Recycling of Solid Waste for Biofuels and Bio chemicals

Author: Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811001505
Release Date: 2016-08-10
Genre: Science

This book presents the latest advances in and current research perspectives on the field of urban/industrial solid waste recycling for bio-energy and bio-fuel recovery. It chiefly focuses on five main thematic areas, namely bioreactor landfills coupled with energy and nutrient recovery; microbial insights into anaerobic digestion; greenhouse emission assessment; pyrolysis techniques for special waste treatment; and industrial waste stabilization options. In addition, it compiles the results of case studies and solid waste management perspectives from different countries.

Biofuels

Author: Ram Sarup Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498723602
Release Date: 2016-11-10
Genre: Science

This will be a comprehensive multi-contributed reference work, with the Editors being highly regarded alternative fuels experts from India and Switzerland. There will be a strong orientation toward production of biofuels covering such topics as biodiesel from renewable sources, biofuels from biomass, vegetable based feedstocks from biofuel production, global demand for biofuels and economic aspects of biofuel production. Book covers the latest advances in all product areas relative to biofuels. Discusses coverage of public opinion related to biofuels. Chapters will be authored by world class researchers and practitioners in various aspects of biofuels. Provides good comprehensive coverage of biofuels for algae. Presents extensive discussion of future prospects in biofuels.

Environmental Impacts of Traditional and Innovative Forest based Bioproducts

Author: Andreja Kutnar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811006555
Release Date: 2016-03-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book provides a comprehensive description of traditional and innovative forest-based bioproducts, from pulp and paper, wood-based composites and wood fuels to chemicals and fiber-based composites. The descriptions of different types of forest-based bioproducts are supplemented by the environmental impacts involved in their processing, use, and end-of-life phase. Further, the possibility of reusing, recycling and upgrading bioproducts at the end of their projected life cycle is discussed. As the intensity of demand for forest biomass is currently changing, forest-based industries need to respond with innovative products, business models, marketing and management. As such, the book concludes with a chapter on the bioproducts business and these products’ role in bioeconomies.

Oko Kapitalismus

Author: Paul Hawken
Publisher: New Media German Language
ISBN: 140003941X
Release Date: 2002-09-01
Genre: Business & Economics

In "Oko- Kapitalismus, three top strategists show how leading hedge companies are practicing "a new type of industrialism" that is more efficient and profitable, while saving the environment and creating jobs. Paul Hawken and Amory and Hunter Lovins write that in the next century cars will get 200 miles per gallon without compromising safety and power, manufacturers will relentlessly recycle their products, and the world's standard of living will jump without further damaging natural resources. "Is this the vision of a utopia? In fact, the changes described here could come about in the decades to come as the result of economic and technological trends already in place," the authors write. Die Wirtschaftsstragien der Zukunft werden sich an der effizienten Nutzung natuerlicher Ressourcen orientieren. Sie werden damit nicht nur umweltbedingte und soziale Probleme loesen, sondern auch Wohlstand bringen. Seit Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts haben wir Menschen die Natur in groesserem Umfang zerstoert als in allen historischen Epochen davor. Saemtliche lebenden Systeme, die Waelder und Grasflaechen, die Savannen und Steppen, die Fluesse und Meere, die Korallenriffe und die Atmosphaere befinden sich in einem Zustand hoechster Gefaehrdung. Nicht nur die erneuerbaren Ressourcen drohen sich zu erschoepfen, das Leben selbst befindet sich auf dem Rueckzug. Wir laufen Gefahr, das natuerliche Kapital der Erde zu verlieren. Fuer Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins und Hunter Lovins offenbaren sich in dieser Entwicklung die Schatten der industriellen Revolution des 19. Jahrhunderts, die zwar zu einer ungeheuren Steigerung der Produktivitaet des einzelnen fuehrte, am Ende jedoch in einen Krieg gegen die Naturmuendete. Was die Autoren fordern, ist ein radikales Umdenken in Richtung auf eine neue Form des Wirtschaftens, in der die Dienstleistungen der Natur nicht ignoriert werden. Die Dienste, die uns die natuerlichen Systeme leisten, sind vielfaeltig. Ein Wald etwa liefert nicht nur Holz. Er bindet auch Kohlendioxid, schuetzt vor UEberschwemmungen, speichert Naehrstoffe in seinem Boden und vieles mehr. Dass wir uns verhalten haben, als waeren diese Dienste wertlos, fuehrt zu einem grossen Desaster. In Wahrheit naemlich ist der Wert dieser Dienstleistungen geradezu unendlich. Keine Technik kann das lebenserhaltende, hochintelligente und komplexe System des Planeten ersetzen. Wuerden wir jedoch tatsaechlich einen Preis ansetzen, dann beliefe sich der Wert der Dienstleistungen des natuerlichen Kapitalstocks, der jedes Jahr direkt in die Gesellschaft fliesst, auf 33 Billionen Dollar. Der natuerliche Kapitalstock selbst waere mit 400 bis 500 Billionen Dollar zu veranschlagen. Aus diesen Zahlen wird deutlich, wie verantwortungslos und verschwenderisch wir in der Vergangenheit gewirtschaftet haben. Paul Hawken, Amory Lovins und Hunter Lovins stellen dem industriellen Kapitalismus ihr Konzept des Oko-Kapitalismus gegenueber, in dem allen Formen des Kapitals ein Wert zuerkannt wird. Die Dienstleistungen der Umwelt sind in diesem System kein zu vernachlaessigender Produktionsfaktor mehr, sondern werden als die Basis angesehen, die den gesamten Wirtschaftsprozess aufrechterhaelt. Innerhalb von 50 Jahren koennten sich der Lebensstandard weltweit verdoppeln, der Ressourcenverbrauch um 80 Prozent zurueckgehen, der Kohlendioxidgehalt der Atmosphaere zum ersten Mal seit 200 Jahren sinken und Arbeit fueralle geschaffen werden. Was die Autoren beschreiben, ist kein Utopia, sondern eroeffnet sich als reale Moeglichkeit. So wie es vor 300 Jahren als unmoeglich angesehen worden waere, dass ein Mensch die Arbeit von hundert vollbringen kann, so mag es heute unrealistisch erscheinen, dass wir die Produktivitaet unserer Ressourcen um den Faktor Hundert steigern koennen. Und doch gibt es bereits Ansaetze fuer diese neue industrielle Revolution. In ihrem Buch haben die Autoren eine enorme Fuelle von Beispielen zusammengetragen, die zeigen, dass ein effizientes Wirtschaften moeglich ist. Sie berichten von technischen Innovationen sowie von neuen Formen der Organisation und der Produktion. Anhand von Konzepten und Loesungsvorschlaegen legen sie dar, wie industrielle Prozesse in Kreislaeufen gestaltet werden koennen, die weit ueber das blosse Recyceln von Altpapier und Glas hinausgehen.

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2012

Author: Iftekhar a Karimi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444595058
Release Date: 2012-07-10
Genre: Science

While the PSE community continues its focus on understanding, synthesizing, modeling, designing, simulating, analyzing, diagnosing, operating, controlling, managing, and optimizing a host of chemical and related industries using the systems approach, the boundaries of PSE research have expanded considerably over the years. While early PSE research was largely concerned with individual units and plants, the current research spans wide ranges of scales in size (molecules to processing units to plants to global multinational enterprises to global supply chain networks; biological cells to ecological webs) and time (instantaneous molecular interactions to months of plant operation to years of strategic planning). The changes and challenges brought about by increasing globalization and the the common global issues of energy, sustainability, and environment provide the motivation for the theme of PSE2012: Process Systems Engineering and Decision Support for the Flat World. Each theme includes an invited chapter based on the plenary presentation by an eminent academic or industrial researcher Reports on the state-of-the-art advances in the various fields of process systems engineering Addresses common global problems and the research being done to solve them

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering PSE2012

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444595089
Release Date: 2012-12-31
Genre: Science

While the PSE community continues its focus on understanding, synthesizing, modeling, designing, simulating, analyzing, diagnosing, operating, controlling, managing, and optimizing a host of chemical and related industries using the systems approach, the boundaries of PSE research have expanded considerably over the years. While early PSE research was largely concerned with individual units and plants, the current research spans wide ranges of scales in size (molecules to processing units to plants to global multinational enterprises to global supply chain networks; biological cells to ecological webs) and time (instantaneous molecular interactions to months of plant operation to years of strategic planning). The changes and challenges brought about by increasing globalization and the the common global issues of energy, sustainability, and environment provide the motivation for the theme of PSE2012: Process Systems Engineering and Decision Support for the Flat World. Each theme includes an invited chapter based on the plenary presentation by an eminent academic or industrial researcher Reports on the state-of-the-art advances in the various fields of process systems engineering Addresses common global problems and the research being done to solve them

Sustainability Matters

Author: Lin-Heng Lye
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814546836
Release Date: 2014-04-29
Genre: Science

Sustainability Mattersis a compilation of some of the best research papers by students from the National University of Singapore's inter-disciplinary graduate programme in environmental studies, the MSc in Environmental Management [MEM]. This collection is for the period 2009/10 to 2011/12. As the period covers 3 academic years, the papers have been split into two volumes: Sustainability Matters: Asia's Green Challenges, and Sustainability Matters: Asia's Energy Concerns, Green Policies and Environmental Advocacy. These two volumes are the third and fourth compilation by the programme, and respectively comprise sixteen and fourteen of the best research papers completed during this period. The papers have been edited for brevity. These papers analyze the many challenges to effective environmental management in the context of different countries including India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, Nepal, Singapore, and Thailand, and propose insightful solutions. The first compilation, Sustainability Matters: Environmental Management in Asia, was published in 2010 (World Scientific) and comprised the best papers from 2001/2 to 2006/7. The second, Sustainability Matters: Challenges and Opportunities in Environmental Management in Asia was published in 2011 (Pearson), and comprised the best papers from 2007/8 to 2008/09. Contents: Volume 1:Air Pollution:Development of Urban Traffic Pollution Control Strategies in Asian Cities: A Case Study from Chennai, India (Ashwinkumar Dakshinamurthi and Rajasekhar Balasubramanian)Assessment and Abatement Measures for Vehicular Air Pollution in Colombo, Sri Lanka (Chamila Weerathunghe and Rajasekhar Balasubramanian)Waste Management:Recycling in Singapore the Singapore Model: Strategies and Ways to Improve (Tan Puay Cheow and Lye Lin Heng)Municipal Solid Waste Management in Southeast Asian Cities: The Next Steps (Boey Yinyin Edris and Rick Reidinger)Lessons for Integrated District-Level Food Waste Recycling Programs: A Review of Eight International Cases (Amireeta Rawlani and Kua Harn Wei)Singapore's Municipal Solid Waste Management: A Sustainable Model (Wendy Wong Shih Ling and Rick Reidinger)Utilization of Landfill Gas as a Renewable Source of Energy in India (Subhashini Kashinath and Zhou Zhi George)The Potential Role of Water Hyacinth in Wastewater Treatment in Nepal (Ram Bahadur Singh Maharjan and Chou Loke Ming)Improving Leachate Water Quality using a Wetland Treatment System in Lorong Halus — A Pilot Study (Christian Budiman and Ting Yen-Ping)Life Cycle Assessment of an Urban Waste Refinery (Celia Chua Bee Hong and Kua Harn-Wei) A Study of the 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle)Programs in Primary Schools, Singapore (Kelly Yong Kim-Lian and Victor R Savage)Urban Studies:Assessing Skywalk Systems as a Response to High Density Living in Hong Kong (Patricia Woo and Malone-Lee Lai Choo)The Management of Visitor Pressure on Coastal Parks of Singapore (Karen Lim Hui Khian and Chou Loke Ming)Sustainability in Singapore: An Ecological Footprint Perspective (Xin Jing Jing and Victor R Savage)Seagrasses in Singapore: Current Status and Long-Term Management Plans (Michelle Chng Wei Ping and Chou Loke Ming)The Singapore's Bus System: An Analysis of Commuters' Satisfaction and Potential Improvements (Jan Martin Hecker and Lee Der Horng)An Assessment of Sustainable Cities (May Yadana Aung and Chou Loke-Ming)Urban Greenery as a Mitigation Strategy for Urban Heat Island Effect in High Density Commercial Districts of Dhaka (Nabanita Islam and Wong Nyuk-Hien)The Potential for Residential Water Conservation in Dhaka, Bangladesh (Sonia F Hoque, Asanga Gunawansa and Md. Mafizur Rahman)Planned Housing Environments and Children's Outdoor Play: Is Child-Friendliness Possible? (Md Rashed Bhuyan and Tracey Skelton)Green Business:Empowering the Bottom of the Pyramid: Government, Business, and Solar Power in India (Carrie Wallace Candeto and Audrey Chia)Charting a Greener Course in Shipping: Incorporating Environmental Performance Indicators in a Tanker Pool System (Jean Chia E Ming and Audrey Chia)Environmental Practices of Indian Business Process Outsourcing: A Study of Two Companies (Sweta Sorab and Mark Goh)Green Business Strategies in the Precision Engineering Industry in Singapore (Gan Chin-Yean and Audrey Chua)The Second Green Revolution: A Review of the Challenges and Prospects (Leong Li-Sun and Victor R Savage)Towards Broader Implementation of Corporate Sustainability and Sustainability Reporting in the Construction Industry in Singapore (Kaia Margit Davis Tan and Audrey Chia)Volume 2:Biodiversity:The Impact of Community Forestry on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal (Ishwari Prasad Poudel and Chou Loke-Ming)Waste Management:Improving Leachate Water Quality Using a Wetland Treatment System in Lorong Halus — A Pilot Study (Christian Budiman and Ting Yen-Ping)Life Cycle Assessment of an Urban Waste Refinery (Celia Chua Bee-Hong and Kua Harn-Wei)A Study of the 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) Programs in Primary Schools, Singapore (Kelly Yong Kim-Lian and Victor R Savage)Urban Studies:An Assessment of Sustainable Cities (May Yadana Aung and Chou Loke-Ming)Urban Greenery as a Mitigation Strategy for Urban Heat Island Effect in High Density Commercial Districts of Dhaka, Bangladesh (Nabanita Islam and Wong Nyuk-Hien) The Potential for Residential Water Conservation in Dhaka, Bangladesh (Sonia F Hoque, Asanga Gunawansa and Md Mafizur Rahman)Planned Housing Environments and Children's Outdoor Play: Is Child-Friendliness Possible? (Md Rashed Bhuyan and Tracey Skelton)Energy and Climate Change:Wind: The Alternative Source of Power for Singapore After Solar Energy? (Chew Keng-Hui and Lanry Yung)The Economics of Wind Energy (Alan Yau Wai-Hoo and Benjamin K Sovacool)Print Media and Climate Change: A Comparison of the 1992 Rio Summit and the 2009 Copenhagen Conference (Davina Loh and Victor R Savage)Green Business:Green Business Strategies in the Precision Engineering Industry in Singapore (Gan Chin-Yean and Audrey Chia)The Second Green Revolution: A Review of the Challenges and Prospects (Leong Li-Sun and Victor R Savage)Towards Broader Implementation of Corporate Sustainability and Sustainability Reporting in the Construction Industry in Singapore (Kaia Margit Davis-Tan and Audrey Chia) Readership: Graduate students, academics and researchers in environmental management/science. Keywords:Environment;Management;Sustainability;Asia;Corporate Environmental Management;Biodiversity and Planning;Marine Environment;Environment and Economic Development;Energy Sustainability;Renewable Energy;Urban Pollution and Waste Management;Sustainable Infrastructure;Transportation;Recycling;Urban Studies;Green Business

Marketing Erneuerbarer Energien

Author: Carsten Herbes
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658049683
Release Date: 2015-08-05
Genre: Business & Economics

Wie vermarktet man Ökostrom oder Biomethan? Was ist der richtige Preis für Erneuerbare Energien und wie gestaltet man den optimalen Einsatz von Social Media? Welche Auswirkungen haben das EEG oder die Elektromobilität auf das Grünstrom-Marketing? Funktioniert Direktvertrieb oder ist Online-Marketing der Erfolgsgarant? Antworten auf diese und viele weitere grundlegende Fragen liefert dieser Band mit Beiträgen führender Wissenschaftler und renommierter Praktiker. Erstmals beschreiben sie hier in strukturierter Form die Grundlagen der Vermarktung von Erneuerbaren Energien, führen in die gesetzlichen und marktlichen Besonderheiten ein und stellen neue Geschäftsmodelle vor. Das Buch fußt auf aktuellen Forschungsergebnissen, behandelt sämtliche für Praktiker wichtige Fragen der Vermarktung, liefert Fallbeispiele und konkrete Empfehlungen.

Backpacker

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Release Date: 2007-09
Genre:

Backpacker brings the outdoors straight to the reader's doorstep, inspiring and enabling them to go more places and enjoy nature more often. The authority on active adventure, Backpacker is the world's first GPS-enabled magazine, and the only magazine whose editors personally test the hiking trails, camping gear, and survival tips they publish. Backpacker's Editors' Choice Awards, an industry honor recognizing design, feature and product innovation, has become the gold standard against which all other outdoor-industry awards are measured.

Elemente der Exakten Erblichkeitslehre

Author: W. Johannsen
Publisher: Forgotten Books
ISBN: 1334546231
Release Date: 2016-12-07
Genre: Mathematics

Excerpt from Elemente der Exakten Erblichkeitslehre: Deutsche Wesentlich Erweiterte Ausgabe in Funfundzwanzig Vorlesungen In Bezug auf das Verhalten der ausseren Faktoren, der ganzen lebenslage, zu dem Hervortreten bestimmter Eigenschaften der Organismen, in Bezug also auf die Einwirkung der umgebenden Faktoren auf die vererbten anlagen, sind wir eigentlich nur am Anfang der Studien. Und hier ist ein Gebiet, wo Erfahrung oft gegen Erfahrung zu Sprechen scheint, was wir spater naher be leuchten mussen. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works."

Issues in Ecological Research and Application 2011 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 9781464964084
Release Date: 2012-01-09
Genre: Science

Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecological Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecological Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Anaerobtechnik

Author: Botho Böhnke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783662056912
Release Date: 2013-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Das umfassende Handbuch für Praxis und Lehre vermittelt den aktuellen Kenntnisstand der anaeroben Behandlung organisch hochverschmutzter Industrieabwässer und von Klärschlämmen, die bei der Reinigung kommunaler und industrieller Abwässer anfallen. Ausgehend von den mikrobiologischen Grundlagen anaerober Abbauprozesse bis hin zur Erläuterung und kritischen Beurteilung in der Praxis ausgeführter Anlagen werden systematisch die verfahrenstechnischen Grundlagen zur Anaerobtechnik erarbeitet und darauf aufbauend Anwendungsmöglichkeiten abgeleitet und anhand ausgeführter Beispiele diskutiert. Die detaillierte Darstellung von Funktionsweise, Einsatzbereich, Leistungsfähigkeit und Wirtschaftlichkeit anaerober Technologien bietet Ingenieurbüros, Beratungsunternehmen und den Betreibern solcher Anlagen sowie auf dem Abwassersektor tätigen innovativen Anlagenherstellern vielfältige Informationen zu allen Fragen der Anaerobtechnik. Abgerundet wird das Buch durch die konsequente Angabe der Literaturbezüge sowie eine Zusammenstellung der wesentlichen Forschungsvorhaben auf dem Sektor der Anaerobtechnologie in den letzten Jahren, so daß bei speziellen Fragestellungen gezielte Recherchen ermöglicht werden.