Reductionism in Art and Brain Science

Author: Eric R Kandel
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231542081
Release Date: 2016-08-30
Genre: Science

Can science and art find common ground? Are scientific and artistic quests mutually exclusive? In this new book, neuroscientist Eric Kandel, whose interests span the fields of science and art, explores how reductionism—the distillation of larger scientific or aesthetic concepts into smaller, more tractable ideas—has been used by scientists and artists alike to pursue their respective truths. Their common use of reductionist strategies demonstrates how science can inform the way we experience a work of art and seek to understand its meaning. Kandel draws on his Nobel Prize-winning work studying the neurobiological underpinnings of learning and memory in the humble sea slug, whose simple brain helps illuminate the complex workings of higher animal minds. He extends these findings to the complexities of human perception, which uses bottom-up sensory and top-down cognitive functions to perceive the world and to appreciate and understand works of art. At the heart of this book is an elegant elucidation of the pivotal contribution of reductionism to modern art’s extraordinary evolution and to its role in a monumental shift in artistic perspective. Reductionism was a driving force in the transition from figurative art to the first explorations of abstract art in the works of Turner, Monet, Kandinsky, Schoenberg, and Mondrian. Kandel explains how the New York School of Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko, Louis, Turrell, and Flavin arrived at their particular forms of abstract expressionism in the postwar era, and concludes with Katz, Warhol, Close, and Sandback, who built upon the advances of the New York School to reimagine figurative and minimal art. Featuring captivating drawings of the brain alongside full-color reproductions of modern art masterpieces, this book brings science and art into closer relation.

Reductionism in Art and Brain Science

Author: Eric Kandel
Publisher:
ISBN: 0231179634
Release Date: 2018-04-29
Genre: Psychology

The Nobel Prize-winning neuroscientist Eric R. Kandel shows how science can inform the way we experience a work of art and seek to understand its meaning. He illustrates how reductionism--distillation of larger scientific or aesthetic concepts into smaller components--has been used by scientists and artists alike to pursue their respective truths.

Reductionism in Art and Brain Science

Author: Eric Kandel
Publisher: Copper Canyon Press
ISBN: 9780231542081
Release Date: 2016-08-30
Genre: Psychology

Can science and art find common ground? Are scientific and artistic quests mutually exclusive? In this new book, neuroscientist Eric Kandel, whose interests span the fields of science and art, explores how reductionism--the distillation of larger scientific or aesthetic concepts into smaller, more tractable ideas--has been used by scientists and artists alike to pursue their respective truths. Their common use of reductionist strategies demonstrates how science can inform the way we experience a work of art and seek to understand its meaning. Kandel draws on his Nobel Prize-winning work studying the neurobiological underpinnings of learning and memory in the humble sea slug, whose simple brain helps illuminate the complex workings of higher animal minds. He extends these findings to the complexities of human perception, which uses bottom-up sensory and top-down cognitive functions to perceive the world and to appreciate and understand works of art. At the heart of this book is an elegant elucidation of the pivotal contribution of reductionism to modern art’s extraordinary evolution and to its role in a monumental shift in artistic perspective. Reductionism was a driving force in the transition from figurative art to the first explorations of abstract art in the works of Turner, Monet, Kandinsky, Schoenberg, and Mondrian. Kandel explains how the New York School of Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko, Louis, Turrell, and Flavin arrived at their particular forms of abstract expressionism in the postwar era, and concludes with Katz, Warhol, Close, and Sandback, who built upon the advances of the New York School to reimagine figurative and minimal art. Featuring captivating drawings of the brain alongside full-color reproductions of modern art masterpieces, this book brings science and art into closer relation.

The Disordered Mind

Author: Eric R. Kandel
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 9780374716103
Release Date: 2018-08-28
Genre: Science

Nobel Prize recipient Eric R. Kandel investigates The Disordered Mind to uncover what brain disorders reveal about human nature. This challenging study will not only help transform medical care but also encourage a new humanism based in part on the biological confirmation of individuality. Eric R. Kandel, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his foundational research into memory storage in the brain, is one of the pioneers of modern brain science. His work has helped shape our understanding of how learning and memory work. Building from this scientific research, Kandel explores one of the most fundamental questions we face: How does our mind, our individual sense of self, arise from the physical matter of the brain? The brain’s 86 billion neurons communicate with one another through very precise connections. If those connections are disrupted, the brain processes that give rise to our mind can become disordered, resulting in diseases such as depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s, and autism. The Disordered Mind illustrates how breakthrough studies of these disruptions can deepen our understanding of thought, feeling, behavior, memory, and creativity, and perhaps in the future will lead to the development of a unified theory of mind.

The Age of Insight

Author: Eric R. Kandel
Publisher: Random House Incorporated
ISBN: 9781400068715
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Psychology

A Nobel Prize-winning neuroscientist and author of In Search of Memory documents the work of five leading minds including Sigmund Freud and Gustave Klimt in 1900 Vienna, revealing how their critical breakthroughs in science, medicine and art laid the groundwork for present-day discoveries in brain science.

The Aesthetic Brain

Author: Anjan Chatterjee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199811809
Release Date: 2013-12
Genre: Psychology

The Aesthetic Brain takes the reader on a wide-ranging journey addressing fundamental questions about aesthetics and art. Using neuroscience and evolutionary psychology, Chatterjee shows how beauty, pleasure, and art are grounded biologically, and offers explanations for why beauty, pleasure, and art exist at all.

Splendors and Miseries of the Brain

Author: Semir Zeki
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444359473
Release Date: 2011-09-23
Genre: Psychology

Splendors and Miseries of the Brain examines the elegant and efficient machinery of the brain, showing that by studying music, art, literature, and love, we can reach important conclusions about how the brain functions. discusses creativity and the search for perfection in the brain examines the power of the unfinished and why it has such a powerful hold on the imagination discusses Platonic concepts in light of the brain shows that aesthetic theories are best understood in terms of the brain discusses the inherited concept of unity-in-love using evidence derived from the world literature of love addresses the role of the synthetic concept in the brain (the synthesis of many experiences) in relation to art, using examples taken from the work of Michelangelo, Cézanne, Balzac, Dante, and others

Art and Science

Author: Sîan Ede
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9780857710574
Release Date: 2012-11-13
Genre: Art

Scientists weave incredible stories, invent wild hypotheses and ask difficult questions about the meaning of life. They create visual images, models and scenarios that are gruesome, baffling or beguiling. Contemporary scientists frequently talk about ‘beauty’ and ‘elegance’ – while artists hardly ever do. In this engaging book Siân Ede asks crucial questions about the implications of science for art and vice versa, the nature of beauty, the ‘battle’ between the arts and sciences, and art and the environment. Featuring the work of artists including Christine Borland, Dorothy Cross, Eduardo Kac, Bill Viola, Damien Hirst and Helen Chadwick, Art and Science illuminates both the world of science for the art reader and of contemporary art for the scientist. " 'Art and Science' is a revelation, written with wit and clarity, showing us how artists have responded to scientific discoveries and theories, from eighteenth century anatomy to quantum theory, psychoanalysis and Complexity. Ede's reading of contemporary art-works is fascinating, and the whole book opens one's eyes to the excitement of both the scientific and artistic endeavour." - Jenny Uglow, author of The Lunar Men "I am honored to be included in this book. Sian Ede has written the most comprehensive and knowledgeable text on the subject I've ever seen, with a truly global perspective. A must for anyone interested in the collision of art and science." - Alexis Rockman

Art and the Brain II

Author: Joseph A. Goguen
Publisher: Imprint Academic
ISBN: 0907845126
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Art

The first volume in this series addressed neurological and evolutionary theories of aesthetics. Some of the authors in this second volume extend the debate by seeking a basis for aesthetic appeal in mathematics and physics. Richard Taylor and his colleagues subjected Jackson Pollock's drip paintings to fractal analysis, and concluded that they are a direct expression of the generic imagery of nature's scenery. Taken with Chris McManus's discovery that the proportions in Mondrian's paintings reflect the 'golden section', this leads us to ask whether science can help predict what human subjects will find attractive, or whether such an approach undervalues the cultural elements in aesthetic appreciation? The book also includes explorations of the philosophical foundations of the aesthetic experience, and some further experimental studies.

Inner Vision

Author: Semir Zeki
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198505191
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Philosophy

Beautifully illustrated and vividly written, "Inner Vision" explores how different areas of the brain shape responses to visual arts. 84 color illustrations. 8 halftones. 30 line illustrations.

Psychiatry Psychoanalysis and the New Biology of Mind

Author: Eric R. Kandel
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
ISBN: 1585626848
Release Date: 2008-05-20
Genre: Medical

Brought together for the first time in a single volume, these eight important and fascinating essays by Nobel Prize-winning psychiatrist Eric Kandel provide a breakthrough perspective on how biology has influenced modern psychiatric thought. Complete with commentaries by experts in the field, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and the New Biology of Mind reflects the author's evolving view of how biology has revolutionized psychiatry and psychology and how potentially could alter modern psychoanalytic thought. The author's unique perspective on both psychoanalysis and biological research has led to breakthroughs in our thinking about neurobiology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis -- all driven by the central idea that a fuller understanding of the biological processes of learning and memory can illuminate our understanding of behavior and its disorders. These wonderful essays cover the mechanisms of psychotherapy and medications, showing that both work at the same level of neural circuits and synapses, and the implications of neurobiological research for psychotherapy; the ability to detect functional changes in the brain after psychotherapy, which enables us, for the first time, to objectively evaluate the effects of psychotherapy on individual patients; the need for animal models of mental disorders; for example, learned fear, to show how molecules and cellular mechanisms for learning and memory can be combined in various ways to produce a range of adaptive and maladaptive behaviors; the unification of behavioral psychology, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and molecular biology into the new science of the mind, charted in two seminal reports on neurobiology and molecular biology given in 1983 and 2000; the critical role of synapses and synaptic strength in both short- and long-term learning; the biological and social implications of the mapping of the human genome for medicine in general and for psychiatry and mental health in particular; The author concludes by calling for a revolution in psychiatry, one that can use the power of biology and cognitive psychology to treat the many mentally ill persons who do not benefit from drug therapy. Fascinating reading for psychiatrists, psychoanalysts, social workers, residents in psychiatry, and trainees in psychoanalysis, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, and the New Biology of Mind records with elegant precision the monumental changes taking place in psychiatric thinking. It is an invaluable reference work and a treasured resource for thinking about the future.

Vision and Art Updated and Expanded Edition

Author: Margaret S. Livingstone
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
ISBN: 1419706926
Release Date: 2014-03-25
Genre: Art

A Harvard neurobiologist explains how vision works, citing the scientific origins of artistic genius and providing coverage of such topics as optical illusions and the correlation between learning disabilities and artistic skill.

Experiencing Art

Author: Arthur Shimamura
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199791538
Release Date: 2015-04-15
Genre: Psychology

How do we appreciate a work of art? Why do we like some artworks but not others? Is there no accounting for taste? Awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship to explore connections between art, mind, and brain, Shimamura considers how we experience art. In a thoughtful and entertaining manner, the book explores how the brain interprets art by engaging our sensations, thoughts, and emotions. It describes interesting findings from psychological and brain sciences as a way to understand our aesthetic response to art. Beauty, disgust, surprise, anger, sadness, horror, and a myriad of other emotions can occur as we experience art. Some artworks may generate such feelings rather quickly, while others depend on thought and knowledge. Our response to art depends largely on what we know--from everyday knowledge about the world, from our cultural backgrounds, and from personal experience. Filled with artworks from many traditions and time points, "Experiencing Art" offers insightful ways of broadening one's approach and appreciation of art.

Let the Elephants Run

Author: David Usher
Publisher: House of Anansi
ISBN: 9781770898691
Release Date: 2015-02-28
Genre: Business & Economics

At David Usher’s company, CloudID Creativity Labs, there is a sign on the wall that reads: “Dream big, let the elephants run!” The words are a reminder for us to hold a place in our minds for creativity, where big ideas can form and our imagination can run free. Based on his wildly popular speaking engagements, Let the Elephants Run shows us how to reignite creativity whether in the head office, the home office or the artist’s studio. Usher believes creativity is in our DNA; it's in everyone, not just the creative class. We all start our lives as creative beings but for many that spark becomes lost over time. How do we jump-start our creative process as adults? What does it means to be a creative person? How do we follow through with our ideas and turn them into tangible outcomes? Usher empowers readers to achieve more “aha” moments through two cornerstone principles of creativity: freedom and structure. Using a mix of personal anecdotes and professional examples from the worlds of industry, technology, science, music and art, he shows us that creativity is not magic; it is a learnable skill that any person or business can master. The dynamic full-colour design includes photographs, artwork and illustrations, as well as action pages to help readers start cultivating the habit of documenting their ideas for future execution. Let the Elephants Run is an essential guidebook to reconnecting with our imaginations and nurturing our creativity in accessible and productive ways.