Author: Nancy Wang Yuen
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Release Date: 2016-12-12
Genre: Performing Arts
When the 2016 Oscar acting nominations all went to whites for the second consecutive year, #OscarsSoWhite became a trending topic. Yet these enduring racial biases afflict not only the Academy Awards, but also Hollywood as a whole. Why do actors of color, despite exhibiting talent and bankability, continue to lag behind white actors in presence and prominence? Reel Inequality examines the structural barriers minority actors face in Hollywood, while shedding light on how they survive in a racist industry. The book charts how white male gatekeepers dominate Hollywood, breeding a culture of ethnocentric storytelling and casting. Nancy Wang Yuen interviewed nearly a hundred working actors and drew on published interviews with celebrities, such as Viola Davis, Chris Rock, Gina Rodriguez, Oscar Isaac, Lucy Liu, and Ken Jeong, to explore how racial stereotypes categorize and constrain actors. Their stories reveal the day-to-day racism actors of color experience in talent agents’ offices, at auditions, and on sets. Yuen also exposes sexist hiring and programming practices, highlighting the structural inequalities that actors of color, particularly women, continue to face in Hollywood. This book not only conveys the harsh realities of racial inequality in Hollywood, but also provides vital insights from actors who have succeeded on their own terms, whether by sidestepping the system or subverting it from within. Considering how their struggles impact real-world attitudes about race and diversity, Reel Inequality follows actors of color as they suffer, strive, and thrive in Hollywood.
One of the most pressing issues of the last few years has been the rise of activism and other efforts that aim to combat discrimination and racial inequality. This book provides an overview of the problem as well as a starting point for young readers mitigating the effects of racial intolerance on their own lives and will enable them to deal with the often overwhelming stress of being an ethnic minority, whatever their background. With an approach both sensitive and assertive, it aims to assist youth in navigating interpersonal slights and abuse, as well as systemic racism.
Author: Maryann Erigha
Publisher: NYU Press
Release Date: 2019-02-05
Genre: Social Science
The story of racial hierarchy in the American film industry The #OscarsSoWhite campaign, and the content of the leaked Sony emails which revealed, among many other things, that a powerful Hollywood insider didn’t believe that Denzel Washington could “open” a western genre film, provide glaring evidence that the opportunities for people of color in Hollywood are limited. In The Hollywood Jim Crow, Maryann Erigha tells the story of inequality, looking at the practices and biases that limit the production and circulation of movies directed by racial minorities. She examines over 1,300 contemporary films, specifically focusing on directors, to show the key elements at work in maintaining “the Hollywood Jim Crow.” Unlike the Jim Crow era where ideas about innate racial inferiority and superiority were the grounds for segregation, Hollywood’s version tries to use economic and cultural explanations to justify the underrepresentation and stigmatization of Black filmmakers. Erigha exposes the key elements at work in maintaining Hollywood’s racial hierarchy, namely the relationship between genre and race, the ghettoization of Black directors to black films, and how Blackness is perceived by the Hollywood producers and studios who decide what gets made and who gets to make it. Erigha questions the notion that increased representation of African Americans behind the camera is the sole answer to the racial inequality gap. Instead, she suggests focusing on the obstacles to integration for African American film directors. Hollywood movies have an expansive reach and exert tremendous power in the national and global production, distribution, and exhibition of popular culture. The Hollywood Jim Crow fully dissects the racial inequality embedded in this industry, looking at alternative ways for African Americans to find success in Hollywood and suggesting how they can band together to forge their own career paths.
"Text Me has the thrills and laughs of a romantic comedy, but with an inverted message: 'There just isn't only one love story in our lives,' Schaefer writes. If you're lucky, friends will be the protagonists in these multiple love stories. It's high time that we start seeing it that way."--NPR A personal and sociological examination--and ultimately a celebration--of the evolution of female friendship in pop culture and modern society "Text me when you get home." After joyful nights out together, female friends say this to one another as a way of cementing their love. It's about safety; but more than that, it's about solidarity. From Broad City to Big Little Lies to what women say about their own best friends, the stories we're telling about female friendship have changed. What used to be written off as infighting between mean girls or disposable relationships that would be tossed as soon as a guy came along are no longer described like that. Now, we're lifting up our female friendships to the same level as our other important relationships, saying they matter just as much as the bonds we have with our romantic partners, children, parents, or siblings. Journalist Kayleen Schaefer relays her journey of modern female friendship: from being a competitive teenager to trying to be one of the guys in the workplace to ultimately awakening to the power of female friendship and the soulmates, girl squads, and chosen families that come with it. Schaefer has put together a completely new sociological perspective on the way we see our friends today, one that includes interviews with dozens of other women across the country: historians, creators of the most iconic films and television shows about female friendship (and Galentine's Day!), celebrities, authors, and other experts. The end result is a validation of female friendship that's never existed before.
Author: J. Ronald Green
Release Date: 2000-01-01
Genre: Performing Arts
A critical examination of the films of Oscar Micheaux. One of the most original and successful filmmakers of all time, Oscar Micheaux was born into a rural, working-class, African-American family in mid-America in 1884, yet he created an impressive legacy in commercial cinema. Between 1913 and 1951 he wrote, directed, and distributed some forty-three feature films, more than any other black filmmaker in the world, a record of production that is likely to stand for a very long time. Micheaux's work was founded upon the concern for class mobility, or uplift, for African Americans. Uplift provided the context for Micheaux's extensive commentary on racist cinema, such as D. W. Griffith's 1915 blockbuster, The Birth of a Nation, which Micheaux "answered" with his very early films Within Our Gates and Symbol of the Unconquered. Uplift explains Micheaux's use of "negative images" of African Americans as well as his multi-pronged campaign against stereotype and caricature in American culture. His campaign produced a body of films saturated with a nuanced intertexual "signifying," boldly and repeatedly treating controversial topics that face white censorship time after time, topics ranging from white mob and Klan violence to light-skin-color fetish to white financing of black cultural productions.
Lavishly illustrated with over 123 up-to-date film stills and productions shots, this is the completely revised and updated fourth edition of the comprehensive leading textbook for students of cinema. Guiding students through the key issues and concepts in film studies, Introduction to Film Studies traces the historical development of film, and introduces some of the world’s key national cinemas. Each chapter is written by a subject specialist, three new authors contribute to the book, a wide range of films are analyzed and discussed, and a broad spectrum of theories and theorists are presented, from formalism to feminism, and from Eisenstein to Deleuze. Key features of the fourth edition are: full coverage of important topics for introductory level updated coverage of a wide range of concepts, theories and issues in film studies in-depth discussion of the contemporary film industry new chapters on Rediscovering Film; Ethnicity, Race and Cinema; Documentary; Film, Form and Narrative; British Cinema; Approaches to Cinematic Authorship new case studies on films such as Bamboozled, Wild Strawberries, Run Lola Run, Grey Gardens, Grizzly Man, Boy's Don't Cry, Love Actually, and many others marginal key terms, notes, cross-referencing suggestions for further reading, further viewing and a comprehensive glossary and bibliography website resources including updated popular case studies from previous editions, a chapter on German Cinema and links to supporting sites. Widely reviewed by teachers in the field, and including a foreword by Bill Nichols, it will be essential reading for any introductory student of film, media studies or the visual arts worldwide.
Author: Beth B. Hess
Publisher: MacMillan Publishing Company
Release Date: 1991
Genre: Social Science
Distinctive Features of Sociology, Fifth Edition.Sociology, Fifth Edition, retains a number of highly praised features from previous editions which set it apart from other texts. All are designed to make the text as 'user friendly' as possible.Chapter Outlines - Chapter Openers - Marginal Definitions - Social Policy Issues - Sociologists at Work - Boxed Material - Summaries - Suggested Reading - Colorful Illustrations: Photographs, Graphs, Charts, and Tables - Recent Sociological Studies and Research - Inclusive Treatment of Gender, Race, and Social Class - A Global Outlook - A Balance Theoretical Approach - Writing Style - Appendix.
This guide covers every aspect of world cinema from Russian silents to Ealing comedies, classic documentaries to Japanese animated films, B-movie horror and major British and American releases since 1968. More than 660 new reviews are included in the 2002 edition, which covers the 2000/2001 Oscar and Bafta awards, prizes from the Berlin, Cannes and Venice festivals and a discussion of the topic Home entertainment: where are we now? The guide also includes the cinema centenary and Time Out readers' Top One Hundred polls.