Real Analysis via Sequences and Series

Author: Charles H.C. Little
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493926510
Release Date: 2015-05-28
Genre: Mathematics

This text gives a rigorous treatment of the foundations of calculus. In contrast to more traditional approaches, infinite sequences and series are placed at the forefront. The approach taken has not only the merit of simplicity, but students are well placed to understand and appreciate more sophisticated concepts in advanced mathematics. The authors mitigate potential difficulties in mastering the material by motivating definitions, results and proofs. Simple examples are provided to illustrate new material and exercises are included at the end of most sections. Noteworthy topics include: an extensive discussion of convergence tests for infinite series, Wallis’s formula and Stirling’s formula, proofs of the irrationality of π and e and a treatment of Newton’s method as a special instance of finding fixed points of iterated functions.

Foundations of Mathematical Analysis

Author: Saminathan Ponnusamy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817682927
Release Date: 2011-12-17
Genre: Mathematics

Mathematical analysis is fundamental to the undergraduate curriculum not only because it is the stepping stone for the study of advanced analysis, but also because of its applications to other branches of mathematics, physics, and engineering at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. This self-contained textbook consists of eleven chapters, which are further divided into sections and subsections. Each section includes a careful selection of special topics covered that will serve to illustrate the scope and power of various methods in real analysis. The exposition is developed with thorough explanations, motivating examples, exercises, and illustrations conveying geometric intuition in a pleasant and informal style to help readers grasp difficult concepts. Foundations of Mathematical Analysis is intended for undergraduate students and beginning graduate students interested in a fundamental introduction to the subject. It may be used in the classroom or as a self-study guide without any required prerequisites.

Real Analysis

Author: John M. Howie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447103417
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Real Analysis is a comprehensive introduction to this core subject and is ideal for self-study or as a course textbook for first and second-year undergraduates. Combining an informal style with precision mathematics, the book covers all the key topics with fully worked examples and exercises with solutions. All the concepts and techniques are deployed in examples in the final chapter to provide the student with a thorough understanding of this challenging subject. This book offers a fresh approach to a core subject and manages to provide a gentle and clear introduction without sacrificing rigour or accuracy.

Limits

Author: Alan F. Beardon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387982744
Release Date: 1997-10-30
Genre: Mathematics

Intended as an undergraduate text on real analysis, this book includes all the standard material such as sequences, infinite series, continuity, differentiation, and integration, together with worked examples and exercises. By unifying and simplifying all the various notions of limit, the author has successfully presented a novel approach to the subject matter, which has not previously appeared in book form. The author defines the term limit once only, and all of the subsequent limiting processes are seen to be special cases of this one definition. Accordingly, the subject matter attains a unity and coherence that is not to be found in the traditional approach. Students will be able to fully appreciate and understand the common source of the topics they are studying while also realising that they are "variations on a theme", rather than essentially different topics, and therefore, will gain a better understanding of the subject.

The Real Numbers and Real Analysis

Author: Ethan D. Bloch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387721767
Release Date: 2011-05-27
Genre: Mathematics

This text is a rigorous, detailed introduction to real analysis that presents the fundamentals with clear exposition and carefully written definitions, theorems, and proofs. It is organized in a distinctive, flexible way that would make it equally appropriate to undergraduate mathematics majors who want to continue in mathematics, and to future mathematics teachers who want to understand the theory behind calculus. The Real Numbers and Real Analysis will serve as an excellent one-semester text for undergraduates majoring in mathematics, and for students in mathematics education who want a thorough understanding of the theory behind the real number system and calculus.

Elements of Real Analysis

Author: Charles G. Denlinger
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
ISBN: 9780763779474
Release Date: 2011-01-28
Genre: Mathematics

Elementary Real Analysis is a core course in nearly all mathematics departments throughout the world. It enables students to develop a deep understanding of the key concepts of calculus from a mature perspective. Elements of Real Analysis is a student-friendly guide to learning all the important ideas of elementary real analysis, based on the author's many years of experience teaching the subject to typical undergraduate mathematics majors. It avoids the compact style of professional mathematics writing, in favor of a style that feels more comfortable to students encountering the subject for the first time. It presents topics in ways that are most easily understood, yet does not sacrifice rigor or coverage. In using this book, students discover that real analysis is completely deducible from the axioms of the real number system. They learn the powerful techniques of limits of sequences as the primary entry to the concepts of analysis, and see the ubiquitous role sequences play in virtually all later topics. They become comfortable with topological ideas, and see how these concepts help unify the subject. Students encounter many interesting examples, including "pathological" ones, that motivate the subject and help fix the concepts. They develop a unified understanding of limits, continuity, differentiability, Riemann integrability, and infinite series of numbers and functions.

A Problem Book in Real Analysis

Author: Asuman G. Aksoy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441912961
Release Date: 2010-03-10
Genre: Mathematics

Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing worth knowing can be taught. Oscar Wilde, “The Critic as Artist,” 1890. Analysis is a profound subject; it is neither easy to understand nor summarize. However, Real Analysis can be discovered by solving problems. This book aims to give independent students the opportunity to discover Real Analysis by themselves through problem solving. ThedepthandcomplexityofthetheoryofAnalysiscanbeappreciatedbytakingaglimpseatits developmental history. Although Analysis was conceived in the 17th century during the Scienti?c Revolution, it has taken nearly two hundred years to establish its theoretical basis. Kepler, Galileo, Descartes, Fermat, Newton and Leibniz were among those who contributed to its genesis. Deep conceptual changes in Analysis were brought about in the 19th century by Cauchy and Weierstrass. Furthermore, modern concepts such as open and closed sets were introduced in the 1900s. Today nearly every undergraduate mathematics program requires at least one semester of Real Analysis. Often, students consider this course to be the most challenging or even intimidating of all their mathematics major requirements. The primary goal of this book is to alleviate those concerns by systematically solving the problems related to the core concepts of most analysis courses. In doing so, we hope that learning analysis becomes less taxing and thereby more satisfying.

Real Analysis and Foundations

Author: Steven G. Krantz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849371562
Release Date: 1991-09-12
Genre: Mathematics

Real Analysis and Foundations is an advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate textbook that introduces students to introductory topics in real analysis (or real variables), point set topology, and the calculus of variations. This classroom-tested book features over 350 end-of-chapter exercises that clearly develop and reinforce conceptual topics. It also provides an excellent review chapter on math foundations topics, as well as accessible coverage of classical topics, such as Weirstrass Approximation Theorem, Ascoli-Arzela Theorem and Schroeder-Bernstein Theorem. Explanations and discussions of key concepts are so well done that Real Analysis and Foundations will also provide valuable information for professional aerospace and structural engineers.

Elements of Real Analysis

Author: M.A. Al-Gwaiz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420011609
Release Date: 2006-08-21
Genre: Mathematics

Focusing on one of the main pillars of mathematics, Elements of Real Analysis provides a solid foundation in analysis, stressing the importance of two elements. The first building block comprises analytical skills and structures needed for handling the basic notions of limits and continuity in a simple concrete setting while the second component involves conducting analysis in higher dimensions and more abstract spaces. Largely self-contained, the book begins with the fundamental axioms of the real number system and gradually develops the core of real analysis. The first few chapters present the essentials needed for analysis, including the concepts of sets, relations, and functions. The following chapters cover the theory of calculus on the real line, exploring limits, convergence tests, several functions such as monotonic and continuous, power series, and theorems like mean value, Taylor's, and Darboux's. The final chapters focus on more advanced theory, in particular, the Lebesgue theory of measure and integration. Requiring only basic knowledge of elementary calculus, this textbook presents the necessary material for a first course in real analysis. Developed by experts who teach such courses, it is ideal for undergraduate students in mathematics and related disciplines, such as engineering, statistics, computer science, and physics, to understand the foundations of real analysis.

Real Analysis

Author: Mark Bridger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118031568
Release Date: 2011-10-14
Genre: Mathematics

A unique approach to analysis that lets you apply mathematics across a range of subjects This innovative text sets forth a thoroughly rigorous modern account of the theoretical underpinnings of calculus: continuity, differentiability, and convergence. Using a constructive approach, every proof of every result is direct and ultimately computationally verifiable. In particular, existence is never established by showing that the assumption of non-existence leads to a contradiction. The ultimate consequence of this method is that it makes sense—not just to math majors but also to students from all branches of the sciences. The text begins with a construction of the real numbers beginning with the rationals, using interval arithmetic. This introduces readers to the reasoning and proof-writing skills necessary for doing and communicating mathematics, and it sets the foundation for the rest of the text, which includes: Early use of the Completeness Theorem to prove a helpful Inverse Function Theorem Sequences, limits and series, and the careful derivation of formulas and estimates for important functions Emphasis on uniform continuity and its consequences, such as boundedness and the extension of uniformly continuous functions from dense subsets Construction of the Riemann integral for functions uniformly continuous on an interval, and its extension to improper integrals Differentiation, emphasizing the derivative as a function rather than a pointwise limit Properties of sequences and series of continuous and differentiable functions Fourier series and an introduction to more advanced ideas in functional analysis Examples throughout the text demonstrate the application of new concepts. Readers can test their own skills with problems and projects ranging in difficulty from basic to challenging. This book is designed mainly for an undergraduate course, and the author understands that many readers will not go on to more advanced pure mathematics. He therefore emphasizes an approach to mathematical analysis that can be applied across a range of subjects in engineering and the sciences.

Counterexamples on Uniform Convergence

Author: Andrei Bourchtein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119303404
Release Date: 2017-01-17
Genre: Mathematics

A comprehensive and thorough analysis of concepts and results on uniform convergence Counterexamples on Uniform Convergence: Sequences, Series, Functions, and Integrals presents counterexamples to false statements typically found within the study of mathematical analysis and calculus, all of which are related to uniform convergence. The book includes the convergence of sequences, series and families of functions, and proper and improper integrals depending on a parameter. The exposition is restricted to the main definitions and theorems in order to explore different versions (wrong and correct) of the fundamental concepts and results. The goal of the book is threefold. First, the authors provide a brief survey and discussion of principal results of the theory of uniform convergence in real analysis. Second, the book aims to help readers master the presented concepts and theorems, which are traditionally challenging and are sources of misunderstanding and confusion. Finally, this book illustrates how important mathematical tools such as counterexamples can be used in different situations. The features of the book include: An overview of important concepts and theorems on uniform convergence Well-organized coverage of the majority of the topics on uniform convergence studied in analysis courses An original approach to the analysis of important results on uniform convergence based\ on counterexamples Additional exercises at varying levels of complexity for each topic covered in the book A supplementary Instructor’s Solutions Manual containing complete solutions to all exercises, which is available via a companion website Counterexamples on Uniform Convergence: Sequences, Series, Functions, and Integrals is an appropriate reference and/or supplementary reading for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses in mathematical analysis and advanced calculus for students majoring in mathematics, engineering, and other sciences. The book is also a valuable resource for instructors teaching mathematical analysis and calculus. ANDREI BOURCHTEIN, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Mathematics at Pelotas State University in Brazil. The author of more than 100 referred articles and five books, his research interests include numerical analysis, computational fluid dynamics, numerical weather prediction, and real analysis. Dr. Andrei Bourchtein received his PhD in Mathematics and Physics from the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia. LUDMILA BOURCHTEIN, PhD, is Senior Research Scientist at the Institute of Physics and Mathematics at Pelotas State University in Brazil. The author of more than 80 referred articles and three books, her research interests include real and complex analysis, conformal mappings, and numerical analysis. Dr. Ludmila Bourchtein received her PhD in Mathematics from Saint Petersburg State University in Russia.

Elementary Analysis

Author: Kenneth A. Ross
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038790459X
Release Date: 1980-03-03
Genre: Mathematics

Designed for students having no previous experience with rigorous proofs, this text on analysis is intended to follow a standard calculus course. It will be useful for students planning to continue in mathematics (with, for example, complex variables, differential equations, numerical analysis, multivariable calculus, or statistics), as well as for future secondary school teachers.

Problems and Solutions in Real Analysis

Author: Masayoshi Hata
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813142848
Release Date: 2016-12-12
Genre: Mathematics

This second edition introduces an additional set of new mathematical problems with their detailed solutions in real analysis. It also provides numerous improved solutions to the existing problems from the previous edition, and includes very useful tips and skills for the readers to master successfully. There are three more chapters that expand further on the topics of Bernoulli numbers, differential equations and metric spaces. Each chapter has a summary of basic points, in which some fundamental definitions and results are prepared. This also contains many brief historical comments for some significant mathematical results in real analysis together with many references. Problems and Solutions in Real Analysis can be treated as a collection of advanced exercises by undergraduate students during or after their courses of calculus and linear algebra. It is also instructive for graduate students who are interested in analytic number theory. Readers will also be able to completely grasp a simple and elementary proof of the Prime Number Theorem through several exercises. This volume is also suitable for non-experts who wish to understand mathematical analysis. Request Inspection Copy Contents:Sequences and LimitsInfinite SeriesContinuous FunctionsDifferentiationIntegrationImproper IntegralsSeries of FunctionsApproximation by PolynomialsConvex FunctionsVarious Proof ζ(2) = π2/6Functions of Several VariablesUniform DistributionRademacher FunctionsLegendre PolynomialsChebyshev PolynomialsGamma FunctionPrime Number TheoremBernoulli NumbersMetric SpacesDifferential Equations Readership: Undergraduates and graduate students in mathematical analysis.

Real Analysis

Author: Saul Stahl
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118096857
Release Date: 2012-01-10
Genre: Mathematics

A provocative look at the tools and history of realanalysis This new edition of Real Analysis: A Historical Approachcontinues to serve as an interesting read for students of analysis.Combining historical coverage with a superb introductory treatment,this book helps readers easily make the transition from concrete toabstract ideas. The book begins with an exciting sampling of classic and famousproblems first posed by some of the greatest mathematicians of alltime. Archimedes, Fermat, Newton, and Euler are each summoned inturn, illuminating the utility of infinite, power, andtrigonometric series in both pure and applied mathematics. Next,Dr. Stahl develops the basic tools of advanced calculus, whichintroduce the various aspects of the completeness of the realnumber system as well as sequential continuity anddifferentiability and lead to the Intermediate and Mean ValueTheorems. The Second Edition features: A chapter on the Riemann integral, including the subject ofuniform continuity Explicit coverage of the epsilon-delta convergence A discussion of the modern preference for the viewpoint ofsequences over that of series Throughout the book, numerous applications and examplesreinforce concepts and demonstrate the validity of historicalmethods and results, while appended excerpts from originalhistorical works shed light on the concerns of influentialmathematicians in addition to the difficulties encountered in theirwork. Each chapter concludes with exercises ranging in level ofcomplexity, and partial solutions are provided at the end of thebook. Real Analysis: A Historical Approach, Second Edition isan ideal book for courses on real analysis and mathematicalanalysis at the undergraduate level. The book is also a valuableresource for secondary mathematics teachers and mathematicians.