Regulating Code

Author: Ian Brown (Internet consultant)
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262018821
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Law

The case for a smarter "prosumer law" approach to Internet regulation that would better protect online innovation, public safety, and fundamental democratic rights. Internet use has become ubiquitous in the past two decades, but governments, legislators, and their regulatory agencies have struggled to keep up with the rapidly changing Internet technologies and uses. In this groundbreaking collaboration, regulatory lawyer Christopher Marsden and computer scientist Ian Brown analyze the regulatory shaping of "code"--the technological environment of the Internet--to achieve more economically efficient and socially just regulation. They examine five "hard cases" that illustrate the regulatory crisis: privacy and data protection; copyright and creativity incentives; censorship; social networks and user-generated content; and net neutrality. The authors describe the increasing "multistakeholderization" of Internet governance, in which user groups argue for representation in the closed business-government dialogue, seeking to bring in both rights-based and technologically expert perspectives. Brown and Marsden draw out lessons for better future regulation from the regulatory and interoperability failures illustrated by the five cases. They conclude that governments, users, and better functioning markets need a smarter "prosumer law" approach. Prosumer law would be designed to enhance the competitive production of public goods, including innovation, public safety, and fundamental democratic rights.

Handbuch Informelles Lernen

Author: Matthias Rohs
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658059538
Release Date: 2016-04-07
Genre: Education

Informelles Lernen ist in den letzten Jahren von einer vermeintlichen ‚Restkategorie’ zu einem etablierten Bestandteil der Diskussion in vielen pädagogischen Handlungsfeldern geworden. Das Handbuch Informelles Lernen führt in diese Diskussion ein, indem es einen systematischen Überblick über die historische Genese, die theoretischen Grundlagen, empirische Erkenntnisse und forschungsmethodische Ansätze dieses Feldes gibt. Renommierte Expertinnen und Experten stellen den Diskussionsstand aus dem Blickwinkel verschiedener pädagogischer Teildisziplinen, Lebensphasen, Kontexte und Inhalte vor. Den digitalen Medien kommt dabei eine besondere Bedeutung zu, da sie für das informelle Lernen in allen pädagogischen Handlungsfelder relevant sind. Das Handbuch unterstützt damit eine breite Wahrnehmung des Diskurses und bietet Anregungen für eine tiefergehende Auseinandersetzung in Studium, Forschung und Praxis.

Das umk mpfte Netz

Author: Ralf Biermann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658150112
Release Date: 2017-01-25
Genre: Education

Das Buch vereint ausgewählte interdisziplinäre Zugänge zu aktuellen Entwicklungen im und über das Internet. Im Kontext der Begriffe Internet, Bildung und Gesellschaft wird untersucht, wie Personen und Gruppen versuchen, weitgehenden Einfluss auf die zunehmende Digitalisierung der Gesellschaft zu nehmen. Themen wie Grundrechte im Netz, Identitätsbildung und Partizipations- und Bildungsmöglichkeiten werden aufgegriffen, um auf aktuelle Dynamiken und deren Implikationen für die Theoriebildung im Feld der Medienbildung hinzuweisen.

Global Free Expression Governing the Boundaries of Internet Content

Author: Ben Wagner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319335131
Release Date: 2016-09-02
Genre: Law

This book examines the changes in the governance of human expression as a result of the development of the Internet. It tells the story of the emergence of a global regime that almost completely lacks institutions, and develops a concept of ‘expression governance’ that focusses on the governance practices of key actors in Europe and North America. The book illuminates the increased disciplinary capacity of the Internet infrastructure that has become apparent to the public following Edward Snowden’s leaks in 2013, and provides a theoretical frame within which such changes can be understood. It argues that the Internet has developed a ‘global default’ of permissible speech that exists pervasively across the globe but beyond the control of any one actor. It then demonstrates why the emergence of such a ‘global default’ of speech is crucial to global conflict in the international relations of the Internet. The book concludes with an elaboration of the regulatory practices and theatrical performances that enable a global regime as well as the three key narratives that are embedded within it.

Policy Implications of Virtual Work

Author: Pamela Meil
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319520575
Release Date: 2017-04-07
Genre: Political Science

This collection presents an array of policy debates and implications emerging from virtual work. The authors cover a range of areas, including: conceptual debates, measuring virtual work; discourses and levels of policy intervention; the role of the sharing and collaborative economy; and resultant challenges for organized labour, law and regulation. The authors of the chapters analyse the ways in which processes of digitalization leading to virtual work impact so many aspects of our lives: the way we buy, sell, network, communicate, participate, create, consume, and, of course, the way we work. In turn they focus on the subsequent implications for the future of work as well as the viability of existing social protection systems. The developments examined here are salient for both policy stakeholders and for the academic community in areas such as labour sociology, industrial relations, gender studies, political economy, and economic geography.

The Fourth Revolution

Author: Luciano Floridi
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191667701
Release Date: 2014-06-26
Genre: Science

Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed into our 'real' lives so that we begin to live, as Floridi puts in, "onlife". Following those led by Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud, this metaphysical shift represents nothing less than a fourth revolution. "Onlife" defines more and more of our daily activity - the way we shop, work, learn, care for our health, entertain ourselves, conduct our relationships; the way we interact with the worlds of law, finance, and politics; even the way we conduct war. In every department of life, ICTs have become environmental forces which are creating and transforming our realities. How can we ensure that we shall reap their benefits? What are the implicit risks? Are our technologies going to enable and empower us, or constrain us? Floridi argues that we must expand our ecological and ethical approach to cover both natural and man-made realities, putting the 'e' in an environmentalism that can deal successfully with the new challenges posed by our digital technologies and information society.

Networks and States

Author: Milton L. Mueller
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262288798
Release Date: 2010-09-03
Genre: Computers

When the prevailing system of governing divides the planet into mutually exclusive territorial monopolies of force, what institutions can govern the Internet, with its transnational scope, boundless scale, and distributed control? Given filtering/censorship by states and concerns over national cybersecurity, it is often assumed that the Internet will inevitably be subordinated to the traditional system of nation-states. In Networks and States, Milton Mueller counters this, showing how Internet governance poses novel and fascinating governance issues that give rise to a global politics and new transnational institutions. Drawing on theories of networked governance, Mueller provides a broad overview of Internet governance from the formation of ICANN to the clash at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the formation of the Internet Governance Forum, the global assault on peer-to-peer file sharing, and the rise of national-level Internet control and security concerns. Internet governance has become a source of conflict in international relations. Networks and States explores the important role that emerging transnational institutions could play in fostering global governance of communication-information policy.

Die Plattform Revolution

Author: Geoffrey G. Parker
Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG
ISBN: 9783958455214
Release Date: 2017-04-24
Genre: Business & Economics


Government 2 0

Author: William D. Eggers
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0742541762
Release Date: 2007-05
Genre: Computers

A well-written, lively, optimistic book that calls for the transformation of technology in government from 'lipstick on a bulldog to total information awareness.' This book is proactive in nature (see what these governments are really doing), does not call for a wholesale and costly transformation, and employs a subtle shaming of those governments that have not yet joined the 21st century. William Eggers's argument, conservative in nature, states that the world of politics would quickly and markedly benefit from this digital transformation in terms of a fiscal payoff, but a more profound change would result as governments become more transparent, more democratic, and more efficient.

History of U S Political Parties

Author: Arthur Meier Schlesinger
Publisher: Chelsea House Pub
ISBN: STANFORD:36105129833799
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction

Discussions of the development, programs, constituencies, and achievements of all major parties, and includes speeches, letters, and other politically-relevant materials.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641104986
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Genre: History

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Governance im 21 Jahrhundert

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264589368
Release Date: 2004-06-16
Genre:

Mit dem Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts stehen weitere dramatische Umwälzungen in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft an der Tagesordnung. Der Bericht untersucht Chancen und Risiken wirtschaftlicher, gesellschaftlicher und technologischer Natur.

Datamation

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: STANFORD:36105000966916
Release Date: 1982-09
Genre: Automation


Politische Theorie und Digitalisierung

Author: Daniel Jacob
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 9783845280462
Release Date: 2017-12-11
Genre: Political Science

Ist die Digitalisierung zu einer Bedrohung für die Demokratie mutiert, gar zu einer Gefahr für die Freiheit? Zeitdiagnosen, die eben dies behaupten, sind derzeit en vogue. Sie haben die utopische Literatur der 1990er Jahre abgelöst, die in der Digitalisierung die Lösung für sämtliche Probleme moderner Gesellschaften erblickte. Dieser Band wirft ein neues Licht auf die Debatte und fragt, wie sich das Phänomen der Digitalisierung politiktheoretisch erfassen lässt. Aus verschiedenen theoretischen Perspektiven nehmen die Beiträge des Bandes dazu die Vorannahmen und Setzungen der Digitalisierungs-Debatte in den Blick. Zugleich untersuchen sie, welche Herausforderungen der digitale Strukturwandel für zentrale Konzepte der politischen Theorie bedeutet, von Privatheit über Öffentlichkeit bis hin zur Demokratie. Wo bedarf unser theoretisches Vokabular Anpassungen, wie sind die Entwicklungen einzuordnen und zu bewerten? Mit Beiträgen von Andreas Antić, Carlos Becker, Daniel Kuchler, Magdalena Freudenschuß, Claudia Ritzi, Martin Schmetz, Verena Diersch, Luciano Floridi, Helen Nissenbaum, Finn Bruton, Daniel Jacob, Thorsten Thiel, Theresa Züger, Stefania Milan, Leonie Maria Tanczer