Regulating Judges

Author: Richard Devlin
ISBN: 1786430789
Release Date: 2016-12-30

Regulating Judges presents a novel approach to judicial studies. It goes beyond the traditional clash of judicial independence versus judicial accountability. Drawing on regulatory theory, Richard Devlin and Adam Dodek argue that judicial regulation is multi-faceted and requires us to consider the complex interplay of values, institutional norms, procedures, resources and outcomes. Inspired by this conceptual framework, the book invites scholars from 19 jurisdictions to describe and critique the regulatory regimes for a variety of countries from around the world. This innovative and provocative analysis of the many different ways that judiciaries around the world are regulated covers common law, civil law and other legal systems, and the developed and developing world. Contributors include a diverse talent pool of established scholars and new voices for a globally inclusive comparative examination of judiciaries in Europe, Asia, Africa, the Americas and Oceania. The overall conclusion is that the regulation of judges is very much a work in progress, and that a variety of actors bear responsibility for moving the project forward.Scholars in the fields of law, social sciences, regulation theory, and public administration will find Regulating Judges an impactful read, as will regulators, public policy makers and analysts, and judges themselves.

Regulating Judges

Author: Richard Devlin
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781786430793
Release Date: 2016-12-30
Genre: Law

Regulating Judges presents a novel approach to judicial studies. It goes beyond the traditional clash of judicial independence versus judicial accountability. Drawing on regulatory theory, Richard Devlin and Adam Dodek argue that judicial regulation is multi-faceted and requires us to consider the complex interplay of values, institutional norms, procedures, resources and outcomes. Inspired by this conceptual framework, the book invites scholars from 19 jurisdictions to describe and critique the regulatory regimes for a variety of countries from around the world.

Debating Judicial Appointments in an Age of Diversity

Author: Graham Gee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781315400044
Release Date: 2017-09-11
Genre: Law

What should be the primary goals of a judicial appointments system, and how much weight should be placed on diversity in particular? Why is achieving a diverse judiciary across the UK taking so long? Is it time for positive action? What role should the current judiciary play in the appointment of our future judges? There is broad agreement within the UK and other common law countries that diversity raises important questions for a legal system and its officials, but much less agreement about the full implications of recognising diversity as an important goal of the judicial appointments regime. Opinions differ, for example, on the methods, forms, timing and motivations for judicial diversity. To mark the tenth anniversary of the creation of the Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC) in England and Wales, this collection includes contributions from current and retired judges, civil servants, practitioners, current and former commissioners on the JAC and leading academics from Australia, Canada, South Africa and across the UK. Together they provide timely and authoritative insights into past, current and future debates on the search for diversity in judicial appointments. Topics discussed include the role and responsibility of independent appointment bodies; assessments of the JAC’s first ten years; appointments to the UK Supreme Court; the pace of change; definitions of ‘merit’ and ‘diversity’; mandatory retirement ages; the use of ceiling quotas; and the appropriate role of judges and politicians in the appointments process.

Unelected Power

Author: Paul Tucker
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400889518
Release Date: 2018-05-22
Genre: Business & Economics

Guiding principles for ensuring that central bankers and other unelected policymakers remain stewards of the common good Central bankers have emerged from the financial crisis as the third great pillar of unelected power alongside the judiciary and the military. They pull the regulatory and financial levers of our economic well-being, yet unlike democratically elected leaders, their power does not come directly from the people. Unelected Power lays out the principles needed to ensure that central bankers, technocrats, regulators, and other agents of the administrative state remain stewards of the common good and do not become overmighty citizens. Paul Tucker draws on a wealth of personal experience from his many years in domestic and international policymaking to tackle the big issues raised by unelected power, and enriches his discussion with examples from the United States, Britain, France, Germany, and the European Union. Blending economics, political theory, and public law, Tucker explores the necessary conditions for delegated but politically insulated power to be legitimate in the eyes of constitutional democracy and the rule of law. He explains why the solution must fit with how real-world government is structured, and why technocrats and their political overseers need incentives to make the system work as intended. Tucker explains how the regulatory state need not be a fourth branch of government free to steer by its own lights, and how central bankers can emulate the best of judicial self-restraint and become models of dispersed power. Like it or not, unelected power has become a hallmark of modern government. This critically important book shows how to harness it to the people's purposes.

The Politics of Judicial Independence

Author: Bruce Peabody
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801897719
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Political Science

The judiciary in the United States has been subject in recent years to increasingly vocal, aggressive criticism by media members, activists, and public officials at the federal, state, and local level. This collection probes whether these attacks as well as proposals for reform represent threats to judicial independence or the normal, even healthy, operation of our political system. In addressing this central question, the volume integrates new scholarship, current events, and the perennial concerns of political science and law. The contributors—policy experts, established and emerging scholars, and attorneys—provide varied scholarly viewpoints and assess the issue of judicial independence from the diverging perspectives of Congress, the presidency, and public opinion. Through a diverse range of methodologies, the chapters explore the interactions and tensions among these three interests and the courts and discuss how these conflicts are expressed—and competing interests accommodated. In doing so, they ponder whether the U.S. courts are indeed experiencing anything new and whether anti-judicial rhetoric affords fresh insights. Case studies from Israel, the United Kingdom, and Australia provide a comparative view of judicial controversy in other democratic nations. A unique assessment of the rise of criticism aimed at the judiciary in the United States, The Politics of Judicial Independence is a well-organized and engagingly written text designed especially for students. Instructors of judicial process and judicial policymaking will find the book, along with the materials and resources on its accompanying website, readily adaptable for classroom use.

Administrative Regulation Beyond the Non Delegation Doctrine

Author: Marta Simoncini
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781509911721
Release Date: 2018-06-28
Genre: Law

The importance of administration in the EU has been growing progressively together with the development of EU competences and tasks in the internal market. From the original model of a Community leaving enforcement with the Member States, the EU has become a complex legal order where administrative tasks are spread among different actors, including EU institutions, EU agencies and national administrations. Within this complex administrative law landscape, agencies and their powers have been essentially 'upgraded'. This volume asks whether any such 'upgrade' is compatible with EU law and its principles. Exploring both the case law of the CJEU and the regulation relating to EU agencies, the volume asks a crucial question about the legitimacy of the ever-increasing role of agencies in the enforcement of EU law.

Judicial Reputation

Author: Nuno Garoupa
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226290621
Release Date: 2015-11-20
Genre: Law

Judges are society’s elders and experts, our masters and mediators. We depend on them to dispense justice with integrity, deliberation, and efficiency. Yet judges, as Alexander Hamilton famously noted, lack the power of the purse or the sword. They must rely almost entirely on their reputations to secure compliance with their decisions, obtain resources, and maintain their political influence. In Judicial Reputation, Nuno Garoupa and Tom Ginsburg explain how reputation is not only an essential quality of the judiciary as a whole, but also of individual judges. Perceptions of judicial systems around the world range from widespread admiration to utter contempt, and as judges participate within these institutions some earn respect, while others are scorned. Judicial Reputation explores how judges respond to the reputational incentives provided by the different audiences they interact with—lawyers, politicians, the media, and the public itself—and how institutional structures mediate these interactions. The judicial structure is best understood not through the lens of legal culture or tradition, but through the economics of information and reputation. Transcending those conventional lenses, Garoupa and Ginsburg employ their long-standing research on the latter to examine the fascinating effects that governmental interactions, multicourt systems, extrajudicial work, and the international rule-of-law movement have had on the reputations of judges in this era.

The Politics of Judicial Independence in the UK s Changing Constitution

Author: Graham Gee
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316240533
Release Date: 2015-03-12
Genre: Law

Judicial independence is generally understood as requiring that judges must be insulated from political life. The central claim of this work is that far from standing apart from the political realm, judicial independence is a product of it. It is defined and protected through interactions between judges and politicians. In short, judicial independence is a political achievement. This is the main conclusion of a three-year research project on the major changes introduced by the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, and the consequences for judicial independence and accountability. The authors interviewed over 150 judges, politicians, civil servants and practitioners to understand the day-to-day processes of negotiation and interaction between politicians and judges. They conclude that the greatest threat to judicial independence in future may lie not from politicians actively seeking to undermine the courts, but rather from their increasing disengagement from the justice system and the judiciary.

Handbook for Evaluating Infrastructure Regulatory Systems

Author: Ashley C. Brown
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821365809
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics

More than 200 new infrastructure regulators have been created around the world in the last 15 years. They were established to encourage clear and sustainable long-term economic and legal commitments by governments and investors to encourage new investment to benefit existing and new customers. There is now considerable evidence that both investors and consumers-the two groups that were supposed to have benefited from these new regulatory systems-have often been disappointed with their performance. The fundamental premise of this book is that regulatory systems can be successfully reformed only if there are independent, objective and public evaluations of their performance. Just as one goes to a medical doctor for a regular health checkup, it is clear that infrastructure regulation would also benefit from periodic checkups. This book provides a general framework as well as detailed practical guidance on how to perform such "regulatory checkups."

The Political Accountability of EU and US Independent Regulatory Agencies

Author: Miroslava Scholten
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789004262997
Release Date: 2014-08-21
Genre: Law

The Political Accountability of EU and US Independent Regulatory Agencies is an in-depth investigation on the law and practices of the political accountability arrangements of all 35 EU and 16 US independent agencies.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability

Author: Mark Bovens
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191002571
Release Date: 2014-05-15
Genre: Political Science

Over the past two decades public accountability has become not only an icon in political, managerial, and administrative discourse but also the object of much scholarly analysis across a broad range of social and administrative sciences. This handbook provides a state of the art overview of recent scholarship on public accountability. It collects, consolidates, and integrates an upsurge of inquiry currently scattered across many disciplines and subdisciplines. It provides a one-stop-shop on the subject, not only for academics who study accountability, but also for practitioners who are designing, adjusting, or struggling with mechanisms for accountable governance. Drawing on the best scholars in the field from around the world, The Oxford Handbook of Public Accountability showcases conceptual and normative as well as the empirical approaches in public accountability studies. In addition to giving an overview of scholarly research in a variety of disciplines, it takes stock of a wide range of accountability mechanisms and practices across the public, private and non-profit sectors, making this volume a must-have for both practitioners and scholars, both established and new to the field.

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships

Author: Julia Steets
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230238978
Release Date: 2010-10-13
Genre: Business & Economics

A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the OAPEN Library platform, Governments and international organizations increasingly use public-private partnerships to deliver essential public goods. This bookpresents a new model of accountability which ensures that these partnerships don't erode public accountability. It defines concrete accountability standards for different types of partnerships.

Judicial Accountability

Author: Kalraj Mishra
Publisher: Prabhat Prakashan
ISBN: 9788184301656
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Judges

An independent, impartial and authoritative judiciary is an integral part of our judicial system. We require judges who maintain high standards of judicial behaviour to uphold the rule of law and inspire the public confidence in judicial system. This book contains the process of judicial appointments as the same lack transparency. It also analyses various aspects of judicial appointment and impeachment process for removal of corrupt and inefficient judges in view of outcome of impeachment proceedings against Justice Ramaswamy. The writer has suggested for setting up of a Judicial Commission for looking after appointments, transfers and disciplinary proceedings against errant judges. It also contains a review on crime against women and role of different organs in providing justice to common litigants. Pendeney of large number of cases and inordinate delay in disposal of cases are cause of concern for every law-knowing person in the country. The growing tendency of judicial activism is most controversial issue and matter of debate. An effort has been made to find the answers of these vital issues. The book will make a unique contribution to the legal literature and prove to be very informative to every law-loving person of our society.

The Culture of Judicial Independence

Author: Shimon Shetreet
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789004215856
Release Date: 2011-11-11
Genre: Law

This volume analyzes the development of a culture of Judicial Independence in comparative perspectives, to offer an examination of the conceptual foundations of the principle of judicial independence and to discuss in detail the practical challenges facing judiciaries in different jurisdictions.