als das erkenntnistheoretische Motiv..., die Welt aus ihrem Verhalten im un- endlich kleinen zu verstehen."

Die Gammafunktion

Author: Niels Nielsen
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821838369
Release Date: 2005-06-01
Genre: Mathematics

This title consists of both original volumes of this classic, now published as one. The first volume is a handbook of the theory of the gamma function. The first part of this volume gives an elementary presentation of the fundamental properties of the gamma function (and related functions) as applications of the theory of analytic functions. The second part covers properties related to the integral representations for $\Gamma(x)$. The third part explores the properties of functions defined via series of factorials: $\Omega(x)=\sum s! a_s/(x(x+1)\ldots(x+s))$, with applications to the gamma function. The Handbook is an often-cited reference in the literature on the gamma function and other transcendental functions. The second (and shorter) volume covers the theory of the logarithmic integral $\mathrm{li}(x)$ and certain related functions. Specific topics include integral representations, asymptotic series, and continued fractions.

Liebe und Mathematik

Author: Edward Frenkel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662434215
Release Date: 2014-11-17
Genre: Mathematics


Lehrbuch Der Algebra

Author: Heinrich Weber
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821832585
Release Date: 2002-09-10
Genre: Mathematics

Weber's three-volume set on algebra was for many years the standard text on algebra. Published at the end of the nineteenth century, it helped usher group theory to a central place in twentieth century mathematics. Volume 1 covers foundational material. Volume 2 covers group theory and its applications, plus the theory of algebraic numbers. Volume 3 covers advanced topics, such as algebraic functions, elliptic functions and class field theory. Although notations have changed somewhat and algebra has become more abstract that it was in Weber's day, many of the same themes and ideas important today are central topics in Weber's book, which may be why it has become a classic.

Semimodular Lattices

Author:
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783663124788
Release Date: 2013-12-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering


Reviews in Number Theory 1984 96

Author:
Publisher: Amer Mathematical Society
ISBN: 0821809318
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Mathematics

These six volumes include approximately 20,000 reviews of items in number theory that appeared in Mathematical Reviews between 1984 and 1996. This is the third such set of volumes in number theory. The first was edited by W.J. LeVeque and included reviews from 1940-1972; the second was edited by R.K. Guy and appeared in 1984.